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same body of horse, in three successive charges,
From my own Apartment, May 20. with great order and resolution. While this was transacting, the British General com- It is observed too often that men of wit do so manded the brigade of Pearce, to keep the much employ their thoughts upon fine speculaenemy in diversion by a new attack. This was tions, that things useful to mankind are wholly so well executed, that the Portugueze infantry neglected; and they are busy in making emenhad time to retire in good order, and repass dations upon some enclytics in a Greek author the river. But that brigade, which rescued while obvious things, that every man may have them, was itself surrounded by the enemy, and use for are wholly overlooked. It would be a major-general Sarkey, brigadier Pearce, to- happy thing, if such as have real capacities for gether with both their regiments, and that of public service were employed in works of ge. the lord Galway, lately raised, were taken pri- neral use ; but because a thing is every body's soners.
business, it is nobody's business : this is for During the engagement, the earl of Barri- want of public spirit. As for my part, who am more, having advanced too far to give some only a student, and a man of no great interest necessary order, was hemmed in by a squadron | 1 can only remark things, and recommend the of the enemy; but found means to gallop up correction of them to higher powers. There is to the brigade of Pearce, with which he re- an offence I have a thousand times lamented, mains also a prisoner. My lord Galway had but fear I shall never see remedied; which is, his borse shot under bim in this action; and that in a nation where learning is so frequent the Conde de Saint Juan, a Portuguese ge.
as in Great Britain, there should be so many neral, was taken prisoner. The same night the gross errors as there are in the very directions army encamped at Aronches, and on the ninth of things wherein accuracy is necessary for the moved to Elvas, where they lay when these de conduct of life. This is notoriously observed spatches came away. Colonel Stanwix's reyi- by all men of letters when they first come to ment is also taken. The whole of this affair town (at which time they are usually curious has given the Portuguese a great idea of the that way) in the inscriptions on sign-posts. I capacity and courage of my lord Galway, against have cause to know this matter as well as any whose advice they entered upon this unfortu- body; for I have, when I went to Merchantnate affair, and by whose conduct they were Taylors' school, suffered stripes for spelling rescued from it. The prodigious constancy after the signs I observed in my way; though and resolution of that great man is hardly to
at the same time, I must confess, staring at be paralleled, who, under the oppression of a
those inscriptions first gave me
an idea and cumaimed body, and the reflection of repeated ill riosity for medals, in which I have since ar. fortune, goes on with an unspeakable alacrity rived at some knowledge. Many a man bas in the service of the common cause.
He has lost his way and his dinner by this general want already put things in a very good posture after of skill in orthography; for, considering that this ill accident, and made the necessary dis- the painters are usually so very bad, that you positions for covering the country from any
cannot know the animal under whose sign you further attempt of the enemy, who still lie in are to live that day, how must the stranger be the camp they were in before the battle. misled if it be wrong spelled, as well as ill
Letters from Brussels, dated the twenty-fifth painted ? I have a cousin now in town, who instant, advise, that notwithstanding the nego- has answered under bachelor at Queen's Col. tiations of a peace seem so far advanced, that lege, whose name is Humphrey Mopstaff (he is some do confidently report the preliminaries of | a-kin to us by his mother :) this young man, a treaty to be actually agreed on, yet the allies going to see a relation in Barbican, wandered á hasten their preparations for opening the cam- whole day by the mistake of one letter, for it paign; and the forces of the empire, the Prus- was written, 'this is the Beer,' instead of thi sians, the Danes, the Wirtembergers, the Pa. is the Bear. He was set right at last, by in latines, and Saxon auxiliaries, are in motion quiring for the house, of a fellow who could towards the general rendezvous, they being al
not read, and knew the place mechanically ready arrived in the neighbourhood of Brussels. only by having been often drunk there. But These advices add, that the deputies of the in the name of goodness, let us make ou States of Holland, having made a general re- learning of use to us, or not. Was not this view of the troops in Flanders, set out for shame, that a philosopher should be thus di Antwerp on the 21st instant from that place.
rected by a cobbler? I will be sworn, if it were known how many have suffered in this kind
by false spelling since the Union, this matter No. 18.] Saturday, May 21, 1709.
would not long lie thus. What makes these
evils the more insupportable is, that they are Quicqaid agunt homines-nostri est farrago libelli. Juv. Sat. i. 85, 86.
so easily amended, and nothing done in it. But Whate'er men do, or say, or think, or dream,
it is so far from that, that the evil goes on in Our motley paper seizes for its theme.
