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It appears by the returns from the me- gisters kept as above mentioned, afforded tropolis, that the children bound to ma- for that purpose. nufacturers in the country have generally In the populous districts of England, been apprenticed on the same day, in whether that population is caused by numbers of from five or six to forty or manufacturers or by other employments, fifty. They have not unfrequently been the same causes which produce it provide taken back to their parents, and some support for the inhabitants of all ages, by times after having been bound, have been various occupations adapted to their means. assigned to another master. In the parish Thus in manufacturing districts, the chilof Bermondsey, out of twenty-five ap-dren are early taught to gain their subprenticed to manufacturers, sixteen, it is sistence by the different branches of those said, did not go, but no reason is given manufactures. In districts where collieries for it; and in several instances, after the or other mines abound, they are accus. children have been taken into the country, tomed almost from their infancy to em, they have been returned to the parish, in ployments, under ground, which tend to consequence of the surgeon having pro- train and inure them to the occupation of pounced them unsound. It appears also, their ancestors: but in London the lower that of the whole number of parish ap- class of the population is not of that na. prentices included in the above returns, ture, but is composed of many different no less a proportion than three-fourths descriptions, consisting of servants in and have been bound to masters connected out of place, tradesmen, artisans, labourers, with the cotton manufacture. Most of widows, and beggars, who being frequentthe remarks, therefore, which they con- ly destitute of the means of providing for ceive it their duty to make, will be more themselves, are dependent on their padirectly applicable to that branch of em- rishes for relief, which is seldom bestowed ployment; though many of their general without the parish claiming the exclusive observations, as to the impolicy of re- right of disposing, at their pleasure, of all moving children to a considerable distance the children of the person receiving rea from their parents, as well as from those lief. The system of apprenticeship is wbose duly it is 10 see that they are pro- therefore resorted to of necessity, and perly taken care of and treated, are with a view of getting rid of the burthen equally applicable to all professions. of supporting so many individuals; and
In considering this subject, it is neces- as it is probably carried to a greater exe sary to advert more particularly to the tent there than any where else, for the causes and circumstances attending the reasons here stated, your Committee bas original appointment of a committee. A been enabled to form an opinion, witbout Bili having been brought into the House the necessity of referring to any other four sessions ago, at the desireand under part of the kingdom, whether it could be the direction of one of the most populous discontinued, without taking away from manufacturing districts of this kingdom, the parishes the means of disposing of ibe professed object of which was to pro- their poor children. It certainly does hibit the binding of parish apprentices to appear to your Committee, that this pur. above a certain distance from the abode pose mighi be attained, without the vioof their parents, and making other regulation of humanity, in separating children lations in the management of them, some forcibly, and conveying them to a disof the parishes of the metropolis menaced tance from their parents, whether those an opposition to the Bill, as taking from parents be deserving or undeserving. thein the means of disposing of the chil. The peculiar circumstances of the me. dren of the poor belonging to them, in the tropolis, already alluded to, may at first manner in which they had before been seem to furnish an argument in favour of accustomed to do. It was therefore a continuance of this practice; but it can judged expedient to ascertain the extent hardly be a matter of doubt, that appren, of the practice which bad prevailed, in tices, to the number of two hundred, order to form a judgment of the necessity which is the yearly number bound on the of continuing it; and with that view, as average of ten years before mentioned, well as for the reasons before mentioned, might, with the most trifling possible these returns were called for. There was exertion on the part of the parish officers, also another reason for confining the re- be annually bound to trades and domestic turns to the metropolis and its vicinity, exployments, within such a distance as exclusive of the facility which the re- to admit of occasional intercourse with a
parent, and (what is perhaps of more impolicy of binding parish apprentices in consequence) the superintendence of the the manner in which they are usually officers of the parish by which they were bound, and attempting to make regulations bound. That this is not attended with with a view to their belter treatment, if much difficulty seems evident, from the these wholesome regulations can be enfact that many parishes have never fol. tirely done away by the act of two malowed the practice of binding their poor gistrates for Middlesex or Surrey, who children to a distance, though quite as can, without any notice or previous intinumerous as those in which this practice mation, defeat these humane objects, by has prevailed; and that some parishes binding scores or even bundreds of chilwhich had begun it, have long discon- dren to manufacturers in a distant county, tinged it.
