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tion of himself to carry on a fiege in given that the Austrians were fallform. He had not the artillery ne. ing down from all quarters on Gecellary for this purpose, unless, in- noa. Notwithstanding the agitation deed,' he should borrow it from the that followed this intelligence, MafEnglish fleet: but it could not be lena made not the least alteration in any other than a matter both tedious his disposition, but continued to la. and difficult to convert the English bour for the execution of his plan; guns, mounted for the marine ser- in purluance of which, he set out vice, into battering cannon. for Cogoletto,* where he establisha.

The nature of the ground divided ed his head-quarters. the whole of the defence, as well By the plan agreed on, general as the attack, into two distinct avd Soult was to be at Safello in the leparate parts, by the course of the evening; but, a movement made Bisagno. The forts l'Eperon and by the enemy, retarded the moreDiamant, covered the line of de- ment of general Soult, by the nefence on the left; and, on the right, cesïity which it laid him under of it was aided by the position of Ge- fecuring, with great care, bis rear, noa, on the heights of Del Bati, and keeping up his communication and defended by the fort of Riche. with Genoa. Towards two o'clock lieu, to which are attached five in the morning, at the moment he counter-forts, fituaied on the pro- was preparing to depart from Vollongation of the eminence. Mal- tri, to proceed to Salello, he learnt sena, after making these dispositions, that the enemy, having reduced the which seemed to secure, ai least for poft of Cabannes de Macarello, had a time, the lasety of Genoa, pro-advanced as far as Acqua-Sarta, jected a grand movement, which within three miles of Voluri. On had for its object nothing le's uian this, he immediately formed the reto blockare Savona, retake Vado, folution to attack the enemy in this ard, by recovering his first lines, new pofition. This operation was re-eliablish his communications with committed to general Gazay, and he general Suchet.

performed it with success. But even On the night between the eighth this success p!evented general Soult and ninih, all the corps that were from taking the fiare, that had been to compose the column of general allotied to him, in the operations Souit, were directed to proceed to of the next day, resolved on by geneVoltri.

ral Wallena. The Auftrians employed the April 10. At four o'clock in the whole of the eighth of April, (the morning, general Soult directed his taking of the Becketta excepted) in march by Aqua Bianca, Martino, wa:ching the motions of the French, and St. Pietro del Alba, to Salello. and in drawing over different corps About a mile from Pallo, he was from their lelt 10 their right, 1o- informed that four Austrian regiwards the centre of their posts, ments, making, in all, cight thouwhich was at Salello.

fand men, were on their way from April 9. At three o'clock, on Monte Note to l a Verreria, and the morning of that day, notice was that, on the morrow, that column

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was to attack the detachment at formed of the obstacles which unaCampani, and proceed, thereafter, voidably retarded the march of geto Voltri, in order to cut off the nerai Soult, on Monte Notte, neverretreat of the French column that theless completed his own, with the marched on the coast, along side of division under general Gardanne, the Marine, and 'which was headed This column, setting out from Varby general Maffena in perfon. raggio, about eight o'clock in the

General Melas leaving, under the morning, directed its march to La orders of general Elnitz, a fufficient Stella. About midway, between force for keeping general Suchet in these two places, this column, comcheck, marched against general Maf- posed of no more than twelve hunsena with three bodies of his army. dred men, fell in with that of the The division on the right, consisted Austrians near ten thousand Itrong, of the brigades of Bully, Latterman, who were marching on the fame and Sticher, commanded by the point. The firing commenced on count de Palfy. The centre was the part of the Austrians. The composed of the brigades of Belle. French took a position in which garde and Beautano, commanded they were enabl d to repel reiteby general Bellegarde. The lest rated attacks. Their certainty of division was under the orders of being seconded and supported by general St. Julian; and of which, general Soult, whom they expected the eight thousand men above men- every moment to turn the Austrian tioned formed a part.