other arts as well as orthography : places are
confounded, as well for want of proper dis-, at court, to remonstrate their great sufferings tinctions, as things for want of true characters. by the failure of their public credit ; but have Had I not come by the other day very early in received uo other satisfaction, than promises of the morning, there might have been mischief a sudden peace; and that their debts will be done : for a worthy North Briton was swear- made good by funds out of the revenue, which ing at Stocks Market, that they would not let will not answer, but in case of the peace which him in at his lodgings; but I, knowing the is promised. In the mean time, the cries of gentleman, and observing him look often at the the common people are loud for want of bread, king on horseback, and then double his oaths the gentry have lost all spirit and zeal for their that he was sure he was right, found be mistook country, and the king himself seems to languish that for Charing Cross, by the erection of the under the anxiety of the pressing calamities of like statue in each place. I grant, private men the nation, and retires from hearing those may distinguish their abodes as they please : as grievances which he hath not power to redress. one of my acquaintance, who lives at Mary. Instead of preparations for war, and the defence bone, t has put a good sentence of his own in of their country, there is nothing to be seen vention upon his dwelling-place, I to find out but evident marks of a general despair ; prowhere he lives : he is so near London, that his cessions, fastings, public mournings and humi. conceit is this, ' the country in town;'or, 'the liations, are become the sole employments of a town in the country ;' for, you know, if they people, who were lately the most vain and gay are both in one, they are all one. Besides that, of any in the universe. the ambiguity is not of great consequence; if The pope has written to the French king on you are safe at the place, it is no matter if you the subject of a peace; and his majesty has ando not distinctly know where the place is. But swered in the lowliest terms, that he entirely to return to the orthography of public places ; submits his affairs to divine providence, and I propose, that every tradesman in the cities shall soon shew the world, that he prefers the of London and Westmiuster shall give me six tranquillity of his people to the glory of his pence a quarter for keeping tbeir signs in re. arms, and extent of his conquests. pair as to the grammatical part; and I will Letters from the Hague of the twenty-fourth take into my house a Swiss count g of my say, that his excellency the lord Townshend acquaintance, who can remember all their delivered his credentials on that day to the names without book, for despatch sake, setting States General, as plenipotentiary from the up the head of the said foreigner for my sign; queen of Great Britain ; as did also count Zinthe features being strong, and fit for hanging zendorf, who bears the same character from high.
Prince Eugene intended to set out the next St. James's Coffee-house, May 20. day for Brussels, and his grace the duke of This day a mail arrived from Holland, by Marlborough on the Tuesday following. The which there are advices from Paris, that the marquis de Torey talks daily of going, but stil. kingdom of France is in the utmost misery and continues there. The army of the allies is to distraction. The merchants of Lyons have been assemble on the seventh of next month at Hel
chin; though it is generally believed that the
preliminaries to a treaty are fully adjusted. • Wit has its prerogative,' and about it, there is not, and
The approach of the peace strikes a panic miere onght not, to be here, either dispute or observation. through our armies, though that of a battle Truth, nevertheless, claims the privilege to remark, that could never do it, and they almost repent of these two equestrian statues were very unlike. The one was their bravery, that made such baste to humble made by the famous La Sear, for King Charles I.; the other themselves and the French king. The duke of was originally intended for John Sobieski, king of Poland, and, mutatis mutandis, erected in honour of King Charles Marlborough, though otherwise the greatest 11. The Turk underneath the horse was cleveriy metamor: general of the age, has plainly shewn himself unnoticed, or unaltered, to testify the truth. The one is of unarquainted with the arts of husbanding a brass blackened, the other was of white marble, &c. The war. He might have grown as old as the duke statue in Stocks Market, with the conduit and all its orna.
of Alva, or prince Waldeck in the Low Counments, were all removed to make way for the Mansionhouse, the first stone of which was laid by Micajah Perry, tries, and yet have got reputation enough every Esq. then lord mayor, Oct. 25, 1739. See Spect. No. 462. year for any reasonable man: for the command and note.
of general in Flanders bath been ever looked + The Duke of Buckingham is humourously said to have
upon as a provision for life. For my part, I lived at Marybope, as he was almost every day on the bowling-green there, and seldom left it until he could see
cannot see how his grace can answer it to the uo longer.
world, for the great eagerness he hath shewn to 1 On Buckingham-honse, now the Queen's palace, were send a hundred thousand of the bravest fellows originally these inscriptions. On the front, ' Sic siti lætantur in Europe a-begging. But the private gentle. Lares.' On tne back front, Rus in urbe.' On the side next the road, 'Spectator fastidiosus sibi molestus.' Ou the north
men of the infantry will be able to shift for side, Lenté incæpit, cito perfecit.'
