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individuals, apprehended on the friking instance of the origin of fufpicion of labouring under the laws in particulat and accidental dangerous and dreadful malady in circumstances. question, amenable to fummary On the twenty-ninth, the parliajustice, and thereby more effectually ment was prorogued to the seventh to provide for the public fecurity. day of October. The king, in his It was proposed by the clause, to speech from the throne on this ocprerent fach individuals from being cafion, exprefled “his pecullar fabailed, in any circumstances, with- tisfaction at the success of the (teps out the concurrence of one of thofe which had been taken for effecting magistrales who committed him, an entire union between his kingexcept by the judges, or at the doms of Great Britain and Ireland, quarter sessions of the peace.

a measure which he fould ever The second clause proceeded on

consider as the happiest event of a principle similar to the first, name- his reign. He expresied great conly, fecurity; but more expecially cern at the levere pressure on his with a reference to the personal people from the continued scarcity safety of the sovereign. It was well of the season, but trusted that the known that persons labouring under approaching harvest would afford a this deplorable calamity had an un- speedy and effectual relief. Withe accountable propensity to intrude regard to our foreign war, he faid, themselves into the residence of his that the course of the campaign on majesty. No less than four infiances the continent had, by a sudden re- . of this kind, more or less alarming, verle, disappointed the fanguine had occurred since the affair of hopes which the situation of afraisse Hadfield. As much as was posible at its commencement, appeared fulto remedy this evil, the claufe pro- ly to juftily, and had untappily again posed by the chancellor would au- exposed a considerable part of Euchorize the secretary, or fome other rope to those calamities and danhigh officer of ftaté, to apprebend gers from which it had recently been and detain persons of that defcrip- rescued, by the brilliant fuccefs of tion, found in fich fufpicious cir- liis allies. But notwithstanding the cumstances, and to cause a com

vicisitudes of war le trutled, that, mittee of inquiry to take place: through the constancy and firmne's and, in case the individual flould of his parliament, he should be enbe found really insane, to take the abled, in conjunction with his allies, most effe&ual fieps for securing to promote the general interests,

Both these clauses, after and to provide, under every circumfome opposition by the earl of Stan- stance, for the honour of his crown, hope, who complained of the new the happiness of his subjects, and regulations as oppressive, the clauses the security and welfare of the Briwere agreed to, and inserted : and tish empire. The vicißitudes of the bill, through the usual stages, war alluded to by his majetty, we pated into a law.

This was a

now proceed to relaic,

them.

CHAP.

CHAP. IX.

The Cessation of Arms in the discontented Provinces of France not Universal.

-Corresponde ce between Loyalis Chiefs and the English Fleet.-Supplies received by the Chou's from England. --Conciliatory Meajures persevered in by Buonaparte.-Determination to Use force where these fail. - Part of the Royalisis agree to Terms of Peace. - Part remains in Arms and lostility to the Republic.-Laws of the Roijilisis among themselves. ---Proclamations of General Brune, Commander-in-Chiif of the French Army of England.-Various Skirmishes.-Tire Chiefs of the Royalists, one after the other, lay down their Arms.-General Pacification between the Republicans and the Inhabitants of the Weern Departments.-Caption and Death of the heroic Count Leuis de Frotté..

TOTWITHSTANDING the Fourmont, and de Chatillon, that

anxious endeavours of Buo- agreed to a cellation of arms. The naparte to imprels the whole French other insurgent chiefs persevered in nation with a conviction of his mo- hostile acts and deligns, and kept deration, humanity, and love of up a correspondence with the Engjustice and peace,* and all that had linh fleet on the coast of Britanny. been proclaimed by the new go- Three English frigates had succeedvernment, in order to resore peace ed in landing four field-pieces, a in the west, it was only d'Autichamp, large quantity of ammunition, and

