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the world, received at that time a present more has a prevailing power over the strength of valuable than the possession of both the Indies. the bead, yet the strength of the head has but She was then in her early bloom, with an un- small force against the weakness of the heart. derstanding and discretion very little inferior Osmyn, therefore, struggled in vain to revive to the most experienced matrons. She was departed desire ; and for that reason resolved not beholden to the charms of her sex, that her to retire to one of his estates in the country, company was preferable to any Osmyn could and pass away his hours of wedlock in the meet with abroad; for, were all she said con- noble diversions of the field; and in the fury sidered without regard to her ing a woman, of a disappointed lover, made an oath to leave it might stand the examination of the severest neither stag, fox, or hare living, during the judges. She bad all the beauty of her own days of his wife. Besides that country-sports sex, with all the conversation-accomplishments would be an amusement, he hoped also that of ours. But Osmyn very soon grew surfeited his spouse would be balf killed by the very sense with the charms of her person by possession, of seeing this town no more, and would think and of her mind by want of taste; for he was her life ended as soon as she left it.
He comone of that loose sort of men, who have but municated his design to Elmira, who received one reason for setting any value upon the fair it, as now she did all things, like a person too sex ; who consider even brides but as new wo unhappy to be relieved or afflicted by the cirmen, and consequently neglect them when cumstance of place. This unexpected resigthey cease to be such. All the merit of Elmira nation made Osmyn resolve to be as obliging could not prevent her becoming a mere wife to her as possible; and if he could not prevail within few months after her nuptials ; and upon himself to be kind, he took a resolution Osmyn had so little relish for her conversation, at least to act sincerely, and communicate that he complained of the advantages of it. frankly to her the weakness of his temper, to
My spouse,' said he to one of his companions, excuse the indifference of his behaviour. He ‘is so very discreet, so good, so virtuous, and disposed his housebold in the way to Rutland, I koow not what, that I think her person is so as he and his lady travelled only in the coach ratber the object of esteem than of love; and for the convenience of discourse. They had there is such a thing as a merit which causes not gone many miles out of town, when Osmyn rather distance than passion. But there being spoke to this purpose : ao medium in the state of matrimony, their ‘My dear, I believe I look quite as silly now life began to take the usual gradations to be. I am going to tell you I do not love you, as come the most irksome of all beings. They grew when I first told you I did. We are now going in the first place very complaisant; and having into the country together, with only one hope at heart a certain knowledge that they were for making this life agreeable, survivorship: indifferent to each other, apologies were made desire is not in our power; mine is all gone for for every little circumstance which they thought you. What shall we do to carry it with debetrayed their mutual coldness. This lasted cency to the world, and hate one another with but few montbs, when they showed a difference discretion ?' of opinion in every trifle; and, as a sign of The lady answered, without the least obsercertain decay of affection, the word 'perhaps,' vation on the extravagance of his speech : was introduced in all their discourse. 'I have ‘My dear, you have lived most of your days a miod to go to the park,' says she; 'but per- in a court, and I have not been wholly unachaps, my dear, you will want the coach on quainted with that sort of life. In courts, you some other occasion.' He'would very willingly see good-will is spoken with great warmth, carry ber to the play; but perhaps she had ill-will covered with great civility. Men are rather go to lady Centaur's and play at Ombre.' long in civilities to those they late, and short They were both persons of good discerniog, in expressions of kindness to those they love. and soon found that they mortally hated each Therefore, my dear, let us be well-bred still; other by their manner of hiding it. Certain and it is no matter, as to all who see us, whether it is, that there are some genios which are not we love or hate : and to let you see how much capable of pure affection, and a man is born you are bebolden to me for my conduct, I have with talents for it as much as for poetry or both hated and despised you, my dear, this any other science.
half-year; and yet neither in language or beOsmyn began too late to find the imperfec- haviour has it been visible but that I loved tion of bis own heart, and used all the methods you tenderly. Therefore, as I know you go in the world to correct it, and argue himself out of town to divert life in pursuit of beasts, into return of desire and passion for his wife, and conversation with men just above them; by the contemplation of her excellent qualities, so, my life, from this moment, I shall read all his great obligatious to her, and the high value the learned cooks who have ever writ; study he saw all the world except himself did put broths, plasters, and conserves, until, from a upon her. But such is man's unbappy condi- fine lady, I become a notable woman. We tion, that though the weakness of the heart | must take our minds a note or two lower, of
The valiant never taste of death but once.