rear, supported their carnage under To disconcert and overthrow this in great an odds of numbers. Geneproject, general Gazau took a posi- ral Gardanne in this conflict was tion, on the road which leads from wounded; and the small French Verneria to Pouzonne; and gene- column, in danger of being furral Poinfot received orders to attack, rounded by the Austrians, made a on the heights of Safello, the ene- freedy retreat in the night, directo my's rear-guard, which was bearing ing their fight to the corps under on Verneria

general Soult: but the junction beGeneral Poinfot executed this tween these two French corps was movement with so much impetuo- not so ealy a matter as general Malfity, that he cut off a part of the lena had imagined. The Austrians regiment of Deutchmeister, look followed them close, and annoyed three pieces of cannon, and carried them severely in all their movethe lown of Safello; where he also ments. took two hundred thousand car- In the mean tiine general Soult tridges, and fix hundred prifoners. had gained fome fuccellive advanThe success of this attack was aided tages, and the small body, which by that of another made by general tollowed Mailena on the coast, comGodinat, chief of brigade, on Cofta- manded by general Fiellinet, effectla-Longa. The great diili, ulty of ed a junction with general Soult on making war in a mountainous coun- the mountain of St. Hermitte, not try, contists in that of concerting without considerable lots on the side movements, and forming any har- of both the Austrians and the French. monious system of action.

The Austrians lost several officers of Alafiena, who could not be in- rank, and, it was laid, above one

thousand

thousand men made prisoners. Or force on the different divisions of the French, the chief of brigarle, the enemy, and to beat their differVillaret, was killed ; and several ent corps in fucceffion, as was the otlier officers of rank were wound- cale at Macarolo, Sallello, and La ed, among whom was general Frels Verneria. finet, who, on the flteenth, recei- The Austrians, on the contrary, ved two muiket shots. A consider- being able to dividle, without 100 able number of the French were much weakening themselves, fiue also made prisoners by the Auftrians. died always to furround the French, The result of all these different ac- and never met them witiout attack. tions was, that the French, exhaust- ing them, except when detached ed of men, money, and provisions, columns were turning then, on every were obliged to reconcile their fide. Even the different advantages minds, at lafi, to the idea of re- relulting to the French from this treating, by little and little, towards mude of warfare, in a mountainous Genoa, and the forts with which it country, precipitated their deftruc, was environed: a plan which was, tion, and forced thein to fall back at laft, carried into complete exe- on Geroa, which was not done 'cution, after daily fighting, on the without difficulty, the Auftrians twentieth of April.

being several times on the point of The kind of war that is carried culling off their retreat. on by any armiy, rece sarily depends During the series of events now on the force which it poffefles, and related, on the left of the army of the situation in which it is placed. Genoa, the right, under the orders It was naturally, therefore, to be ex- of general Molis, had tried the pečied, that the generals Meias and fame kind of warfare, and received Maffena fhould pursue opposite lyf- orders, at laft, to fall back to tems of operation. The object of Genoa. Marlena, continually in action with In the course of the fifteen dars an enemy, fuperior in numbers, as that the defence was maintained, well as fresh and hearty, was to di- if we may say fo, by offensive opevide the enemy, by marching his rations, Maslena, having loft-a third own troops in two columns. It was of his men, although the Austrians contrived that these columns Ghould had loft a good deal more of theirs, not be equal in ftrength. The one could not dislemble that he had was weaker than the other, and nothing more to expect from the made it its chief business to manæa- force of his arms. He therefore vre, as nyuch as possible, so as to set himself to fortify himself in his occupy the enemy, and keep him pofitions, to discover fome means in play, without either attacking of tubiftence, and to exercise the him, or waiting to receive an at- severelt economy in the use of such tark, except when it was unavoid- as yet remained. By means of some able, as was the case at Albiflola. Imall thips, which yet renained to The other, and the stronger co- the French army, not withiianding lumi, endeavoured to keep up the the vigilance of the English fleet, tone of offensive operanons, by be sent letters to Corfica, to gene. ?..ning, in favourable circumstan. ral Suchel, and to Marseilles. Se

isly its whole and undivided veral officers, whom he had sent

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to general Suchet, and to the formed as to admit of three mehr first conful, with an account of abreast. They were barned by the his fituation, were taken by the French in the night. General

In the mean time, Mal- Sunlt carried the post of Deutfena becaine acquainted with the Freres, and the route of the Auf march of the army of referve, trians was complete. The fituation under Buonaparte. He-was not of the Austrian prisoners in Genoa les encouraged by the courage of" was drea.iful. The French suffered his troops. There was not a day extreme privations then lelves: their that palled without skirmishing be prisoners, after attempting to protween alvanced posts, in forced long life by eating their does and reconnoitrings, and efforts to pene. knaplacks, died of hunger. trate within the positions of the This day, the most memorable in behoging army.

