Imatges de pàgina


1. The following prepositions aspirate the nouns that they govern; viz. (140) Air, ироп, ,

Gan, without, De, of,

Ionnsuid, unto, Do, to,

Mar, like to, Fa, upon, &c.

0, ua, from, Faoi, fuid, under, Tre, trid, through, Fead, throughout, Um, yime, about; as,

Fud, among, Ta se air droć slàinte, He is in bad health. Is mait iad do daoinib They are good to other eile,

people. Ce be tiodlacad fuaramar Whatever talent: we reo Dhia,

ceived from God.

2. Ann, in, and iar, after, eclipse their nouns; as, (141.) Bhi me

a nDún, iar I was in Down, after dteact dam o hAlbain, coming from Scotland.

Le, with, o, from, and go, to, prefix h to vowels; as, rinne mé sin le heagal, I did that through fear; cuaid se go hEirin, he went to Ireland. (142) 3. Chum, to,

Iar, after,
Deis, after,

lonnsuid, unto,
Fead, throughout, Reir, according to,
Fud, among,

Timcioll, about, and all the expressions, formed by the union of nouns with prepositions, govern the genitive; as, (143.) Indiais eiriģe na gealaig, After the moon's rising. Bhi me tinn air feaď na Į was sick during the hoidce,


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Chuaid si agcionn She went to her work.

a hoibre, Reir tola De,

According to the will of

God. Ma tig å mäc na cuinnė, If his son comes for him.

4. Do, to, governs the dative; and idir, between, the accusative; as, tabair an leabair do na mraib, give the book to the women.

5. All the other prepositions-govern the ablative; viz. · Ag, at,

Lë, leis, with, Air, upon,

Mar, like to, as, Ann, in,

0, ua, from, As, out of,

Os, above, Chuige, to,

Re, ris, to, Dar, by,

Roime, before, De, of;

Seaca, by, in compaFa, upon, &c.

rison with, Faoi, fuid, under, Thar, tairis, over, Gan, without,

Tre, trid, through, Go, gus, to,

Um, uime, aboút; as, D'eiriġ me uair roime la, I rose an hour before day. Ni faran se air ni air bit. It does not fit any thing. Nil morani daoine sásta There are not many peole na gcincarimaib,

ple satisfied with their

fortunes. Ta siad air buile fa na They are cnraged at his rat,

prosperity. 6. Sometimes the government of the preposition is not observed, when gac, each, uile, all, or some such adjective comes before the substantive; as, cuaid fear le gać bean acá, a man went with every woman. (144.)


The construction of prepositions promiscuously

exemplified. Suid inaice an tsoluis, Sit near the light. Seasaṁ os cuinne an do- Stand opposite the door.

rais, Na tar am amarc, Do not come intomy sight. Na bi a mbaile mdr, ino Be not in a city or castle

a gcaislean, gan bean without a woman to air do leïtsgeul,

befriend you. Rinne me so le heagal, I did this for fear. Ceitre troise air doim- Three feet in depth.

neaċd, Chuaid se fan mbaile, He went throughout or

about the town. Chuaid se cum an baile, He went to the town. Chuaid si ageuinne mine, 'She went for meal. A ndeiread na hoidče, In the latter part of the

night. Rača sise faoi Dhonnac, Shewill go before Sunday. Beid si posda faoi ceann She will be married bebliadna,

fore a year. Roime luide na hoidce, Before night fall. Mar mnaoi a biad faoi As a woman who would lean dub,

be under melancholy. Ta si neamacfuinea cair She is incapable of telling

breug a innse, Bhi sròn cam air Gholl

, Gaul had a crooked nose. Mar íèaraib fear ag si- Like the fingers of men nim 'teud,

playing harps. Ta sin do réir na firinne, That is conformable to

the truth. Is cosmuil le firinne e, It is like the truth. Sgriobam air uairib le I write sometimes by carsolas coindle,

dle light. Is cosmuil le bosga snaoi. It is like a snuff-bor.

sin e. Bionn si na gconinaig sa She dwells in yonder teać mdr ud,

great house.


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Se sin an bealac go Baile- That is the way to Duo at-cliat,

lin. An bfuil a fios agad ca Do you know whom I air a bfuil gean agam?

love? Is iomda fear saidbir gan There is many a rich man suaimneas,

without tranquillity: Is beag a solas san tsao- He has little pleasure in ġal,

the world. Is le na natair e, It is their father's. Ta beoir a dtiġ is aguibse, There is beer in your

house. Ni raibeamar a caint fad We were not speaking atairse,

about your father. Ni lem 'toil a pos si è, It was not with my will

that she married him. Ta mac san arm aige,

He has a son in the army. Abair focal no do don Repeat a word or two of

amran, Ameasg mac na sagairt, Among the sons of the

priests. Do peacamairne anagaid We have sinned against De,

God. Do deana se siot a dtaoib He shall make peace cona peacaid,

cerning his sin. Thainic se go hAlbainn, He came to Scotland.

the song:


1. The conjunctions agus, and, no, or, na, than, and the like, have the same moods, and cases, after them that go before them; as, amuil mar ata, agus bi, agus bias go bratać, as it was, and is, and shall be for ever; tosać an lae agus na hoibre, the beginning of the day and of the work. (145.)

2. Mar, as, 0, since, sul, before that, ma, if, múr, if not, na, than, gur, that, and their compounds, aspirate; as,


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Racam leis ma tig se Let us go with him, if linn,

he come with us. Fagaim bas, o connairc* Let me die, since I have me do gnuis ,

seen thy face. 3. Go, that, da, if, muna, if not, nač, that, and their compounds, eclipse, and prefix n to vowels; as, (146) Deirim


dtainic se I say that he came over. anall, Uč nač bfuilid mo bria't- O that my words were ra anois sgriobta,

now written. Muna bfillead se uaim, If he had not turned

from me.

The construction of conjunctions promiscuously

exemplified. Ma cuala tu me,

If you heard me. Ge gur buail mé e, Although that I struck

him. Ge go mbuailfinne, Although I had struck

him. Muna dtiucfad aonduine Unless some one would ną cuinne,

come for him. Cluinim go bposfar bean I hear that one of the aca,

women will be mar

ried. Da dtiucfad linn fui- If we could stay.

reac, Cogad Eoin moir agus The war of Eoin the Chuinn céad cataig, great, and Conn of an

hundred battles. Ni bifuaras blas bid no There was not a taste of diğe,

meat or drink found. Ar an abar sin fuiğfid an Therefore shall a man fear a atair, agus a

leave his father and matair,

his mother.



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