themselves ; a brave man can never starve in a Probably John James Heidegger, esg.
country stocked with hen-roosts,
• There is
not a yard of linen,' says my honoured pro- river Thames, besides two porpoises and a sturgenitor sir Johd Falstaff, 'in my whole com- geon. The judicious and wary Mr. Ichabod pany : but as for that,' says this worthy knight, Dawks* bath all along been the rival of this
I am in no great pain; we shall find shirts great writer, and got himself a reputation from on every hedge. There is another sort of plagues and famines; by which, in those days, gentlemen whom I am much more concerned he destroyed as great multitudes as he has for, and that is the ingenious fraternity of which lately done by the sword. In every dearth of I have the honour to be an unworthy member; news, Grand Cairo was sure to be unpeopled. I mean the news-writers of Great-Britain, It being therefore visible, that our society whetber post-men or post-boys,* or by what will be greater sufferers by the peace than the other name or title soever dignified or distin- soldiery itself, insomuch that the Daily Courant guished. The case of these gentlemen is, I is in danger of being broken, my friend Dyer think, more hard than that of the soldiers, con- of being reformed, and the very best of the sideriog that they bave taken more towns, and wbole band of being reduced to half-pay; might fought more battles. They have been upon I presume, to offer any thing in the behalf of parties and skirmishes, when our armies have my distressed brethren, I would humbly move, lain still; and given the general assault to many that an appendix of proper apartments, fur
place, wben the besiegers were quiet in their nished with pen, ink, and paper, and other peirenches. They have made us masters of several cessaries of life, should be added to the hospital strong towns many weeks before our generals of Chelsea, for the relief of such decayed news. could do it; and completed victories, when our writers as have served their country in the greatest captains have been glad to come off wars; and that, for their exercise, they should with a drawn battle. Where prince Eugene compile the annals of their brother veterans, has slain his thousands, Boyer + has slain his who have been engaged in the same service, ten thousands. This gentleman can indeed be and are still obliged to do duty after the same never enough commended for his courage and manner. intrepidity during this whole war: he has laid I cannot be thought to speak this out of an about bim with an inexpressible fury; and, like eye to any private interest ; for, as my chief the offended Marius of ancient Rome, bas made scenes of action are coffee houses, play-houses, such havoc among his countrymen, as must be and my own apartment, I am in no need of the work of two or three ages to repair. It camps, fortifications, and fields of battle, to must be confessed, the redoubted Mr. Buckleyi support me; I do not call for heroes and genehas shed as much blood as the former ; but I rals to my assistance. Though the officers are cannot forbear saying (and I hope it will not broken, and the armies disbanded I shall still look like envy) that we regard our brother be safe, as long as there are men, or women, Buckley as a kind of Drawcansir, who spares or politicians, or lovers, or poets, or nymphs, geither friend nor foe; but generally kills as or swains, or cits, or courtiers, in being. many of bis own side as the enemy's. It is impossible for this ingenious sort of men to subsist after a peace: every one remembers the No. 19.] Tuesday, May 24, 1709. shifts they were driven to in the reign of king
Qnicquid agunt homines
-nostri est farrago libelli. Juv. Sat, i. 85, 86. Charles the Second, when they could not fur
Whate'er men do, or say, or think, or dream, nish out a single paper of news, without light
Our motley paper seizes for it's theine. ing up a comet in Germany, or a fire in Moscow. There searce appeared a letter without a para
From my own Apartment, May 23. graph on an earthquake. Prodigies were grown There is nothing can give a man of any so familiar, that they bad lost their name, as consideration greater pain, than to see order a great poet of that age has it, I remember and distinction laid aside amongst men, esMr. Dyer, ß who is justly looked upon by all pecially when the rank (of which he himself is the fux-hunters in the nation as the greatest member) is intruded upon by such as have no statesman our country has produced, was par- pretence to that honour. The appellation of ticularly famous for dealing in whales ; inso- Esquire is the most notoriously abused in this much, that in five months time (for I had the kind, of any class amongst men; insomuch, euriusity to examine his letters on that occa- that it is become almost the subject of derision) he brought three into the mouth of the sion: but I will be bold to say, this behaviour
towards it proceeds from the ignorance of the "The Post-boy' was a scandalous weekly paper, by Abel people in its true origin. I sball therefore as Roper; and “The Flying Post,' by George Ridpath, was briefly as possible, do myself and all true Esjast sneh apother.
quires the justice to look into antiquity upon Abu Boyer, author of 'The Political State.' : Samuel Buckley, printer of The Gazette," and also of this subject. *The Daily Courant.'
