Imatges de pàgina

that it was security against a danger commons. On the twenty-eiglıf the greatest that ever threatened ide February, world.

Mr. Tierney nioved, “ That it was Mr Windham faid, that the ex- the opinion of that houle, that it planation of the grounds of the war, was both unjust and unecellary to and its continuance, had been so carry on the war, for the purpole of ofien repeated, that it was folly to restoring monarchy in France.”dwell any longer upon them.' It This notion was feconded by Mr. must be intelligible in all mankind, Johnes, and lupported allo by Mr. if we could not gain all we willed W. Bouverie, and Mr. Williain hy the war, we must obtain all that Sinith. It was opposed by Mr. we could.

Elliot, lord Hawkesbury, Mr. Yorke, Where the best thing was unat- fir G. P. Turner, lord Belgrave, tainable, the second best must be colonel Elford, and Mr. H. Browne. had; but there was one question Mr. Smith argued, that though that deserved a definitive answer. lord Hawkesbury had, in terms, de" Will you, it was laid, fight for nied that the reitoration of monarthe restoration of that monarchy in chy in France was the object for France, which was always hostile which we now contended, he had to this country, and the occasion of stated his own wishes for its accomour wars and debt?” This, he laid, plithment so strongly, and had lawas a matter of calculation. The boured lo much to prove those monarchy of France exiited eight withes to be juft, wife, politic, and hundred years; and, if we confi- huniane, that if he were himself dered the evils it had occahoned to n inisier, no one could doubt what us in thai time, not by their nun- his own system of measures would bers but weight, we mould find be: let then this language be comthem far interior to those arcumu- bined with that of the court, and it lated on us by the unprovoked ag. would appear imposible to doubt grellions, the plots, and the arts of that this refioration was the point France, in the mort courle of her 10:0 in view, the object for which eight years revolution.

the preient campaign, at least, was On a division of the house, Mr. to be persevered in. On what Pili's motion was carried by 162 ground, he faid, was this denied, against 19.

but that of the qualifying clauie in On various other subjects, that lord Grenville's note, which dedrew the atiention of parlian ent clared that “ his majesty did not in the courle of this, as in to many limit the possibility of lécure and of the preceding fictions, the origin folid pacification to this mode only." ard the neceflity, or expediency, of Giving then the fullest credit to this continuing the war was brought declaration, it allowed only a bare incidentally on the canvass. But potubility, that at lome future time the prehnt jiems no improper a peace might be concluded withplace for juit mertioning that this out this retioration, while the prequestion was, at three ditierent ceding paragiaph flared in express times, made a subject of regular terms, that, for want of it, we could and formal motion in the house of not at this time even commence a



kreaty, or permit a truce. Mr. tion, he said, which did not fill Tierney's motion was negatived, within the fcope of the charge comafter a very long debate, by 142 mitted to the honourable gentleman against 34.

who had made the motion, as a A motion to the same effect, by member of parliament. He thought Mr. Johnes, on the eight of May, it his duty to lift a motion of inwas negatived by 59 againit 51. quiry, which could not be produc

Another, of the fame tendency, tive of any benefit, at the fame by Mr. Weitern, under the name time that it might considerably clog of a motion for an inquiry into the and harass the measures of govern ftate of the ration, on the ninth of ment. July, was negatived by 143 against Mr. Bouverie thought that the

butinels ihould be investigated, in The members of parliament, in order to ascertain whether blame opposition to government, not only was to be inputed to the projectors oppoled the grant of a supply for of the expedition, or to those to the entertainment of new armies, wliom the execution of it had been but called them to account for the intrufied. So also thought all the use they had made of those alieady members who lupported Mr. Sheat their dispofal.

ridan's motion. On the tenth of February, Mr. Mr. Tierney, in the course of a Sheridan, after a very long speech long 1peech, in which he made in the houfe of commons, in which many threwd remarks, laid, " The he acquitted the capitulation leems to me to enfix an chief, officers, and army, liat had indelible stain on the national chabeen sent to the Helder, of all. racier, and inflicts a deep wound on blame, but arraigned the impolicy, the foldiers honour. A king's lon, ignorance, and ralimefs of minifters, who conmanded forty thousand noved, " That the house resolve it. inen, capitulated to a French gekelf into a committee of the whole neral who had only thirty-one thoukoule to inquire into the causes of land. We owe it tu our sovereign, the expedition against Holiand.” and we owe it to our confiituents,

