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ANNUAL Register, 1800.

the party.

164) ANNUAL REGISTER, 1800. under forty years of age, shall be bihan, a proclamation, dated the shot.

thirteenth of February.

in this 2d. Thole who shall marry after piece, after recapitulating his vasuch acts. shall have :heir heads rious efforts, for the prevention of thaven, and their relations shall be bloodshed, and exhorted the decondemned to pay a fine.

luded people to forsake their per3d. Young men refuling to join fidious leaders, he says, " The day and march along with the loyalists, of pardon is nearly past, and I take when called on, mall be shot. God and man to witness, that the

4th. All delerlers from provisory blood that must be lhed is on the allemblies shall be shot.

heads of the chiefs of the Chouans, 5th. Every man who does not of the stipendiaries of England, and separate himself from the moveable of the traitors of their country. column of the republicans, to whichi " Within twenty-four hours after he belongs, Mall be shot; and his thc publication of the present pronext relation shall pay a fine, or be clamation in all the communes of flot allo.

Morbihan, every unmarried man, 6th. Lewis XVIII. and religion, from fourteen to fifty years of age, are the principal objects of all thall appear before the civil or miFrenchmen's desires.

litary authority of the place where 7th. Whoever hall destroy, or he shall be, and declare that he is tear, or take down these bills and not a Chouan, or that he abjures orders shall be shot.

Such was the state of affairs in “The chiefs of the Chouans shall the department of Dinan, in Bri- make a similar declaration, and most tanny; but the departments in which likewife procure the arms and stores, the resistance of the royalists, or, as it under their direction, to be given was called, the rebellion, had be- up. come the most general, inveterate, Corps are opened for the reand obftinate, were the coasts of the ception of deferters, according to North, Lisle and Vilaine, Morbi- their line of service, their rank, and han, and the Nether Loire. These qualifications. departments, accordingly, by two Alt authorities, which fall redecrees, palled the sixteenth of Ja- ceive the declarations and acknownuary, were declared to be out of ledgements of submission to the law, the protection of the law, and un- tlall keep a register of them, and der military government; and ex- give a copy to each declarant, traordinary tribunals were establish- which, fanctioned by the generals, ed for the execution of juftice in shall be a sufficient protection. criminal cases, General Brune, who The general staff will receive was invested with the most com- petitions and memorials, respecting plete and abfolute power, set out the means of securing the tranquilimmediately from Angers, at the lity of individuals. head of the main army,

« Such are the last conditions way to Morbihan, in the depart- which I offer to the rebels. ment of the Nether Loire. From “ Such is the fatal limit, which, his head-quarters, at Vannes, he ad- once passed, arms and councils of drelled to the inhabitants of More war must be the only means om

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ployed to avenge the insulted na. alists, but the common men, that tion.

were the most obstinately deter“ Pardon to the Frenchmen who mined to persevere in resistance and have been misled : the traitors de- opposition to the republic. The serve death."

chiefs that were most convinced of In conleqrience of the near ap- the inefficacy of longer resistance, proach of general Brune, with the experienced great obstacles to pacisword in the one hand, and the fication, on the part of the men olive-branch in the other, lome whom they commanded. When others of the chiefs, besides thole general George gave orders to his already mentioned, and even whole people to disband and disperse, they bodies of men, laid down their plundered his house. Chatillon, in arms; but others, who had not yet dilbanding his followers, experien. come to the same resolution, were ced like difficulties : so also did leveencouraged to stand out ftill against ral of the other chiefs. A band, of all the offers and the threats of the about three hundred Chouans, deTepublicans, by hopes of assistance stroyed the telegraph of Bourbriac, from England and from Russia. An in the Cotes-du-Nord. The same active force, consisting of three bat- band put to death one of their contalions of the firit, second, and third scripts, a young man who had been regiments of British guards, besides forced into their ranks, and had cavalry, under the command of fir thrice deserted. Predatory parties Ralph Abercromby, was expected, continued allo still to levy contribelides the Ruffian troops quartered butions in different parts of the in the iNands of Guernley and Jer. country; but the spirit of resistance, ley, and other Ruslian troops which though not, we may presume altowere to join them. Towards the gether of loyalty, was now broken. end of January, several columns of The great mass of the people fighed loyalists having formed a junction for peace, and began to contider with the troops under general Dom- the scattered parties that fcoured front, attacked the republicans, but the country only as enemies to rewere vigorously repulled, with the turning tranquillity. On the firloss of five hundred men killed, and teenth of February, a general pacififiy prisoners. The different par- fication with the royalists was conties of the loyalists that still retained cluded. All the individuals, known their arms and kept together, were by the name of chiefs of Chonans, every where attacked with vigour, with the exception of one, prefentput to flight, or dispersed. In thele iy to be noticed, laid down their encounters, some of the chiefs were arms at Rosperdin, and returned, killed, and others, among whom unattended by any of their men, to was George, were wounded. Early Quimper. A general difarming of in February no less a number than all the loyalists took place in all the fifteen thousand royalists, or, as they departments, and an immense quanwere called by the French, Chouans, tity of arms, stores, and provisions, laid down their arms, and were fell into the hands of the prevailing united to the republicans.

party. It seems remarkable, that it was The leader of the loyalists that not always the leaders of the roy- yet remained unfubdued in mind,