‘Dyer's Letter; a newspaper of that time, which, accordiug to Mr. Addison, was entitled to little credit.
. Ichabod Dawks, another poor cpistolary historian.
In the first ages of the world, before the in- | But if you travel into the counties of Great vention of jointures and settlements, when the Britain, we are still more imposed upon by innoble passion of love had possession of the novation. We are indeed derived from the hearts of men, and the fair sex were not yet field: but shall that give title to all tbat ride cultivated into the merciful disposition which mad after foxes ; that halloo when they see a they have showed in latter centuries, it was bare, or venture their necks full speed after natural for great and heroic spirits to retire to an bawk, immediately to commence Esquires ? rivulets, woods, and caves, to lament their des- No; our order is temperate, cleanly, sober, and tiny, and the cruelty of the fair persons who chaste ; but these rural Esquires commit imare deaf to their lamentations. The hero in modesties upon haycocks, wear shirts half a this distress was generally in armour, and in a week, and are drunk twice a day. "These men leadiness to fight any man he met with, espe- are also, to the last degree, excessive in their cially if distinguished by any extraordinary food : an Esquire of Norfolk eats two pounds qualifications: it being the nature of heroic love of dumplin every meal, as if obliged to it by to bate all merit, lest it should come within our order : an Esquire of Hampsbire is as rathe observation of the cruel one by whom its venous in devouring hog's flesh: one of Essex own perfections are neglected. A lover of this has as little mercy on calves. But I must kind had always about him a person of a se- take the liberty to protest against them, and cond value, and subordinate to him, who could acquaint those persons, that it is not the quan. hear bis afflictions, carry an enchantment for tity they eat, but the manner of eating, that his wounds, bold his belmet when he was eat- shows an Esquire. But, above all, I am most ing (if ever he did eat,) or in bis absence, when offended at small-quillmen, and transcribing he was retired to his apartment in any king's clerks, who are all come into our order, for palace, tell the prince himself, or perhaps bis no reason that I know of, but that they can daughter, the birth, parentage, and adventures easily flourish at the end of their name. I of his valiant master. This trusty companion will undertake that, if you read the superwas styled bis Esquire, and was always fit for scriptions to all the offices in the kingdom, any offices about him ; was as gentle and you will not find three letters directed to any chaste as a gentleman-usher, quick and active but Esquires. I have myself a couple of clerks, as an equerry, smooth and eloquent as the and the rogues make nothing of leaving mesmaster of the ceremonies. A man thus qua- sages upon each other's desk : one directs, ‘To lified was the first, as the ancients affirm, who Gregory Goosequill, Esquire ;' to which the was called an Esquire; and none without these other replies by a note, ‘To Nehemiah Dashaccomplishments ought to assume our order: well, Esquire, with respect ;' in a word, it is but, to the utter disgrace and confusion of the now Populus Armigerorum, a people of Esheralds, every pretender is admitted into this quires. And I do not know but, by the late fraternity, even persons the most foreign to act of naturalization, foreigners will assume this courteous institution. I have taken an that title, as part of the immunity of being Euginventory of all within this city, and looked lisbmen. All these improprieties flow from the over every letter in the Post-office, for my negligence of the Heralds office. Tbose gentlebetter information. There are of the middle men in party-coloured habits do not so rightly, Temple, including all in the buttery-books, as they ought, understand themselves; though and in the lists of the house, five thousand. they are dressed cop-a-pee in hieroglyphics, In the Inner, four thousand.it In the King's they are inwardly but ignorant men. I asked Bench Walks, the whole buildings are inhabited an acquaintance of mine, who is a man of wit, by Esquires only. The adjacent street of Essex, but of nu fortune, and is forced to appear as a from Morris's Coffee-house, I and the turning jack-pudding on the stage to a mountebank : towards the Grecian, you cannot meet one' Pr'thee, Jack, why is your coat of so many who is not an Esquire, until you take water. colours ?' He replied, 'I act a fool; and this Every house in Norfolk and Arundel streets is spotted dress is to signify, that every may living also governed by an Esquire, or his Lady: Sobo-has a weak place about him ; for I am kuight of square, Bloomsbury-square, and all other places the shire, and represent you all.' I wish the where the floors rise above nine feet, are so heralds would know as well as this man does, many universities, where you enter yourselves, in his way, that they are to act for us in the
and become of our order. However, if this were case of our arms and appellations : we shouid - the worst of the evil, it were to be supported, not then be jumbled together in so promis- . because they are generally men of some figure cuous and absurd a manner. I design to take and use ; though I know no pretence they have this matter into further consideration; and no to an honour which had its rise from chivalry. man shall be received as an Esquire, who can
not bring a certificate, that he has conquered
some lady's obdurate heart; that he can lead • In Original Tatler, 4000.