Mr. Dundas role to allign the to inquire ftrictly into the caules of reasons why he could not give his this unheard of disgrace. The exconlent to the honourable gentle- pedition either faited from moforeman's motion. He touched on the leen accidents, or from the folly of various topics, political and mili- those who planned it. Let these tary, introduced by Mr. Sheridan, circumliances, then, be stated, or and infifted much on the advantages let the guilty be dragged forth 10 that had accrued to Britain by the punidhment." Dutcla expedition, particularly the Mr. Percival allowed that capicapture of the Dutch fleet, ani the tulation, abftractedly contidered, divertion of the French arms from was not a very honourable concluthe Upper Rbine to folland.-Mr. fion to a military expedition. But Dandas, on a review of the whole thai was a mere abltract consideraaffair, objected to all public mili- tion. Two of the three grand ob. tary criticism on any part of military jects of the expediton were atoperations. This was a considera- tained; the Dutch lieet was cap



tured; and a strong and powerful nisters; the inquiry would decide diversion was effected in favour of on which of them. our allies. The third was found Mr. Addington thought it imnot attainable. The confideration posible to luppose that the Dutch then was, how the return of our would, if favoured with an opportroops to their own country could tunity, suppress their forrow, their be buit effected. And the expe- regret, and indignation at the yoke dient that had been adopted, for this impoled on their necks, by the purpose, appeared to him to be the French republic. He contended belt that could be adopted. It was that government would have been not disgraceful, becaule it was guilty, in a great degree, had it not merely an adaptation to circum- made an atiempt for their deliverstances, which were countenanced

He concluded his speech by the attainment of the other ob- with an eulogy on the skill and vajects of the expedition.

lour of the generals employed in Mr. M. A. Taylor allured the the expedition, and the courage house, that the fupport he was and intrepidity of the army, ready to give to the present motion, Sir J. Murray Pulteney rose meredid not arise from any thing like ly to correct an error of Mr. Tierparty fpirit. In doing so, he aded ney's, refpecting the numbers of the in conformity with the wishes of a respecti e armies. The Englith great majority of the country, on and Rufian army had been stated whom the failure of the expedition at torty-five thouiand men, and that and the capitulation of the duke of of the French at thirty-five thouYork had made, the most deep and land. He did not pretend to an ferious sensation. The attempt to accurate knowledge : but he bereleue Holland he had always fup- liered the number of the former ported. He therefore withed to be might be estimated at thirty-fix informed, on what ground the ese

thousand men, of whom there pedition was undertaken, and why were found, at the end of the camit was not fent out earlier ; for the paign, to be about ten thousand in lateness of the attempt was, in a killed, wounded, and milling. The great measure, the cause of its mil- French might have had twentycarriage. As to the mode in which five or thirty thousand in the action the militia had been treated, in be- of the second, and from the sixth ing, in a manner, incorporated with to the time when the convention the army, he had always dilap- was agreed to, the enemy was conproved of it. The country gentle. tinually receiving reinforcements, men were driven from the militia, Large bodies of troops had been anci its principal officers were dif- drawn from the frontiers of France, gufted. If, on occasion like the which were replaced by troops present, the house did not press for from the interior : and, therefore, an inquiry, their inquifitorial capa. the force of the enemy, which was city was gone.

Blame must be fuperior in numbers, was every day imputed cither to the army or mis becoming more so. Had the army

Our readers may recollect that this corresponds very nearly to our statement of the matterin our lait volume.


the army

been treble, the number of the ene- again be encouraging those delumy, it must have embarked. There fions hy which they have already was, in his mind, a clear, evident, been misled? They rely upon the and absolute necessity for making favourable dispositions of the Frencha a facrifice, in order to embark with people to justify their attempts for security Mr. Sheridan's motion, the restoration of the house of Bouron a division of the house, was ne- bon. The proportion of the dir. gatived by 216 against 45.

affected, in France, seems, however, On the twelfth of February, to be less than it was in Holland. lord Holland made a motion, in the If the expedition to the Helder house of peers, to the same effect, failed, by the rafhness, the neglion the same subject. His lordship gence, and incapacity of minifiers, was of opinion, that the principal will you encourage them by your share of the disgrace, with which the acquiescence in past misconduct and expedition was attended, was to former dilgrace, to embark in be imputed to ministers, and none schemes fo much more doubtful in to the commander, the officers, or their policy, and likely to be lo