we shall be tortured by jealousy or anger. | of what we are to expect in a person of his way Thus, I am resolved to kill all keen passions, of thinking. Shakspeare is your pattern. In by employing my mind un little subjects, and the tragedy of Cæsar he introduces his hero lessening the easiness of my spirit; while you, iu his night-gown. He bad at that time al my dear, with much ale, exercise, and ill com- the power of Rome: deposed consuls, subor. pany, are so good as to endeavour to be as dinate generals, and captive princes might contemptible as it is necessary for my quiet have precedea him ; but his genius was above I should think you.'
such mechanic methods of showing greatness. At Rutland they arrived, and lived with great | Therefore, be rather presents tbat great soul but secret impatience for many successive years, debating upon the subject of life and death until Osmyn thought of a happy expedient to with bis intimate friends, without endeavouring give their affairs a new turn. One day he took to prepossess his audience with empty show Elinira aside, and spoke as follows:
and poinp. When those wbo attend him talk My dear, you see here the air is so tempe. of the many omens which had appeared that rate and serene; the rivulets, the groves, and day, he answers : soil, so extremely kind to nature, that we are
“Cowards die many times before their deaths; stronger and firiner in our health since we left! the town; so that there is no hope of a release Of all the wonders that I yet have hearil, in this place; but, if you will be so kind as to go
It seems to me most strange that men shonld fear;
Sering that death, a necessary epi, with me to my estate in the hundreds of Essex,
Will come, when it will come. it is possible some kind damp may one day or other relieve us. If you will condescend to 'When the hero has spoken this sentiment, accept of this offer, I will add that whole there is nothing that is great which cannot be Estate to your joiuture in this country.' expected from one, whose first position is the
Elmira, who was all goodness, accepted the contempt of death to so high a degree, as to offer, removed accordingly, and has left ber make his exit a thing wholly indifferent, and not spouse in that place to rest with his fathers. a part of his care, but that of heaven and fate.'
This is the real figure in wbich Elmira oug!ıt to be bebeld in this town; and not thought
St. James's Coffee-house, August 10. guilty of an indecorum, in not professing the Letters from Brussels of the fifteenth instant, sense, or bearing the habit of sorrow, for one N. S. say, that major-general Ravignan re. who robbed her of all the endearments of life, turned on the eighth, with the French king's and gave her only common civility, instead of answer to the intended capitulation for the complacency of manners, dignity of passion, citadel of Tournay, which is that he does not and that constant assemblage of soft desires think fit to sign that capitulation, except the and affections which- all feel who love, but allies will grant a cessation of arms in general, none can express.
during the time in which all acts of hostility
were to have ceased between the citadel and Will's Coffee-hvuse, August 10. the besiegers. Soon after the receipt of this Mr. Truman, who is a mighty admirer of news, the cannon on each side began to play. dramatic poetry, and knows I am about a tra. There are two attacks against the citadel, conigedy, never meets me, but he is giving admo- manded by general Lottum and general Schuynitions and hints for my conduct. ‘Mr. Bicker- lemberg, which are both carried on with great staff,' said he, ‘I was reading last niglit your success; and it is not doubted but the citadel second act you were so kind to lend me: but will be in the hands of the allies before last I find you depend mightily upon the retinue day of this month. Letters from Ipres say, of your hero to make bim magnificent. You that on the ninth instant part of the garrison make guards, and ushers, and courtiers, and of that place had mutinied in two bodies, each commons, and nobles, march before; and then consisting of two hundred; who being dispersed enters your prince, and says, they cannot de. the same day, a body of eight hundred appeared fend him from bis luve. Wby, pr’ythee, Isaac, in the market-place at nine the night following, who ever thought they could ? Place me your and seized all manner of provisions, but were loving monarch in a solitude ; let him have no with much difficulty quieted. The governor sense at all of his grandeur, but let it be eaten has not punished any of the offenders, the disup with his passion. He must value bimself satisfaction being universal in that place; and as the greatest of lovers, not as the first of it is thought the officers foment those disorders, princes : and then let him say a more tender that the ministry may be convinced of the thing than ever man said before-forbis feather necessity of paying those troops, and supplying and eagle's beak are nothing at all. The man them with provisions. These advices add, that is to be expressed by his sentiments and affec-on the fourteenth the marquis d'Este passed tions, and not by bis fortune or equipage. You express through Brussels from the duke of are also to take care, that at his first entrance Savoy, with advice that the army of his royal he says something, which may give us an idea 1 highness bad forced the retrenchments of the
enemy in Savoy, and defeated that body of men one, but that she is bis mistress. And he has which guarded those passes under the com- himself often said, were be married to any one mand of the marquis de Thouy.