and thus increase the very evil which it In making these observations, your has been endeavoured to check or prevent. Committee beg to be understood as not Indeed in so slovenly and careless a manextending them to the sea service, in fa. ner is this duty frequently performed, and voor of which they make a special reser. with so little attention to the future convation, on account of considerations of dition of the children bound, that in frethe highest political importance connected quent instances the magistrates have put with the maritime interests of the country. their signatures to indentures not executed They therefore carefully abstain from re- by the parties. Two of these indentures commending any interference with the have been submitted to the inspection of law as it now stands, which admit of your Committee, purporting to bind a boy binding parish apprentices to the King's or and a girl from a parish in Southwark to merchants' naval service.
a cotton manufacturer in Lancashire, and The system of binding parish appren- though signed by two justices for the tices, in the manner in which they are county of Surrey, neither dated nor exeusually bound, to a distance from their cuted by the parish officers, nor by the parents and relations, and from those master to whom the children were bound. parish officers whose duty it is to attend Under these indentures, however, they to their moral and physical state, is in- served ; and on the failure of their master, deed highly objectionable; but the de- about two years after this binding was tails and the consequences are very little supposed to have taken place, these poor known, except to those persons to whom children, with some hundreds more, were professional employment, local situation, turned adrift on the world, one of them or accident, may have afforded the means being at the age of nine, and the other of of inquiry and information on the subject. ten years. There are, without doubt, instances of It is obvious that these considerations masters, who in some degree compensate apply equally to the assignment of parish to children for the estrangement which apprentices as to their original binding, frequently takes place at a very early age and therefore the restriction of distance, from their parents, and from the nurses proposed in the latter case, should be ex. and women to whom they are accustomed tended to all parish apprentices, who in the Workhouses of London, and who during the term of their apprenticeship pay due and proper attention to the health, are assigned to another master; nor should education, and moral and religious conduct any master have power to remove his apof their apprentices; but these exceptions prentice beyond the limited distance, as to the too general rule, by no means shake such power would have a direct and imthe opinion of your Committee as to the mediate tendency to defeat the object of general impolicy of such a system. these regulations.
The consideration of the inconvenience Your Committee forbear to enter into and expense brought on parishes, by bind many details connected with the subject of ing apprentices from a distance, is of no apprenticeship of the poor, which, though weight, when compared with the more in the highest degree interesting and worimportant one of the inhumanity of the thy of the attention of the House, are yet practice: but it must not be kept out of in some measure foreign to the immediate sigbt, that the magistrates of the Wost object of their inquiry. They cannot, Riding of Yorkshire, or of Lancashire, however, avoid mentioning the very early who are of all others the most conversant age at which many of these children are with the subject, may in vain pass re 30- bound apprentices. The evils of the syslutions, as they have done, declaring the tem of these distant removals, at all times severe, and aggravating the miseries of dividuals, by which means the present poverty, are yet felt more acutely and building was erected at an expense of with a greater degree of aggravation, in nearly 12,0001, sterling: the case of children of six or seven years “ That during the years of trouble and of age, who are removed from the care of desolation which followed the French intheir parents and relations at that tender vasion, this building became seized by time of life; and are in many cases pre- that government, and suffered the greatest maturely subjected to a laborious employ- abuses, by being converted into an bose ment, frequently very injurious to their pital, and afterwards a storehouse : health, and generally highly so to their That during the interval of peace in morals, and from which they cannot hope 1802, the period was too short to reinstale to be set free under a period of fourteen or the building, and make it fit for resuming fifteen years, as, with the exception of two Divine Service; the war soon broke out, parishes only in the metropolis, they in the church was again seized by the French, variably are bound to the age of twenty- and threatened to be confiscated as a naone years.
tional domain belonging to British subWithout entering more at large into the jects, which bowever was with difficulty inquiry, your Committee submit, That resisted by some of your petitioners, but enough has been shown to call the atten- who could not prevent the French governtion of the House to the practicability of ment from appropriating it to the service finding employment for parish appren- of the marine, who cut down the oak tices, within a certain distance from their pews, destroyed the organ, took up the own homes, without the necessity of bav. pavement, broke all the windows and ing recourse to a practice so much at ceiling, while the roof, gutters, timbers, variance with humanity.
and principal parts of the outside of the The said Report was ordered to be church were year after year suffered to go printed.
