Imatges de pÓgina
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conduct, the zeal of a loldier of of government, with orders to noliberty, and of a citizen devoted to tify the same intelligence to the gothe republic. The ideas of presere vernments at which they rebied. vation, protection, and freedom, The political relations of France immedialely resumed their places with other nations, and the diploon the dispersion of he faction, who matic relations of iis government wished to oppress the councils, and with other governments were to rewho, in making themselves the most main the lame, only that the public odious of men, never cealed to be force would derive new energy from the most contemptible.” The three the public unanimity. Other proconsuls met together, on the next clamations were published to the day, for tranlacting public business, fame effect with thele now noticed; in the palace of the Luxembourg. and various defences of the revoluSome changes were made in the ad. tion of St. Cloud, and the proviminiftration; and the new ministers final government appeare!,

' from were generally approved!, with the time to time, in newspapers and exception of Fouché, minister of pamphlets. Nor did Buonaparte, police, formerly a great terrorist, on his accesion to the governas unexceptionable characters, in ment, forget to write a letter to his respect or both talents and morals. army in Egypt. In this letter, On the twellth, a Niort procla- he fays, “ the consuls of the remation was publifhed by the con- public have frequently their minds fuls to the French, Nating that the taken up with what regards tlie patriots haui ma le themfelves to be arny of Crypt; the eyes of all Euheard; that every thing that could rope are fxed on you; I mysell am injure them had been removed, and frequently, in thought, among you. that every thing that remained pare Whatever may be the fituation in in the national representation, was which ihe chances of war may throw now umied under the banners of yon, new yourselves always the liberty. Still, amidst so many changes soldiers of Rivoli and of Aboukir, and violations of oaths, we hear of and you will be invincible. Renew vows! “ Take with us,” faid pose in Kieber that unlimited conthe confuls in conclusion, " the oath filence, which you was wont to which we have made, to be faith- place in me, it is only what he de: ful to the republic, one and indi- ferves.” Two deputies, one from visible, founded on equality, liberty, the commission of ellers, and aroand the representative system.” The ther from that of five hundred, were fertility of French genius was not sent with pacific overtures to the able to substitule any thing in the western departments, with a very room of an oath, though it lavoured agreeable pledge of mildness on the so much of the altar! Honour again part of government, presently 10 would have recalled the great be stated. It has already been principle of the monarchy. On mentioned, that Buonaparte had the thirteenth of November, a let- been joined by gesieral Augercau, ter was feut from the minister forü violent and outrageous jacobin. foreign affairs, Reinliard, to the fo. As an infiance of the conciliation, reign minifiers, informing them, that yet prudence, with which Buonathe consuls of the French republic parte conducted himself, it may not had taken into their hands the reins be improper to notice the manner in which he treated this man, whose finance, a civil code, and a consti-. courage and entire devotion to the tution. Lucian Buonaparte was party he belonged to, pointed him chrofen preident of the commission out as a valuable partilan not to be of the five hundred, and Le Brune: rejected, but by all nieans to be attach- tout of the commiflion of the elders. ed to his cause and person. Heaccept- In these commifiions, a new oath ed his friendship, but with propriety was drawn up and agreed to, to be and dignity. He appointed him to taken by all public functionaries. the chief command of the French It was conceived in these terms: army in Holland.

In the letter “I swear fidelity to the French rewhich conveyed this appointment, public, one and indivisible, and to there was a friendly rebuke for his maintain with all my power the connection with the jacobin clubs, rights of the sovereignty of the peoand a reprobation of part of their ple, a representative government, principles and actions; yet the turn liberty,, equality, and the security of the whole expressed great con- of perlons and property.” fidence in his intentions. The con- The commissioners began their sul, in that letter, also stated, that, operations with the abolition of bad if neceffary, he was to take the laws. A proposition made by the command of the army in perfon, in first consul, of a very gracious nawhich cale, Augereau, would again ture, was the first subject that came be one of his principal officers.- under their confideration, and formThe manner in which Buonaparte ed a very pleasing prelage of the expre-fied his gratitude to the gre spirit thai was to animate the new nadier who had laved his life, is government. This was the repeal characteristic of the sentiments and of two odious and oppressive laws: nanners at this time prevalent in the law of the forced loan, and the France, and particularly marks the law of hoitages. The repeal of this great revolution, in the way of law was no sooner promulgated in thinking, on the subject of distinction the western departments, by the of rark. On the twellth of Novem- two commissioners of peace just ber, the conful entertained the gre- mentioned, than those who had badier, Thomé, at his own table at taken up arms in their own defence dinner, and after dinner, his wife against it, immediately proposed a made him a present of a diamond luspension, which was acceded to worth (wo thoutand crowns. It is by the republican general, Hedoucertainly not in this manner that a ville. Bit others of the insu: genis, fenator of Hamburgh would have who were actuated by motives more expressed his gratitude to a private hostile to the republic, continued holdier, who Toni'd have laid him their depredations, avowing, by ande: such an obligation; nor even proclamations, that their object was a lord mayor of London. The le. The restoration of the throne and the gillative commissions of twenty-five altar, and that directors and conmembers, on the twelth of Novem- suls were alike traitors and ufurpers: ber, a'lo entered on their functions; but there things will be more parand they divided themelves cach ticularly related in a sublequent into five comouitices, of five mem- chapter. Eers each, for the purpose of pre