Great numbers of the loyalists, on the faith of government, had returned, and were daily returning to France : among which some of these were not only restored to their country, but were again put in poffeffion of their estates, or as much of them as it was at all practicable by any means to restore, without violating the new tenures of Landed property. Among this number was the marquis de la Fayerte, and the companions of his fight and exile ; Alexander la Meth, the marquis de Puzey, the chevalier de Grave, minister at-war, during the first year of 1791. La Fayetre, with his family, returned in December to his castle of Fontenoy, near Chaume, in the department of Seine and Marne. The duchess of Arenberg too, and other Flemish emigrants returned to France and the enjoyment of their property there. All those who quitted France in 1792, at the rime time that they did, also returned; nor was there any doubt enteri ained but all the migrants, known by the name of Constitutionalists, would be permitted to return. A number of those who had been exiled by the directory, without any previous trial, being ailo recalled, as above observed, returned to France, in which number was Carnot, Barrere, Barthelemy, Boifly d'Anglas, and Dumolard. Pichegrue was not permitted to return. Even the persons juít mentioned were restricted to certain limits, on the pain of being held as emigrants. Sir Robert Barclay, an Englich geneleman, who had been closely confined, in the tower of the Temple, for more than a year, by orders of the directory, was sent for by Buonaparte, who, after a civil conversation, set him at complete liberiy, without any condition or restriction.

provifions, provisions, and some chests of file partments of the west as follows: ver ; all which supplies were re- Every thing that reason could ceived near Muzillac, by a body of singgelt, the government has done ten thousand Chouans, who were to restore peace and tranquillity to provided with fixty or eighty wng- your dwellings. After long forgons. The waggons when filled bearance, fill farther time has with the stores and provisions were been granted for repentance. A immediately buried in the earth.- great number of citizens have been The troops, employed afterwards brought to a sense of their errors, in escorting these stores, were at- and have rallied round the governtacked by a body of republican ment, which, without hatred or retroops, infantry and cavalry, amount. venge, without fear or suspicion, ing to two thousand. This body protects all citizens alike, and puset out from Vannes, and came nishes those who despise their duty. up with the loyalists about a mile There no longer remain any in arms and a half from St. Nelt. The against France, except some men engagement which entued conti- without faith, as without country, nned from the morning to four fome perfidious instruments of a foo'clock in the afternoon. The loy- reign foe, or brigands, black with alists suffered the loss of two hun- guilt, whom indulgence itself knows dred men, in dead and wounded, not how to pardon. The safety of all of whom, however, they car- the state, and the security of citiried off, with the convoy, tó Plen- zens require that such men should drem. The clofe of the day, and perish by the sword, and fall under the want of provisions, obliged the the axe of national justice. A lonrepublicans to fall back to Vannes. ger forbearance would be a triumph In the mean time, while the roy- to the enemies of the republic. alists in their proclamations infifted A valiant force only waits the figon two principles, the restoration nal to disperse and destroy thele of their lawful king, and the de- brigands, if that fignal must be fence of the country against the fol- given. National guards join the diers of Buonaparte. The chief con- force of your arms to that of the ful, persevering in measures of con- troops of the line. If you know ciliation, abolished the oath of ha- among you any partizans of the tred to kings and monarchical go- brigands arrest them. Let them no vernment, and substituted in its where find an asylum against the place a simple declaration of fidelity soldier who pursues them. And if to the conftitution. But the chief there be any traitors who should consul, perceiving the inefficacy of dare to receive and defend them, his conciliatory measures, in which let them perish along with them! he had perfevered for two months, Inhabitants of the departments of for the restoration of tranquillity the west, on this last effort depends and order in the west, began to the tranquillity of your country, the change that tone of moderation, safety of your families, the security which had hitherto characterized of your properties. By the same bis government. On the eleventh blow you will destroy those wretches of January, 1800, the consuls ad- who strip you, and the enemy who drifted the inhabitants of the de- purchase and pay for their crimes” VOL. XLII.

[M]

On

On the same day the consuls de- and hirelings of Britain, “ Frenchro creed,

men hired by Britain ! This could ift. That no general, or public not be done but by men without functionary Mould correspond, in foresight, without heart, and withany shape of under any pretext out honour. March against then, whatever with the leaders of the you will not be called on to thew rebels.

any great exertion of valour. The 2d. That the national guards of army is composed of more than sixty all the communes hould take up thousand brave men. Let me learn arms and expel the brigands from shortly that the chiefs of the rebels their territories.

have lived. Let the generals fhew 3d. That the communes, whote the example of their activity. Glory population exceeded five thousand is to be required only by fatigues. inhabitants should furnish moveable If it could be acquired by a relicolumns, in order to allist other dence in great towns, or in good communes of a less numerous po- quarters, every man would be in pulation.

poffeffion of it. You must brave 4th. That whatever commune the intemperance of the leasons, the Thould afford an asylum, or protec- frost, the snow, the exceflive cold. tion to the brigands, mould be of the nights : you must furprize treated as rebels; and that such in your enemy at the break of day, habitants as should be taken with and exterminate thote wrelciies arms in their hands, should be in-· who are a diflionour to the French ftantly put to the sword.