to decay, for want of the necessary repairs;
which your petitioners had not the means PETITION FROM THE British INHABI. or power to prevent: TANTS OF ROTTERDAM.) The following “ The glorious successes of Great Bri. Petition from the British Inhabitants of į tain and her Allies, having among other Rotterdam; praying for pecuniary Aid to nations happily delivered this country repair and reinstate the English Episcopal from foreign oppression, and restored to Church there; was laid before the House, it its former free and protective Governand ordered to be printed.
ment: your petitioners, anxious to be "To the Right Hon. the Lords Commis- gether in the worship of the Church of
enabled again to assemble themselves 10sioners of his Majesty's Treasury. The humble Perition of the under: England, most humbly approach your signed British Inhabitants of Rot- lordships, praying that they will be terdam, and Members of the Esta pleased to grant them the necessary pecublished Church of England,
niary aid to accomplish so desirable an
object for the benefit of themselves and « Sheweth,
their children, as well as the numerous “ That your petitioners having, until class of his Majesty's gubjects constantly the year 1794, enjoyed the free use and employed in the shipping trade between comfort of their religion, were, most of Great Britain and this Country: them, from the invasion of this country “ Your petitioners beg humbly to state, by the French armies, obliged to quit it, that according to an accurate survey made together with their clergyman, at that by the government architect of this deperiod :
partment of Holland, he bas reported that “ That their Church is a handsome de- , it will take the sum of 4,500l. sterling, to tached brick building, and was erected in put the Episcopal Church in complete 7706 and 1707, by means of the liberal repair, and reinstate the same as it was contribution of her majesty queen Anne heretofore fit for the performance of Die of glorious memory, his grace the duke of vine Service, the brick-work and outside Marlborough, and the officers and privates shell of the building being still in good of her majesty's army and navy; to which order. were added subscriptions from the two “ Your petitioners are under the neUniversities of England, dignified and cessity of stating to your lordships, their other clergy as well as nobility, and in- utter inability to raise the sum, or any
part of it, and your petitioners will still P. Becher, Catherine Bastre, Anna Mary have to provide the necessary funds for Johnston, James Henry Turin; for George the annual stipend of their clergyman, Rex Curtis, and Margaret Jackson, James whose appointment is with the right rev. Henry Torin; John Turin, Edmund Mitlord bishop of London, and whose fixed chell, J.Jones, James Smith, Robert Twiss, pay from the Crown is only net about George Craufurd, Wm. Collings, Thomas $31. sterling a year. Your petitioners Maingy, Shad' Jones, James Martin, John humbly hope your lordships will graci. Locke, Mary Lloyd, Charles Ley, Adah ously take their case into consideration; Vardy, Jane Gibson, Mary Ann Paget, C. and, as in duty bound, they will ever R. Hake, C. Crabb, John Ferguson, Widow
A. Hill, Wm. Smith, John Dixon, Thomas Rotterdam, July, 1814.
Atkinson." “ (Signed) James Le Marchant, jun. G.
ACCOUNT RESPECTING THE MANAGEMENT OF THE Public Debt.] The following Account was laid on the table of the House :An Account of the Amount charged by the Bank of England, against the Public, for
the Management of the Public Debt, including the Charge for Contributions on Loans and Lotteries, in the Years 1792, 1793; 1813 and 1814; for each Year respectively; slating the Rate of Charge on the Amount of the National Debt, and on Contributions on Loans and Lotteries; and the whole Amount of soch Charge
under each head respectively.
July 1792, at the rate of £.450 per Million on the Amount of the
98,803 12 5
1,000 0 0
99,803 12 5 Charge for Management of the Public Debt, from the 5th July 1792
to the 5th July 1793, at the rate of £.450 per Million on thie Amount of the National Debt
98,273 19 3 ...Do...for receiving Contributions on the Loan for the Service of the Year 1793, at the rate of £.805 15 10 per Milliou
3,626 1 ...Do..................... Do............on the Lottery............... Do 1,000 0 0
- 102,9000 6 CHARGE for Management of the Pablic Debt, for one Year ending 5th
April 1814, at the Rate of £.340 per Million on 2.600,000,000 of the National Debt, and at the rate of £.300 per Million on the Remainder
217,665 9 ... Do......Do......of Life Annuities for Do.........at the rate of £.340 per Million on the amount of Stock transferred
678 13 3 ...Do...for receiving Contributions on the Loan for the Service of the Year 1813, at the rate of £.800 per Million
21,600 0 ...Do...for......Do......o0 Debentures.........DO...... Do.................. 639 8 9 ... Do...for .....Do......on Six Lotteries ...Do... at the rate of €.1,000 for each Contract
3,000 0 0
243,583 11 73 CHARGE for Management of the Public Debt, for one year ending the
5th April 1815, at the rate of £.340 per Million on £.600,000,000 of the National Debt, and at the rate of £.300 per Million on the Remainder
241,971 4 22 ...Do... Do......of Life Annuities, for Do...... at the rate of £.340 per Million on the Amount of Stock transferred.......
