Imatges de pÓgina
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not according to liis behaviour, his thoughts, men and slaves, that they who command have a
and sentiments, in that condition. For if a just sense of human nature itself, by which they
mau be loaded with riches and honours, and in can temper the haughtiness of the master, and
that state of life has thoughts and inclinations soften the servitude of the slave Hæ tibi
below the meanest artificer; is not such an ar- erunt artes. This is the notion with which
tificer, who, within his power, is good to his those the plantation receive Eboracensis .
friends, moderate in his demands for his law and as I have cast bis nativity, I find there
bour, and cheerful in his occupation, very much will be a record made of this person's adminis-
superior tự him who lives for no other end but tration; and on that part of the shore from
to serve himself, and assumes a preference in whence be embarks to return from his govern-
all his words and actions to those who act their ment, there will be a monuments with these
part with much more grace than himself? words : ' Here the people wept, and took leave
Epictetus has made use of the similitude of a of Eboracensis, the first governor our mother
stage-play to human life with much spirit. 'It Felicia sent, who, during his command here,
is not,' says be, ' to be considered among the believed himself her subject.'
actors, who is prince, or who is beggar, but who
acts prince or beggar best.' The circumstance

White's Chocolate-house, September 16.
of life should not be that which gives us place, The following letter wants such sudden de-
but our behaviour in that circumstance is what spatch, that all things else must wait for this
should be our solid distinction. Thus a wise time :
man should think no man above him or below

Sept. 13, Equal day and night. hini, any further than it regards the outward There are two ladies, who, having a good order or discipline of the world : for, if we con- opinion of your taste and judgment, desire you ceive too great an idea of the eminence of our to make use of them in the following particu. superiors, or subordination of our inferiors, it lar, which perhaps you may allow very extrawill bave an ill effect upon our behaviour to ordinary. The two ladies before-mentioned both. He wlio thinks no man above him but have, a considerable time since, contracted a for his virtue, none below him but for his vice, more sincere and constant friendship than their can never be obsequious or assuming in a wrong adversaries, the men, will allow consistent with place; but will frequently emulate men in rauk the frailty of female nature; and being, from below him, and pity those above him.

a long acquaintance, convinced of the perfect This sense of mankind is so far from a le- agreement of their tempers, have thought upon veiling principle, that it only sets us upon a an expedient to vent their separation, and true basis of distinction, and doubles the merit cannot think any so effectual (since it is comiof such as become their condition. A man in mon for love to destroy friendship) as to give power, wbu can, without the ordinary prepos- up both their liberties to the same person in sessions which stop the way to the true know-marriage. The gentleman they have pitehed ledge and service of mankind,'overlook the little upon is neither well bred nor agreeable, his distinctions of fortune, raise obscure merit, and understanding moderate, and his person never discountenance successful indesert, has, in the designed to charm women; but having so ininds of koowing men, the figure of an angel much self-interest in bis nature, as to be satisrather than a man; and is above the rest of fied with making double contracts, upon conmen in the highest character he can be, even dition of receiving double fortunes; and most that of their benefactor.

men being so far sensible of the uneasiness that Turning my thoughts, as I was taking my one woman occasions ; they think him, for pipe this evening, aster this manner, it was no these reasons, the most likely person of their small delight to me to receive advice from Fe- acquaintance to receive these proposals. Upon licia, that Eboracensis* was appointed a go- all other accounts, he is the last man either vernor of one of their plantations. As I am a of them would choose, yet for this, preferable to great lover of mankind, I took part in the hap- all the rest. They desire to know your opinion piness of that people who were to be governed the next post, resolving to defer farther proby one of so great humanity, justice, and ho- ceeding, until they have received it. Eboracensis has read all the schemes

I am, Sir, which writers bave formed of government and

Your unknown, unthought of, order, and has been long conversant with men

humble servant, who have the reins in their hands; so that he

• BRIDGET EITHIERSIDE. can very well distinguish between chimerical and practical politics. It is a great blessing,

This is very extraordinary; and much might when men have to deal with such different be objected by me, who am something of a Characters in the same species as those of free civilian, to the case of two marrying the same

mau: but these ladies are, I perceive, frtta

thinkers; and therefore I shall speak only to * Dr. Sharp, archbishop of York.

