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screaming a lullaby. But my pain 'made me at cards with a creature of a black and borrid exalt my voice above hers, which brought up countenance, wherein were plainly delineated the nurse, the witch I first saw, and my grand- the arts of his mind, cozenage, and falsehood. mother. The girl is turned down stairs, and They were marking their game with counters. I stripped again, as well to find what ailed me, on which we could see inscriptions, imprecepas to satisfy my granam's further curiosity. This tible to any but us. My lord bad scored with pood old woman's visit was the cause of all my pieces of ivory, on wbich were writ. Good troubles. You are to understand, that I was Fame, Glory, Riches, Honour, and Posterity. hitherto bred by hand, and any body that The spectre over-against him bad on his coun. stood next gave me pap, if I did but open myters the inscriptions of Dishonour, ImpuJips; insomuch, that I was growing so cunning, Hence, Poverty, Ignorance, and want of Shame. as to pretend inyself asleep when I was not, to Bless me!' said I; sure my Lord does not prevent my being crammed. But my grand see what he plays for ?' 'As well as I do,' mother began a loud lecture upon the idleness says Pacolet. He despises that fellow he of the wives of this age, wbo, for fear of their plays with, and scorns himself for making him shapes, forbear suckling their own offspring : his companion.' At the very instant he was and ten purses were immediately sent fur; one speaking, I saw the fellow who played with my was whispered to have a wanton eye, and lord, bide two cards in the roll of his stocking: would soon spoil ber milk ; another was in a Pacolet immediately stole them from thence ; consumption ; the third had an ill voice, and upon which the nobleman soon after won the would frighten ne instead of lulling me to

The little

he appeared in, sleep. Such exceptions were made against all when he got such a trifting stock of ready but one country milch-wench, to whom I was money, though he had ventured so great sums committed, and put to the breast. This care- with indifference, increased my admiration. .ess jade was eternally ruinping with the foot. But Pacolet bogan to talk to me. Mr. Isaac, man, and downright starved me; insomuch this to you looks wonderful, but not at all to us that I daily pined away, and should never higher beings: that nobleman has as many good have been relieved had it not been that, on the qualities as any man of his order, and seems to thirtieth day of my life, a Fellow of the Royal have no faults but what, as I may say, are Society, who had writ upon Cold Baths, came excrescences from virtues. He is generous to to visit me, and solemvly protested, I was ut. a prodigality, more affable than is consistent terly lost for want of that method :* upon with his quality, and courageous to a rashness. which he soused me head and ears into a pail | Yet, after all th the source of his whole of water, where I had the good fortune to be conduct is (though he would hate himself if be drowned; and so escaped being lashed into a knew it) mere avarice. The ready cash laid linguist until sixteen, running after wenches before the gamester's counters makes him venuntil twenty-five, and being married to an ill-ture, as you see, and lay distinction against natured wife until sixty: which had certainly infamy, abundance against want; in a word, been my fate, had not the enchantment he all that desirable against all that is to be tween body and soul been broke by this philo- avoided. However, said I, be sure yon disapsopher. Thus, until the age I should have point the sharpers to night, and steal from otherwise lived, I am obliged to watch the them all the cards they hide. Pacolet obeyed steps of men ; and, if you please, sball accom- me, and my lord went home with their whole pany you in your present walk, and get you bank in bis pocket.' intelligence from the aërial lacquey, who is in waiting, what are the thoughts and purposes

Will's Coffee-house, May 13. of any whom you enquire for.'

To-night was acted a second time a comedy I accepted his kind offer, and immediately called The Busy Body: this play is written by took him with me in a back to White's. a lady. In old times, we used to sit upon a

play here after it was acted ; but now the en. White's Chocolate-house, May 13.

tertainment is turned another way; not but

there are considerable men in all ages, who, We got in bither, and my companion threw for some eminent quality or invention, deserve a powder round us, that made me as invisible the esteem and thanks of the public. Such As himself; so that we could see and hear all benefactor is a gentleman of this house ; wh: others, ourselves unseen and unheard.

is observed by the surgeons with much envy The first thing we took notice of was a nobleman of a goodly and frank aspect, with his dern wits, as a great promoter of gallantry ana

and is ranked among, and received by the mogenerous birth and temper visible in it, playing pleasure. But, I fear, pleasure is less undermirably said of him who first took notice, that of what passes among the good company of (res est severa voluptas) 'there is a certain that place; and allowed me to transcribe one severity in pleasure. Without that, all decency of them, that seems to be writ by some of sir is banished; and if reason is not to be present Thomas's particular acquaintance, and is as at our greatest satisfactions, of all the race of follows: creatures, the human is the most miserable. It was not so of old ; when Virgil describes a

stood in this age, which so much pretends to * The Fellow of the Royal Society here allader to was it, than in any since the creation. It was adprobably Sir John Foyer, Knight, M. D. who published, 'An Enguiry into the right nse and abuses of the hot, cold dal temporale Baths in England, &c."