The confuls and the legislative paring laws of police, legislation, commissioners profefe to have no, thing elle in view than, by the in- ing addreffect them in a short but ftitution of a new republican fyftem, very animated speech on the to guard more effeclually, than had glorious destinies and approaching been dure hitherto, against the prosperity of France, obtained, intrigues of faction, and the cor- without difficulty, a loan of five ruption and treachery of rulers. By handred thousand pounds sterling. the promises of peace, they endea. Ard leven commillaries, or 1-1-. voured to restore the confidence of dics were immediately appointed men of property, becaule peace by the fub!cribers for making it alone could enable them to refiore good. The promisfory notes they a regular fyftem of finance, which receired from the new government the violent and temporary expedi- were calleci billets du symicat. The ents required by war muité detiroy. repayment of this lisan was charBut the derangement of the finan.. ged on the first twopayments, which ces, and the general corruption of were made at the rate of twenty the country, made it a very diffi- per cent. per montli

, of the war cult task for the consuls to raife the las, in the different departments fupplies by ordinary means. It was of the republic. It was ordained not an ealy matter to preserve the that these bills, to whatever dit promised respect for property, to count they thould have fallen, give contentment to the French in ihould be received, not only in this refpeci, and, at the same time, payment of the war aid, but even not to relax from that military in that of the taxes of the year energy which was receflary to 7, by exchanging them for iteir render the republic respectable and amount in codi. Contrilntors to formidable in the eyes of foreign the forced loan, who had paid nations. The financial expedients a part of their contribution, were adopted by the new government entitled to a discharge, fo far as it were principally these:

went, from the new war aid : and In lieu of the forced loan of one if there Mould be any balance in bundred millions, a war aid was their favour, after an examination fubftituted, of fourth part by the minister of finance, they added to all contributions or im- were to be re-imbursed out of the pofits property, territorial, national treasury. moveable, personal, and fumptu- The whole of the financial plan ary. Forty millions of what ihey of the year S, and which was called bonus, * payable to bearer, of expected to pour into the national the nature of our treasury-warrants, treasury fix hundred and firicen were issued for fatisfying, for the millions one hundred and leventybaft half year of the 7th year, the two thoutanci of livres, demands of the public annuitants. unfolded by Amold, in the comFor a present lupply, for the im- million of the council of five hun. med ale exigences of gorernment, dred, on the eighteenth of DecemBuonaparte allembled about sixty ber. This project he prefaced by or seventy of the bankers and prin. obferving that it was dilorder in thic cipal merchants of Paris, and have system of Gnance that undermined

To our treafury-warrants cockets are subjoineel, specifying the particular purporis fur which they are given. The particular purpole is not mentioned in the Frerch It is only faid, in general, that they are GOOD (RONS) for this or that sum.

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the ancient monarchy, and that the annexed to the present law. These chaos in which the finances of the inscriptions to be shared out in nutes country were involved, had thrice of one thouland livres each, par{waliowed up the focial edifice. able to bearer; or in tenths, of notes By what magic spring therefore of one hundred livres, also payable could government hope to prosper, to bearer. Payment for thele notes in the eyes of which property was