else, he would rather keep Laura than any woman living ; yet allows, at the same time,
that Phillis, were she a woman of honour, No. 54.] Suturday, August 13, 1709.
would have been the most insipid animal breath
ing. The other day Laura, who has a voice Quicquid agunt homines.
like an angel, began to sing to him, 'Fie, - Dosri est farrago libeli. Jiv. Sat. i. 85, 86.
madam,' he cried. 'we must be past all these Whate'er men do, or say, or think, or dream, Our Motley paper seizes for its theme.
P. gayties.' Phillis has a note as rude and as
loud as that of a milk-maid: when she beWhite's Chocolate-house August, 12. gins to warble, 'Well,' says be, 'there is such
a pleasing simplicity in all that wench does.' OF THE GOVERNMENT OF AFFECTION,
In a word, the affectionate part of his heart When labour was pronounced to be the por being corrupted, and his true taste that way tion of man, that doom reached the affections wholly lost, he has contracted a prejudice to of bis mind, as well as his person, the matter all the behaviour of Laura, and a general paron which he was to feed, and all the animal tiality in favour of Phillis. It is not in the and vegetable world about him. There is, power of the wife to do a pleasing thing, nor therefore, an assiduous care and cultivation to in the mistress to commit one that is disagreebe bestowed upon our passions and affections; able. There is something too melancholy in for they, as they are the excrecences of our the reflection on this circumstance, to be the souls like our hair and beards, look horrid or subject of raillery. He said a sour thing to becoming, as we cut or let them grow. All Laura at dinner the other day ; upon which
this grave preface is meant to assign a reason she burst into tears. “What the devil, madam,' fin dature for the unaccountable behaviour of says be, 'cannot I speak in my own house ?'
Duumvir, the husband and keeper. Ten thou. He answered Phillis a little abruptly at supper sand follies had this unhappy man escaped, the same evening, upon which she threw his had be made a compact with himself to be periwig into the fire. 'Well,' said he ‘tbou art upop his guard, and not permitted his vagrant a brave termagant jade: dw you know, hussy, eye to let in so many different inclinations that fair wig cost forty guineas' Oh Laura! upon bim, as all his days he has been perplexed is it for this that the faithful Cromius sighed with. But.indeed, at present, he bas brought for you in vain? How is thy condition altered, bimself to be confined only to one prevailing since crowds of youth hung on thy eye, and mistress ; between whom and his wife, Duum- watibed its glances? It is not many months vir passes his hours in all the vicissitudes which since Laura was the wonder and pride of her attend passion and affection, without the in- own sex, as well as the desire and passion of tervention of reason. Laura his wife, and ours. At plays and at halls, the just turn of Phillis his mistress, are all with whom he has her behaviour, the decency of her virgin bad, for some months, the least amorous com- charms, chastised, yet added to diversions. At merce. Duumvir has passed the noon of life ; public devotions, her winning modesty, her but cannot withilraw from those entertainments resigned carriage, made virtue and religion which are pardonable only before that stage appear with new ornaments, and in the natural of our being, and which, after that season, are apparel of simplicity and beauty. In ordinary rather punishments than satisfactions : for conversations, a sweet conformity of manners, pallod appetite is humourous, and must be and a humility which heightened all the comgratified with sauces rather than food. For placencies of good-breeding and cducation, which end Duumvir is provided with a haughty, gave her more slaves than all the pride of her imperious, expensive, and fantastic mistress, sex ever made women wish for. Laura's hours to whom he retires from the conversation of are now spent in the sad reflection on her an affable, humble, discreet, and affectionate choice, and that deceitful vanity, almost insewise. Laura receives bim after absence, with parable from the sex, of believing she could an easy and unaffected complacency; but reclaim one that had so often epshared others; that he calls insipid : Phillis rates bim for his as it now is, it is not even in the power of absence, and bids him return from whence he Duumvir himself to do her justice: for though came; this be calls spirit and fire ; Laura's beauty and merit are things real and indepengentleness is thought mean; Phillis's insolence, dent on taste and opinion, yet agreeableness sprightly. Were you to see him at his own is arbitrary, and the mistress bas much the bome, and his mistress's lodgings; to Phillis advantage of the wife. But whenever fate is be appears an obsequious lover, to Laura an so kind to her and her spouse as to end ler imperious master. Nay, so unjust is the taste days, with all this passion for Phillis and inof Duunivir, that he owns Laura has no ill difference for Laura, he has a second wife in quality, but that she is his wife ; Phillis no good view, who may avenge the injuries done to her predecessor. Aglaura is the destined lady, j atonement for certain of your paragraphs whicle who has lived in assemblies, bas ambition and have not been highly approved by us. play for her entertainment, and thinks of a
I am, Sir, man, not as the object of love, but the tool of
'Your most humble servant, ner interest or pride. If ever Aglaura comes
* JEOFFRY CHANTICLEER.' to the empire of this inconstant, sbe will en- It is wonderful that there should be such a dear the memory of ber predecessor. But, in general lamentation, and the grievance su frethe mean time, it is melancholy to consider, quent, and yet the offender never know any chat the virtue of a wife is like the merit of a thing of it. I have received the following letter poet, never justly valued until after death.