* By Mrs. Susannah Centlivre, 1709, 4to.

DEAR KNIGHT,

May 9, 1719 wit, he always means a virtuous man; and all 'I desire you would give my humble service bis sentiments of men of genius, are such as to all our friends, which I speak of to you (out show persons distinguished from the common of method) in the very beginning of my epistle, level of mankind; such as placed happiness in lest the present disorders, by which this seat of the contempt of low fears and mean gratifi- gallantry and pleasure is torn to pieces, should cations: fears which we are subject to with the make me forget it. You keep so good com. vulgar; and pleasures which we have in com- pany, that you know Bath is stocked with such mon with beasts. With these illustrious per- as come hither to be relieved from luxuriant sonages, the wisest man was the greatest wit; health, or imaginary sickness; and consequently and none was thought worthy of that character, is always as well stowed with gallants, as inunless he answered this excellent description of valids, who live together in a very good underthe poet :

standing. But the season is so early, that our Qi-metus omnes et inexorabile fatuin

fine company is not yet arrived ; and the warm Subjecit pedibus, strepitumque Acherontis avari. bath, which in heathen times was dedicated to

Virg. Georg. ii. 492. Venus, is now used only by such as really want Happy the man,

it for health's sake. There are, however, a His mind possessing in a quiet state,

good many strangers, among whom are two Fearless of fortune, and resign'd to fate. Dryden.

ambitious ladies, who being both in the au. St. James's Coffee-house, May 13. tumn of their life, take the opportunity of We had this morning advice, that some placing themselves at the head of such as we English merchant-ships, convoyed by the Bris- are, before the Chloe's, Clarisso's, and Pastotol of fifty-four guns, were met with by a partrella's come down. One of these two is excesof Monsieur du Gui Trouin's squadron, who sively in pain, that the ugly being called Time, engaged the convoy. That ship defended itself will make wrinkles in spite of the lead foreuntil the English merchants got clear of the head cloth ; * and therefore bides with the enemy; but, being disabled, was herself taken. gaiety of her air, the volubility of her tongue, Within few hours after, my lord Dursley + and quickness of her motion, the injuries which came up with part of his squadron, and, en- it has done her. The other lady is but two gaging the French, retook the Bristol (which, years behind her in life, and dreads as much being very much shattered, sunk;) and took the being laid aside as the former; and conseGlorieux, a ship of forty-four guns, as also a quently has taken the necessary precautions privateer of fourteen. Before this action, his to prevent her reign over us.

But she is very lordship had taken two French merchant-men, discreet, and wonderfully turned for ambition, and had, at the despatch of these advices, being never apparently transported either with brought the whole safe into Plymouth.

affection or malice. Thus while Florimel is talking in public, and spreading her graces in assemblies, to gain a popular dominion over

our diversions, Prudentia visits very cunningly No. 16.) Tuesday, May 17, 1709.

all the lame, the splenetic, and the superanQuicquid agnot homines

nuated, who have their distinct classes of follow- Dostri est farrago libelli. Juv. Sat. i. 85, 86.

ers and friends. Among these she has found, Whate'er men do, or say, or think, or dream,

that somebody has sent down printed certifiOur motley paper seizes for its theine.

cates of Florimel's age, which she has read and White's Chocolate-house, May 15.

distributed to this unjoyful set of people, who

are always enemies to those in possession or SIR THOMAS, I of this house, has showed me

the good opinion of the company. This un some letters from the Bath, which give accounts provoked injury done by Prudentia, was the

first occasion of our fatal divisions here, and • Virgil seems to speak here as an Epicnrean, and might

a declaration of war between these rivals. probably allode to some lives in Lucretios, lib. iii. 37 and Florimel has abundance of wit, which she baš 995. It is only by Christianity that men can be trained to

lavished in decrying Prudentia, and giving dethal elevation of soul, which the doctrine of Epicurus, &c. aimed at in vain. French Tatler.

fiance to her little arts. For an instance Os + James viscount Dursley, who was in consequence raised her superior power, she bespoke the play o to the rank of vice admiral of the blae in November 1709; And, in the beginning of October 1710, succeciled his father in the title of earl of Berkeley.

