Imatges de pÓgina




goes VOL. X.

Theological Review.


To the Editor of the New Evangelical Magazine.

SIR, Your labours, as the Editor of an impartial Journal, have procured for you here and there an enemy, but as it is solely because they have been told the truth, you doubtless can say, "I therein do rejoice, yea, and will rejoice." A part of the following paper, as you will perceive, wears somewhat of a vituperative cast, and will, perhaps, be unpalatable to some of your readers, (that is, provided you think it worth inserting,) but to such, and to all who may think an apology necessary, I would merely say in the language of David to, his brother Eliab, "Is there not a cause ???

and walks up and down in it," to excite the "heathen to rage, and the people to imagine a vain thing; to set the kings of the earth, and the rulers thereof, to take counsel together against the Lord, and against his Anointed." As a valiant and skilful general, when about to engage an enemy, animates his army, by depicting before their eyes, in glowing colours, the glory awaiting them, if victorious, and the shame consequent on a defeat; so Satan in an inexplicable, yet efficient manner, urges on his vassals to the unequal war

"He through the armed files Darts his experienced eye, and soon traverse The whole battalion, views their order due, Their number last he sums," Their visages and stature as for gods; "And instead of rage Deliberate valour breathes, firm and unmoved,

With dread of death to flight or foul retreat."



The Holy Spirit in recording the entrance of moral evil into our world, in troduces Satan as the agent, who by subtilty and falsehood "beguiled Eve" prevailed on her to eat of the forbidden tree, and to give unto Adam, that he also eat thereof; by which act of disobedience "sin entered into the world, and death by sin." On that woeful occasion, Satan gained an influence over man that soon grew up into a kind of sovereignty, and on account of which he is emphatically styled in the Scriptures," the god of this world." We cannot, it is true, determine the manner how, or the extent to which he exercises this influence over the fallen race of Adam; but observation and experience concur with the "Oracles of

Nor are his endeavours, alas, without success; as is abundantly demonstrated by the opposition that has lately been manifested to Missions. Who, that has read the miserable work of the "Abbé Dubois," of various Clergymen, of West Indian Planters, of Antinomians, and various others, but must have recognized therein the lineaments of him, who works with "all deceivableness and lying wonders." Our blessed' Redeemer commissioned his apostles to go into all the world, and preach the Gospel to every creature," which commission they

Truth" to prove, that he is wisely per-zealously executed, "the Lord working mitted to tempt and annoy the saints of with them, so that a great number were the Most High, and that the wicked are obedient to the faith;" and although "led captive by him at his will;" that their successors, the soldiers of the 66 'to and fro through the earth, cross, have made repeated incursions on


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the territories of Satan, and now and then borne away a few captives, yet the great mass of mankind are still" wholly given to idolatry," "enemies to God by wicked works, having changed the truth of God into a lie, and worshipped and served the creature more than the Creator, who is blessed for ever." So true it is, that "the world lieth in the wicked one." Now, if this be the case, is it to be expected, is it likely, that he who has for so many ages ruled with his iron rod such a vast multitude of the human race, will tamely submit to see the subjects of his kingdom desert to the ranks of Immanuel without resistance? No, he and his emissaries will dispute every inch of ground, and maintain the conflict, until Jesus, who is "stronger than he," shall arise and plead his own cause, and vanquish all his and our enemies.

It will be recollected by many of your readers, that when Missionaries first went to the South Sea Islands, where "Satan's seat was," the scheme was by many considered Utopian, and that the projectors of it came in for no small share of opprobrium; and the disastrous circumstances that followed that noble undertaking, seemed to justify its enemies in their opposition, and induced them exultingly to exclaim," Aha! aha! so would we have it." Many and severe were the conflicts those Missionaries had with the united powers of earth and hell in those beautiful Islands, and often were they compelled to retreat apparently "in every combat foiled." Never surely was that Scripture more strikingly exemplified, where it is said, "If it had not been the Lord who was on our side, when men rose up against us, then they had swallowed us up quick, when their wrath was kindled against us." But the work was of God, and when the set time came, He "who is wonderful in counsel and excellent in working," subdued their enemies under them; set before them an open door which none shall be able to shut; made the people willing in the day of his power, and constrained them "to cast their idols to the moles and to the bats." Sing unto the Lord, for he hath done excellent things; this is known in all the earth."