Make a brief but brilliant 5th. That every individual, who campaign. Be inexorable to briinstigated rebellion and armed re- gands, but observe a severe discififtance, should instantly be shot. pline."

6th. That the general who com- The expiration of the armistice, manded the army of the weit niould between the Chouans and general put in force all the necessary regula- Hedoville, was fixed at the fetions for organizing the national venth of January, 1800, but it was guards, as well as for prescribing afterwards prolonged. A short the districts wbich these communes time before the period just menwere to watch over and protect: tioned, the division of the royalists, and, that he Mould issue orders for under Chatillon, accepted and all the troops, the free companies, signed the conditions of peace.and the moveable columns in the And as other divisions were contipay of the republic, to be exclusively dently expected in like manner to employed in clearing the country, do the same, it was decreed by geand in pursuing the rebels. Buo. neral Brune, who had been apnaparte, on the day after that in pointed to the chief command of which he tent the proclamation to the army in the discontented prothe inhabitants, lent one also to vinces, that it should no longer be the army of the west; in which he called by the name of the army of told th n that the mass of the well- the west, but by that of the army of disposed iniuabitants had laid down England ; an infinuation that all their arms, and that there now re- Frenchmen were foon to be united, mained only robbers, emigrants, and to fall on England. When

general

name.

arms.

peneral Brune was appointed to other chiefs Few parties of Chouthe chief command of the western ans were to be seen in departments army, in the council of state, being where they had lately appeared in a member of that body, he role up great force. The courier between and said, “ In the iwo-fold cha- Nantz and l’Orient reported, as racter of a general officer, and a fomething extraordinary, on the fifcounsellor of nate, I am flattered teenth of January, that he had not with the choice which, on the pre- seen a single Chouan all the way lent occafions, has been made of between these cities. me, by the first conlul. The talk General Brune, on arriving at imposed on me is a painful one, but his head-quarters, at Angers, in a I will undertake to unite the French letter to the minister-at-war, dated whatever may be their opinions. the twenty-first of January, laid, “I Thole who are not to be influenced enter this day on my command of by realon, I will reduce by force of the army: General Hedoville has

Those who have been led been pleased to act as my lieuteinto error, I will pardon. These nant; he com mmands the left wing hall be the principles of my con- of my army. The inestimable geduct; but, I will never forget that neral Hedoville has united the inhaç weakness is not less an enemy to bitants of La Vendée in peace; I moderation than to firmness. It is niall herceforth find the Chonans that wbich isthe ruin of the republies: tractable.” Thus every thing, in may the deluded inhabitants of the fome quarters, wore à peaceful west return into the bosom of their aspect. This was by no means the country; but, may they return as cale in every district and departpenitent children.“

mient. À body of fix hundred The conciliatory measures pur- Chouans was cantoned at Soublans, sued by the French government, with the design of routing the inand particularly the lecond procla habitants to arms: this party was mation of Buonaparte,, on the dispersed by general Nevot, with eleventh of January; produced the the loss of one hundred muskets; desired effect on part of the loy, and some prisoners. Considerable alifts, while others continued fill parties of Chouans, in, the departin the relolution to maintain their ment of the Eure and Loire, were cause. General Autichamp, who disperled, by the arrival of a movehad accepted the armistice at the able columu at Noyent le Ration ; fame time with Chatillon, employed but, in other parts, the war on the bis influence among the Chouans; part of the royal:Its allumed a more in the department of Deux Levres, serious aspect. In the principal in favour of pence, with success. towns and villages of the departThe armistice he told them was pro- ment of Dinan, in Britanny, she longed, and he conjured them to following injunctions were publishdo nothing in violation of its con- ed, in placards or hand-bills, luck ditions. They liliened to his ad- up on the high walls, and in all the rice, and remained peaceably at places of general refort: their respective homes. The ex- ilt. All public officers, not being ample of d'Autichamp was succels- priests, who hall teceive any act of fully imitaled by Bourmant and marriage, at the hands of inen,

ulder,

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