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, though the present government of Providence had ever yet inflicted might remain? He did not mean to on the nations of the ear!h. Blue enter into any discussion of the cha- he could not help reflecting with racter of this extraordinary person; satisfaction, that this country, even but he would alk, whether the bisa under such trial, had not only tory of the world, much less the been exempted from those calami. present state of France, moral or ties which had covered almost civil, furnished a reasonable expec- every other part of Europe, but aptation, that either accidents or new peared to have been relerved as a convulsions would raile up to power refuge and alylum to those who some character, whose moderation fled from its persecution, as a barand justice might be more safely rier to oppole its progress, and, Tepoled in

perhaps, ultimately as an intruAs to the relioration of the houlement to deliver the world from the of Bourbon, he would not enter crimes and miseries which had atinto what good could be expected tended it. This outline, Mr. Pitt for England from fuch an event. filled ap in a speech of great length. He would, in the teeth of all history Before any man could concur in and experience, fuppose it to be opinion with the learned gentleman auspicious, and contine himself to who had spoken last, Mr. Pitt conits practicability. He might allume tended, that he must come within the utter imposibility of such a one of the three following descripchange, excepi by the success of tions: he muft einer believe that the confederacy. The whole pro- the French revolution neither does perty of France, real or personal, now exhibit, nor has at any time in the hands of its present potfelbors, exhibited, fuch circumstances of depended on the existence of the danger, arising out of the very napresent, or forne fimilar gorern- ture of the system, and the internal ment. It was impossible to restore state of France, as to leave to fothe princes of the house of Bour- reign powers no adequate ground bon, without restitution to those of security in negociation; or, lewho had been exiled in its defence, condly, he must be of opinion, that which, in effect, raised up the whole the change; which had recently property in the nation to support taken place, had given that fecuthe republic, whatever they might rity; which, in the former stages of feel concerning its effects. In every the revolution, was wanting; or, view, he disapproved the answer thirdly, he must be one who, bethat had been sent by ministers to lieving that the danger existed, Buonaparte. It appeared to him to nevertheless thought, from his be pregnant with danger, and to view of the prelent prefire on the entail an awful responsibility on country, from his view of its situathose who advised it, and thofe wlio tion and prospects, compared with supported it.

those of the enemy, that we were, Mr. Pitt, the chancellor of the with our eyes open, bound to acexchequer and prime minister, con- cept inadequate security for every sidered the French revolution as the thing that is valuable and sacred, leveret trial which the visitation rather than endure the pressure, or VOL. XLII.

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incur the rilk which would result the following peroration: “Sir, from a farther prolongation of the I think you ought to have given a conteft. Having described the ex- civil, clear, and explicit answer to ceses and outrage with the princi- the overture which was fairly and ple from which the flowed, in the handsomely made to you. If you different stages of the French re- were defirous that the negociation volution, and endeavoured to esta- should have included all your allies, blish the proposition, that the French as the means of bringing about a revolution had been such as to af- general peace, you should have ford to foreign powers no adequate told Buonaparte so: but I believe ground for security in negociation, you were afraid of his agreeing to he came next to flew that that te- the proposal : you took that method curity had not yet been afforded by before. Aye, but you say, the peothe change which had lately taken ple were anxious for peace in 1797. place: that we could not derive I say, they are friends to peace, any confidence either from the frame and I am confident you will one of the government, or the past cha- day own it. Believe me, they are racter and conduct of the person friends to peace; although, by the who was now the absolute ruler of laws you have made, restraining the France. The name of Buonaparte expression of the sense of the peowould be recorded with the horrors ple, public opinion cannot now be committed in Italy, in the memo- heard, as loudly and unequivocally rable campaign of 1796 and 1797, as heretofore. But I will not go in the Milanele, in Genoa, in Tuf- into the internal state of the councany, in Modena, in Rome, and in try. It is too affiaing to the heart Venice.

to lee the strides which have been Mr. Pitt having considered, lastly, made, by means of, and under the whether there was any thing in the miserable pretext of this, against circumstances of the prelent moment liberty of every kind; both of that could justify the acceptation of power of speech and of writing: a lecurity confesledly inadequate, and to observe, in another kingdom, against so great a danger as was the rapid approaches to that milithreatened by France, concluded, tary delpotism which we affect to not that we were entitled to con- make an argument against peace. fider ourselves certain of ultimate I know, fir, thal public opinion, if success in the war; but that, con- it could be collected, would be as fidering the value of the object much for peace now, as in 1797: for which we were contending, the and I know that it is only by pubmeans for fupporting the contest, lic opinion, not by a fente of duty, and the probable course of human not by the inclination of their events, we should be inexcul- minds, that ministers will be brought, able if, at this moment, we were if ever, to give us peace. I ask to relinquith the struggle on any for no gentleman's vote who would grounds fhort of complete secu- have reprobated the compliance of rity.

ministers with the proposition of Mr. Fox concluded a long, ani- the French government; I ask for mated, and matterly speech, with no gentleman's fupport, to night,

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who would have voted against -mi- trically opposite to the motion of nisters, if they had come down and this night." proposed to enter into a negocia- On a division of the house, the tion with the French: but I have a address was carried by 260 against right to alk-I know that in ho- 64. nour, in confiftency, in conscience, An address, approving and assentI have a right to expect the vote ing to his majesty's message, reof every honourable gentleman who specting the Russian troops was also would have voted with ministers voted. is an address to his majesty diame

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Iteffage from his Majesty, refpefling the Employment of German Troops inflead of Russians.-Debates thereon in both Moules.-Motions for un Inquiry into the Failure of the Dutch Expedition, in both Houses. -Debates thereon. -Supplies required. --Ways and Means for raisng them.