It is, nevertheless, a lamentable truth that this work, so "wondrous in our eyes," is considerably tarnished by some things, which its most sanguine and

ingenious friends must find very difficult to ground on the commission of Christ, or reconcile with the " Acts of the Apostles" and on which one of your correspondents very properly animadverts in your number for February. In adverting to this again, it may indeed appear to some invidious; but I ask, who is there that has any concern for the stability and prosperity of Missions, the honour of religion, and the glory of God, that would not rather see these anomalous proceedings pointed out, in order that they may be remedied, than connive at them, and see them increase, till it shall be said, "the glory is departed?" We all know that many of the diseases incident to our bodies, if suffered to remain, eventually prove fatal; whereas, if taken in their incipient state, may be arrested in their progress, and their "hurt healed." So it is in moral and

spiritual concerns. How accurately does Dr. Campbell trace the origin of Popery to some few and trifling (as they no doubt were then thought) departures from "the good old way," by the introduction of a rite or ceremony not commanded; or the giving to a bishop a little more than ordinary respect, to which he may have been entitled by virtue of age, talent, or wisdom, until at length, that which was conceded from respect, was demanded as a right; innovations and error gained the ascendency, and, like a mighty torrent, devastated every part of Zion, and “laid her pleasant things waste." "Now these things were our examples; to the end we should not lust after evil things as they also lusted." Heaven forbid that I should say any thing that may be construed into a wish to depreciate that work in the least; I have all along given my mite to the London Missionary Society, and have been wont, with a feeling of delight, to point to the astonishing change wrought in the Islands in question, as without a parallel in history since the days of the apostles, and as an irrefragable proof of the wonder-working power of God; and those devoted and indefatigable men, whose labours God has at length so signally crowned with his blessing, will, doubtless, "shine as the stars for ever and ever." But as every thing human is liable to degenerate, it is necessary that we should continually have before our eyes some settled rules, some fixed standard to which we may recur, and by



preparing to dwell with him, in "a house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens."

But these aberrations sink into comparative insignificance, when compared with the supposition, that a great majority of the baptized are unbelievers; for if believers why are they not communicants? The order of old was, "Then they that gladly received the word were baptized; and the same day there were added unto them (or the church, as the context proves) about three thousand souls." The two ordinances are equally binding on believers, and the novitiate are surely as capable of understanding the import of the one as the other; not more difficult is it to comprehend our Redeemer when he says, 66 Do this in remembrance of me,' "than when he declares, "He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved." Should the remarks of your correspondent above alluded to, or should these imperfect hints meet the eye of a Director or Missionary, I hope they will be received in the spirit of that charity, that "hopeth all things, and endureth all things."

But to return from this long digression. If we advert to the accounts of other Missions, we shall find that they also have been exercised with similar trials. For instance, that of the Moravians in Greenland, and of the Baptists at Serampore. No solid footing could be obtained, until God was pleased to "give them favour in the sight of the people;" and even then obstacles, to human apprehension, insurmountable presented themselves, so that not one was "translated out of the kingdom of darkness into the kingdom of God's dear Son," till he was pleased to open their hearts. Nor was any progress made in translating the Bible, till God was pleased to pour out from on high a portion of his influences, by which "holy men of old spake as they were moved." He it was that caused the most untoward circumstances, and the most direful calamities to fulfil his gracious purposes, and "work together for good;" thus teaching us our dependance on himself," who is mighty to save:" that no flesh should glory in his presence, but devoutly say, "Not unto us, O Lord, not unto us, but unto thy name be all the glory."

which we may direct our steps, and examine our conduct. Now these rules, and that standard, we have in the Bible: by it we are taught how "to walk so as to please God," and we are anxious that our Missionaries abroad, and churches at home, should. "take heed unto it, as unto a light shining in a dark place." "In vain," says our Saviour, "do they worship me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men." He has also said, "My kingdom is not of this world," and if we confound them, may we not conclude, that sooner or later, he will "visit us for these things," and answer our prayers "by terrible things in righteousness," for "what is the chaff to the wheat, saith the Lord." In proportion, therefore, to the deference we pay to his will, who is "King in Zion," and our desire to "obey from the heart that form of doctrine delivered unto us," will be our endeavours to prevent individuals and churches from going astray, and our fidelity in sounding an alarm in the ears of those who have already erred. "Then shall I be satisfied when I have respect unto all thy commands." Let our Missionaries then, study to "do the work of Evangelists," and henceforth determine with Paul, to know nothing among men save Jesus Christ, and him crucified;" be theirs the blessed work, to "point to his redeeming blood, and say, Behold the way to God."


