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Q. 16. How did God create angels?

4. God created all the angels spirits, immortal, holy, excelling in knowledge', mighty in power, to execute his commandments, and to praise his name", yet subject to change.

Q. 17. How did God create man?

A. After God had made all other creatures, he created man male and female *; formed the body of the man of the dust of the ground', and the woman of the rib of the man", endued them with living, reasonable, and immortal souls"; made

16. b Col. i. 16. For by him were all things created that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him.

Psal. civ. 4. Who maketh his angels spirits; his ministers a flaming fire.

d Mat. xxii. 30. For in the resurrection they neither marry, nor are given in marriage; but are as the angels of God in heaven.

Mat. xxv. 31. When the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then shall he sit upon the throne of his glory.

f 2 Sam. xiv. 17. Then thine handmaid said, The word of my lord the king shall now be comfortable: for as the angel of God, so is my lord the king-to discern good and bad: therefore the Lord thy God will be with thee. Mat. xxiv. 36. But of that day and hour knoweth no man, no, not the angels of heaven, but my Father only.

82 Thess. i. 7. And to you who are troubled rest with us, when the Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven, with his mighty angels.

Psal. ciii. 20. Bless the Lord, ye

his angels, that excel in strength,

that do his commandments, hearken. ing unto the voice of his word. Ver. 21. Bless ye the Lord, all ye his hosts; ye ministers of his that do his pleasure.

12 Pet. ii. 4. For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell, and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment.

17. k Gen. i. 27. So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him: male and female created he them.

Gen. ii. 7. And the Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life.

m Gen. ii. 22. And the rib, which the Lord God had taken from man, made he a woman, and brought her unto the man.

n Gen. ii. 7. And the Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life: and man became a living soul. Compared with Job xxxv.

11. Who teacheth us more than the beasts of the earth, and maketh us wiser than the fowls of heaven. And with Eccl. xii. 7. Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was; and the spirit shall return unto God who gave it. And with Mat. x 28. And fear

not them

which

made them after his own image, in knowledge", righte ousness, and holiness; having the law of God written in their hearts', and power to fulfil it, with dominion over the creatures; yet subject to fall".

Q. 18. What are God's works of providence?

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4. God's works of providence are his most holy", wise, and powerful preserving and governing all his creatures;

which can kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul: but rather fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell. And with Luke xxiii. 43. And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, To-day shalt thou be with me in paradise.

• Gen. i. 27. So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him: male and female created he them.

P Col. iii. 10. And have put on the new man, which is renewed in knowledge, after the image of him that created him.

Eph. iv. 24. And that ye put on the new man, which after God is created in righteousness and true holiness.

Rom. ii. 14. For when the Gentiles, which have not the law, do by nature the things contained in the law, these having not the law, are a law unto themselves: Ver. 15. Which shew the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience also bearing witness, and their thoughts the mean while accusing or else excusing one another.

$ Eccl. vii. 29. Lo, this only have I found, that God hath made man upright; but they have sought out many inventions.

Gen. i. 28. And God blessed them; and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have

dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth.

u Gen. iii. 6. And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit there. of, and did eat; and gave also unto her husband with her, and he did eat. Eccl. vii. 29. Lo, this only have I found, that God hath made man upright; but they have sought out many inventions.

18. W Psal. cxlv. 17. The Lord is righteous in all his ways, and holy in all his works.

* Psal. civ. 24. O Lord, how manifold are thy works! in wisdom hast thou made them all: the earth is full of thy riches. Isa. xxviii. 29. This also cometh forth from the Lord of hosts, which is wonderful in counsel, and excellent in working.

y Heb. i. 3. Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high.

Psal. ciii. 19. The Lord hath prepared his throne in the heavens and his kingdom ruleth over all

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creatures; ordering them, and all their actions, to his own glory b.

Q. 19. What is God's providence towards the angels?

4. God by his providence permitted some of the angels, wilfully and irrecoverably, to fall into sin and damnation, limiting and ordering that, and all their sins, to his own glory; and established the rest in holiness and happiness; employing them all, at his pleasure, in the administrations of his power, mercy, and justice o.

a Mat. x. 29. Are not two sparrows sold for a farthing? and one of them shall not fall on the ground without your Father. Ver. 30. But the very hairs of your head are all numbered. Ver. 31. Fear ye not therefore, ye are of more value than many sparrows. Gen. xlv. 7. And God sent me before you, to preserve you a posterity in the earth, and to save your lives by a great deli

verance.

b Rom. xi. 36. For of him, and through him, and to him, are all things; to whom be glory for ever. Amen. Isa. lxiii. 14. As a beast goeth down into the valley, the Spirit of the Lord caused him to rest; so didst thou lead thy people, to make thyself a glorious name.