* To which the black-lead comb and powder of cvery com The nick-name of a weiter at White's.

lour in the rainbow have since been the succedunca.

P.

Alexander the Great, to be acted by the com- , she sat a full hour alone, and at last was enterpany of strollers, and desired us all to be there cained with this whole relation from Statira, on Thursday last. When she spoke to me to who wiped her eyes with her tragical cut hand. come, “ as you are,' said she,' a lover, you will kerchief, and lamented the ignorance of the not fail the death of Alexander: the passion quality. Floritel was stung with this affront, of love is wonderfully bit—Statira! 0) that and the next day bespoke the puppet-show. happy woman-to have a conqueror at her Prudentia, insolent with power, bespoke Alexfeet !-But you will be sure to be there.' I, ander. The whole company came then to Alexand several others, resolved to be of her party. ander. Madam Petulant desired her daughters But see the irresistible strength of that unsus- tu mind the moral, and believe no man's fair pected creature, a 'silent woman.' Prudentia words: 'For you will see children,' said she, had counterplotted us, and had bespoke on the these soldiers are never to be depended upon ; same evening the puppet-show of The Creation they are sometimes here, sometimes there. Do of the World.'* She had engaged every body not you see, daughter Betty, Colonel Clod, our to be there; and, to turn our leader into ridi-next neighbour in the country, pull off his hat cule, had secretly let them know, that the to you ? court'sy, good child, his estate is just puppet Eve was made the most like Florimel by us.' Florimel was now mortified down to that ever was seen. On Thursday morning Prudentia's humour; and Prudentia exalted the purpet-drummer, Adam and Eve, and se. into bers. This was observed ; Florimel inveral others who lived before the flood, passed vites us to the play a second time, Prudentia throught the streets on horseback, to invite to the show. See the uncertainty of human us all to the pastime, and the representation affairs ! the beaux, the wits, the gamesters, the of such things as we all knew to be true: and prudes, the coquettes, the valetudinarians and Mr. Mayor was so wise, as to prefer these inno- gallants, all now wait upon Florimel. Such is cent people the puppets, who, he said, were to the state of things at this present date; and i. represent Christians, before the wicked players there happens any new commotions, you shall who were to show Alexander, au heathen pbi- have immediate advice from, losopher. To be short, this Prudentia had so

'Sir, laid it, that, at ten of the clock, footmey were 'Your affectionate friend and servant.' sent to take places at the puppet-show, and all we of Florimel's party were to be vut of fashion,

To Castabella. or desert her. We chose the latter. All the

MADAM,

May 16, 1709. world crowded to Prudentia's house, because

I have the honour of a letter from a friend it was given out nobody could get in. When of yours, relating to an incivility done to you we came to Noah's food in the show, Punch at the opera, by one of your own sex; but I, and his wife were introduced dancing in the who was an eye-witness of the accident, can ark. An honest plain friend of Florimel's, but testify to you, that though she pressed before a critic withal, rose up in the midst of the re- you, she lost her ends in that design; for she presentation, and made many very good ex

was taken notice of for no other reason, but ceptions to the drama itself, and told us, that her endeavours to hide a finer woman than it was against all morality, as well as rules of herself. But, indeed, I dare not go farther in the stage, that punch should be in jest in the this matter, than just this bare mention ; for deluge, or indeed that he should appear at all. though it was taking your place of right, rather This was certainly a just remark, and I thought than place of precedence, yet it is so tender a to second him ; but he was hissed by Pruden point, and on which the very life of female amtia's party : upon which, really, sir Thomas, bition depends, that it is of the last consequence we, who were his friends, hissed bim too. Old to meddle in it: all my hopes are from your Mrs. Petulant desired both her daughters to beautiful sex; and those bright eyes, which are mind the moral; then whispered Mrs. Mayoress, the bane of others, are my only sun-shine. My “This is very proper for young people to see!' writings are sacred to you ; and I hope I shall Punch, at the end of the play, made Pruden- always have the good fortune to live under your tia a compliment, and was very civil to the protection ; therefore take this public oppor. whole company, making bows until his buttons tunity to signify to all the world, that I design touched the ground. All was carried trium-to forbear any thing that may in the least tend phantly against our party. In the mean time to the diminution of your interest, reputation, Florimel went to the tragedy, dressed as fine or power. You will therefore forgive me, that as hands could make her, in hopes to see Pru- 1 strive to conceal every wrong step made by dentia pine away with envy. Instead of that, any who have the honour to wear petticoats,

and shall at all times do what is in my power

to make all mankind as much their slaves as A deformed cripple of the name of Powel was the mas myself. If they would consider things as they ter or a popular poppet-show at liis time, and made l'anch ought, there needs not much argument to coninter many things that would not have been endured in any other way of communication.