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and the unconquerable will, though all his unfortunate companions, met forced to retreat and conceal him- death with the most undaunted coufelf from a hostile and irresistible rage." They would not permit basiforce, was count Lewis de Frotté, dages to be put on their eyes. the hero most distinguished by 'va- Monsieur de Callineux, his aid. lour, magnanimity, and firmnets, de-camp, being only wounded by among all the loyalists, lince the ce- the first fire, and still able ta ftand, Jelrated Charette, of La Vendée. faid calmly, to the folders on duty, The count had written a letter to fire again; which they did, and difthe republican general Guidat, pro- patched him. poing a general pacification of all The unhappy aid-de-camp, whose the Chouans, to which letter he note was the occasion of this mournhad received an infignificant and ful catastrophe, driven to the extreevasive answer. This negociation mily of grief and despair, by his inwas protracted beyond the last of voluntary indiscretion, blew out his the days fixed for the armisiice, and own brains with a piftol. the acceptation of the terms of peace When news of the final terminaoffered to the royalits; and count tion of the rebellion, by the capLewis de Frotté, retiring with his ture and death of couni Lewis de staff and fonie other officers, lay con- Frotté, was received by Bonaparte, cealed in an ancient castle in the he communicated it, without dedepartment of Orne. A letter of lay, to the legislative alienbly; in one of his aides-de-camn, intercept- which Ræderer role up, and said, ed by a republican, dilcovered his “ You will learn, with pkealure, that retreat. He was taken, together that part of the French territory, with six of his staff-officers, the faith, which was put out of the law, is fol companions of his concealment. restored to the republic, by the deThese were Mesleurs de Cau- ftruction of the rebels that held pofmarque, Hugon, and De Verdun, felsion of it. The first coníul'bas commandants of legions; Morfieur given it in charge to me to acquaint de Caftinean, aide-de camp to ge. you that Frotté, with his staff-offineral Frotté: and Meilieurs Segui- cers, has been taken in a calile, in sat and St. Florent, his aides-ma- the department of Orne. There jors. The count, wiih his fix com- were found upon him a cross of St. panions, was 'ont, by general Cham- Lewis, a seal, with the arms of berthide, to Vermeuil

, where they France, and fome poinards, of the were all of them judged by a mili- manufacture of England."-All the tary tribunal, and concemned to menibers of the legislative body, on be Nini, within twenty-four hours, this, rose up, and cried, " Pite la by the orders of general Lefevri, republique.once a ferjeant in the French guards. Thus, hy, a wise uuion of modeThe ground on which M. de Froté ption with firmness, and of a spirit of wascondemned was, one of bisleiters conciliation with a mighty armed which was found in the poßefften of force, the royalist party, in France, one o' h's unlortunate companions; was totally annihilated; and thus, in which letter he devoted himself allo, there was an end of the royal in the caule of royalty with the most and illustrious fimily of the Erench heroic enthufiuta. The count, and Bourbons; the pilars of whose power were overthrown with the arms of der him, in the rank of major, at the loyalists. CH A P. X.

were

the fiege of Acre. He has lately When the unfortunate and fugi- come to London, where, at the tive prince of that family, his royal time of writing this, he resides higinels the count d'Ariois, or Mone with his father. heur, as the poor royalists, alier the At the same time that Buonaparte ideal acceffion of Lewis XVIII. af. was using all modes of conciliation, fected to call him, was made ac- for reclaiming the armed loyalists, quainted with the death of M. de the constitutional bishops assembled Frotté, he immediately paid a via al Paris, invited the nonjurant bi. fit to the unhappy father of that shops to evangelical communion, young hero in London, and mingled and RELIGIOUS PEACE. If such a his tears of condolence with those pacification could indeed have been of the old count, with the most effected, it would have been far affecting fenfibility.

It was

more wonderful than that which younger brother of general de was gained by Buonaparte, partly Frotté, that aided the escape of tir by conciliatory, partly by compulSidney Smith from the tower of the five measures, with the warrior Temple, and a!terwards served un- chiess of the royalists.

September, 1800.

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Both the allied Powers of Aufiria and Great Britain determined to profecute

the War against France. ---Circular Letters of the Archduke Charles to the anterior Circles of Germany.-Military Preparations in Germany and France. --Proclumation by Buonaparte to the French, requiring the Means of carrying on the War --Situation of the French and duftrian Arms at and after the close of the Campaign of 1799.- French Army of Reserve at Dijon. The French Army of the Rhine.— Ils Poption and Morements at the beginning of the Campaign, 1800.- The Archduke Charles relires, and is succeeded in the Command of the Army by General Kray.

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THE determination of the Bri- such circumstances, the only means

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peace or war with France, we have and lasting peace, was, to profecute already seen in the course of the de- the war with vigour.---Such also bates in parliament. They had no were the sentiments of the great ally objection to treat with any form of of Britain, the emperor of Germany. government in France, that Mould Of the political situation of Aur appear, from experience or the evi- tria, and the Germanic empire, in dence of facts, to be able and will- relation to France, we may form ing to negociate, on the principles tolerably just idea from the circular established among European nations, letter of the archduke Charles, dated and to preserve and support the at Donaueschingen, the fourth of usual relations of peace and amity; December, 1799, to the anterior but a peace, concluded with an circles of the empire, of which a unstable government, must itself be translation here follows: “ It is unstable. The peace, that did not from the impulse of the most invinpromile to be permanent, was good cible neceflity, that I am induced for nothing. It was, farther, preg- to speak to you of an object, and of nant with disadvantage and danger. dispositions, from whence there may But no secure and lasting peace could arise the greatest detriments to the co-exist, with a lytiem of aggrel- common cause of Germany. I perfion, aggrandizement, and univer- ceive, with regret, that the late fal destruction : a system that had events in France, through which been adopted and pursued in France the fupreme power has passed into from the commencement of the re- new hands, have revived the hope, volution; and from which it did already so often deceived, of an apnot by any means appear, that the proaching pacification; and that, new chief, the first consul, Buona- on the strength of this premature parte, had at all departed. In fuppofition, an idea prevails that it

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