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should be by far the most interesting, -as it relates to that spiritual discipline by which the love of the world is overcome; and by which all that oppressive anxiety is kept in check, which the reverses and uncertainties of business are so apt to inject into the bosom; and by which the appetite that urges him who hasteth to be rich is effectually restrained—so as to make it possible for a man to give his hand to the duties of his secular occupation, and, at the same time, to maintain that sacredness of heart which becomes every fleeting traveller through a scene, all whose pleasures and whose prospects are so soon to pass away.
Should this part of the subject be resumed at some future opportunity, there are two questions of casuistry connected with it, which will demand no small degree of consideration. The first relates to the degree in which an affection for present things, and present interests ought to be indulged. And the second is, whether, on the supposition that a desire after the good things of the present life were reduced down to the standard of the gospel, there would remain
a sufficient impulse in the world for upholding its commerce, at the rate which would secure the greatest amount of comfort and subsistence to its families.
Without offering any demonstration, at present, upon this matter, we simply state it as our opinion, hat, though the whole business of the world were in the hands of men thoroughly Christianised, and who, rating wealth according to its real dimensions on the high scale of eternity, were chastened out of all their idolatrous regards to it-yet would trade, in these circumstances, be carried to the extreme limit of its being really productive or desirable. An affection for riches, beyond what Christianity prescribes, is not essential to any extension of commerce that is at all valuable or legitimate; and, in opposition to the maxim, that the spirit of enterprise is the soul of commercial prosperity, do we hold, that it is the excess of this spirit beyond the moderation of the New Testament, which, pressing on the natural boundaries of trade, is sure, at length, to visit every country, where it operates with the recoil of all those calamities, which, in the
shape of beggared capitalists, and unemployed operatives, and dreary intervals of bankruptcy and alarm, are observed to follow a season of overdone speculation.
ON THE MERCANTILE VIRTUES WHICH MAY EXIST
WITHOUT THE INFLUENCE OF CHRISTIANITY.
“ Finally, brethren, whatsoever things are true, what-
soever things are honest, whatsoever things are just,
whatsoever things are pure, whatsoever things are
lovely, whatsoever things are of good report; if there
be any virtue, and if there be any praise, think on
these things.”—Phill. iv. 8. ...
THE INFLUENCE OF CHRISTIANITY IN AIDING AND
AUGMENTING THE MERCANTILE VIRTUES.
“ For he that in these things serveth Christ is accepta-
ble to God, and approved of men.”-Rom. xiv. 18. .......37
THE POWER OF SELFISHNESS IN PROMOTING THE
HONESTIES OF MERCANTILE INTERCOURSE.
“ And if you do good to them which do good to you,
what thank have ye? for sinners also do even the
same.”_LUKE vi. 33.
THE GUILT OF DISHONESTY NOT TO BE ESTIMATED
BY THE GAIN OF IT.
“ He that is faithful in that which is least, is faithful
also in much; and he that is unjust in the least, is
unjust also in much."-LUKE xvi. 10.
“ Therefore all things whatsoever ye would that men
should do to you, do ye even so to them; for this is
the law and the prophets.”—Matt. vii. 12. ...............143
“Let no man deceive you with vain words: for because
of these things cometh the wrath of God upon
children of disobedience."-EPHES. V. vi.
ON THE VITIATING INFLUENCE OF THE HIGHER
UPON THE LOWER ORDERS OF SOCIETY.
“ Then said he unto the disciples, It is impossible but
that offences will come: but wo unto him through
whom they come! It were better for him that a mill-
stone were hanged about his neck, and he cast into
the sea, than that he should offend one of these little
ON THE LOVE OF MONEY.
“ If I have made gold my hope, or have said to the
fine gold, Thou art my confidence; if I rejoiced be-
wealth was great, and because mine hand
had gotten much; if I beheld the sun when it shined,
or the moon walking in brightness; and my heart hath
been secretly enticed, or my mouth hath kissed my
hand: this also were an iniquity to be punished by
the judge: for I should have denied the God that is
above."-JOB. XXXI. 24-28.