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Q. 118. Why is the charge of keeping the sabbath more specially directed to governors of families, and other superiors ?
A. The charge of keeping the sabbath is more specially directed to governors of families, and other superiors, because they are bound not only to keep it themselves, but to see that it be observed by all those that are under their charge; and because they are prone oft-times to hinder them by employments of their own.
Q. 119. What are the sins forbidden in the fourth commandment ?
A. The sins forbidden in the fourth commandment are, all omissions of the duties required, all careless, negligent, and unprofitable performing of them, and being weary of them";
for to-day is a sabbath unto the Lord: dah, and all the inhabitants of Jeruto-day ye shall not find it in the salem, that enter in by these gates. field. Ver. 26. Six days ye shall ga Ver. 21, 22. (See above in b.] Exod. ther it; but on the seventh day, xxiii. 12. Six days thou shalé do thy which is the sabbath, in it there shall work, and on the seventh day thou
Ver. 29. See, for that the shalt rest : that thine ox and thine ass Lord hath given you the sabbath, may rest, and the son of thy handtherefore he giveth you on the sixth
maid and the stranger may be reday the bread of two days; abide ye freshed. every man in his place, let no man go 119. 8 Ezek. xxii. 26. Her priests out of his place on the seventh day. have violated my law, and have proNeh. xiii. 19. (See letter b,]
faned mine holy things: they have 118. Exod. xx. 10. But the put no difference between the holy seventh day is the sabbath of the and profane, neither have they shew. Lord thy God: in it thou shalt not
ed difference between the unclean do
any work, thou, nor thy son, nor and the clean, and have hid their thy daughter, thy man-servant, nor eyes from my sabbaths, and I am thy maid-servant, nor thy cattle, nor profaned among them. thy stranger that is within thy gates. h Acts xx. 7. And upon the first Josh. xxiv. 15. And if it seem evil day of the week, when the disciples unto you to serve the Lord, choose came together to break bread, Paul you this day whom ye will serve; preached unto them, ready to depart whether the gods which your fathers
on the morrow, and continued his served, that were on the other side of speech until midnight. Ver. 9. And the flood, or the gods of the Amo there sat in a window a certain young rites, in whose land ye dwell: but as
man named Eutychus, being fallen for me and my house, we will serve into a deep sleep: and as Paul was the Lord. Neh. xiii
. 15, 17. [See long preaching, he sunk down with above in b.) Jer. xvii. 20. And say sleep, and fell down from the third unto them, Hear ye the word of the loft, and was taken up dead. 'Ezek. Lord, ye kings of Judah, and all Ju
xxxiii. 30. Also, thou son of man, the
Amos vix. 5. Saying, kindle a fire in the gates thereof, and it said also, Behold, what a weari- Lord, honourable, and shalt honour
all profaning the day by idleness, and doing that which is in itself sinfuli; and by all needless works, words, and thoughts, about our worldly employments and recreations you
Q. 120. What are the reasons annexed to the fourth commandment, the more to enforce it?
A. The reasons annexed to the fourth commandment, the more to enforce it, are taken from the equity of it, God allowing us six days of seven for our own affairs, and reserving but one for himself, in these words, Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work': from God's challenging a special propriety in that day, The seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord thy God" : from the example of God, who in six days made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and children of thy people still are talk
cept this of your hands ? saith the ing against thee by the walls, and in Lord. the doors of the houses, and speak
i Ezek. xxiii. 33, Moreover, this one to another, every one to his bro- they have done unto me; they have ther, saying, Come, I pray you, and defiled my sanctuary in the same hear what is the word that coneth day, and have profaned my saba forth from the Lord. Ver. 31. And baths. they come unto thee as the people
k Jer, xvii. 24. And it shall come cometh, and they sit before thee as
to pass, if ye diligently hearken unto my people, and they hear thy words,
nie, saith the Lord, to bring in 10 but they will not do them; for with
burden through the gates of this city their mouth they shew much love,
on the sabbath day, but hallow the but their heart goeth after their co
sabbath-day, to do no work therein. Ver. 32. And, lo, thou
Ver. 27. But if ye will not bearken art uito them as a very lovely song
unto me to hallow the sabbath-day, of one that hath a pleasant voice, and
and not to bear a burden, even ene can play well on an instrument for tering in at the gates of Jerusalem they hear thy words, but they do
on the sabbath-day; then will I When will the new moon be gone,
shall devour the palaces of Jerusalem, that we may sell corn? and the sabo
and it shall not be quenched. Isa
. bath, that we may set forth wheat,
l.viii. 13. If thou turn away thy font inaking the ephah small, and the
from the sabbath, from doing thy shekel great, and falsifying the ba pleasure on my holy day, and call the lances by deceit? Mal. i13. Ye
sabbath a delight, the holy of the ness is it! and ye have' snuffed at it, saith the Lord of hosts; and ye
him, pot doing thine own ways, nor brought that which was törn, and
finding thine own pleasure, nos the lame, and the sick; thus ye
speaking thine own words.
