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di there was power and authority, under the Old Testament, to keep unclean persons from holy things'.
The like power and authority, by way of analogy, conde tinues under the New Testament.
The ruling officers of a particular congregation have stige power authoritatively to suspend from the Lord's table a person not yet cast out of the church:
First, Because those who have authority to judge of, and admit, such as are fit to receive the sacrament, have authority to keep back such as shall be found unworthy.
Secondly, Because it is an ecclesiastical business of ordie nary practice belonging to that congregation,
When congregations are divided and fixed, they need all mutual help one from another, both in regard of their
instrinsical weaknesses and mutual dependence, as also in las regard of enemies from without.
Of Classical Assemblies.
A presbytery consisteth of ministers of the word, and ibuir such other publick officers as are agreeable to and warranted
And if any man obey not our word at a stay, and the plague spread by this epistle, note that man, and not in the skin ; then the priest have no company with him, that he shall shut him up seven days more. may be ashanied. Ver. 15. Yet count Numb. ix. 7. And those men said him not as an enemy, but admonish unto him, We are defiled by the him as a brother. 1 Cor. xi. 27. dead body of a man; wherefore Wherefore, whosoever shall eat this are we kept back, that we may bread, and drink this cup of the Lord, not offer an offering of the Lord unworthily, shall be guilty of the in his appointed season among the body and blood of the Lord. See on children of Israel? 2 Chron. xxiii. 19. to the end of the Chapter, Compared And he set the porters at the gates with Jude, Ver. 23. And others save of the house of the Lord, that none with fear, pulling them out of the that was unclean in any thing should fire; hating even the garment spotted by the flesh. 1 Tim. v. 22. Lay
si Tim. iv. 14. Neglect not the hands suddenly on no man, neither gift that is in thee, which was gia be partaker of other men's sins: keep ven thee by prophecy, with the
laying on of the hands of the pres"Lev. xiii. 5. And the priest shall bytery. Acts xv. 2. When therelook on him the seventh day: and, fore Paul and Barnabas had no small behold, if the plague in his sight be dissension and disputation with them,
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ness of heart, Ver. 47. Praising Gods zealous of the las
those days, when the number of
they determined that Paul and Bar- rusalem ; and they were all scattered of God increased ;
abroad throughout the regions of the disciples multi
five thousand. Acts v. 14. And be
church of Jerus
by the word of God to be church-governors, to join with lily
, By the the ministers in the government of the church".
The scripture doth hold forth, that many particular con- gation there, tl gregations may be under one presbyterial government. This proposition is proved by instances :
3dly, The di I. First, of the church of Jerusalem, which consisted of mentioned both more congregations than one, and all these congregations Acts, doth arg were under one presbyterial government. This appeareth thus :
Secondly, AU First, The church of Jerusalem consisted of more con- trial governme gregations than one, as is manifest :
2dly, The eld Ist, By the multitude of believers mentioned in divers; both before the dispersion of the believers there, by means of the persecution“; and also after the dispersion":
2dly, By against the Hebre
widows were negle ministration. Ver.
# Acts ix. 31.7
Ghost, were mult
tiplied. Acts xxi.
nabas, and certain other of them,
the apostles and elders about this question,
apostles. Acts i. 15. And in those Ver. 4. And when they were come
days Peter stood up in the midst of to Jerusalem, they were received of
the disciples, and said, (the number the church, and of the apostles and
of the names together were about elders; and they declared all things that God had done with them. Ver. 6. And the apostles and elders
word were baptižed: and the same came together for to consider of this matter.
about three thousand souls. Ver. 46. i Rom. xii. 7. Or ministry, let us wait on our ministering; or he that teacheth, on teaching ; Ver. 8. Or
bread from house to house, did eat he that exhorteth, on exhortation :
their meat with gladness and singles he that giveth, let him do it with simplicity; he that ruleth, with dili
and having favour with all the peogence; he that sheweth mercy, with ple. And the Lord added to cheerfulness. 1 Cor. xii. 28. And God hath set some in the church;
Acts iv. 4. Howbeit, many of them first, apostles; secondarily, prophets ; thirdly, teachers; after that miracles;
the number of the men was about then gifts of healings, helps, governments, diversities of tongues.