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Message was brought down vigour, would readily concur in the

from his majesty to the houle' wishes of his majefty, and give their of peers, on the thirteenth of Fe. support to such measures as should bruary, stating, that his majesty was, be deemed moft likely to make good at present, employed in concerting his engagements with his allies. fuch engagements with the emperor Lord Holland said, that, if the of Germany, the elector of Bavaria, purport of the present measure were and other powers of the empire, merely to exchange Ruflian for Geras might strengthen the efforts of man mercenaries, to that he not his imperial majesty, and materially only should have no objection, but conduce to the advantage of the even Nould think we had gained common cause, in the course of the by the exchange. We should, enfuing campaign. His majesty pro- have the satisfaction of knowing mised to give directions that there that those we employed, rendered engagements, as soon as they should the horrors of war leis heart-breakhave been completed and ratified, ing, less disgufting, than those we Mould be laid before the house. expected to employ: We should But, in order to insure the benefit allo gain in point of soldiers; for he of this co-operation at an early pe- was happy to find that the troops of riod, his majesty was desirous of the more enlightened and civilized authorizing his minister to make pro- nations of Austria, Pruffia, France, visionally luch advances as might be and England, were greatly superior necessary, in the first inttance, for to the Russians in discipline, in conthat purpose; and he recommended rage, in military skill, and all the it to the house to make such pro- qualifications necessary to form a vision accordingly.-A similar mes- powerful army. It was a matter of fage was delivered to the house sincere latisfaction to find, that kill of commons. -The secretary of and civilization had to decided a diate for foreign affairs, Jord Gren- fuperiority over ignorance and barwille, in the house of peers, barity; that the enlightened nations moved an addre's to his majesty, of the South had not so much to thanking his majesty for his gracious fear, as had often been thought, communication, and alluring him from the inroads of those savage and that the house, conscious of the ne- ignorant barbarians of the North. gevity of prosecuting the war with But it was not a mere exchange of

troops

troops. We were indeed to fubfi- learnt, that one of their chief hopes dize and employ German troops in- was to be a reliance on the cabinet stead of Rullians; but were Ger- of Vienna, to reflect again, and not man troops ready to contend for the to engage in an undertaking so delfame objects? Did the cabinet of perate in its appearance, in which Vienna cordially approve of all the success itself seemed only to lead to principles laid down by the noble new wars, new expenses, and new fecretary of state in his answers to embarrassments, and in which fanBuonaparte? Did the emperor of lure, (which seemed but too probaGermany really think, and, if he did ble, was difgrace and ruin. fo, where had he declared it, that The duke of Montrose faid, that the speediest and fureft means of it was not his intention to go through restoring peace would be the resto- the variety of topics touched on by ration of the Bourbons? Lord Hol- the noble lord who had spoken laft, land did not know but that monarch but to advert merely to the fingle might rather imagine that the facri- queftion, which appeared to him to fice of the territories of his fellow- ariseout of the proper confideration of hireling, the elector of Bavaria, to his majesty's message and the address. his ambitious projects, would be now moved; namely, whether, durthe speediest and sureft means of re. ing a war with France, under finitoring tranquillity. His lordship gular and unprecedented circumproceeded to speak at great length stances, it was wife in this country of the different views entertained, to suhtidize the princes of the conor that might be entertained in the tinert, and purchale the aid of auxprogress of events, by Austria and iliary troops, in order to harass the'England, the power and the advan- enemy near their native country; tages enjoyed by the French go- or let them have an opportunity, vernment, among which he enume- for want of a politic diversion, io rated the haughty and irritating an- bring the war into the British chan{wer of lord Grenville to Buona- nel, and on the coasts of this kingparte, the improbability of success dom? The History of England proon the part of the allies, and the ved, by a variety of precedents, improbability allo, that even vic- that it had always been the policy topy and success in arms would lead of Great Britain, when engaged in to peace.

In a word, he expa- a foreign war, to avail itself of the tiated over all the wide and beaien aslistance of auxiliary troops. On field of the policy or impolicy of the a division of the house, the address war, and of our mode of treating, was carried hy 28 against 3.-The and treating with the French. He order of the day, for taking his naallo reverted to the debate on the jesty's message into consideration, answers that had been given to the being, at the same time, read, in the French overtures, and to certain house of commons, maxims and confiderations which Mr. Pitt role, and said, that he he had endeavoured to impress had stated yesterday the general on their lord'hips minds, and he ground on which he flattered himhad reason to think, he said, not lelf that this meflage was likely without success. He conjured the to be received without opposition. house, Ance they had that night The ground was this, that the oh

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