from my kinsman at the Heralds-office, near
the same place. From my own Apartment, August 11.
· DEAR COUSIN, As we have professed that all the actions of • This office, which has had its share in the men are our subject, the most solemn are not impartial justice of your censures, demands to be omitted, if there happens to creep into at present your vindication of their rights and their behaviour any thing improper for such privileges. There are certain bours when our occasions. Therefore, the offence mentioned young heralds are exercised in the faculties of in the following epistles, though it may seem making proclamation, and other vociferations, to be committed in a place sacred from obser which of right belong to us only to utter : but, vation, is such, that it is our duty to remark at the same hours, Stentor in St. Paul's Church, upon it; for though he who does it is himself in spite of the coaches, carts, London cries, only guilty of an indecorum, he occasions a and all other sounds between us, exalts his oriminal levity in all others who are present throat to so high a key, that the most noisy at it.
of our order is utterly unheard. If you please
to observe upon this, you will ever oblige, &c.' St. Paul's Charch-Yard, "MR. BICKERSTAFF, Angost 11.
There have been communicated to me some • It being mine as well as the opinion of other ill consequences from the same cause ; many others, that your papers are extremely as, the overturning of coaches by sudden starts well fitted to reform any irregular or indecent of the horses as they passed that way, women practice, i present the following as one which pregnant frightened, and heirs to families lost ; requires your correction. Myself, and a great which are public disasters, though arising from many good people who frequent the divine a good intention : but it is hoped, after this service at St. Paul's, have been a long time admonition, that Stentor will avoid an act of scandalized by the imprudent conduct of so great supererogation, as singing without a Stentor* in that cathedral. This gentleman, voice. you must know, is always very exact and zea.
But I am diverted from prosecuting Sten. lous in his devotion, which I believe nobody tor's reformation, by an account, that the two blames; but then he is accustomed to roar faithful lovers, Lisander and Coriana, are dead ; and hellow su terribly loud in the responses, for, no longer ago than the first day of the last that he frightens even us of the congregation month, they swore eternal fidelity to each who are daily used to him; and one of our other, and to love until death. Ever since petty canons, a punning Cambridge scholar, that time, Lisander has been twice a day at calls his way of worship a Bull-offering. His the chocolate-house, visits in every circle, is harsh untuneable pipe is no more fit than a missing four hours in four-and-twenty, and will raveu's to join with the music of a choir; yet, give no account of himself. These are un nobody having been enough bis friend, I sup.doubted proofs of the departure of a lover; pose, to inform him of it, he never fails, when and consequently Coriana is also dead as a mispresent, to drown the harmony of every hymn I have written to Stentor, to give this and anthem, by an inundation of sound beyond couple three calls at the church-door, which that of the bridge at the ebb of the tide, or they must hear if they are living within the the neighbouring lions in the anguish of their bills of mortality; and if they do not answer at hunger. This is a grievance, which, to my that time, they are from that moment added certain knowledge, several worthy people de to the number of my defunct. sire to see redressed ; and if, by inserting this epistle in your paper, or by representing the matter your own way, you can convince Sten- No. 55.] Tuesday, August 16, 1709. tor, that discord in a choir is the same sin that
Paulo majora cananus. Virg. Ecl. iv. l. schism is in the church in general, you would
Begin a loftier strain. lay a great obligation upon us; and make some
White's Chocolate-house, August 15.
