Imatges de pÓgina
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opened on the garden, and where constitution: I say the conftitution, he had to encounter an opposition For as to a republic, which all the of a far more serious nature than world may have in their mouths, what he had met with in the coun- the question is, what sort of a re. cil of elders.

public is understood? Is it such a The process-verbal of their pre- republic as that of Venice? or of ceding meeting being read, the United States? Is it pretended

Gaudin, having briefly repre- that a republic and liberty exist in sented the dangers which threatened England Certes, it is not in order the country, froni a rapid return to to live under such a government that the principles of monarchy on the we have, for the space of ten years, one hand, and the fury of dema- lavised our fortunes, and made all gogues on the other, moved that a manner of facrifices. I demand that conmittee of seven members thould all the members of this council be be chosen, who should make a re- called on immediately to renew their port on the actual state of the na- oath of fidelity to the constitution. tion, and propose, at the fame I demand allo tont a meflage be time, such measures as they should sent to the council of ancients rethink necessary for the public in- questing that they would send us a terest. These motions were re detailed account of the vast conspiconded by several voices. But racy that was on the point of overforth with a very general cry was turning the republic. Both these heard of the constitution! the con- motions were feconded by a numstitution ! the constitution or death! ber of voices, and with the cries, No dictatorship! down with the of vire la Republic ! vive la Constituie dictators. We are not afraid of tion! The message proposed to the bayonets here, we are free. elders was agreed to. The motion

Lucian Buonaparte, the president for renewing the fidelity was allo faid, “ I am too sensible of the dig- agreed to. This ceremony, which nity of my office longer to suffer the took up two hours, was performed insolent menaces of tome speakers. by the moderate party, though they I call them to order."

were all of them by this time more Grand Mailon. Representa- or less acquainted with the real obtives, France will doubtless behold ject of their translation to St. Cloud, with astonishment the council of with the greatest fang froid, as well five hundred, in consequence of a as by the Jacobius. conítitutional decree of the elders, swearing was over, the secretary allembled in this place without be. read a letter from Bergoeng, a ing made acquainted with the immi- member of that house, refignent danger with which we are no ing his function of a representas doubt threatened. A committee tive of the people. Two melhas been moved for to inquire fages from the elders informed the what is proper to be done. It council of five hundred of their would be better to inquire into being constituted,'arid of their luf what has been done. I demand to pending their deliberations till fimiknow the reasons of that decree lar information should be received, which brought us here. What are by the elders, from the council of the great dangers that menace the five hundred. A motion was next

made

made and adopted for an address him, the perils of liberty were lurto the French people, informing mounted, and the interests of the them of the translation of the coun- army secured. He expresied his joy cils to St. Cloud. A motion was at returning to the rank of a private allo made for sending a message, citizen: happy, after so many temwith intelligence of the councils pests, in remitting the destinies of being constituted, to the directory. the republic, of which he had been On this, it was observed by Dar- one of the depositaries, entire, and racque, “ that it would be very pro- more respectable than ever."* per to fend fuch a message, as was The council were engaged, as a proposed, to the directory, provided matter of course, in a conversation they knew where to find them; abont the election of a successor to for his part, he did not know, if á Barras, when the door of the hall directory existed : whither was the opened, and Buonaparte advanced, message to be directed ? It was ridi- uncovered, followed by four grenaculous to propose the lending of a diers of the guard belonging to the message to the directory in the pre- national representation, without sent circumstances." The motion, arms. Anumber ufother soldiers, with however, was agreed to. “ Ber- lome general officers, remained at the trand de Calvados considered it as door. The whole assembly was ina happy thing, that the members ftantly in an uproar: "Who is that? had renewed their oath of allegiance Who is that? 'Sabres here? Armed to the constitution; and proposed men? Outlaw! Outlaw! Down with that mention should be made of it the dictator !” A great number of in the address that had been voted members darted from their seats into to the French people, to whom it the middle of the hall, and, seizing the would be an assurance and pledge general by the collar, began to Make of the maintenance of the consti- him, and push him toward the door. tution, and the existence of the na- A dagger aimed at his breast by tional representation.” A conver- Arena, a Corsican, or, as others sation respecting the manner in which affirm, by some one else, was parthis notice should be worded, was ried by one of the grenadiers, called interrupted by a letter of resignation Thomé, who accompanied him, and from Barras.'" The glory," he said, who was highly wounded by it in " which accompanied the return of the arm. On this, general Lefethat illuftrious warrior, to whom he bre, at the head of a party

