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AN EVENING RHAPSODY.
BY WILLIAM MARTIN.
Dear Evening! dear Evening! how calm is thy glory-
Oh! how blissful the time when the sun is descending,
Then the wild briar rose, though in autumn airs fading,
Oh! sweet to the ear when the night airs are coming,
Of the beetle's night-song o'er the spirit is borne ;-
Itself from the thraldom of feelings defiled.
Yes! welcome to me is thy coming, dear Even,
And when thy deep silence is pure, or but broken
There is joy in the heart when the dawn is just waking,
For that hour seems to speak of the time when the spirit
And shall soar unencumber'd by guilt, to inherit
The unfading joys of an unending day.
But at eve there's a solace more lovely than splendour,
For her soft western smile is so touchingly tender,
And so sweet are the odours that float on the wind,
The note of the mavis, when plaintively trilling
Her sweet vesper hymn from the blossoming thorn,
Will soften the dun of each shadow, and bring
A balm to the heart, in its sorrows repining,
To lessen their weight, and to draw forth their sting.
The brow, like some fiend sent by terror to chill,
Then may not the spirit, thus big with emotion-
May not FAITH beam more bright as the shadows are falling,
Then come to me, ye that find rapture in weeping,
And the nightingale's earliest hymn is begun ;-
SPIRITUAL SONGS FOR YOUNG CHRISTIANS.
66 BLESSED ARE THEY THAT MOURN, FOR THEY SHALL BE COMFORTED."
'Tis their's, and their's alone to claim
And meekly say "Thy will be done."
These shall confess its truth their stay,
HOW SWEET IT IS IN PEACE TO DWELL.
BY WILLIAM MARTIN.
How sweet it is in peace to dwell
His name to bless, his praise to tell,
At morn to raise a merry song,
And strive to please him all day long,
Now while the heart is like a flower,
Oh let us every thought and power
Now in the time of ardent youth,
Ere nature's powers decay,
Let's seek to know his love and truth,
Oh what are all those moments past,
Our hours are debts laid to our cost,
And years are but as moments lost;
For time flies swift away.
PESTALOZZI AND HIS SYSTEM.
THE Pestalozzian system of instruction has, within the last few years, gained considerable ground in this country, and some of its leading principles are beginning to be of general adoption; but still those not immediately interested in the business of tuition are very little informed either of the nature of the improvements being thus introduced into the various plans of instruction abroad or at home, or of the individual whose exertions some thirty years since, in a small village in Switzerland, laid the foundation of different principles in the great work of education.
It is about twenty years since the name of Pestalozzi reached this country. In the evidence appended to the Report of the Education Committee in 1818, Mr. Brougham alluded to the school of Pestalozzi, at Yverdon since that time, however, the principles of Pestalozzi have been making a gradual although a slow progress;-several boarding schools, under the conduct of highly respectable individuals have been opened in or near London, in which the plans and principles of Pestalozzi are publicly maintained; while the spirit of his method is finding its way into some of the largest schools for the education of the poor, and may be discovered in the character of many of the best books for the instruction of the young.
It is our object therefore, to supply the public with all the information we can collect of Pestalozzi, his system, and his principles of teaching,―to lay before them an outline of the life and character of the man,―to enter into an examination of his views, regarding the fundamental maxims which he has propounded for the guide and conduct of the tender mind,—and to furnish such practical results as will exhibit the effect of his system, and prove the truth or error of the theory which his admirers so tenaciously maintain.
Henry Pestalozzi was born at Zurich, on the 12th of January, 1745; and by the premature death of his father, who was a physician, became an orphan when he was about five years old, and was brought up under the care of his mother, and a faithful female domestic, in the most secluded habits. In his early years his habits were so extraordinary, that he was quaintly acknowledged by his companions by the nickname of Harry Oddity: he possessed a quiet and almost feminine disposition, which made him among his school-fellows at once the object of general affection, and the unvindictive butt of their heedless sports. In the bustling games-in the eager pursuits of boyhood he seldom joined, and was inferior in those manual acts of dexterity and quickness, in which school-boys generally pride themselves, and was thus looked upon as a little half-witted, and inferior in natural parts to those with whom he associated.
Pestalozzi, however, contained "that within himself which passeth show:"-maternal solicitude and love had deeply embued his mind with religious feeling, and developed in him that spring-dew of the soul, which waters all our affections and sympathies, and brings them up before our heavenly Father's face in the sweetest bloomings; and thus while he was looked upon by those that could neither com
prehend nor appreciate him, as a being of whom little could be hoped, energies and powers were at work within his heart, destined to be the mighty engines of moral improvement to his countrymen and to mankind.
This bent of Henry's mind naturally inclined his parents to educate him for the ministerial profession; but his first appearance in the pulpit as a candidate, was the occasion of his renouncing all his aspirations to holy orders;-his natural timidity, and that degree of nervousness which generally accompany men of refined genius, having rendered his probationary sermon such a failure, as to completely prevent his exposing himself to another.
Renouncing therefore divinity, he applied himself to the law; but instead of directing his studies in a uniform and progressive manner, his active imagination had embarked in various speculations on the forms of government; and although he had made considerable progress in classical acquirement, he by no means showed himself to be a proficient in the knowledge necessary for the legal profession. Pursuing his meditations, he was led to reflect on the errors of education, both in rulers, in teachers, and in the people at large; and the results of these he embodied in an essay on the bearing which education ought to have upon our respective callings; which he published.
Pursuing this subject in his mind, from his anxiety on this and on other pecuniary matters, he was thrown on the bed of sickness; and on his recovery, he formed the resolution of abandoning all his former prospects and pursuits; and left Zurich for Kirchberg, in the canton of Berne, where he apprenticed himself to a farmer of the name of Tschiffeli; who enjoyed a great reputation at that time, not only for his superiority in rural economy, but also for the warm interest he took in the improvement of the agricultural classes. His occupation soon improved his bodily health; and his peace of mind, which had suffered severely in his former anxieties, became in a great measure restored. After he had, under the direction of Tschiffeli, qualified himself for the conduct of a rural establishment, he occupied the small patrimony which his father had left him, in the purchase of a tract of waste land in the neighbourhood of Lenzberg, in the canton of Berne; on which he erected a dwelling-house, with the necessary out-buildings; and gave it the name of Neuhof, i.e. the new farm; being then in his twenty-second year. Here he devoted himself successfully to the cultivation of his estate; and in these his brightest days, sought and obtained the hand of Anne Schulthess a young woman, on whom nature and education had vied in bestowing their accomplishments; who, although the daughter of one of the wealthiest merchants in Zurich, set at defiance the voice of public opinion, the tastes of her sex, and all the considerations of worldly interest, to share the affections and destiny of a man whom it was her solitary glory to appreciate and understand.
This marriage put Pestalozzi in possession of a share in a flourishing cotton manufactory; and while it thus improved his worldly means, brought him in contact with another portion of the population; and