We are not insensible to the comforts and advantages of civilized life, but civilization should ever be considered as of secondary importance, and its advancement rather incidentally touched upon in letters and journals, instead of appearing the most prominent. To evangelize the heathen it is that we subscribe our money; and for this we "bow the knee before the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, with whom the residue of the Spirit is." What will it signify if the poor heathens have not chairs to sit on, if they can but be brought to sit at the feet of Jesus, and learn of him or if they have not sofas to recline on, if they do but recline on his bosom, and lean on his arm, who is "our beloved and our friend"- or if they have not bedsteads to repose on, if they are but enabled to repose on the Rock of Ages," the everlasting love of God, and his unchangeable promises-or if they have not elegant houses to dwell in, if they do but dwell in God and God in them, and are

Seeing then that they, the Missionaries, have, in a peculiar sense, to wrestle, "not with flesh and blood, but

against principalities and powers, and
against spiritual wickedness in high
places," it may well be enquired, "Who
is sufficient for these things;" and we
may be at times, ready to despond, and
"tremble for the ark of God." But
"let no man's heart fail him because of
fear," for "greater is he that is for us,
than all they that can be against us."
Let us then "seek unto God, and unto
him commit our cause, who only doeth
great things, and unsearchable, marvel-
lous things without number." And as
it is not by might nor by power, but by
the Spirit of God, that the world is to
be renovated, let us beseech him to pour
out his Spirit upon all flesh, that all the
ends of the earth may remember and
turn unto the Lord, and all the kindreds
of the nations may worship before him.
Let us pray, that he would "send out
his light and his truth," and give "him
no rest till he make Jerusalem a praise
in the whole earth;" and, methinks, if
ever our prayers acquire more than an
ordinary fervour, it must be when we say,
"Thy kingdom come-thy will be done
on earth as it is in heaven." Let us
pray, that none may be sent forth, but
such as God has called to, and qualified for
the work. Piety is indispensable. It is not,
indeed, denied, but that God has some-
times accomplished his purposes by in-
struments who "meant not so, neither
in their hearts did they think so;" but
we are not warranted to commit the
trust to any but "faithful men, who
shall be able to teach others also,"-
men who can say, 66
we believe, and
therefore speak." "Unto the wicked
God saith, what hast thou to do to de-
clare my statutes, or that thou shouldest
take my covenant in thy mouth? seeing
thou hatest instruction, and castest my
words behind thee." Nor can it be ex-
pected that any but those, who "have
tasted that the Lord is gracious," and
know that "the redemption of the soul
is precious," should “watch for souls as
those that must give an account," and
"having done all to stand." We should
pray that they may be endowed with wis-
dom and meekness. "Be ye wise as serpents,
and harmless as doves," said he, "in
whom are hid all the treasures of wisdom
and knowledge," to the first missionaries:"
that if brought before kings and rulers,
they may have a "mouth and wisdom
which all their adversaries shall not be
able to gainsay or resist." And that they
may be men of zeal and courage, being

"strong in the Lord, and in the power of his might;" that as there is " very much land yet to be possessed, they may be enabled to go up and possess it." Prudence and patience are eminently needed by a Missionary. Their difficulties will be many, their hardships in some cases great, and their privations numerous; let us pray then, that if they are" troubled they may not be distressed; if perplexed, they may not be in despair; if persecuted, they may not be forsaken; if cast down they may not be destroyed," that God would not try them above what they are able to bear, "lest the spirit should fail before him, and the souls which he has made." That they may be men of perseverance. "Be thou faithful unto death, and I will give thee a crown of life." And that to all these mental qualifications, God would be pleased to add healthful and vigorous constitutions. We all know, that even in our temperate climate, when the body is languid exertion becomes doubly irksome; how much more must it be beneath a vertical sun, or in the inhospitable regions of Greenland or Siberia.