120. i Exod. xx. 9. brought an offering : should I acm. m Exod. xx. 10.
rested the seventh day: and from that blessing which God put upon that day, not only in sanctifying it to be a day for his service, but in ordaining it to be a means of blessing to us in our sanctifying it; Wherefore the Lord blessed the sabbath-day, and hallowed it".
Q. 121. Why is the word Remember set in the beginning of the fourth commandment ?
A. The word Remember is set in the beginning of the fourth commandmento, partly, because of the great benefit of remembering it, we being thereby helped in our preparation to keep it ”, and, in keeping it, better to keep all the rest of the commandments?, and to continue a thankful remembrance of the two great benefits of creation and redemption, which contain a short abridgment of religion';
Exod. xx. 11.
burden be brought in on the sab. 121. Exod. xx. 8.
bath-day. PExod. xvi. 23. And he said unto 9 Psal. xcii. [title, A psalm or song them, This is that which the Lord for the sabbath-day] Compared with hath said, To-morrow is the rest of Ver. 13. Those that be planted in the holy sabbath unto the Lord : the house of the Lord shall flourish bake that which ye will bake to-day, in the courts of our God. And and seethe that ye will seethe; and Ver. 14. They shall still bring forth that which remaineth over, lay up fruit in old age; they shall be fag for you to be kept until the morning and flourishing. Ezek. Luke xxiii. 54. And that day was
Moreover also, I gave them my sabthe preparation, and the sabbath baths, to be a sign between me and drew on. Ver. 56. And they re them, that they might know that I turned, and prepared spices and oint am the Lord that sanctify them. ments; and rested the sabbath-day, Ver. 19. I am the Lord your God; according to the commandment. walk in my statutes, and keep my Compared with Mark xv. 42. And judgments, and do them. Ver. 20. now when the even was come, be And hallow my sabbaths; and they cause it was the preparation, that is, shall be a sign between me and you, the day before the sabbath. Neh. that ye may know that I am the Lord xiii
. 19. And it came to pass, that, your God. when the gates of Jerusalem began " Gen. ü. 2. And on the seventh day to be dark before the sabbath, I com
God ended his work which he had manded that the gates should be made; and he rested on the seventh shut, and charged that they should day from all his work which he had not be opened till after the sabbath : made. Ver. 3. And God blessed the and some of my servants set I at
seventh dry, and sanctified it: bethe gates, that there should no
cause that in it he had rested fronı N
halt work, but on the seventh day Take heed to yourselves, and bear
1. The su
Q. 122. What alty Go=
and partly, because we are very ready to forget it", for that there is less light of nature for it, and yet it restraineth our natural liberty in things at other times lawful"; that it cometh but once in seven days, and many worldly edits to me businesses come between, and too often take off our minds at de from thinking of it, either to prepare for it, or to sanctify it w; and that Satan with his instruments much labour to blot out the glory, and even the memory of it, to bring in all irreligion and impiety *.