to be made, iwo-fifths in fpecie, Dothing, and which absorbed to and the other three-fifths in exche. itlelt all the revenues both from quer-bills of the year 5, 6, and 7; kod and industry, by pallying them in bonds of arrears, one-fourth in by requifitious, maximuns, and specie, of the years 4th, 5th, and forced loans? In order to break 6th; and in bonds of requisition alunder this compact of violence made out fince the twenty-first of and milery, such events were March, amo 7. To each noie of seculary as had taken place on the one thousand livres there was anninth and tenth of November, by nexed a partial interest amounting which the nation had quickened to fixty livres, payable in the prointo new life and activity by bold portion of thirty livres half veariy. and profound conceptions. Of the During the years 8 and 9, there fam to al abore-mentioned, he pro- were to be distributed by loiters, poled that one hundred and fifty mil- filty thousand prizes of fix per cent. lions of livres should be raised upon annually, in the proportion of one for territorial inícriptions, of one thou- tiree notes, or of a third of the fum fand livres each, which were to total of the one hundred and fisty have for pledge or mortgage a far thousand notes. The bills to whole greater fum, to be derived from the lots the prizes should fall were to hale of national domains. Other enjoy the benefit of them during the means would be relorted to for whole of the year in which the enbaring an interest of fix per cent. drawing took place. on those infcriptions until the ca- Independently of these prizes, pital should be repaid, which there was attached to each drawing, Thould he on the diventy-third of for each twenty-fith premium, the September, anno 9. Or, afier fum of five hundred livres; for each that period, it would be at the prize filling up the number of two option of the bearer of fach infcrip- hundred, the lum of five bundred tions to place on their capital at a livres; and tor the first and last prize permanent interest of five per cent. that should turn up at each drawing, or to have it paid in annuities with the fum of five hundred thousand in the period of twenty years. It livres. The drawings to take place was accordingly refolved, anial er- in the proportion twelve thousand wards carried into a law, by the fire hundred half allent of the commiillion of elders, the whole of the one hundred and the confuls, tai on the inventy- and fifty thousand notes Mould second of December, there fould be delivered out, the drawing of be raised a fun of one hundred the prizes was to take place every and fitty millions of livres on terri fix months, in proportion to the torial inscriptions, to be made number of 10les delivered out in gool ont of the buk of the national the courle of the preceding half property, comprized in a statement ļeár.

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For the punctual payment of the chase and payment of the hundred interest, and the prizes, the personal, and fifty millions on the national moveable, and lumptuary contribu- domains to be allotted to then by tions were to be responsible, to the the present law, to have the choice amount of Efteen millions.

of a permanent interest of five per In order to redeem the capital of cent. on the capital of their territothe territorial inscriptions arising rial inscriptions, or a right to the from the present law, they were to repayment of it by annuities within be received as part payment for the the term of twenty years. national domains, to ihe amount of The means for ra:fing what farone hundred and fifty millions, and therfums were wanted, were until the twenty-third of September chiefty additional taxes laid on exof the ninth year. Every bearer of penditure, or the various subjects national inscriptions might at will of indirect contribution; a meainfift, during ibat interval, on the fure wbich would not oppress the fale of any particular national do. poor, and could not justly be commain, on the condition of his acqui- plained of by the rich. Duties elcing in the estimate of the twen- were laid on cider, perry, and beer, tieth penny, in consequence of the and also malt. Some' lauds, yet Terenue arising out of the authentic to be disposed of, and some woods, leases that existed in 1790, or in de were to be fold in Belgium; as allo fault of fuch leases, in consequence fome sali-pits, and fall-works, forof a contradictory estimate made by merly the property of the crown. apprailement.-Every bearer of na- It was also ordained that the tional infcriptions, who should be receivers.general should lubicribe come a proprietor of national do obligations, from the twenty-first of mains, should cease to receive the March ensuing, ensuring the direct interest of fis per cent. beginning contributions of the year 8, at after the half year, after his pur- twelve different payments; that chasing the fame.

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they fhould make payment of these ber of notes, the capital of which obligations in fpecie; that they should be thus redeemei, to par- fhuuld be payable at the house of take in the drawing of the prizes the receiver on a day which was and other benefits; and the bearers fixed, and by a twelfth part of the of those notes to enjoy whatever amount monthly. The receiversthould bave fallen, or might fall, to general of the department were their lot, during the two years fixed bound to furnish, in specie, a secuby the present law.-The national rity equal to the twentieth part of domains, situated in what was lately the landl-tax of their relpective decalled Belgium, to remain difpoled partments. The funds rising from of for the payment of former loans, the securities thus given by the reand for the payment of penfions ceivers-general, were destined to granted to religious bodies and make good the payment of procommunities fupprelied in these de tested exchequer.bills, or trealurys partments.-The bearers of the warrants, and fucceffively applied territorial infcriptions, not redeem- as a firking fund for the extinction ed on the twenty-third of Septem- of the public debt. The arrears of ber of the ninth year, by the pur. life annuities and ecclefiaftical pen

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