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“ grounds of the Christian religion, and in the nurture and “ admonition of the Lord; and to let him know the danger 56 of God's wrath to himself and child, if he be negligent: re“ quiring his solemn promise for the performance of his duty."
This being done, prayer is also to be joined with the word of institution, for sanctifying the water to this spiritual use ; and the minister is to pray to this or the like effect: 66 That the Lord, who hath not left us as strangers
with« out the covenant of promise, but called us to the privi“ leges of his ordinances, would graciously vouchsafe to “ sanctify and bless his own ordinance of baptism at this “ time: 'That he would join the inward baptism of his Spi“ rit with the outward baptism of water; make this bap“ tism to the infant a seal of adoption, remission of sin, re“ generation, and eternal life, and all other promises of the “ covenant of grace: That the child may be planted into 66 the likeness of the death and resurrection of Christ; and " that, the body of sin being destroyed in him, he may
serve God in newness of life all his days."
Then the minister is to demand the name of the child; which being told him, he is to say, (calling the child by his name,)
I baptize thee in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.
As he pronounceth these words, he is to baptize the child with water: which, for the manner of doing of it, is not only lawful but sufficient, and most expedient to be, by pour-. ing or sprinkling of the water on the face of the child, with.. out adding any other ceremony.
This done, he is to give thanks and pray, to this or the like purpose;
“Acknowledging with all thankfulness, that the Lord is “ true and faithful in keeping covenant and mercy: That he R is good and gracious, not only in that he numbereth us, “ among his saints, but is pleased also to bestow upon our “ children this singular token and badge of his love in Christ::
That, in his truth and special providence, he daily bringeth “ some into the bosom of his church, to be partakers of « his inestimable benefits, purchased by the blood of his 66 dear Son, for the continuance and increase of his church..
“ And praying, That the Lord would still continue, and “ daily confirm more and more this his unspeakable favour: « That he would receive the infant now baptized, and so“ lemnly entered into the household of faith, into his father“ ly tuition and defence, and remember him with the fa
vour that he sheweth to his people; that, if he shall be "taken out of this life in his infancy, the Lord, who is rich " in mercy, would be pleased to receive him up into glory; “and if he live, and attain the years of discretion, that the “ Lord would so teach him by his word and Spirit, and “ make his baptism effectual to him, and so uphold him “ by his divine power
may pre“ vail against the devil, the world, and the flesh, till in the “end he obtain a full and final victory, and so be kept by " the power of God through faith unto salvation, through “ Jesus Christ our Lord.”
lies Of Celebration of the Communion, or Sacrament of the
or supper of the Lord, is frequently to be celebrated; but how often, may be considered and determined by the ministers, and other church-governors of each congregation, as they shall find most convenient for the comfort and edification of the people committed to their charge. And, when it shall be administered, we judge it convenient to be done after the morning sermon.,
The ignorant and the scandalous are not fit to receive this sacrament of the Lord's supper.
Where this sacrament cannot with convenience be frequently administered, it is requisite that publick warning be given the sabbath-day before the administration thereof: and that either then, or on some day of that week, something concerning that ordinance, and the due preparation thereunto, and participation thereof, be taught; that, by the diligent use of all means sanctified of God to that end, both in publick and private, all may come better prepared to that heavenly feast.
When the day is come for administration, the minister, having ended his sermon and prayer, shall make a short exhortation :
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“Expressing the inestimable benefit we have by this sa“crament, together with the ends and use thereof
: setting rest of all God's " forth the great necessity of having our comforts and “strength renewed thereby in this our pilgrimage and demption
, the “ warfare: how necessary it is that we come unto it with “ knowledge, faith, repentance, love, and with hungering which we ate did “ and thirsting souls after Christ and his benefits : how “ great the danger to eat and drink unworthily.
“ Next, he is, in the name of Christ, on the one part, “ to warn all such as are ignorant, scandalous, profane, or “ that live in any sin or offence against their knowledge or “ conscience, that they presume not to come to that holy “ table; shewing them, that he that eateth and drinketh which we od “ and, on the other part, he is in especial manner to in“ burden of their sins, and fear of wrath, and desire to “ reach out unto a greater progress in grace than yet they
can attain unto, to come to the Lord's table; assuring “ them, in the same name, of ease, refreshing, and strength "to their weak and wearied souls."
