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in Irish, than in any modern language; and corresponds, remarkably with the idiom of the Greek language.
J28. There is a considerable latitude in the use of this expression. When any thing is to be expressed positively, or definitively, the consuetudinal form is hardly ever used.
129. This corresponds exactly with the second supine,; iņ Latin; as, greanmhar le faicsin, dulce visu, pleasant to see; or to be seen.
130. It is not easy to account for this distinction between masculines and feminines; and, although generally used, it appears almost entirely arbitrary.
131. Chum, for the purpose, is commonly used before the jofinitive; as, chuaidh se chum contas a thabhairt, he went to give an account. In rapid speaking, the sign do, or a, is omitted before the infinitive; as, ni tharla dhamh a leithid sin fhaicşin ariamh, I never happened to see the like. And this elliptical form has been adopted in writing, also.
132. Even nouns, and adjectives, are sometimes used in the same manner as reflected verbs; as, ta me mo shnan, I am (in) my sleep; bhi me mo thoirchinn suain, I was (in) my drowsy sleep, or rest.
133. There were some auxiliary verbs in use, anciently, which it is useless to enumerate here, as they are not met with, in any recent manuscript, or publication.
134. This distinction must be considered as purely logical; it is a very nice one, yet the native and illiterate Irish never err in the use of it,
135. May there not be an ellipsis of some noun, after ann? Or is ann here equivalent to the Greek wy, being? 136. This is upon the same principle, that monosyllabic
, adjectives, prefixed to their nouns, aspirate them. See page 9.5, rule 5*.
137. Passive verbs are not susceptible of any influence from particles,
138. This dative, however, is not governed by the adverb, bọt by the preposition do, to, which follows it; as, angar don teine, near the fire. 139. This ablative is governed by de, of, ag, at, as,.
out of, or the like; by which the adverb is followed.
140. There is some variety, in the different provinces of Ireland, with respect to the prepositions that aspirate, &c. according to the ear of the speaker; but it is impossible to specify these local varieties.
141. The influence of iar, in this place, is the same as upon verbs. See note 137.
142. Re, with, was commonly written, some time since; and still is, in the Scottish Galic; having the same infinence with le.
143. It is evident, that the genitive here is governed by the noun, which forms the principal part of these expressions.
144. This is a licence taken, for sound's sake, deviating from strict orthography, but commonly received, in speaking, and writing.
145. “ When two or more nouns, coupled by a conjunction, are governed by a preposition, it is usual to repeat the preposition before each noun; as, air fad agus air leithead, in length and in breadth.” Stewart, 165.
146. The influence of some other conjunctions varies, according to the idiom of the place, but the only authentic and original ones are here expressed.
147. It is not uncommon to say, a thiarna Dia, or a thiarna, a Dhe; but the first of these expressions is ungrammatical, and the latter is only a distinct vocative.
148. The adjective, being joined to the noun, is aspirated in this case; and the pronoun may be aspirated or not, according to the ear of the speaker.
END OF PART I.