the prudential part of this design, merely as

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a philosopher, withont entering into the merits and desired me, on that occasion, to write a of it in the ecclesiastical or civil law. These whole paper on the subject of valour, and ex constant friends, Piladea and Orestea, are at plain bow that quality, which must be posa loss to preserve their friendship from the en- sessed by whole armies, is so bighly preferable croachments of love: for which end they have in one man rather than another; and how resolved upon a fellow who cannot be the ob- the same actions are but mere acts of duty in ject of affection or esteem to either, and con- some, and instances of the most heroic virtue sequently cannot rob one of the place each has in others. He advises me not to fail, in this in her friend's heart. But in all my reading discourse, to mention the gallantry of the (and I have read all that the sages of love bave prince of Nassau in this last engagement; writ) I have found the greatest dauger in jea- who, when a battalion made a halt in the face lousy. The ladies, indeed, to avoid this passion, of the enemy, snatched the colours out of the choose a sad fellow; but if they would be ad- bands of the ensigt, and planted them just be rised by me, they had better have each her fore the line of the enemy, calling to that bat worthless inan; otherwise, he that was despi- talion to take care of their colours if they had cable, while he was indifferent to them, will no regard to him. Mr. Kidney bas my promise become valuable when he seems to prefer one to obey him in this particular, on the first octo the other.

casion that offers. I remember in the history of Don Quixote of

Mr. Bickerstaff is now compiling exact acla Mancha, there is a memorable passage, which counts of the pay of the militia, and the comopens to us the weakness of our nature in such mission-officers under the respective lieutenanparticulars. The Don falls into discourse with cies of Great Britain ; in the first place, of - a gentleman, whom he calls 'the Knight of those of London and Westminster; and in the Green Cassock,' and is invited to his house. regard that there are no common soldiers, bu. When he comes there, he runs into discourse all house-keepers, or representatives of houseand panegyric upon the economy, the goverb-keepers, in these bodies, the sums raised by the ment, and order of his family, the education of officers shall be looked into; and their fellow his children, and, lastly, on the singular wisdom soldiers, or rather fellow-travellers from one of him who dispused things with that exact- part of the town to the other, not defrauded ness. The gentleman makes a soliloquy to of the ten pounds allowed for the subsistence bimself: Ő irresistible power of flattery of the troops. Though I know this is a madman, I cannot help being taken with his applause.' The

Whereas, nut very long since, at a ladies will find this much more true in the between Fleet-bridge and Charing-cross, some case of their lover; and the woman he most certain polite gentlemen thought fit to perform likes will certainly be more pleased, she whom the bacchanalian exercises of devotion, by he slights more offended, than she can imagine dancing without clothes on, after the manner before she has tried. Now, I humbly propose, of the Præ-Adamites: this is to certify those that they both marry coxcombs whom they are persons, that there is no manner of wit or sure they cannot like, and then they may be humour in the said practice; and that the pretty secure against the change of affection, beadles of the parish are to be at their next which they fear; and, by that means, preserv- meeting, where it is to be examined, whether ing the temperature under which they now they are arrived at want of feeling, as well as write, enjoy, duriug life,' Equal day and night.' want of shame ?

Whereas a chapel clerk was lately taken St. James's Coffee-house, September 16.

in a garret on a flock-bed, with two of the fair There is no manner of news ; but people sex, who are usually employed in sisting cin10w spend their time in coffee-houses in re- ders: this is to let him know, that if he perflections upon the particulars of the late glo-sists in being a scandal both to laily and clergy, rious day, and collecting the several parts of as being, as it were, both and neither, the names the action, as they are produced in letters from of the nymphs who were with him shall be private hands, or notices given to us hy ac- priuted; therefore, he is desired, as he tenders counts in public papers. A pleasant gentleman, the reputation of his ladies, to repent. alluding to the great fences through which we pierced, said this evening, 'the French thought

Mr. Bickerstaff has received information, themselves on the right side of the hedge, but that an eminent and noble preacher in the chief it proved otherwise. Mr. Kidney, * who has congregation of Great Britain, for fear of being loog conversed with, and filled tea for, the thought guilty of presbyterian fervency and most consummate politicians, was pleased to extemporary prayer, lately read bis, before give me an account of this piece of ribaldry ; lihat be made the congregation large amends

sermon; but the same advices acknowledging by the shortness of his discourse, it is thought fit to make no further observatiou upon it.


A waiter at the St. James's Coffee house.