798 3 7 ... Do...for receiving Contributions on the First Loan, for the Service of the Year 1814, at the Rate of £.800 per Million.....
17,600 00 ...Do...... Do......on the Second Loan, for...........Do.........Do
19,198 192 ...Do......Do......on Four Lotteries, for........ .Do.....
.......... at the rate of €1,000 for each Contract........
2,000 0 0
-281,568 6 118
£.727,855 11 50
............on Debentures 639 8 9
2.727,855 11 51
HOUSE OF LORDS. | person referred to from power, and se-
condly, the provision of adequate means
against his return to power, in order to ESCAPE OF BUONAPARTE FROM ELBA.] avert the resurrection of that mischief The Marquis Wellesley rose, pursuant to which had so long agitated and afflicted notice, to call the attention of the House mankind. On the propriety of guarding to the Treaty entered into with Buona- against such peril, he calculated upon the parié at the conclusion of the late concurrence and sanction of the noble earl war. Notwithstanding, be said, the com- (Liverpool); yet what was the conduct of manding situation which we occupied our minister upon the occasion alluded to ? at the close of that war, and notwith. On that occasion, be contended, it was standing the glorious achievements which the duty of our Government to take the we had performed in the course of it, a lead. Inasmuch as it had taken such a work if not so glorious, yet still more distinguished lead in carrying on the war, important, remained to be accomplished, and in bringing it to such a glorious ternamely, to provide for the complete and mination, it became the province of this permanent exclusion from power of that country to take a transcendent part in the person who had so long continued to dis. transaction upon which he was about turb, or he might say, to desolate the lo animadvert. Our Government, then, world. With respect to the character of should not have shrunk from its duty; and that person, he had on both sides of the it had a most important duty to performHouse expressed, as he entertained, one not a duty, perhaps, so much covered with uniform opinion. He had ever considered laurels, but one certainly as important to that person as the main spring of the system the happiness of mankind, and to the inwhich it was peculiarly the duty and the terests of this country, as any that could interest of this country to resist; but be imagined; for it then remained to although he had so regarded that person, arrange how the world was to be protceted although he had viewed in him the from the return of that calamity to which most active and efficient advocate or it had been so long subjected. After all leader of that system which the French the sufferings and endurances which this Revolution had produced, still he had country had undergone-after greater never ceased to think that person most sufferings, perhaps, than any nation in the likely to expose this very system to de history of the world had ever experienced struction, provided there was sufficient -after we had so nobly and gloriously concert among the Powers of Europe to struggled, our minister was bound to take, avail themselves of his errors. So that nay, bound to insist upon a lead in the from the character of that very person, transaction that was completely to termiwho was the champion of this perilous nate the conflict, by putting an end for system, he was led to calculate upon its ever to the power of that person who was dissolution, provided the other Powers its principal cause and support. But this were in a state to take advantage of the duty was neglected, and the opportunity circumstances which his indiscretion was was lost of rendering a most material likely to create. Such were the general service to Europe and to this country. principles which prevailed in his mind, Ministers, however, offered some excuse and he must suppose that such was the for their conduct, in declining to do that impression of the noble lords on the minis. which ought to have been done, and from terial bench; for they always declared which no rational or firm statesman would that they considered ihe person alluded have shrunk:-but this excuse was really to as the main, if not the sole, spring of such, that he should have thought it a libel the system against which this country, upon ministers to advance that which was had waged war, and of course, according gravely stated in the Papers upon the to their sentiment, the permanent exclusion table. In these Papers it was alleged, of that person from power was a most truly, that another Power had entered into important object to this country and to the an engagement before our minister came up, world. Under these circumstances, then, that is, a day or two before our minister's he could scarcely apprehend any contro- arrival at Paris; and nothing, therefore, versy upon this proposition--that the two remained for our minister, but to accede first objects for consideration, when the to that engagement, or to continue the Allies were in possession of Paris and of war, and to involve France in convulsion. France, were, first, the exclusion of tbe | Such was the allegation; or excuse, and he (VOL. XXX. )