Imatges de pÓgina
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means.

(and men, penetrated into Amster- administration, being possessed of dam, he would then have been in unlimited means, both in a fi. a Glvation in which the duke of nancial and a military view, was Brunswick said he would bid defi- of course more responsible for the ance to all Europe. Lord Mul- use and application of thofu grave would negative the motion as it was a question of climate, wind, Lord Holland, in reply to lord and weather,

Mulgrave, asked if fir Ralph AberLord King, in his first speech in cromby might have secured the facparliament, laid, that as minifters had cefs of the expedition with fifteen declared their determination to con- thousand men, why more were tinue the war, it became the duty fent? The inquiry would iuform us of that house to investigate their what probability there was of suca conduct in the last expedition, in cess at that time, and how far the order to ascertain whether they lending reinforcements to fir Ralpit ought to be farther intrusted with Abercromby, and the delay occathe prosecution of hoftilities. If he fioned by thele reinforcements, referred to the test of experience, tended to inercafe that probability, and the evidence of facts, the fa- The only argument that appeared vourite phrase of administration, to lord Holland of any force against there were still greater grounds for the inquiry, was, the danger of the necessity of an inquiry : for the disclosure; but this danger might incapacity of ministers had already be avoided, in that house, as it had been manifested, by the expeditions been more frequently in another, to Corfica, Toulon, Quiberon, and on former occafions, by leaving the Ostend. With respect to the fate names blank: and even if discloof the weather and unfarourable sure was inosted on, by preventing winds, his lordniip intified that that any questions being put, or docuconfideration could not be urged in ments produced, which might tend defence of its failure, as ministers to create this danger. Lord Holland had sufficient time to make every concluded this reply, or second preparation. The object was clear specch, with drawing a contrast and precise, and lay at the distance between the manner in which we of only forty-eight hours fail. And had been rceived by the Dutch, in was it not the duty of adıniniftra- our frít invasion of their country, tion to run as few risks as pollible? and that in which the French had If there appeared to be bit a faint been received in their fecond aichance of failure from any incle- tack on Holland. When ihey overmency of the weather, why was ran the whole country, and with not the expedition undertaken in deducing from that contrast

, the inthe months of June and July, when ference, that we had little ground that chance would have been con- to applaud the information, or the fiderably leflered? The house could judgement of ministers, in undernot forget the two inquiries which taking an expedition which dc. had been instituted during the A- pended for its Cuccess on the comericani war ; and at preient the operation of the people, when it grounds for a similar proceeding appeared that they were wholly inwere much frengthened, finco disposed to our attempt.

Lord

Lord Grerville approred of the tion, by lord Holland, for which motives which prompted the earl there appeared 34 : against it 51. of Moira to endeavour to put an We come now to the great test end to the discullion; yet said, he and fanction of all the great measures hould be forry that the present of administration, the granting of the motion should be disposed of by the supplies. In the house of comprevious question, left it should im

mons, the twenty-fourth of February, ply, that his majesty's ministers being in a committee of ways and would be inclined to refuse an in- means, Mr. chancellor Pitt laid, quiry, were sufficient grounds for he would not detain the commitit laid down. To him it appeared tee with any preface to the account that no ground whatever had been of the supplies that had already made out. He therefore hoped been granted, or that remained 10 that the noble lord would withdraw be granted, for the service of the his motion for the previous quer current year; but flould proceed tin, as he should otherwise have to dire@ly to state, generally, the seoppose it, in oriler to give his ne- veral heads of which thola accounts gative afterwards to the original confiited. The fupply which he motion. The earl of Moira re- deemed requisiteamounted to thirtystated the motives which had in- nine millions and a hall. duced him to move the previous Mr. Pitt, in detailing the means question. However, if lord Gren- for raising his supply, estimated the ville thought that his motion would income-tax at 5,300,0001. after the admit of any unfavourable conítruc- deduction of interest payable for the tion, he was willing to withdraw borrowed lum of 13,500,0001. But it. The previous question was he thought it highly probable that accordingly withdrawn. The whole it would produce a greater fum in house murmured approbation and the courle of the prefent year than applause of the delicate sentiment, it had done in the last, as he intended found judgement, and noble can- to propose fome regulations calcudour of lord Moira. The house lated to augment its efficacy. He had then divided on the original mo- negociated a loan of 18,500,0001.;

Navy
Army
Ordnance
Miscellaneous services
Intereit due to the Bank
Deficiency of the ways and means of 1799
Duties on land and malt
Exchequer bills issued on income-tax
Bilis issued on other taxes

- on the vote of credit of the last year
Subfidies to German princes
Expense of Russian troops
Towards the reduction of the public debs
Probable contingencies

£.13,619,000 11,350,000 1,695.000

750,000 816,000 447,000

250,000 2,506,coo

79,000 1,914,000 2,500,000

500,000

200,000 1,800,000

£:39,500,000

but

but the assignment of 1,700,0001. to the committee, and would prove out of the income-tax to the pay- to the public, the growing profpement of a part of the interest, ren- rity of the kingdom: and, by hewdered 313,0001. Intficient for the ing the resources we had for war, remainder. This last demand was would be a means of enabling us to antivered by a new duty of 5 per persevere in the firuggle, until we cent. on all kinds of tea, told at could obtain a peace; until we 25. 6d. each pound, and by a small could obtain a solid and permanent augmentation of the duties on rum peace.--The financial resolutions, and brandy. The whole of the proposed by Mr. Pitt, after a vaways and means for raising the fup- riety of ftridures by Mr. Tierney, plies, are stated below.

and a reply by the minister, were Mr. Pitt concluded his financial put and agreed to, and afterwards, estimates by laying, that he needed through the ulual forms, palled into not to add any thing to a statement laws. fo highly satisfactory; which proved

Malt, sugar, and tobacco
Exports and imporis
Lottery
Tax on income
Renewal of the charter of the Bank
Vote of credit
Surplus of the consolidated fund
Load

1,2,750,000
1,250,000

200.000 5,300,000 3,000 OCO 3,000,000 5,500,OCO 38,500,000

4:39:500,000

СНАР.