u Acts viii. 1. And Saul was consenting unto his death. And at that and women. time there was a great persecution against the church which was at Jes
church daily such as should be saved
Acts vi, 2.1
Y Acts viii. 1.
the Lord, multitudes both
med Acts vi. 1. And in
abroad through and Samaria,
the disciples was multiplied, there
2dly, By the many apostles and other preachers in the church of Jerusalem. And if there were but one congreki gation there, then each apostle preached but seldom *; Face which will not consist with Acts vi. 2.
3dly, The diversity of languages among the believers, e mentioned both in the second and sixth chapters of the
Acts, doth argue more congregations than one in that church.
Secondly, All those congregations were under one presbydie terial government; because, 1st, They were one church. 2dly, The elders of the church are mentioned 2.
arose a murmuring of the Grecians Acts ii. 47. Praising God, and havagainst the Hebrews, because their ing favour with all the people : and widows were neglected in the daily the Lord added unto the church daily
ministration. Ver. 7. And the word such as should be saved. Gompared Face of God increased; and the number of with Acts v. 11. And great fear came
the disciples multiplied in Jerusalem upon all the church, and upon as many
greatly: and a great company of the as heard these things. Acts xii. 5. v priests were obedient to the faith. Peter therefore was kept in prison
Acts ix. 31. Then had the chur. but prayer was made without ceasing ches rest throughout all Judea, and of the church unto God for him. Galilee, and Samaria, and were edi Acts xv. 4. And when they were fied; and, walking in the fear of the come to Jerusalem, they were recei. Lord, and in the comfort of the Holy ved of the church, and of the apostles Ghost, were multiplied. Acts xii. 24. and elders, and they declared all But the word of God grew and mul things that God had done with them. tiplied. Acts xxi. 20. And when they Acts xi. 30. Which also they did, heard it, they glorified the Lord, and and sent it to the elders by the hands said unto him, Thou seest, brother, of Barnabas and Saul. Acts xv. 4. how many thousands of Jews there
And when they were come to Jeruare which believe, and they are all salem, they were received of the zealous of the law.
church, and of the apostles and elders; * Acts vi. 2. Then the twelve call. and they declared all things that God eil the multitude of the disciples un
had done with them. Ver. 6. And to them, and said, It is not reason the apostles and elders came togethat we should leave the word of ther to consider, of this matter. God, and serve tables.
Ver. 22. Then it pleased the apostles y Acts viii. 1. And Saul was con and elders, with the whole church, senting unto his death. And at that to send chosen men of their own time there was a great persecution company to Antioch, with Paul against the church which was at Je and Barnabas; namely, Judas surrusalem; and they were all scattered named Barsabas, and Silas, chief abroad throughout the regions of Judea men among the brethren. Acts and Samaria, except the apostles. xxi. 17. And when we were come
three years, I ceased not to warn
and that they w
and sent it to the elders by the hands lem, the brethren received us gladly opened unto me, James; sent.
II. Secondly, by the instance of the church of Ephesus; forfound it fifty thousai
First, That thiere were more congregations than one in the Per. 20. So mightil church of Ephesus, appears by Acts xx. 31.", where is mention Cod, and prevail of Paul's continuance at Ephesus in preaching for the space the space of tw of three years; and Acts xix. 18, 19, 20. where the special a they which du effect of the word is mentioned; and ver. 10. and 17. of the the word of the
named Barsabas, and Silas, chief men spostles and elders, with the whole believed came, and confessed, and
3dly, The apostles did the ordinary acts of presbyters, as sme chapter
, wh presbyters in that kirk; which proveth a presbyterial church and 1 Cor. xvi. 8, before the dispersion, Acts vi.
sus until Penteco 4thly, The several congregations in Jerusalem being one particular church church, the elders of that church are mentioned as meting Ephesus'
, as appe together for acts of government *; which proves that those egether
, dotlin several congregations were under one presbyterial governo make more congr ment.