the siege, the victory, which was fo On the thirtieth of April, the decidedly on the file of the French, Auftrians, who by this time had onli fervid to hafien its conclufion. carried the post of Deur Frere's, Such combats, lo d-fructive to both and fort Quezzi, blockaded Fort parties, alded to the mileries of the Diamant, and commander the French and Genvele, by the inworks of Fort Eperon. In this pof- crease of prisoners without an enture of affairs, Maslena, perceiving crease of provisions. The army of that they had in view to take the Buonaparie was yet at too great a poli of la Marlona del Monte, from distance to come to the relief of whence they might drive the French Mafiena before the last of his folfrom Alboro, the only point from diers should have perilled with which they would be able to hon- bunger. In the forties, which he bard Genoa, he formed a refolui. made in the course of the nonth of tion to make a last effort with his Nay, he lost a great many of his corps of referve, which had not yet oifcers, and among the le fome of been brought into serious action, the generals of his fiaff, in killed anl to force the enemy to abandon and leverely wounded. their most advanced positions. In The city of Savona had furrera this liee fucceeded, but it was at dered to the Austrians on the af the expenle of a series of bloody teenth of May. The English fleet actions, defperate and obstinate, hegan now to bombard Geroa and lots on both fides; infomuch, every night. The populace, parthat the combatants being too near ticularly the women, running about each other to make use of mkery, the streets, let up frightful cries for had sucourse to their bayonets, the peace. And a general infurrection butt ends of their muskets, and of the people of renoa against the even to fiones. The lors in killed, French, would have enfuert, it the same on both fides, was great.

The forts of the French follies to rest ain French made a great number of pri- it, had not been seconded by a numfoners, eren to the amount of leve- ber of individuals among the inhabiral thoulinds, and took all the tants. , The illusions of hope at last fealing-ladders destined for the erra- ravished. There was no longer the laute of Genoa, and the forts adja- smallest expectation that the fire's (ent. The scaling-ladders were so cours lo long looked for would come

in in time. The provisions were entirely tion. This melancholy picture, exhausted; even the last horses and was often exhibited to view, by the dogs were nearly consumed, when rising fun. Mothers were often general Mafiena received a letter found dead with hunger, and child from general Melas, inviting him dren, at the breast also dead, or to an interview with lord Keith, dying. and the generals Otto and St, Ju- On that day, the fourth of June, lian, who offered him a capitulation the principal articles for the evacuon the most honourable terms. . To ation of Genoa were agreed on this first overture, he replied, that between the French adjutant.gene. he would consider of it; though he Audreaux on the one part, and mahad, in truth, nothing farther to jor-general Rest, a staff oficer in confider. The day after, he re- the imperial service, with the Engceived another mellage with the lith captain Rivera, on the other. fame terms. He then feut the ad. And it was fettled that the chiefs jutant-general Andreaux, under pre- of the opposite armies should meet, tence of lome bufiness relating to on the day aftcr, being the fifth of the prisoners, to Rivolo, to receive June, for signing a definitive treaty. the proposals of the enemy, and to At nine o'clock in the morning of enter, without any farther delay, that day a conference was held by into a negociation for peace. the opposite parties, in a small cha.

The first article of capitulation pel, which is situated in the middle proposed by the allies, was, that of the bridge of Cornegliano, and the army should return to France, between the posts of the Austrians but that the general thould remain and the French. Here lord Keith, prisoner of war—' You, Gr," said commander of the combined naval lord Keith to Massena, “ are worth forces in the Mediterranean, genetwenty thousand men." But, Maf- ral 0110, commander of the blockfera said, “ that no negociation ade of Genoa, with general st. would be gone into, if the word Julian, who was charged with the capitulation was to be made use political part of the negociation, of.” On the fourth of June the al- were met by general Maliena, comlied generals, having departed from mander-in-chief of the French army their first proposal, resumed the ne- in Italy. Each of these parties gociations.

In the mean time, was accompanied by only iwo_or while this was going on, the city three gentlemen. of Genoa * containing a population In this conference Massena dil, of one hundred and fixty thousand played much finefle, under the cloak fouls, though a prey to all the hor- of an apparent gaiety, which formtors of famine, remained quiet. A ed a comple e contrast with the great number of old people, wo- gravity of the other contracling men and children, reduced to the party, and was attended with this necellity of attempting to sustain advantage, that it did not look as nature by herbs, roots, and impure if he were greatly alarmed for the animals, died of dilease or ineni- lituation of his army. And it is,

* Including d'Alfaro, St. Martin, Bisagno, and St d'Arena, containing forty thouLand. Genoa, proper, contains about one hundred abd twenty thousand.

perhaps,

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