of

grehad had the honour of opening the nadiers, rushed into the hall, with career to glory, the striking marks the cry of “ live the general," and of confidence repofed in him by the carried him out. The assembly. relegislative body, and the decree of mained for a long time in the greatest the national representation convin- agitation. Some officers and soldiers ced him, that, to whatever post the , who remained in the hall were bitpublic welfare might in future call terly reproached by several members for their conduct. The pre- they had exercised only a conftitu. fident, Lucian Buonaparte, having, ticnal privilege; but that, in the at lali, atter many efforts obtained nomination of a commander-in-chief, a hearing, "admitted that the com- they had used an authority to which motion that had taken place was they had no legal pretensions. He natural, and that the feelings of the moved that they ihould forth with house, on the occasion of what had decree, that Buonaparte was not just pailed, were in unison with his the general of the tronps composing own. But, after all, it was natural their guard.” This motion was

* Barras retired peaceahly to the country, escorted by a detachment of cavalry, which the general sent him, for his personal protection. It is not to be doubted that Buonaparte, as he declared to Botror, had, at bottom, a kindness for Barras, although, in the impetoofity of paifion, and on a most critical occasion, he was hurried on to mention his name, in the manner we have seen in the council of elders, (C4)

bers

to fuppole, that the general, in the also supported by a great number of · Step he had taken, had no other ob- voices. ject in view, than to give an ac- Talot conjured the council to count of the state of affairs, or to recollect the stations in which they communicate fomething or other were placed, to be united and vigiinteresting to the poblic; at any lant for the public fafety. He was rate, he did not think that any persuaded that the council of anmember of that allembly should ena cients, in adopting fo extraordinary tertain any fufpicions." —Here one and hasty a measure, did not intend member cried out,“ Buonaparte that they should carry on their de. has this day bullied his glory: ano- liberations in a prison, and at the ther, Buonaparte has conducted him- point of bayonets What? the reself like a king: a third, I demand presentatives of the French people that general Buonaparte be called in a village surrounded by a military to our bar to give an account of his force, and this not at their disposal? conduct.” Lucian Buonaparte now Not that I fear the foldiers. 'They quitted the chair, which was taken have fought for liberty; they are by Chazal.

our relations, our children. We Degnefle allowed that the coun- have oui selves carried arms in the cil of ancients, in changing the re. fame cause. I cannot dread the retidence of the legislature, had not publican soldier whose relations have exceeded their powers; but he de- honoured me with their fuffrages, manded that they should be called and appointed me their representaon to declare who were the heads tive in the national allembly; but and the agents of the conspiracy, this I declare, that yesterday the forasmuch as it was neceflary to conftitution suffered violence. The avert the dangers with which they council of ancients had no right to were threatened Above al!, it appoint a general; Buonaparte had was neceslary to provide for their no right to penetrate into our quarown safety; and for this end to ter without orders, ihat is the truth: aloertain, in the first place, the as for you, you cannot long give bounds to which their jurisdiction, your free votes in your prefent poliin matters of police, extended.”

tion. You ought to return to Paris. These motions were seconded by a Return thither clothed as you are in great pumber of roices.