No. 70.] Tuesday, September 20, 1709. cach of these purts by the outward organs of.
Quicquid agunt homines,

the eye and ear; that, therefore, which is con- nostri est farrago libclli. Juv. Sat. i, 85, 86. veyed to the understanding and passions by Whatever goo:l is done, whatever ill

only one of these organs, will not affect us so By human kiuri, shall this collection Oll.

much as that which is transmitted throngh

both. From my own Apartment, September 19.

I cavuot but think your charge is just The following letter, in prosecution of what Great Britain, who deliver the most excellent

against a great part of the learned clergy of I have lately asserted, has urged that matter discourses with such coldness and indifference, so much better than I had, that I insert it as

that it is no great wonder the unintelligent I received it. These testimonials are custo

many of their congregations fall asleep. Thus mary with us learned men, and sometimes are suspected to be written by the author; but I contrary fate to that of Demosthenes you men

it happens that their orations meet with a quite fear no one will suspect me of this.

tioned; for as that lost much of its beauty and

force by being repeated to the magistrates of
London, Sepi. 15, 170).

Rhodes without the winning action of that
‘Having read your lucubrations of the tenth
instant, I cannot but entirely agree with you gentlemen never appear with so little grace,

great orator ; so the performances of these in your notion of the scarcity of men who can

and to so much disadvantage, as when delivered either read or speak. For my part, I have by themselves from the pulpit. Hippocrates, lived these thirty years in the world, and yet being sent for to a patient in this city, and, have observed but very few who could do either having selt his pulse, enquired into the symptoms in any tolerable manner; among which few, of his distemper; and finding that it proceeded you must understand that I reckon myself. in great measure from want vs sleep, advises How far eloqnence, set off with the proper bis patient withi an air of gravity, to be carried ornaments of voice and gesture, will prevail

to church tu hear a suroon, not doubling but over the passions, and bow cold and unaffect

that it would dispose bim for the rest he ing the best oration in the world would be

wanted. If some of the rules Horace gives for wiibout them, there are two remarkable innihe tlieatre were (not impro;verly) applied to, stances in the case of Ligarius, and that of Mile. Cæsar bad condemned Ligarius. llescribed as á goud opiate.

our pulpits, we should not bear a sermon precame indeed to hear what might be said ; but, thinking himself his own master, resolved not

Si vis me ilere, dolendum est

Primonine libi ----to be biass by any thing Cicero could say in bis behalf: but in this he was mistaken ; for

li you would have me weep, begin the struin. when the orator began to speak, the hero is

"A mau must himself express some concern moved, he is vanquished, and at length the criminal absolved. It must be observed, that and aliectiou in delivering his discourse, if he this famous orator was less renowned for his expects his auditory should interest themselves courage than bis eloquence; for though he in what he proposes. For, otherwise, norwithcame, at another time, prepared to defend standing the dignity and importance of the Milo with one of the best orations that anti- subject he treats of; notwithstanding the quity has produced ; yet, being seized with a weight and argument of the discourse itsell ; sudden fear, by seeing some armell men sar

yet too many will say, rounding the Forum, lie faltered in his speech,

Mile si mandata lochê, is, and became mable to exert that irresistible furce and beauty of action wbich would have saved bis client, and for want of which he was

• But it, nnmovil, yon act not what yon ?!,

l'il sleep, or laugh the liteless theme away;' condemned to banishment. As the success the former of these oricions met with appears * If there be a deficiency in the speaker, there cliefly owing to the life and graceful manner will not be a sufficient attention and regard with which it was recited (for some there are paid to the thing spoken: but, Mr. Bickerwho think it may be read without transport) staff, you know, that as too little action is so the latter seems to have failed of success cold, so too much is fulsome. Some, indeed, fur no other reason, but berau-e the orator was may think themselves accomplished speakers not in a condition to set it off with those or- for no other reason than because they can be Daments. It must be confessell, that artful loud and noisy; for surely Stentor must have sound will, with the crowil, prevail even more some design in his vociferations. But, dear than sense ; but those who are masters of both, Mr. Bickerstaff, convince them, that as harsh will ever gain the admiration of all their and irregular sound is not barmony; so neitlar hearers; and there is, I think, a very natural is banging a cushion, oratory; and, therefore, account to be given of this matter; for the in my humble opinion, a certain divine of the sensation of the head and heart are caused in first order, whom I allow otherwise to hic a

Ilor. Ars Poet. v. 102.