Having pointed out much more perilous in their cone what he considered as great errors, sequences? I move, therefore, that blunders, and omissions, and also the house resolve itself into a comfome of the advantages that must mittee of the whole house, to inrevolt from inquiry, he said We quire into the caules of the failure know that it is natural to impute of the late expedition to Holland. the blame of unsuccessful military! The earl of Moira coincided willa operations to the commander of an the nobile lord in his sentiments rearmy. In this country. fuch blame fpe ting the illustrious perfonage may not be imputed; but, in Eur who conducted the expedition, rope, the charge will be made, and That he did not appear in his leat, it stands fupported by the state- on the present occation; he was ments of general d'Elen, in the Per convinced, proceeded from delia tersburgh Gazette. It is necessary cacy, least his presence might reto demonstrate the truth, by a fair prels the full disclosure of opinion investigation. By no other course a question on which he felt can you satisfy the demands of your himlell so deeply interested. Were national honour, and your military that illuftrious personage to yield to reputation. At a moment, too, the impulse of his own mind, he was when it is decided that the war satisfied that he would folicit inshould be continned to a period quiry. But the great objection to which we cannot fix in idea; when such a wili was, that it necellarily new expeditions are, it is ru- connected itself with the public moured, about to be undertaken, good, and therefore he preferred it becomes you to ascertain how to submit to ill grounded calumny, they are likely to be conducted, by rather than rilk the interest of the inquiring what has been the ability country, by a perfonal vindication. and the wisdom displayed in other As to the general question, he put instances, by thole who plan and it to the candour of the noble lord conduct them Is it not propor to

not to preís it against men who inquire whether ministers may not fivod upon a ground where it was



It was

imposible they could make a de- things that could be thrown in the fence. The difficulty of operations

way of minifters,

Their filence in Holland was admitted, and, that was made a lubject of fufpicion : fach an enterprize could not fuc- their disclosure of all they knew ceed without the co-operation of mult lead to serious consequences, its inhabitants; that niinifiers were The noble kord, who had made the aware of this, and were confident motion, had, in the course of his of such co-operation, it was thre- speech, made many omillions, and fore natural to prelime. But this dwelt only on such parts of the exvery circumstance was a Yullicient pedition as tended to set it in the argument against inquiry. The most unfavourable point of view. It dilemma, then proposed by the no- was acknowledged by the poble ble loro, wheiher or not the peo- lord that the expedition had objects ple had an opportunity to rise. fufficiently important to induce this Lord Muira withed not to be enter- country to undertake it. tained. To determine that point, admitted that to rescue Holland, to justify the confidence of cv-ope- and to cauls a diversion of the ration, would inevitably lead to the forces of the enemy, were legitimost dangerous disclosures, to the mate objects. It was admitted that public designation of our friends in the capture of the Dutch fleet was ihat country, their number and fitu. an advantage gained for the counation, and of the whole correspond- try. On these two points the exence on which the confidence of pedition had not failed. Of three co-operation was founded, and the objects, all of them considerably practicability of the object pre- important, two out of the three fumed ; a procedure that might had succeeded most completely.-not only prove injurious at the pre. The house, in confirmation of what fent moinent, but interfere with all he stated, would call to mind the tuture operations of a fimilar kind. month when the expedition took In candour, therefore, to the minil place, and to what good effect it ope, ters, to the illustrious person at the rated in favour of the allies. The head of the army, and to all the signal defeats, which the enemy exparties concerned, and from a con- perienced, was one of the good fideration of the injury which might effects of this expedition : for it result from disclosure, in case a was fair to infer, that the forces fimilar attempt nhould be made called into action in Holland, as again, an event, from the determina- withdrawn from the French in Italy tion to continue the war, not impof- and Switzerland, tended to weaken fible, he must request that the noble their efforts, and increase the force lord would not press his motion. If of the combined armies. the noble lord, however, should per- Lord Mulgrave laid, that the fift, it was lord Moira’s intention to plan of the expedition was good. move the previous question. There was, at the time of its plan,

The earl Spencer was at a in August, in Holland, an enthuJoss to know on what grounds fiastic attachment to this country; the motion before the houfe could and, had fir Ralph Abercromby. have been made. He confefied when joined by general Don, and that it was one of thule difficult polletled of a force of fiftcen thou


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