Imatges de pàgina

such power, much was to be hoped It would have appeared aukward or feared. If his arrival at Frejus and mortifying 10 that ambitious ftruck Europe with astonishment hero, to have placed himself immeand railed a general expectation diately at the head of an army, of some approaching and impor- beaten, discouraged, and ruined. tant changes in affairs political and He contented himself

, for the premilitary, the presage was confirmed sent, with transmitting to them adand ratified by the proceedings at dresses after addresses, which ferSt. Cloud, and the lubsequent con- ved, at least, the purpose of calling ftitution, formed to suddenly, as has him to their remembrance. But been said, by an union of philofo- he entertained, at the same time, phy with the bayonet.

more extensive views. He knew The glory of the French arms how to appreciate and avail himself having fallen considerably into the of the new enthufiasm in his fawane, while the conqueror of Italy vour: that enthusiasm of which had become an adventurer, with every one knows the French navarious fortune, but never without tion is fo highly susceptible. He renown in Egypt, he now appeared, conceived the brightest hopes of on his return, to be the only arbiter, personal glory, and a renovation of who could change the course of af- ihe weakened strength of the nafairs, and decide the destinies of tion. In order to succeed in these France. As in our researches into designs, he deemed it sufficient to the history of ancient Gaul, before seize the reins of government, the Christian æra, we are guided ready to drop of themselves, from solely by the commentaries of Julius the feeble hands of its weak admiCæsar, and every where contemplate niftrators. He had the boldness to that renowned scholar and soldier, as do so, and they had not the courage the principal figure in the various to resist him. scene; fo, in relating the war of Here it is natural to pause and 1800, one seems as if he were wri- consider if his rivals in power had ting the memoirs, and following, succeeded in that anarchical and throughout, the designs, actions, tumultuous resistance, which they and fortune of Buonaparte. did oppose to him, what the ad.

Scarcely had that fortunate usur- vantages would have been to France. per fet his foot on the land of From the success of Buonaparte, it France, when he perceived the is evident that the French nation staggering state of the interior of had, by this time, become sensible that kingdom, and learned the con- that they stood in need of a master., sequences of the defeats which the And, as they were not yet fuffiFrench had suffered in Italy. They ciently enlightened, by experience, had been driven, by the Austrians to perceive that a hereditary chief and Russians, from all the places wis the best, as such a chief alone which he himself had conquered. could prevent the evils of future Of these defeats he could not arrest' changes, Buonaparte, being a stransither the course or the progress. ger, and deriving no family conseThey were continued, as will by quences from any relationship to and by be related, to the end of crowned heads, was as good as any 1799, and even somewhat beyond it. other. In the opinion, however, of

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many people, not only in France, pleased with the change that had but in other countries, the new taken place in the government, dictatornip of Buonaparte was, in which appeared to have alfamed a fact, a great step towards the re- kind of confiftency. Having long fioration of the monarchy. Buo- been ill governed, they were glad naparte, it was laid, would save to see a change from which they himself from many evils and cover could hope, at least, that their alhis head with eternal glory, if he fairs would be conducied with via could accomplish that grand work gour and ability. Meanwhile the in a manner consistent with the in- public funds kept rifing, and every ternal tranquillity and general hap- thing was quiet at Paris, and in the piness of France, and the peace and departments, except in those of the advantage of neighbouring nations.* West, where Coruit, who had been The grand obitacle to such a design a member of the council of the is, the difribution of the land of ancients, with another deputy, was the church, and of the nobles, among sent do pacify the loyalists, as above so immense a number of new pro- mentioned. Five and twenty memprietors. Yet not a few were of bers of the legislative body were opinion, that, in case of a general fent as deputies, or military prefecis, reflux in the political sentiments of to five-and-twenty new military dithe French nation, the thing might visions of the country, called prebe found practicable, by nieans of fectures. what remains unsold, and in the The force of the royalists, or hands of government, of royal, or, Chonans, in Britanny and Noras they are now called, national mandy, November, 1799, amounted domains, and compromises with the to fixty thousand. They threapresent proprietors or incumbenís. tened the town of Quimper, of But while many of the loyalists flat which they were one period tered themselves that there was yet in pofleffion. Several garrifons were to be another revolution, and that disposed by government on the Buonaparte, influenced by public coasts of Flanders and Picardy, for opinion and spirit, was going to obstructing their progress. The imitate the conduct of general army of loyalists, in Normandy, Monk, it aineared, from letters of under the command of the count congratulation from the departments, de Frotté, was confiderable. A that the French, in general, were part of this arıy, called the divi.