19. Jude, Ver. 6. And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness, unto the judgment of the great day. 2 Pet. ii. 4. For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell, and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment. Heb. ii. 16. For verily he took not on him the nature of angels; but he took on him the seed of Abraham. John viii. 44. Ye are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father

Q. 20. What

ye will do: he was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it.

d Job i. 12. And the Lord said unto Satan, Behold, all that he hath is in thy power, only upon himself put not forth thine hand. So Satan went forth from the presence of the Lord. Mat. viii. 31. So the devils besought him, saying, If thou cast us out, suffer us to go away into the herd of swine.

e1 Tim. v. 21. I charge thee before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, and the elect angels, that thou observe these things, without preferring one before another, doing nothing by partiality. Mark viii. 38. Whosoever therefore shall be ashamed of me, and of my words, in this adulterous and sinful generation, of him also shall the Son of man be ashamed, when he cometh in the glory of his Father, with the holy angels. Heb. xii. 22. But ye are come unto mount Sion, and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to an innumerable company of angels.

if Psal. civ. 4. Who maketh his angels spirits; his ministers a flaming fire.

82 Kings xix. 35. And it came

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Q. 20. What was the providence of God toward man in the estate in which he was created?

4. The providence of God toward man in the estate in which he was created, was the placing him in paradise, appointing him to dress it, giving him liberty to eat of the fruit of the earth; putting the creatures under his dominion 1, and ordaining marriage for his help*; affording him communion with himself; instituting the sabbath; entering into a covenant of life with him, upon condition of personal, perfect

to pass that night, that the angel of the Lord went out, and smote in the camp of the Assyrians an hundred fourscore and five thousand: and when they arose early in the morning, behold, they were all dead corpses. Heb. i. 14. Are they not all ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation?

20. h Gen. ii. 8. And the Lord God planted a garden eastward in Eden; and there he put the man whom he had formed. Ver. 15. And the Lord God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden, to dress it, and to keep it. Ver. 16. And the Lord God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely

eat.

i Gen. i. 28. And God blessed them and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it; and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth.

k Gen. ii. 18. And the Lord God said, It is not good that the man should be alone; I will make him an help meet for him.

1 Gen. i. 26. And God said, Let us make man in our image,

after our likeness; and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth. Ver. 27. So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him: male and female created he them. Ver. 28. And God blessed them and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it; and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth. Ver. 29. And God said, Behold, I have given you every herb bearing seed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree in the which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed: to you it shall be for meat. Gen. iii. 8. And they heard the voice of the Lord God walking in the garden in the cool of the day: and Adam and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the Lord God amongst the trees of the garden.

m Gen. ii. 3. And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work, which God created and made.

n Gál.

perfect, and perpetual obedience", of which the tree of life was a pledge; and forbidding to eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, upon the pain of death P.

Q. 21. Did man continue in that estate wherein God at first created him?

A. Our first parents being left to the freedom of their own will, through the temptation of Satan, transgressed the commandment of God in eating the forbidden fruit; and thereby fell from the estate of innocency wherein they were created".

Q. 22. Did all mankind fall in that first transgression?

A. The covenant being made with Adam as a publick person, not for himself only, but for his posterity, all mankind descending from him by ordinary generation', sinned in him, and fell with him in that first transgression".

A Gal. iii. 12. And the law is not of faith: but, The man that doeth them shall live in them. Rom. x. 5. For Moses describeth the righte. ousness which is of the law, That the man which doeth those things shall Aive by them.

• Gen. ii. 9. And out of the ground made the Lord God to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food: the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and evil

P Gen. ii. 17. But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.

21. Gen. iii. 6. And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat; and gave also unto her husband with her, and he did eat. Ver. 7. And the eyes of them both were opened, and they knew that they were naked;

Q. 23. Into

and they sewed fig-leaves together, and made themselves aprons. Ver. 8. And they heard the voice of the Lord God walking in the garden in the cool of the day: and Adam and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the Lord God amongst the trees of the garden. Ver. 13. And the Lord God said unto the woman, What is this that thou hast done? And the woman said, The serpent beguiled me, and I did eat. Eccl. vii. 29. Lo, this only have I found that God made man upright; but they have sought out many inventions. 2 Cor. xi. 3. But I fear, lest by any means, as the serpent beguiled Eve through his subtilty, so your minds should be corrupted from the simplicity that is in Christ.

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22. Acts xvii. 26. And hath made of one blood all nations of men, for to dwell on all the face of the earth; and hath determined the times beforeappointed, and the bounds of their habitation.

Gen. ii. 16. And the Lord God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou

mayest

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