While others are busied in relations which • Dr. William Stanley, dean of St. Paul's. concern the interest of princes, the peace of
nations, and revolutions of empire ;* I think, knew her voice, and could speak no more than though these are very great subjects, my theme 'Oh me! are you my mother?' and fainted. of discourse is sometimes to be of matters of a The whole room, you will easily conceive, were yet higher consideration. The slow steps of very affectionately employed in recovering him; providence and nature, and strange events but, above all, the young gentlewoman who which are brought about in an instant, are loved him, and whom he loved, shrieked in the what, as they come within our view and ob- loudest manner. That voice seemed to have servation, shall be given to the public. Such a sudden effect upon him as he recovered, and things are not accompanied with show and he showed a double curiosity in observing her noise, and therefore seldom draw the eyes of as she spoke and called to him, until at last the unattentive part of mankind; but are very be broke out, 'What has been done to me? proper at once to exercise our humanity, please Whither am I carried? Is all this about me our imaginations, and improve our judgments. the thing I have heard so often of? Is this the It may not, therefore, be unuseful to relate light? Is this seeing? Were you always thus many circumstances, which were observable happy, when you said you were glad to see each upon a late cure done upon a young gentleman other? Where is Tom, who used to lead me? who was born blind, and on the twenty-ninth But I could now, methinks, go any where of June last received his sight, at the age of without him.' He offered to inove, but seemed twenty years, by the operation of an oculist. afraid of every thing around him. When they This happened no farther off than Newington, saw bis difficulty, they told him, until he beand the work was prepared for in the following came better acquainted with his new being,
he must let the servant still lead him. The The operator, Mr. Grant, having observed boy was called for, and presented to him, the eyes of his patient, and convinced his Mr. Caswell asked him, 'what sort of thing friends and relations, among others the reverend he took Tom to be before he had seen him? Mr. Caswell, minister of the place, that it was He answered,' he believed there was not so highly probable that he should remove the ob- much of him as of himself; but he fancied him stacle which prevented the use of his sight; the same sort of creature! The noise of this all his acquaintance, who had any regard for sudden change made all the neighbourhood the young man, or curiosity to be present when throng to the place where he was.
As he saw one of full age and understanding received a the crowd thickening, be desired Mr. Caswell new sense, assembled themselves on this occa- to tell him how many there were in all to be sion. Mr. Caswell, being a gentleman parti- seen. The gentleman, smiling, answered him, cularly curious, desired the whole company, that ' it would be very proper for him to rein case the blindness should be cuted, to keep turn to his late condition, and suffer his eyes silence; and let the patient make his own ob- to be covered, until they had received strength: servations, without the direction of any thing for he might remember well enough, that by be had received by his other senses, or the ad- degrees he had from little and little come to vantage of discovering his friends by their the strength he had at present in his ability of voices. Among several others, the mother, walking and moving; and that it was the same brethren, sisters, and a young gentlewoman, thing with his eyes, which,' he said, would for whom be had a passion, were present. The lose the power of continuing to him that wonwork was performed with great skill and dex- derful transport he was now in, except he terity. When the patient first received the would be contented to lay aside tbe use of dawn of light, there appeared such an ectasy them, until they were strong enough to bear ia bis action, that be seemed ready to swoon the light without so much feeling as he knew away in the surprise of joy and wonder. The be underwent at present.' With much relucsurgeon stood before him with his instruments ranre he was prevailed upon to have his eyes in bis bands. The young man observed him bound; in which condition they kept him in from head to fout ;'after which he surveyed a dark room, until it was proper to let the himself as carefully, and seemed to compare organ receive its objects without further prehim to himself ; and, observing butb their caution. During the time of this darkness, he bands, seemed to think they were exactly alike, bewailed himself in the most distressed manner; except the instruments, which he took for parts and accused all his friends, complaining that of his bands. When be bad continued in this some jacantation had been wrought upon amazement some time, his mother could not him, and some strange magic used to deceive longer bear the agitations of so mauy passions bim into ar opinion that he had enjoyed what as thronged upon ber; but fell upon bis neck, they called sight.' He added, ' that the imciring out, “My son! my son! The youth pressions then let in upon his soul would cer.
tainly distract him, if he were not so at that The name of the young man, who is the principal sub-present. At another time, he would strive to ject of this paper, was William Jones of Newington Butts, who, it is said, was born blind, and brought to his sight at
name the persons be bad seen among the crowd age of twenty.
after he was couched, and would pretend to