Secondly, That And whether these congregations were fixed or not fixed, in regard of officers or members, it is also one as to | Thirdly, That the truth of the proposition. Nor doth there appear any material difference betwist
| Peareth. the several congregations in Jerusalem, and the many cougregations now in the ordinary condition of the church
, as to the point of fixedness required of officers or members. ieved their deeds
Thirdly, Therefore the scripture doth hold forth, that as of them which many congregations may be under one presbyterial govern their book
| by to Jerusalem, the brethren received church, to send chosen mes of their us gladly. Ver. 18. And the day following Paul went in with ys unto
and Barnabas; namely, Judas sura and all the elders were preActs xi. 30. Which also they did, And when we were come to Jerusia of Barnabas and Saul. Acts xv. 4. And when they were come to Jerusalem, they were received of the church, and of the apostles and elders, and they declared all things that God had done with them. Ver. 6. And the apostles and elders came together for to consider of this matfer. Ver. 22. Then it pleased the
they courted the pr
d Acts xix. 10. A
Jews and Greeks this was known to Greeks also dwe and fear fell on kame of the Lord fied.
el Cor. xvi. 8 Ephesus until
own company to Antioch, with Paul
among the brethren. Acts xxi. 17.
a great do
Ver. 18. And the day following
b Acts xx. 31. Therefore watch,
il Cor. xvi. of Asia salute Priscilla salute Lord, with the their house.
5 Acts xviii. Ephesus, and le
every one night and day with tears.
c Acts xix. 18. And many that
himself entered and reasoned
nghie by the space of two years; so that fectly.
same chapter, where is a distinction of Jews and Greeks d; and 1 Cor. xvi. 8, 9. where is a reason of Paul's stay at Ephesus until Pentecoste; and ver. 19. where is mention of a particular church in the house of Aquila and Priscilla, then at Ephesus', as appears, Acts xviii. 19, 24, 266. All which laid together, doth prove that the multitudes of believers did ( make more congregations than one in the church of Ephesus.
Secondly, That there were many elders over these many i congregations, as one flock, appeareth".
Thirdly, That these many congregations were one church, and that they were under one presbyterial government, appeareth
of shewed their deeds. Ver, 13. Many And a certain Jew named Apollos, also of them which used curious arts born at Alexandria, an eloquent brought their books together, and man, and mig
in the scriptures, burned them before all men: and canie to Ephesus. Ver. 26. And they counted the price of theni, and he began to speak boldly in the found it fifty thousand pieces of silver. synagogue : whom when Aquila Ver. 20. So mightily grew the word and Priscilla had heard, they took of God, and prevailed.
him unto them, and expounded d Acts xix, 10, And this continued unto hin the way of God more per
all they which dwelt in Asia heard h Acts xx. 17. And from Miletus the word of the Lord Jesus, both he sent to Ephesus, and called the Jews and Greeks. Ver. 17. And elders of the church. Ver. 25. And this was known to all the Jews and now, behold, I know that ye all, Greeks also dwelling at Ephesus; among whom I have gone preaching and fear fell on them all, and the the kingdoni of God, shall see my name of the Lord Jesus was magni
face no more. Ver. 28, Take heed fied.
therefore unto yourselves, and to all e] Cor. xvi. 8. But I will tarry at the flock over the which the Holy Ephesus until Pentecost. Ver. 9. Ghost hath made you overseers, to For a great door and effectual is feed the church of God, which he opened unto me, and there are many hath purchased with his own blood. adversaries,
Ver. 30. Also of your own selves fi Cor. xvi. 19. The churches shall nien arise, speaking perverse of Asia salute you. Aquila and things, to draw away disciples after Priscilla salute you much in the them. Ver. 36. And, when he had Lord, with the church that is in thus spoken, he kneeled down, and their house.
prayed with them all.
Ver. 37 8 Acts xviii, 19. And he came to And they all wept sore, and fell on Ephesus, and left them there: but he Paul's neck, and kissed him, himself entered into the synagogue,
i Rev. ii. 1. Unto the angel of and reasoned with the Jews, Ver. 24, the church of Ephesus write; These