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Alt dorintabu, ant ridebu

Tlor. Ars Puct. ver. 114.

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great mar, would do well to leave this off; for ful pathos in its pronunciation : not that lie I tbink bis sermons would be more persuasive, desigus to expatiate in this practice ; because if he gave his auditory less disturbance. Though be cannot, as be says, apprehend what use it I cannot say that this action would be wholly may be of to mankind, whose benefit be aims improper to profane oration; yet, I think, in at in a more particular manner: and, for the a religious assembly, it gives a man too warlike, same reason, he will never more instruct the or perhaps tou theatrical a figure, to be suitable feathered kind, the parrot having been his last to a christian congregation. I am, Sir, scholar in that way. He has a wonderful fa

Your humble servant, &c.' culty in niaking and mending echoes : and this The most learned and ingenious Mr. Rose- solitary in the country; being a man born for

he will perform at any time for the use of the hat is also pleased to write to me on this sub-universal good, and for that reason recorject.

mended to your patronage hy, Sir, SIR,

Yours, &c.' 'I read with great pleasure in the Tatler of

Another learned gentlemen gives me also Saturday last the conversation upon eloquence :

this encomiuin : permit me to bint to you one thing the great Roman orator observes upon this subject;

September 16. Caput enim arbitrabatur oratoris, (he quotes 'You are now got into a useful and noble Menedemus, an Athenian,) ut ipsis apud quos subject ; take care to handle it with judgment ageret talis qualem ipse optaret videretur ; id and delicacy. I wish every young divine would fieri vite dignitate. (Tull. de Orat.) It is the give yours of Saturday last a serious perusal; first rule in oratory, that a man must appear and now you are entered upon the action of such as he would persuade others to be ; and an orator, if you would proceed to favour the that can be accomplished only by the force of world with some remarks on the mystical enhis life. I believe it might be of great service to chantments of pronunciation, what a secret let our public vrators know, that an unnatural force there is in the accents of a tunable voice, gravity or an unbecoming levity in their be- and wherefore the works of two very great men haviour out of the pulpit, will take very much of the profession could never please so well from the force of their eloquence in it. Excuse when read as heard, I shall trouble you with another scrap of Latin ; it is from one of the no more scribble. You are now in the method fathers: I think it will appear a just obser- of being truly profitable and delightful. If vation to all, and it may have authority with you can keep up to such great and sublime some : Qui autem docent tantùm, nec facient subjects, and pursue them with a suitable ipsi praceptis suis detrahunt pondus: quis enim genius, go on and prosper. Farewell.' obtemperel, cum ipsi præceptores doceam non obtemperare ! Those who teach, but do not White's Chocolate-house, September 19. act agreeably to the instructions they give to

This was left for me here, for the use of the others, take away all weight from their doc

company of the house : trine: for who will obey the precepts they inculcate, if they themselves teach us by their 'To Isaac Bickerstoff, Esquire. practice to disobey them? I am, Sir,


September, 13. Your most humble servant,

'The account you gave lately of a certain JONATHAN ROSEILAT.

dog-kennel in or near Suffolk-street, was not ' P.S. You were complaining in that paper, so punctual, as to the list of the dogs, as might that the clergy of Great Britain had not yet have been expected from a person of Mr. Bicklearned to speak; a very great defect indeed: erstaff's intelligence; for, if you will despatch and, therefore, I shall think myself a well-de- Pacolet thither some evening, it is ten to one server of the church, in recommending all the but he finds, besides those you mentioned, dumb clergy to the famous speaking doctor at Towzer, a large French mongrel, that was Kensington. This ingenious gentleman, out not long ago in a tattered condition, but has of compassion to those of a bad utterance, has now got new hair; is not fleet, but, when he placed his whole study in the new-modelling grapples, bites even to the marrow. the orgaus of voice; which art he has su far Spring a little French greyhound, that advanced, as to be able even to make a good lately made a false trip to Tunbridge. orator of a pair of bellows. He lately exbibited Sly, an old battered fox-hound, that began a specimen of his skill in this way, of which the game in France. I was informed by the worthy gentlemen then Lightfoot, a fine skinned Flanders dog, that present; who were at once delighted and belonged to a pack at Ghent; but, having list amazed to hear an instrument of so simple an Aesh, is gone to Paris, for the benefit of the air organization use an exact articulation of words, * With several otbers, that in time may be 3 just cadency in its seatences, and a wonder- I worth notice.