After this exhortation, warning, and invitation, the table that the communicants may orderly sit about it, or at it, and sofos the minister is to begin the action with sanctifying and blessing the elements of bread and wine set before him, (the bread in comely and convenient vessels, so prepared, that, being broken by him, and given, it may be distributed amongst the communicants; the wine also in large cups) having first, in a few words, shewed that those elements, otherwise common, are now set apart and sanctified to this , holy use, by the word of institution and prayer..
Let the words of institution be read out of the Evanger lists, or out of the first Epistle of the Apostle Paul to the Corinthians, Chap. xi. 23. I have received of the Lord, &e: to the 27th Verse, which the minister may, when he seeth requisite, explain and apply.
Let the prayer, thanksgiving, or blessing of the bread and wine, be to this effect:
“ With humble and hearty acknowledgment of the great, s ness of our misery, from which neither man nor angel was
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“ able to deliver us, and of our great unworthiness of the " least of all God's mercies; to give thanks to God for all “his benefits, and especially for that great benefit of our “ redemption, the love of God the Father, the sufferings “ and merits of the Lord Jesus Christ the Son of God, by “ which we are delivered ; and for all means of
the “ word and sacraments; and for this sacrament in particu
lar, by which Christ, and all his benefits, are applied and "sealed up unto us, which, notwithstanding the denial of " them unto others, are in great mercy continued unto us, " after so much and long abuse of them all.
* To profess, that there is no other name under heaven by which we can be saved, but the name of Jesus Christ,
by whom alone we receive liberty and life, have access “ to the throne of grace, are admitted to eat and drink at " his own table, and are sealed up by his Spirit to an assurance of happiness and everlasting life.
“ Earnestly to pray to God, the Father of all mercies, " and God of all consolation, to vouchsafe his gracious pre
sence, and the effectual working of his Spirit in us; and
so to sanctify these elements both of bread and wine, " and to bless his own ordinance, that we may receive by “ faith the body and blood of Jesus Christ, crucified for us, “and so to feed upon him, that he may be one with us, and
we one with him; that he may live in us, and we in him, " and to him who hath loved us, and given himself for us.
All which he is to endeavour to perform with suitable affections, answerable to such an holy action, and to stir up the like in the people.
The elements being now sanctified by the word and prayer, the minister, being at the table, is to take the bread in his hand, and say, in these expressions, (or other the like, used by Christ or his apostle upon this occasion :)
According to the holy institution, command, and ex“ ample of our blessed Saviour Jesus Christ, I take this bread, “and, having given thanks, break it, and give it unto you; “ (there the minister, who is also himself to communicate, " is to break the bread, and give it to the communicants ;)
ye; this is the body of Christ which is broken. for you i do this in remembrance of him,"
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In like manner the minister is to take the
and in these expressions, (or other the like, used by Christ or the apostle upon the same occasion :)
“ According to the institution, command, and example by such other “ of our Lord Jesus Christ, I take this cup, and give it unto
you; (here he giveth it to the communicants ;) This cup erdinances “ is the new testament in the blood of Christ, which is shed for “ the remission of the sins of many: drink ye all of it."
After all have communicated, the minister may, in a few words, put them in mind,
“Of the grace of God in Jesus Christ, held forth in this “ sacrament; and exhort them to walk worthy of it."
The minister is to give solemn thanks to God,
“ For his rich mercy, and invaluable goodness, vouch« safed to them in that sacrament; and to entreat for “ don for the defects of the whole service, and for the “ gracious assistance of his good Spirit, whereby they may 66 be enabled to walk in the strength of that grace, as be“ cometh those who have received so great pledges of sal« vation."
The collection for the poor is so to be ordered, that no part of the publick worship be thereby hindered.
ALTHO Of the Sanctification of the Lord's Day. THE Lord's day ought to be so remembered before-hand,
as that all worldly business of our ordinary callings may be so ordered, and so timely and seasonably laid aside, as they may not be impediments to the due sanctifying of the day when it comes.
'The whole day is to be celebrated as holy to the Lord, both in publick and private, as being the Christian sabbath. To which end, it is requisite, that there be a holy cessation
an or resting all that day from all unnecessary labours; and an abstaining, not only from all sports and pastimes, but also from all worldly words and thoughts
That the diet on that day be so ordered, as that neither servants be unnecessarily detained from the publick worship of God, nor any other person hindered from the sanctifying that day.
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