That I may not further trespass on your pages, I will conclude, by exhorting all who are waiting for the coming of that period, when the "kingdoms of this world shall become the kingdoms of our God and his Christ," to improve the talent or talents entrusted to their care-the rich to contribute of their abundance-remembering that they are not proprietors but only stewards, and that ere long it will be said "give an account of thy stewardship, for thou mayest be no longer steward;" and the poor to use their interest in the court of heaven, by praying that all who cannot be prevailed on to aid in this blessed work, may at least argue with rational Gamaliel of old, "Refrain from these men, and let them alone, for if this counsel or this work be of men it will come to nought; but if it be of God, ye cannot overthrow it; lest haply ye be found to fight against God." Let us all anticipate the accomplishment of those yet more "glorious things," that are predicted of Zion the city of our God,

provoking one another unto love and good works, and exhorting one another, and so much the more as we see the day approaching."



Feb. 14, 1824.


swifter than that of a cannon ball.These velocities will appear still more astonishing, if we consider the magnitude of the bodies which are thus impelled, and the immense forces which are requisite to carry them along in their courses. However rapidly a ball flies from the mouth of a cannon, it is the flight of a body only a few inches in diameter; but one of the bodies, whose motion has been just now stated, is eighty-nine thousand miles in diameter, and would comprehend within its vast circumference more than a thousand

We can acquire accurate ideas of the relative velocities of moving bodies, only by comparing the motions with which we are familiar, with one another, and with those which lie beyond

the general range of our minute inspec-globes as large as the earth.-Could we tion. We can acquire a pretty accu- contemplate such motions at a fixed rate conception of the velocity of a point at the distance of only a few ship, impelled by the wind-of a steam hundreds of miles from the bodies boat-of a race horse-of a bird dart- thus impelled-it would raise our ing through the air-of an arrow flying admiration to its highest pitch, it from the quiver-and of the clouds would overwhelm all our faculties, and, when impelled by a stormy wind. The in our present state, would produce an velocity of a ship is from 8 to 12 miles impression of awe, and even of terror an hour-of a race horse, from 20 to beyond the power of language to ex30 miles of a bird, say from 50 to 60 press. The earth contains a mass of miles, and of the clouds, in a violent matter equal in weight to at least hurricane, from 80 to 100 miles an hour. 2,200,000,000,000,000,000,000 tons,supThe motion of a ball from a loaded posing its mean density to be 2 times cannon is incomparably swifter than greater than water. To move this ponany of the motions now stated; but of derous mass a single inch beyond its the velocity of such a body we have a position, were it fixed in a quiescent less accurate idea; because, its rapidity state, would require a mechanical force being so great, we cannot trace it dis- almost beyond the power of numbers tinctly by the eye through its whole to express. The physical force of all range, from the mouth of the cannon the myriads of intelligences within the to the object against which it is im- bounds of the planetary system, though pelled. By experiments, it has been their powers were far superior to those found, that its rate of motion is from of man, would be altogether inadequate 480 to 800 miles in an hour, but it is to the production of such a motion. How retarded every moment by the resistance much more must be the force requisite of the air and the attraction of the to impel it with a velocity one hundred earth. This velocity, however, great and forty times swifter than that of a as it is, bears no sensible proportion to cannon ball, or 68,000 miles an hour, the rate of motion which is found the actual rate of its motion round the among the celestial orbs. That such sun! But whatever degree of mechanenormous masses of matter should ical power would be requisite to promove at all is wonderful; but when we duce such a stupendous effect, it would consider the amazing velocity with require a force one hundred and fifty which they are impelled, we are lost in times greater to impel the planet Jupiastonishment. The planet Jupiter, in ter, in his actual course through the describing his circuit round the Sun, heavens! Even the planet Saturn, one moves at the rate of 29,000 miles an of the slowest moving bodies of our hour. The planet Venus, one of the system, a globe 900 times larger than nearest and most brilliant of the celes- the earth, is impelled through the retial bodies, and about the same size as gions of space at the rate of 22,000 the earth, is found to move through the miles an hour, carrying along with him spaces of the firmanent at the rate of two stupendous rings, and seven moons 76,000 miles an hour; and the planet larger than ours, through his whole Mercury with a velocity of no less than course round the central luminary. 105,000 miles an hour, or 1750 miles in Were we placed within a thousand a minute a motion two hundred times miles of this stupendous globe, (a sta


From Dick's Christian Philosopher.
[Continued from Page 175.]

IN the next place, the rapid motions of the great bodies of the Universe, no less than their magnitudes, display the Infinite Power of the Creator.

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