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1. The following prepositions aspirate the nouns that they govern; viz. (140) Air, ироп,
Gan, without, De, of,
Ionnsuid, unto, Do, to,
Mar, like to, Fa, upon, &c.
O, ua, from, Faoi, fuid, under, Tre, trid, through, Fead, throughout, Um, uime, about; as,
Fud, among, Ta se air droć slàinte, He is in bad health. Is mait iad do daoinib They are good to other eile,
people. Ce be tiodlacad fuaramar Whatever talent we reo Dhia,
ceived from God.
2. Ann, in, and iar, after, eclipse their nouns; as, (141.)
a nDun, iar I was in Down, after dteaċt dam o hAlbain, coming from Scotland.
* Le, with, o, from, and go, to, prefix h to vowels; as, rinne mé sin le heagal, I did that through fear; cuaid se go hEirin, he went to Ireland. (142) 3. Chum, to,
Timcioll, about, and all the expressions, formed by the union of nouns with prepositions, govern the genitive; as, (143.) Indiaiġ esrige na gealaig, After the moon's rising. Bhi me tinn air feag na I was sick during the hoidce,
Chuaid si agcionn She went to her work.
a hoibre, Reir tola De,
According to the will of
God. Ma tig á mac na cuinñé, If his son comes for him.
4. Do, to, governs the dative; and idir, between, the accusative; as, tabair an leabair do na msaib, give the book to the women!
5. All the other prepositions-govern the ablative; viz. Ag, at,
Lë, leis, with, Air, ироп,
Mar, like to, as, Ann, in,
O, ua, from, As, out of,
Os, above, Chuige, to,
Re, ris, to, Dar, by,
Roime, before, De, of,
Seaca, by, in compaFa, upon, &c.
rison with, Faoi, fuid, under, Thar, tairis, over, Gan, without,
Tre, trid, through, Go, gus, to,
Um, uime, aboút; as, Deiriġ me uair roime la, I rose an hour before day. Ni faran se air ni air bïtIt does not fit any thing. Mil moran daoine sásta There are not many peole na gcincarimnaib, ple satisfied with their
fortunes. Ta siad air buile fa na They are cnraged at his rat,
prosperity. 6. Sometimes the government of the preposition is not observed, when gac, each, uile, all, or some such adjective comes before the substantive; as, cuaid fear le gać bean acá, a man went with every woman. (144.)
The construction of prepositions promiscuously
exemplified. Suid inaice an tsoluis, Sit near the light. Seasaṁ os cuinne an do- Stand opposite the door.
fore a year.
Na tar am amarc, Donot come into my sight. Na bi a mbaile mdr, 'no Be not in a city or castle
a gcaislean, gan bean without a woman to air do leïtsgeul,
befriend you. Rinne me so le heagal, I did this for fear: Ceitre troiġe air doim- Three feet in depth.
neaċd, Chuaid se fan mbaile, He went throughout or
about the town. Chuaid se cum an baile, He went to the town. Chuaid si agcuinne mine, 'She went for meal. A ndeiread na hoidče, In the latter part of the
night. Rača sise faoi Dhonnać, Shewill go before Sunday. Beid si posda faoi ceann She will be married be
bliadna, Roime luide na hoidce, Before night fall. Mar mnaoi a biad faoi As a woman who would lean dub,
be under melancholy. Ta si neamacfuinea ċair She is incapable of telling
breug a innse, Bhi sròn cam air Gholl
, Gaul had a crooked nose. Mar méaraib fear ag si- Like the fingers of men nim teud,
playing harps. Ta sin do rèir na firinne, That is conformable to
the truth. Is cosmuil le firinne è, It is like the truth. Sgriobain air uairib le I write sometimes by car
solas coindle, Is cosmuil le bosga snapi- It is like a snuff-box.
sin è, Bionn si na gconinaig sa She dwells in yonder teaċ mor ud,
Se sin an bealac go Baile- That is the way to Duo at-cliat,
lin. An bfuil a fios agad ca Do you know whom I air a bfuil gean agam?
love 2 Is iomda fear saidbir gan There is many a rich man suaiṁneas,
without tranquillity: Is beag a solas san tsao- He has little pleasure in gal,
the world. Is le na natair e, It is their father's. Tabeoir a dtiġ is aguibse, There is beer in your
house. Ni raibeamar a caint fad We were not speaking atairse,
about your father. Ni lem 'toil a pos si è, It was not with my will
that she married him. Ta mac san arm aige,
He has a son in the army. Abair focal no do don Repeat a word or two of amran,
.' Ameasg mac na sagairt, Among the sons of the
priests. Do peacamairne anagaid We have sinned against De,
God. Do deana se siot a dtaoib He shall make peace cona peacaid,
cerning his sin. Thainic se go hAlbainn, He came to Scotland.
1. The conjunctions agus, and, no, or, na, than, and the like, have the same moods, and cases, after them that go before them; as, amuil mar ata, agus
bias go bratac, as it was, and is, and shall be for ever; tosaí an lae agus na hoibre, the beginning of the day and of the work. (145.)
2. Mar, as, o, since, sul, before that, ma, if, múr, if not, na, than, gur, that, and their compounds, aspirate; as,
Račam leis ma 'tig se Let us go with him, if linn,
he come with us.' Fagaim bàs, o connairc' Let me die, since I have me do gnuis,
seen thy face. 3. Go, that, da, if, muna, if not, nać, that, and their compounds, eclipse, and prefix n to vowels; as, (146) Deirim go dtainic se I say that he came over.
anall, Uč nač bfuilid mo briat. O that my words were
ra anois sgriob'ta, now written. Muna bfillead se uaim, If he had not turned
The construction of conjunctions promiscuously
exemplified. Ma cuala tu me,
If you heard me. Ge gur buail me e, Although that I struck
hin. Ge go mbuailfinn e, Although I had struck
him. Muna dtiucfad aonduine Unless some one would na cuinne,
come for him. Cluinim go bposfar bean I hear that one of the aca,
women will be mar
hundred battles. Ni bifuaras blas bid no There was not a taste of dige,
mcat or drink found. Ar an abar sin fuigfid an Therefore shall a man fear a atair, agus a
leave his father and matair,