Imatges de pÓgina

3. The use of the increase may be always ascer.. tained, by considering the emphatical pronoun in the sentence; as, is laidre mo capallsa no do capallsa, my horse is stronger than yours.

4. Hence, when a question is asked, the personal pronoun, in the answer, always receives the increase; as, cia rinne so? misi, no tusa, who did this, I, or you. (122.)

The use of the increase promiscuously exemplified. Da račfasa liom aniu, If you

If you would go with me račfuinnse leatsa ama- to-day, I would go with rač,

you to-morrow. Is deise ar dtirne no bur Our country is handdtirse,

somer than your coun

try. Is jomda la bi d'atairse Many a day were your is m'atairse air an iul, father and my father

together. Ca 'bfuil bur dtiarna Where is your young ogsa?

lord? An è so do hata ursa? Is this your new hat? Ta an maor ar ti bur The officer is about to

gceangailse a gcarcair, bind you in prison. Do cuadarsan uile a They all went into coungcomairle,

cil. Se so a cota mòrsan, This is his great coat. Is cosmuil an teadac sin That cloth is like

yours. le d'eadacsa, An raib sise air a tir? lVas she in the country? Chuaid sise agus mise She and I went to the cum na foraise,


forest. Nil se agam, arsa mise, I have it not, said I. Act a dubairt seiscan go But he said that he saw

bfaca se agam air mai- it with me in the din è,

morning. An abraimse breug? Do I tell a lie?




Dairis si damsa gur She told me that she sgriob si ċuige,

wrote to him. Ca huair a cuireas tu When will you send word sgeula cucasan?

to them? Nar cuir siadsan sgeula Did they send word te

čugadsa? Dean sin ar a sunsa, Do that for her sake. Dheanuinn ni ar bit air I would do any thing for a sonsan,

his sake. Is md-mo tiġse no a My house is larger than tiġsean,

his. Is leisean ata me caint, It is to him I am talk, agus ni leatsa,

ing, and not to you. Thug sise dosan aris e, She gave it to him again, Do geall tu daṁsa è, You promised it to me. A dtiobarfa cuid de sin Would you give part of damsa?

that to me? Beidmid rompasan a ma- We shall be before them rac,

to-morrow. Niar tug tu aon ubal You did not give one apduinne,

ple to us.



1. A verb agrees with its nominative, in number and person; as, do sgriob se, he wrote; tangadar na daoine, the men came.

2. Two or more nouns singular, joined together, will have a verb singular; as, tainic misi agus tusa, I and you came; ta m’atair is mo matair tinn, my father and mother are sick.

3. The nominative usually follows the verb; as, tainic an fear, the man came: sometimes with a branch of the sentence intervening; as, tainic, air an mball, fear an tiġe asteac, the man of the house, immediately, came in.

4. The relative and interrogative pronouns always come before the verbs with which they agree; as, an te a tig go minic, the man who comes often; cia feadas seasam? who can stand ? (123.)

5. When the personal termination of the verb is used, the pronoun is omitted; as, rinneamar, or rinne sinn an ni so, we did this thing. (124.)

* The pronoun is generally used with the second, and third persons, except in answering a question; as, sgrioban tu go ceart

, you write well: an sgriobam go ceart? do I write well? sgriobair, you do. (125.)

* The pronoun is never used with the first and second persons singular of the subjunctive consuetudinal; as, da dtigfea liomsa, had you come with

, me; da mbuailtinn an fear, had I siruck the man.

6. The infinitive has its agent in the accusative, expressed or understood, before it; as, is mait dibse me a 'fuireacd, it is good for you that I remain.

7. The active participle has its agent expressed in the dative, when the saine person is agent to the following verb; as, iar na faicsin an tig, tainic se asteaċ, he, having seen the house, came in; ar mbeit duinn ar ndaoine oga, bi sinn a gcuideact aċèile, when we were young, we kept company together; ag geluinsin sin don tseanduine, gab se tairis air an taob eile, the old man, hearing this, passed by on the other side. (126.)

8. The present participle, with the verb bi, is always used when the continuance of a thing is expressed; as, ta me ag leagad mo leabar, I am reading my book. (127.)

9. The

9. The consuetudinal tense is used when a habit, or custom, is expressed; as, ca mbionn tu gać la, where are you every day? (198.)

10. The future participle passive often follows nouns, or adjectives, to denote the object that is to be affected; as, greanmar le faicsin, pleasant to be seen; ta arbar le bualad, there is corn to be threshed; ta na bat le na bleagan, the cows are to be milked. (129.)

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11. Verbs transitive require their objects, in the accusative, after their agents; as, do buail me fear, I struck a man.

* The relative, and interrogative pronouns come before the verbs that govern them; as, an te a buail me, the man whom I struck; go de glacas tu?

I what will you take?

12. Verbs signifying advantage or disadvantage require also the object of the benefit, or injury, in the dative; as, d’umlais se doib, he obeyed them; do hinsiad dam, it was told to me; do tug me leabar duit, I gave a book to you.

13. Verbs of comparing, and taking away, require the ablative of the object of comparison, or deprivation; as, do slad si mo ceadfaid uaim, she stole my heart from me; sanluigim tu le crann gan torad, I compare you to a tree without fruit; do bainead uata è, it was taken from them.

14. The infinitive, and participles active, require the genitive; as, ta me dul do ceannac brata, I am going to buy malt; bi se ag iarraid a ṁna, he was looking for his wife; iar mbualad an dorais, having struck the door; ar ti deanam urnaiste, about to make prayer. -See Government of Nouns, rule 12, p. 96.

* If the object be a masculine noun, it is aspi

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rated; as, ta me ag gearrad crainn, I am cutting a tree. (130.)

15. One verb governs another in the infinitive; as, cuaid se do foglam a leigein, he went to learn his lesson. (131.) The concord and government of verbs promis

cuously exemplified. Tabair mo leine dani, Give me my shirt. Gad' ċuige nać gcatan Why do you not

tu do stocaiġe duba? your black stockings? Ni an cos fritir an bròg The strait shoe makes the cumaing

foot sore. Naċ bfaca tu riam è? Did you never see it? ? Na taob tu fein le daoi. Do not trust yourself nib leama,

with imprudent people. Comnaisean sesean

He dwells in a large mbruiġin mòir,

house. Bhfuil tu ar ti mo bua- Are you about to strike lad?

me? Tabair aire dondeaġ- Attend to the lady.

bean, Ta bean a tiġe ag tiaga The housewife is warmdige,

ing a drink. Bhi bean a tiġe ar ti The housewife was about deoć a tiagad,

to warm a drink. Ta fear a tige ag dul a' The man of the house is codlad,

going to sleep Ta se sgriobad a cleaċda, He is writing his ever

cise. Ta me aga foğlaim anois, I am learning it now. Ce go gcainfea me, Though you should dis

praise me. Thaisbein me do an litir I shewed him the letter

a sgriob tu cugam, that you wrote to me. A mbearfea mise leat? Would you bring me with

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Ça raib tu ane?

Where were you yester,



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