The citizens “ Bertrand de Calvados observed, and soldiers, alluming in an intiant that, when the council of ancients' a military attitude, will declare gave orders for the translation of themlelves the defenders of their the legillature to that commune, country." I demand an immediate decree, that the troops now, in this sent into the hall, by the general, commune, form a part of your guard; for the rescue of his brother. The and that a message be lent to the foldiers surrounding him, conducted council of elders, inviting them to him safely out of the hall, and placed make a decree for sending back the him in the midst of their own ranks, councils to Paris.” This motion in the court of the palace. was fcpported by a very general ac- General Buonaparte, on his reclamation. Croclion having, with turn from the council of five hun-, much difficulty obtained a hearing, dred, had harangued the foldiers, " declared himself against so preci- informing them of the danger he pitate a measure as that just pro- had escaped, and that he, whom pofed. The decree of the elders, the combined kings of Europe had appointing Buonaparte to the com- not been able to reach with their mand of the troops, he maintained, armies, was at this moment threatwas not an unconftitutional act; as ened with outlawry, by factious alit decreed the translation of the fallins. The soldiers listened to him councils, it was necessary to appoint with attention, and manifested a difa general for carrying their decree position to stand by him, and serve into execution." The motion for a him. This disposition was fortified, mellage, of the above purport 10 the and, in some measure legalized, by elders, was agreed to, and, after a the presence of the president, who, very warm debate, the question for mounted on horseback, rode from declaring the troops at St. Cloud a one regiment to another, speaking part of the legislative guard was to them in favour of his brother. going to be put, when “ Lucian He told them, 'in a very animated Buonaparte demanded, that, before manner, and' tone of voice, that a taking luch a mealure, they should great majority of the council, at the call the general.” A number of moment he was speaking, was under members cried out, “ We do not terror, from a handful of members acknowledge him :o be the gene- armed with poniards, who were sal.”—“ I will giot inatt," said the belieging the tribune, 'and threatenprefident, “ any farther. When ing their colleagues with death : tranquillity fall be restored to this that these ruffians had put them, house, you will

your official robes.

decree,

, when the pallions felves in a state of rebellion against are filent, do every one justice.”- the council of elders, and had dared The agitation and noile being still to threaten the general, who was continued, he put offl.is robe, and ordered to carry their decree, for laid it on the table, declaring that translating the councils to St. Cloud, he thus laid aside the office of their into execution. But, it was those prehdent. A number of the mem- furious men themselves, he obserbers called loudly to Lucian Buo- ved, who had, in fact, put them. naparte to resume his robes and of selves out of the law by their at fat, and several coming up to him tempts against the liberty of the in the midst of the hall, pre- council. He confided, to the war. fented piftols to him, as if to force riors whom he addreiled, the delihim to do it. In the midst of this verance of the majority of their reuproar, a party of grenadiers, un- presentatives from the oppreffion der the command of an officer, was they were under, in order that they might deliberate peaceably on the gade of cavalry laid aloud, “ Citidestiny of the republic. " Gene- zens, representatives, there is no ral, and you foldiers," said he, rai- longer any safety in this place; I fing his voice,“ you will not ac- invite you to withdraw.” This inknowledge, as legislators of France, vitation was answered by a general any others than such as shall rallycry of vive la republique! On which around me; as for those who re. the officer who commanded the

gremain in the Orangery, let force ex- nadiers, mounting the tribune, expel them. Those ruffians are no claimed, « Representatives with longer the representatives of the draw: it is the orders of the genepeople, but the representatives of ral." Still the deputies kept their the poniard.” He concluded his seats: the tumult waxed greater and harangue with the popular cry of greater, and some of the members vive la republique, which was re- began to address the soldiers: when echoed by the soldiers and all the another officer called out, “Gre-fpectators.

nadiers, forward." The drums beat The general, animated by this to the charge, and the grenadiers alacrity, excited by the sanction of advanced from the door to the midthe president, ordered a corps of dle of the hall, which was now grenadiers to march forward, and cleared, amidst the noise of drums. he was instantly obeyed. At the The deputies, as they went out, found of the drums beating the pas cried, vide la republique! The greatde-cherge,* the spectators rushed er part of them returned immeout by the doors and windows. The diately to Paris: others remained to deputies rose up, crying, some of observe the movements of the troops them, vive la republique! others, vive in the court of the castle, and to see la confitution! The soldiers entered the upshot of this day's proceedings, the hall

, with fixed bayonets as or- at St. Cloud. dered, and halted. A chief of bri

• An attack with fixed bayonets, and without firing,

CHAP.

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