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The following note is taken from the conversation of an intelligent and moderate, though, perhaps, on the present point, too fanguine a loyalist. “ If I had acquired what Buonaparte has acquired, I would give none of it up; and the only means, perhaps, of consolidating and eternizing his glory would be, after settling the affairs of France in the best manner possible, to call to the throne the duke of Angouleme, or the duke of Anguien. Having done this, I would not accept any secondary station : ro, not even a sovereignty. As a ample compensation, I would accept only a sum of money, sufficient to form an independent establithment in some free and neutral country, tuch as the United States of America. I would thus be affured of living tranquil and happily all the rest of my days, and that no catastrople would either bereave me of felicity, or fully my fame. in fact, it would be necetiary to unite the examples of solon, Lycurgus, ard Belisarius, in order to form a juit comparison with such a conduet mid the part oi Buonaparte."


Qon of Evreux, at Pacy, 'near E- of the loyalists, and even to join vreux, stopped the dispatches for them. government, from Breft; and, on Towards the end of November, the seventeenth of November, Mr. 1799, Buonaparte and all the memIngaut, of St. Maure, a chevalier bers of the new government exof St. Louis, and commandant of pressed a desire of peace, not only the division at Evreux, had publish- with the royalist armies in France, ed a proclamation in the name of hut even a great number of the emiking Louis XVIII. inviting the loyal grants. On the twenty-ninth of French lo rally around the standards December, the duke of Liancourt, of their defenders against the new whose name had been struck off usurpers of the monarchy, adding from the list of emigrants, Septemthese words: “ Whether these am- ber, 1797, was appointed superinbitious men allume the title of di- tendant of the police; and the mirectors or of contuls, or subllitute, nister of police wrote letters to the in room of the oid inftitutions, a commiflioners of the armies of the new code, be allured that you will North, censuring the harshi and inhave only one tyrant instead of ano- human behaviour of the men who ther. Remember our oath, never to had conducted, from Calais to Ham, fheath our swords till we have de. the unfortunate emigrants who had ftroyed the enemies of our august been driven aground on the coast of lovereign." The other chiefs of the France; the dukes of Choiseul, Viloyalists of Normandy and Britanny braye, and Montmorency, and twenpublithed like proclamations. By ty-seven others. This ípirit of moletters from the department of La dération, on the part of the new Manche, (the channel,) bearing date chief of France, did not yet rest on the twenty-fourth of November, fure foundations. His authority, that a body of lovalists, who had newly established by revolutionists, been deleated at La Foxe, where was not sufficient for the exercise of they had lost two thousand men, had all that humanity and jufiice, which Tallied in the foreit of St. Lever, it was equally lis interest and disand that general count de Buais

, pofition to dilplay; ftill less had he with his division, had not quitted the power of restoring their pofiefthe cantons which border, on the fions to the emigrants. Unhappily Orne and the Maus; and, on the a great number of these, as well as Ville and Villaine, Fronca, with his of priests, fondly trusting in the first division, had overrun all Britanny, appearances of moderation, returne and leemed to direct their march to ed, but were repelled from France; Avranches, in the neighbourhood fubjected to additional inconvenien-, of which place were spread detach. ces and miseries. ments of one, two, and three hun- Anarmittice was agreed to on the dred men, who levied contributions, twenty-third of November, between asms, and provisions. It was be- general Hedoville and the counts lieved that the Rullian troops, who de Chatillon, Bourmont, and Autihad come to pass the winter in the champ, the principal leaders, of the ifles of Jersey and Guerntev, were insurgents in the western departdestined to favour the movements ments.