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'Your familiar will see also, how aoxious whether I shall allow them the favour of transthe keepers are about the prey, and, indeed, portation. not without very good reason, for they have

* MR. BICKERSTAFF, September 13. their share of every thing ; nay, not so much as a poor rabbit can be run down, but these the many vices of the age without illustrating

Observing you are not content with lashing carnivorous curs swallow a quarter of it. Some mechanics in the neighbourhood, that have each with particular characters

, it is thought entered into this civil society, and who furnish nothing would more contribute to the impres, part of the carrion and oatmeal for the dogs, sion you design by such, than always having have the skin; and the bones are picked clean regard to truth. In your Tatler of this day, by a little French shoek that belongs to the observe you allow, that nothing is so tender

as a lady's reputation ; that a stain once got family, &c. I am, Sir, 'Your humble servant, &c.

in their fame is hardly ever to be washed out,

This you grant, even when you give yourself 'I had almost forgot to tell you, that Ring leave to trifle. If so, what caution is necessary wood bites at Hampstead with false teeth.' * in handling the reputation of a man, whose

well-being in this life perhaps entirely depends

on preserving it from any wound, which, once No. 71,] Thursday, September 22, 1709. there received, too often becomes fatal and inQuicquid agunt homines

curable ? Suppose some villanous band through nostri est farrago libelli. Juv. Sul. i, 85, 86. personal prejudice, transmits materials for this Whatever good is done, whatever ill

purpose, wbich you publish to the world, and By buman kind, shall this collection fill.

afterwards become fully convinced you were

imposed on; as by this time you may be of a From my own Apartment, September 21. character you have sent into the world ; I say, I have long been, against my inclination, supposing this, I would be glad to know, what mployed in satire, and that in prosecution of reparation you think ought to be made the such persons, who are below the dignity of the person so injured, admitting you stood in his true spirit of it; such who, I fear, are not to place. Il has always been held, that a genero be reclaimed by making them only ridiculous. ous education is the surest mark of a generous The sharpers shall, therefore, have a month's mind. The former is, indeed, perspicuous in all time to themselves, free from the observation your papeis; and, I am persuaded, though you of this paper ; but I must not make a truce affect often to show the latter, yet you would without letting them know, that, at the same not keep any measures, even of christianity, time, I am preparing for a more vigorous war :

with those who should handle you in the manfor a friend of mine has promised me he will ner you do others. The application of all this employ his time in compiling such a tract, be is from your having very lately glanced at a fore the session of the ensuing parliament, as

man under a character, which, were he con. shall lay gaming home to the bosoms of all scious to deserve, he would be the first to rid who love their country or their families; and the world of bimself; and would be more justihe doubts not but it will create an act, that fiable in it to all sorts of men, than you in your shall make these rogues as scandalous as those committing such a violence on his reputation, less mischievous ones on the high road. which perhaps you niay be convinced of in an

I have received private intimations to take other manner than you deserve from him. care of my walks, and remember there are 'A man of your capacity, Mr. Bickerstaff, such things as stabs and blows: but as there should have more noble views, and pursue the never was any thing in this design which ought true spirit of satire; but I will conclude, lest to displease a man of honour, or which was I grow out of temper, avd will only beg you, not designed to offend the rascals, I shall give for your own preservation, to remember the myself very little concern for finding wbat i proverb of the pitcher.

I am yours, expected, that they would be highly provoked at these lucubrations. But, though I utterly

The proverb of the pitcher I have no regard despise the pack, I must confess I am at a stand to; but it would be an insensibility not to be at the receipt of the following letter, which pardoned, if a man could be untouched at so seems to be written by a man of sense and

warm an accusation, and that laid with so worth, who has mistaken some passage that much seeming temper. All I can say to it is, I am sure was not levelled at him. This gen that is the writer, hy the same method whereby tleman's complaints give me compunction, be conveyed this letter, shall give me an inwhen I neglect the threats of the rascals. I stance wherein I have injured any good man, cannot be in jest with the rogues any longer, or pointed at any thing which is not the true since they pretend to threaten. I do not know ohject of raillery, I shall acknowledge the

offence in as open' a manner as the press can do it, and lay down this paper for ever,

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+ Fa'se dice.

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