up a country-dance; and carry a message be+ In Original Tatler, 5000. + Morris's Cotisc-holle was in the Strand.
tween her and her lover, with address, secrecy,
and diligence. A Squire is properly borb for | hitherto transacted the great affair the service of the sex, and his credentials shall management. You well observe be signed by three toasts and one prude, before wants here are not to be concealed his title shall be received in my office. it is vanity to use artifices with the knowing
men with whom you are to deal. Let me beg Will's Coffee-house, May 23. you, therefore, in this representation of our On Saturday last was presented the Busy circumstances, to lay aside art, which ceases Budy, a comedy, written (as I have beretofore to be such when it is seen, and make use of remarked) by a woman. The plot and inci. all your skill to gain us what advantages you dents of the play are laid with that subtilty of can from the enemy's jealousy of each other's spirit which is peculiar to females of wit, and greatness ; which is the place where only you is very seldom well performed by those of the have room for any dexterity. If you have any other sex, in whom craft in love is an act of passion for your unhappy country, or any afinvention, and not, as with women, the effect fection for your distressed miaster, come home of nature and instinct.
with peace. Oh heaven! do I live to talk of To-morrow will be acted a play, called, The Lewis the Great, as the object of pity? The Trip to the Jubilee. This performance is the king shows a great uneasiness to be informed greatest instance that we can have of the ir. of all that passes : but, at the same time, is resistible force of proper action. The dialogue fearful of every one who appears in his presence, in itself has something too low to bear a cri- lest he should bring an account of some new ticism upon it: but Mr. Wilks enters into the calamity. I know not in what terms to repart with so much skill, that the gallantry, the present my thoughts to you, when I speak of youth, and gayety of a young man of a plen- the king, with relation to his bodily health. tiful fortune, are looked upon with as much Figure to yourself that immortal man, who indulgence on the stage, as in real life, without stood in our public places represented with any of those intermixtures of wit and bumour, trophies, armour, and terrors, on bis pedestal : which usually prepossess us in favour of such consider, the invincible, the great, the good, characters in other plays.
the pious, the mighty, which were the usual
epithets we gave him, both in our language St. James's Coffee-house, May 23. and thoughts. I say, consider him whom Letters from the Hague of the twenty-third you knew the greatest and most glorious of instant, N. S. say, that Mr. Walpole (who is monarchs, and now think you see the same since arrived) was going with all expedition to man an unhappy lazar, in the lowest circumGreat Britain, whither they doubted not but stances of human nature itself, without regard he carried with him the preliminaries to a to the state from whence he is fallen. I write treaty of peace. The French minister, mon- from his bed-side: he is at present in a slumsieur Torcy, has been observed, in this whole ber. I have many, many things to add; but negotiation, to turn bis discourse upon the ca- my tears flow too fast, and my sorrow is too lamities sent down by heaven upon France, big for utterance.
'I am, &c.' and imputed the necessities they were under
There is such a veneration due from all men to the immediate band of Providence, in in. Aicting a general scarcity of provision, rather of dishonesty to represent further the condition
to the persons of princes, that it were a sort than the superior genius of the generals, or the bravery of the armies against them. It which the king is in; but it is certain, that, would be impious not to acknowledge the insieur Torcy waited upon his grace the duke of
soon after the receipt of these advices, mondulgence of heaven to us; but, at the same Marlborough and the lord Townshend; and in time, as we are to love our enemies, we are glad to see them mortified enough to mix had before said were such as be must return to
that conference gave up many points, which be Christianity with their politics. An authentic letter from madam Maintenon to monsieur France before he could answer. Torcy bas been stolen by a person about him, sro who has communicated a copy of it to some of the dependents of a minister of the allies. No. 20.] Thursday, May 26, 1709. That epistle is writ in the most pathetic man- Quicquid agunt homines per imaginable, and in a style which shows her
nostri est farrago libelli. Juv. Sat. i. 85, 86. genius, that has so long engrossed the heart of Whate'er men do, or say, or think, or dream, this great monarch.
Our motley paper seizes for its theme.
White's Chocolate-house, May 24. 'I received yours, and am sensible of the It is not to be imagined how far prepossesaddress and capacity with which you have sion will run away with people's understand.
ings, in cases wherein they are under present • By Mr. George Farquhar.
uneasiness. The following narration is a suf