On the twenty-fourth of Novem- to another, or by means of very ber, 1799, Hedoville, commander- small detachments; correspondence der-in-chief of what was called the among the disaffected to be protectarmy of England, destined to re-ed by the republicans; requisitions duce the loyalists to peace, from to be made by the republicans for head-quarters at Angers, addressed the maintenance of the troops only; them, in a proclamation, as follows: hostilities not to be renewed on ei“ Frenchmen, the happy change, ther side without eight days prewhich has taken place in the go- vious notice; no proclamation on vernment, will bring to our nation either side to be published during peace, internal and external. The the suspension of arms. legiNative committees, and the con- This armistice was but ill observed suls of the republic, do not belong on the part of the discontented, as the to any faction. Their object is the insurgent loyalists were at this time happiness and glory of the French callcd. Predatory parties in felted nation. They have the firmest con- ' ftill the districts occupied by the refidence in the vidories of our ar- publicans, and even made attacks mies, and every heart partakes with on small detachments and cantonthem in this confidence. There is ments of the republican parties: already a fufpenfion of arms in some separating and reuniting themselves, of the western departments, and on certain occasions and signals, as orders have been given for carrying ulual. The situation of affairs being it into execution. It is not to be reported to the chief consul, bodies doubted but the chiefs of insurgents, of troops were poured into the and the inhabitants of districts, oc- western departments in succession, cupied by the republican armies, will and in such numbers as to cut off submit ihemselves, without delay, all hopes of success on the part of to the laws of the republic. A solid the discontented. It was decided peace in the interior is to be esta- by the consul, and peremptory orblished only by the united efforts of ders were transmitted to Hedoville, all good citizens, to conciliate and and the army, if the loft method of gain mutual affection. All who persuasion should fail, to employ the hall contribute their endeavours to troops in such a manner that ihere this end will deserve well of huma. fhould not be left alive one leader of nity and of their country.” rebellion. Hedoville undertook the

The conditions of the armistice, in task, and had not a doubt, as he fubftance, were, that all hoftilities of wrote to government, of accomplishevery kind and degree should en. ing it. Ît had been reported at tirely ceale; that all prisoners and Paris that the English had landed hostages on both sides ihould be set on the coast of Britanny in immense free, but each party to be at liberty still force. Heduville, in his letter to to receive deserters; the number of the minister at war, says, that all the republican troops in the western such reports were either entirely departments not to be augmented; false or greatly exaggerated. And correspondence among the republi- he adds,“ That nothing could be cans to be carried on either by re- more desirable than a descent by the solutions transmitted from one body English, as in that case the war might



be finished at once: for, the great no honour, and who neither derive difficulty was not to find them. their rank from their virtues, nor

Such was the state of affairs their misfortunes from their atchievein Britanny and Normandy, as ments. They are farther traitors, appears from the date of Hedo- fold to the English, or robbers who ville's letter, in the earlier part of foment civil discord only as the December, 1799. About the same means of sheltering them from the time, a great number of confcripts, punifhiment due to their crimes.who had hid themselves in the With such men it is not the duty of woods, between Chateaurenauld government to keep any mealures, and Tours, in order to evade the or to make any declaration of its republican armies, joined the loy- principles. It is to citizens dear to alists

, who extended themselves their country, who are seduced by from this quarter into the depart- their arts; it is to these citizens that ments of the Loire and Chair, and the lights of the truth is due. those of the Indre and Loire.

“ Unjust laws have been promulthe fame juncture precisely, a bat- gated and executed; arbitrary acts talion of conscripts, at Chalons, re- have alarmed the security of ihe cifused to obey the orders of the minif- tizens, and the liberty of conscience. ter of war. During thele transactions, Every where random infcriptions a report was very generally spread, on the list of emigrants lave ftruck that the whole of the royalilis had citizens, who had never quitted laid down their arms. But this re- their country or even their homes. port was yet premature. It was In a word, the great principles of founded on the pacific disposition focial order have been violated. expressed by Buonaparte, who had “ It is in order to remedy these lent addresses, fraught with these, acts of injustice, and thele errors, that not only to the royalist chiefs and a government, founded on the facred provinces, but to the emperor, bafis of liberty, equality, and a Pruffia, Rusia, Great Britain, and all, fyftem of representation, has been the powers of Europe. On every fide proclaimed to, and recognized, by, preparation was made for a renewal the nation. The constant inclinar of the war. In these circumstances tion, as well as the interest and the of preparations, expectations, and glory of the first magistrates, which anxious fufpense, the language the nation has given to itself, will held by Buonaparte, to the dilaf- be, to close all the wounds of fected departments,

this : France: and never yet has this dilo " An impious war threatens, a le- position been falfified by any act cond time, to inflame the depart. originating with them. ments of the west. It becomes the “ The disastrous law of the forced duty of the first magistrates of the loan, and the still more disastrous republic to arrest its progress, and law of hostages have been repealed. extinguish it in its hearth. But Individuals exiled without trial they are loath to employ force until have been restored to their country they have exhausted the means of and to their families. Every day perfuation and justice. The arti- has been marked, and thall be, by ficers of these troubles are the sense. deeds of justice. The council of keis partisans of two men who have stale labours incessantly for the re.




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