CHAP. VIII.

Union with Ireland.-Resolution of the British Parliament thereon taiifiiH

the Irish Parliament.--Debates on tins Subject in boil Horses of Parlialiament. The Resolutions, with a few Allerations made in Ireland, ratio fied by the British Parliament, and passed into a Law.-Suspenñon of the Habeas Corpus.Continuance of an al for prerenting Mutiny and Sedition.-Corn and Bread Bill.-Other Bills -- And Motions for Bills.-Prorogation of Parliament.

THE first law of nature is a de kind of immortality, however, is but

, preservation, and a correspondent man is to be taken to pieces, and horror of annihilation : a defire not lole consciousness of identity, he only that the elements or principles will make little account whether his of which this living and thinking elementary parts remain in any other being is composed, may be pre- form, or, if that were posible, 10served, but that personal identity tally annihilated. Thould remain, a consciousuess of This consciousness of identity, this identity be retained, and that in- anxious desire and love of self-predividuality, which distinguishes one fervation, that reigns supreme in the man from another, and makes breasts of individuals, is felt in difa him to be himself. The ancient ferent degrees by nations, and geneStoics endeavoured to confole man- rally more or less according as they kind with the reflection, that, though are simple and virtuous, or corrupt, the human frame would be diffolved sensual, and selfm. The first noby death, not an atom of its com tice to any Imall nation of a formal ponent parts would be destroyed or proposal for an union and amalgaloft. The earthy part would be re- mation with a great and powerful united to earth, the watery to wa- ftare, is, accordingly, an alarm for ter, the fiery to fire, the airy and self-prelervation. The powerful naethereal to air and ether. How- tion feels no alarm of this kind, he. ever personal identity might be dif- cause it is only strengthened by such continued, the universe would re- acceflions which it aslimilates and main the fame, unimpaired and tranImutes into its own nature and eternal. The permanence, the or- form; but the small nation is loath der, and perfection of this, in which to abandon its feparate existence, as every one participated, ought to be a fovereign power, and be swalever uppermost in the mind of a

lowed

up

like a fiream in the ocean. wise man, and hisconfoiation through This principle of human nature is Life, and in the crisis of death. This to be recogrifed in the history of

all

all unions, of all times : but, not of the people of Ireland, though to go too far back, or wander too more harily treated by their mofar from our subject, we shall only ther-country, that had fallen into mention the discontents, the tu- a state of thraldom, and was under mults, and the violence of the Scots the fway of strangers, than even against the union of their poor coun-, the Scots, stuck fast by Hibernia try with England. The soil of Scot- in her last moments. The Irish harp land might be improved, and the was attuned to strains of lamentaScots might acquire more wealth, tion and complaint; but martial and more comforts; but Scotland, music would have arvosed the peoas a kingdom, would be no more. ple to arms, if they had not been There would be no more any ge- kept in fubjeciion, by an irresistible nuine Scotsmen: by the operation armed force, poured in upon them of government, they would be gra- from England. dually mingled and melted down When the resolutions of the Briwith Englifhmen; the Scotch would til legislature, intended as a basis cease to be a national character; for an union with Ireland, being retheir genius and manners would be miited, with fome alterations, for formed by various objects of pur- the reconsideration of that country, fuits, various hopes and fears, com- in May, 1799, became a subject of mon to them, with all the other in- parliamentary discullion, the popuhabitants of the island.

lace of Dublin, and many other A fimilar train of thinking, ex- towns, manifested an aversion to the actly, on the subject of the propoled union in every mode in which they union with Great Britain, prevailed could sew it, short of an armed opin Ireland; and, as in Scotland, a position : from which they were majority of the men of property and reltrained only by a dread of the political influence were induced, English soldiers, and the claymores whether from selfish confiderations, of kindred cells; the Scotch Highor from views of real patriotilm, landers, many regiments of whom, (For there certainly were many who fencibles and voluntcers, as well as acted from both) to exchange, as it regulars, were stationed in the prowere, in fome measure, the national vinces of Leinfier and Ulster. identity and existence for a Mare in The Irish parliament having assemthe British legillature; and the great bled,on thefteenth of January, 1800, mals of the people clung, with fond it was moved, by fir Laurence Parembraces, around their expiring pa- fons, in the house of commons, that rent, though he lead been, in ioo they should, in their address to the many infiances, to them but a harsh viceroy, declare their disapprobaStep-mother: ln also a majority of tion of an incorporating union. This the men of property and political motion was negatived by 138 voices inildence in Ireland were induced, againti 96. On the fifih of Februfrom divers motives, no doubt, to ary, the whole plan of the union favour and adopt an incorporating was detailed, in ihe house of lords, onion between Great Britain and by lord Caftlereagh, principal feIreland; and so also the great mass cretary of state, who, after display

VOL. XLII.

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