vince them, that it is their fate to be obedient to you, and that your greatest rebels do ynly the Portugueze army had been defeated by the serve with a worse grace. I am, Madam, Spaniards. * Your most obedient and

We hear from Languedoc, that their corn, ‘most humble servant, olives, and figs, were wholly destroyeu; but - ISAAC BICKERSTAFF. that they have a hopeful prospect of a plentiful

vintage. St. James's Coffee-house, May 16. Lettres from the Hague, bearing date the twenty-first instant, N. S. advise, that his No. 17.) Tuesduy, May 19, 1709. grace the duke of Marlborough, immediately after his arrival, sent his secretary to the pre.

Quicquid agunt homines

-nostui est fartago libelli. Juv. Sat. I. 85, 86. sident and the pensionary, to acquaint them therewith. Soon after, these ministers, visited

Whatc'er men do, or say, or think, or dream,
Our mouley paper seizes for its theme

P. the duke, and made him compliments in the name of the States-General ; after which they

Will's Coffee-house, May 18. entered into a conference with him on the present posture of affairs, and gave his grace as

The discourse has happened to turn this surances of the firm adherence of the States to

e 'ening upon the true panegyric, the perfection the alliance: at the same time acquainting of which was asserted to consist in a certain him, that all overtures of peace were rejected, artful way of conveying the applause in an until they had an opportunity of acting in con

indirect manner. There was a gentleman gave cert with their allies on that subject. After

us several instances of it. Among others, he this interview, the pensionary anil the presi- quoted from Sir Francis Bacon, in his ‘Advancedent returned to the assembly of the States.

ment of Learning.' a very great compliment Monsieur Torcy has had a conference at the

made to Tiberius, * as follows: In a full debate pensioner's house with his grace the duke of upon public affairs in the senate, one of the Marlborough, Prince Eugene, and his excel assembly rose up, and with a very grave air lency the lord Townshend. The result of said, he thought it for the honour and dignity what was debated at that time is kept secret ;

of the commonwealth, that Tiberius should be but there appears an air of satisfaction and declared a god, and have divine worship paid quod understanding between these ministers. him. The emperor was surprised at the proWe are apt also to give ourselves very hopeful posal, and demanded of him to declare, whether prospects from mopsieur Torcy's being em

he had made any application to incline him to ployed in this negotiation, who had beco that overture? The senator answered, with a always remarkable for a particular way of bold and haughty tone, “Sir, in matters that thinking in his sense of the greatness of

concern the commonwealth, I will be governed France ; which be bas always said,

by no man.' was to

Another gentleman mentioned be promoted rather by the arts of peace, than something of the same kind, spoken by the late those of war? His delivering himself freely duke of Buckingham to the late earl of Orrery ; on this subject has formerly appeared an un

My lorii,' (says the duke, after his libertine successful way to power in that court ; but way) 'you will certainly be damned. How in its present circumstances, those maxims are

says the earl with some warmth. lietter receivel; and it is thought a certain

Niy, said the duke) 'there is no help for argument of the sincerity of the French king's it, for it is positively said, Cursed is he of intentions, that this minister is at present whom all men speak well.'+ This is taking a made use of. The marquis is to return to

man by surprise, and being welcome wben Paris within few days, who has sent a courier you have so surprised him. The person flatthither to give notice of the reasons of his re.

tered receives you into his closet at once; turn, that the court may be the sooner able to and the sudden change of his heart, from despatch commissions for a formal treaty.

the expectation of an ili-wisher, to find you his The expectations of peace are increased by friend, makes you in bis full favour in a moacvices from Paris of the twelfth instant, which ment. The spirits that were raised so suddenly say, the Dauphin bas altered his resolution of against you, are as suddenly for you. There commanding in Flanders the ensuing cam

was another instance given of this kind at the paign. The Saxon and Prussian reinforce table : a gentleman, who had a very great ments, together with count Mercy's regiment favour done him, and an employment bestowed of imperial horse, are encamped in the neigh- upon him, without so much as being personally bourhood of Brussels; and the sufficient stores

known to his benefactor, waited upon the of corn and forage are transported to that place aud Ghent, for the service of the confederate * An allusion to an instance of artful Haitery practised by army.

