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Pàgina 147 - ... of timber, &c. ; and as some sorts of dung, even when fresh, are much more advanced in decomposition than others, it is material to attend to this ; for a much less proportion of such dung as is less advanced will serve for the compost, provided care is taken to keep the mass sufficiently open, either by a mixture of the above-mentioned substances, or, if these are wanting, by adding the peat piecemeal; that is, first...
Pàgina 146 - ... and check the fermentation ; when a beginning is thus made, the workmen will proceed working backwards, and adding to the column of compost, as they are furnished with the three rows of materials directed to be laid down for them. They must take care not to tread on the compost, or render it too compact; and, of consequence, in proportion as the peat is wet it should be made up in lumps, and not much broken. In mild weather, seven...
Pàgina 148 - ... be allowed to remain untouched, till within three weeks of using, when it should be turned over, upside down, and outside in, and all lumps broken : then it comes into a second heat ; but soon cools, and should be taken out for use.
Pàgina 146 - ... about six inches of peat, then four or five of dung, and then six more of peat; then another thin layer of dung, and then cover it over with peat at the end where it was begun, at the two sides and above. The compost should not be raised above four feet, or four feet and a half high, otherwise it is apt to press too heavily on the under parts, and check the fermentation.
Pàgina 147 - The compost, after it is made up, gets into a general heat, sooner or later, according to the weather and the condition of the dung; in summer, in ten days or sooner ; in winter, not...
Pàgina 46 - In a turbary on the estate of the Earl of Moira, in Ireland, a human body was dug up, a foot deep in gravel, covered with eleven feet of moss ; the body was completely clothed, and the garments seemed all to be made of hair. Before the use of wool was known in that country, the clothing of the inhabitants was made of hair, so that it would appear that this body had been buried at...
Pàgina 149 - ... that the object of making up the compost is to form as large a hot-bed, as the quantity of dung employed admits of, and then to surround it on all sides, so as to have the whole benefit of the heat and effluvia. Peat nearly as dry as garden mould in seed time, may be mixed with the dung, so as to double the volume and more, and nearly triple the weight, and instead of hurting the heat, prolong it.
Pàgina 145 - The dung thus lies on the area of the compost dung hill, and the rows of peat should be near enough each other that workmen in making up the compost may be able to throw them together by the spade.
Pàgina 155 - And both the power and the duration of the manure have now flood the teft of a great variety of trials, on a confiderable extent of ground, and of much diverfity of foil, continued without intermiffion during the laft fix years. Hitherto it has been found equal, and indeed preferable, to common farm-yard dung, for the firft three years, and decidedly to furpafs it afterwards. It has been conjectured, from the appearance and...