0 125. 11
all his work, which God created and thou shalt rest: in earing-time and made. Psal. cxviii. 22. The stone in harvest thou shalt rest. which the builders refused is become the head-stone of the corner. Ver. 24. day is the sabhath of the Lord thy dies
W Deut. v. 14. But the seventh patio This is the day which the Lord hath God: in it thou shalt not do any made, we will rejoice and be glad, work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy in it. Compared with Acts iv. 10. daughter, nor thy man-servant, nor Be it known unto you all, and to all thy maid-servant, nor thine ox, nor the people of serael, that by the name thine ass, nor any of thy cattle, nor of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom
thy stranger that is within thy gates; ye crucified, whom God raised from
that thy man-servant and thy maid. the dead, even by hin doth this man
servant may rest as well as thou. stand here before you whole. Ver. 11.
Ver. 15. And remember that thou This is the stone which was set at
wast a servant in the land of Egypt, nought of you builders, which is be and that the Lord thy God brought come the head of the corner. Rev. thee out thence, through a mighty i. 10. I was in the Spirit on the Lord's hand, and by a stretched-out armi: day, and leard behind me a great therefore the Lord thy God. comvoice, as of a trumpet.
manded thee to keep the sabbath-day. s Back. xxii. 26. Her priests have
Amos viii. 5. Saying, When will the violated my law, and have profaned
new moon be gone, that we may mive licly things: they have put no
corn? and the sabbath, that we may diffzrence betiyeen the holy and
set forth wheat, making the ephah profane, neither have they shewed
small, and the shekei great, and faldifltrence between the unclean and the clean, and have hid their cyes
sifying the balances by deceit?
* Lam. i. 7. Jerusalem rememfrom my sabbaths, and I am profaned
bered in the days of her afliction, among them.
and of her miseries, all her pleat Nel, ix. 14. And madest known unto them thy holy sabbath, and
sant things that she had in the days commandesist thenı precepts, sta
of old, when her people fell into tutes, and laws, by the hand of
the hand of the erienly, and none Moses thy servant.
did help her; the adversaries saw
her, and did mock at her sabbaths.
Q. 122. What is the sum of the six commandments which contain our duty to man?
A. The sum of the six commandments which contain our duty to man, is, to love our neighbour as ourselves , and to do to others what we would have them to do to us?
Q. 123. Which is the fifth commandment ?
A. The fifth commandment is, Honour thy father and thy mother : that thy days may be long upon the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee a.
Q. 124. Who are meant by father and mother in the fifth commandinent ?
A. By father and mother, in the fifth commandment, are meant, not only natural parents, but all superiors in age and giftsd; and especially such as, by God's ordinance, are
no burden on the sabbath-day, nor mother shall be glad; and she that bring it in by the gates of Jerusalem. bare thee shall rejoice. Eph. vi. 1. Ver. 22. Neither carry forth a bur Children, obey your parents in the den out of your houses on the sab Lord: for this is right. Ver. 2. bath-day, neither do ye any work, Honour thy father and mother, but hallow ye the sabbath-day, as I (which is the first commandment commanded your fathers. Ver. 23. with promise.) But they obeyed not, neither inclined Ci Tim. v. 1. Rebuke not an elder, their ear, but made their neck stiff, but entreat him as a father, ard the that they might not hear nor receive younger men as brethren : Ver. 2. nstruction. Neh. xiii. from Verse The elder women as mothers, the 15. to 23. In those days saw I in Jul younger as sisters, with all purity. dah some treading wine-presses on
d Gen. iy. 20. And Adah bare the sabbath-day.- (See in letter b.]
Jabal: he was the father of such as 122. Y Mat. xxii. 39. And the se dweil in tents, and of such as have cond is like unto it, Thou shalt love cattle. Ver. 21. And his brother's thy neighbour as thyself.
name was Jubal: he was the father Mut. vii. 12. Therefore all of all such as handle the harp and things whatsoever ye would that organ. Ver. 22. And Zillah, she
also bare Tubal-cain, an instructor so to them: for this is the law and
every artiiicer in brass and iron.
Gen. xiv. 8. So now it was not you 129. a Exod. xx. 12.
that sent me hither, but God; and 124. b Prov. xxiii. 22. Hearken he hath made me
to unto thy father that begat thee, and
Pharaoh, and lord of all his house, despise not thy mother when she is and a ruler throughout all the land old. Ver. 25. Thy father and thy of Egypt.
€ 2 Kings
men should do to you,