Mos la Valurins, They write from Mons, that the elector of airly, the passage of seripture, to which he thought it so

† Luke vi. 26. Ilis grace did not understand, por quote Barnria had advice, that an advanced party of willy, thus impiously to allude.

my lord?

great man who was so generous, and was be- | Longinus, shail, as well as I can, make my ginning to say, he was infinitely obliged. — observations in a style like the author's of * Not at all,' says the patron, turning from whom I treat, which perhaps I am as capable him to another, “had I known a more deserv. of as another, having ' an unbounded force o. ing man in England, he should not have had tbiuking, as well as a most exquisite address, it.'

extensively and wisely indulged to me by the We should certainly have had more exam- supreme powers.' My author, I will dare to ples had not a gentleman produced a book assert, shows the most universal knowledge of which he thought an instance of this kind * : any writer who has appeared this century: he it was a phamphlet, called 'The Naked Truth.' is a poet and merchant, which is seen in two The idea any one would have of that work from master-words, 'credit blossoms,' he is a gramthe title was, that there would be much plain marian and a politician ; for he says, ' The dealing with people in power, and that we uniting of the two kingdoms is the emphasis should see things in their proper light, stripped of the security of the Protestant succession.' of the ornaments which are usually given to Some would be apt to say, he is a conjuror; the actions of the great : but the skill of this for he bas found, that a republic is not made author is such, that he has, under that rugged up of every body of animals, but is composed appearance approved himself the finest gentle of men only, and not of borses. Liberty and man and courtier that ever writ. The lan-property have chosen their retreat within the guage is extremely sublime, and not at all to emulating circle of an human commonwealth.' be understood by the vulgar: the sentiments He is a physiciau ; for he says, 'I observe a are such as would make no figure in ordinary constant equality iu its pulse, and a just quickwords;

but such is the art of the expression, ness of its vigorous circulation. And again, and the thoughts are elevated to so high a de- 'I view the strength of our constitution plainly gree, that I question whether the discourse appear in the sanguine and ruddy complexion will sell inuch. There was an ill-natured fellow of a well-contented city.' He is a divine : for he present, who hates all panegyric mortally ; says, “I cannot but bless myself.' And indeed *P-take him,' said he, what the devil this excellent treatise has bad that good effect means his Naked Truth, in speaking nothing upon me, who am far from being superstitious, but to the advantage of all whom he mentions ? that I also' cannot but bless myself.' This is just such a great action as that of the champion's on a coronation-day, who challenges

St. James's Coffee-house, May 18. all mankind to dispute with bim the right of This day arrived a mail from Lisbon, with the sovereign, surrounded with his guards.' | letters of the thirteenth instant, N. S. containThe gentleman who produced the treatise ing a particular account of the late action in desired him to be cautious, and said, it was Portugal. On the seventeenth instant, the writ by an excellent soldier, which made the army of Portugal, under the command of the company observe it more narrowly ; and (as marquis de Frontera, lay on the side of the critics are the greatest conjurers at finding out Caya, and the army of the duke of Aujou, a known truth) one said, he was sure it was commanded by the marquis de Bay, on the writ by the hand of his sword-arm. I could other. The latter commander having an amnot perceive much wit in that expression ; but bilion to ravage the country, in a manner in it raised a laugh, and, I suppose, was meant as sight of the Portugueze, made a motion with a sneer upon valiant men. The same man the whole body of his horse toward fort Saint pretended to see in the style, that it was an Christopher, near the town of Badajos. The horse-officer; but sure that is being too nice; generals of the Portugueze, disdaining that for though you may know officers of the cavalry such an insult should be offered to their arms, by the turn of their feet, I cannot imagine how took a resolution to pass the river, and oppose you should discern their hands from those of the designs of the enemy. The earl of Galway other men.

But it is always thus with pe- represented to them, that the present posture dants; they will ever be carping; if a gentle- of affairs was such on the side of the allies, that man or a man of honour puts pen to paper. there needed no more to be done at present in I do not doubt but this author will find this that country, but to carry on a defensive part assertion too true, and that obloquy is not re- But bis argument could not avail in the coun pulsed by the force of arms. I will therefore cil of war. Upon which a great detachment of set this excellent piece in a light too glaring foot and the whole of the horse of the king of for weak eyes, and, in imitation of the critic Portugal's army passed the river, and with some

pieces of cannon did good execution on the . It has been said that the phamphlet called The Naked enemy. Upon observing this, the marquis de Trnth' was written by a lawyer of the name of Neliny; Bay advanced with his horse, and attacked the but ir William viscount Grimston was not the author of it, right wing of the Portugueze cavalry, who ne wrote remarks upon this critique on it, in a treatise

faced about, and fled, without standing the which he dedicated to the Ilon, Edward Lloward, as we are informed in Tatler, No 21.

first encounter. But their foot repulsed the

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