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aughed at by the men, and place them for | But when we come into more free air, one may that reason in degrees of favour.

talk a little more at large. The chief of this sort is culonel Brunett, Give me leave then to mention three, whom who is a man of fashion, because he will be so; I do not doubt but we shall see make consiand practises a very janty way of behaviour, derable figures; and these are such as for their because he is too careless to know when be Bacchanalian per formances must be adınitted otiends, and too sanguine to be mortified if he into this order. They are three brothers lately did know it. Thus the colonel has met with landed from Holland : as yet, in:leed, they have a town ready to receive bim, and cannot pos- not made their public entry, but lodge and sibly see why he should not make use of their converse at Wapping. They have merited alfavour, and set himself in the first degree of ready on the water-side particular titles : the conversation. Therefore he is very successfully first is called Hogshead; the second, Culverin; loud among the wits, and familiar among the and the third, Musquet. This fraternity is ladies, and dissolute among the rakes. Thus preparing for our end of the town by their he is admitted in one place because he is so inability in the exercises of Bacchus, and meaanother; and every man treats Brunett well, sure their time and merit by liquid weight, not out of his particular esteem for him, but and power of drinking. Hogshead is a prettier in respect to the opinion of others. It is to Fellow than Culverin, by two quarts; and Culme a solid pleasure to see the world thus mis- verin than Musquet, by a full pint. It is to taken on the good-natured side; for it is ten be feared Hogshead is so often too full, and to one but the colonel mounts into a general Culverin overloaded, that Musquet will be the officer, marries a fine lady, and is master of a only lasting Very Pretty Fellow of the three. good estate, before they come to explain upon A third sort of this denomination is such as, him. What gives most delight to me in this by very daring adventures in love, have purobservation is, that all this arises from pure chased to themselves renown and new names ; nature, and the colonel can account for his as Jo Carry, for his excessive strength and visuccess no more than those by whom he suc. gour; Tom Drybones, for his generous loss of ceeds. For these causes and considerations, youth and health; and Cancrum, for his me. I pronounce him a true woman's man, and in ritorious rotterness. the first degree ‘ A very Pretty Fellow.'

These great and leading spirits are proposed The next to a man of this universal genius to all such of our British youth as would arrive is one who is peculiarly formed for the service at perfection in these different kinds; and if of the ladies, and his merit chiefly is to be of their parts and accomplishments were well imi. no consequence. I am indeed a little in doubt, tated, it is not doubted but that our nation whether he ought not rather to be called a would soon excel all others in wit and arts, as very Happy, than a very Pretty Fellow? for they already do in arms. he is admitted at all hours : all he says or does, N. B. The gentleman who stole Betty Pepiu* which would offend in another, are passed over may own it, for he is allowed to be ' A very in lim; and all actions and speeches which Pretty Fellow.' please, doubly please if they come from hiin : But we must proceed to the explanation of no one wonders or takes notice when he is other terms in our writings. wrong; but all admire him when he is in the To know what a Toast is in the country right.-By the way, it is fit to renjark, that gives as much perplexity as she herself does there are people of better sense than these, in town: and indeed the learned differ very who endeavour at this character; but they are much upon the original of this word, and ih out of nature; and though, with some industry, acceptation of it among the moderns. Howthey get the characters of fools, they cannot ever, it is by all agreed to have a joyous and arrive to be very, seldom to be merely' Pretty cheerful iinport. A toast in a cold morning, Fellows.' But, where nature has formed a heightened by nutmeg, and sweetened with person for this station amongst men, he is sugar, has for many ages been given to our gifted with a peculiar genius for success, and rural dispensers of justice, before they entered his very errors and absurdities contribute to it; upon causes, and has been of great and politic this felicity attending him to his life's end : use to take off the severity of their sentences ; for it being in a manner necessary that he but has indeed been remarkable for one ill should be of no consequence, he is as well in effect, that it inclines those who use it immoold age as youth ; and I know a man, whose derately to speak Latin, to the admiration son bas been some years a' Pretty Fellow,' rather than information of an audience. This who is bimself at this bour a very Pretty Fellow. application of a toast makes it very obvious

One must move tenderly in this place, for that the word may, without a metaphor, be we are now in the ladies' lodgings, and speaking of such as are supported by their influence and favour; against wbich there is not, neither ford, who squandered his estate on women, and in con

• The kept mistress of a knight of the shire near Brent ought there to be, any dispute or observation. I tested elections.

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knjerstood as an apt name for a thing which the man that diverts her ; Frontlet, bin who raises us in the most sovereign degree. Butadores her. Gatty always improves the soil in many of the wits of the last age will assert which she travels; Frontlet lays waste the that the word, in its present sense, was known country. Gatty does not only smile, but laughs among them in their youth, and had its rise at her lover; Frontlet not only looks serious, from an accideot at the town of Bath, in the but frowns at bim. All the men of wit (aud meign of king Charles the Second.

cuxcombs their followers) are prosessed servants It happened that, on a public day, a cele- of Gatty: the politicians and pretenders give prated beauty of those times was in the Cross solemn worship to Frontlet. Their reign will Bith, and one of the crowd of her admirers be best judged of by its duration. Frontlet Duok a glass of the water in which the fair one will never be chosen more ; and Gatty is a toast powod, and drank her health to the company. for life. There was in the place a gay fellow half fuddled, who offered to jump in, and swore, though

St. James's Coffee-house, June 3. he liked not the liquor, he would bave the Letters from Hamburgh of the seventh intoast. He was opposed in his resolution; yet stant, N. S. inform us, that no art or cost is this wbim gave foundation to the present bo omitted to make the stay of his Danish majesty nour which is done to the lady we mention in at Dresden agreeable; but there are various our liquors, who has ever since been called a speculations upon the interview between king Toast.

Augustus and that prince, many putting politic Though this institution had so trivial a be constructions upon his Danish majesty's arrival gipning, it is now elevated into a formal order; at a time when his troops are marching out of and that happy virgin, who is received and Hungary, with orders to pass through Saxony, drunk to at their meetings, has no more to do where it is given out, that they are to be rein this life but to judge and accept of the first cruited. It is said also, that several Polish gond offer. The manner of her inauguration senators have invited king Augustus to return is much like that of the choice of a doge in into Poland. His majesty of Sweden, according Venice: it is performed by balloting; and when to the same advices, has passed the Nieper she is so chosen, she reigns indisputably for without any opposition from the Muscovites, that ensuing year; but must be elected a new and advances with all possible expedition toto prolong her empire a moment beyond it. wards Volbinia, where he proposes to join king When she is regularly chosen, her name is Stanislaus and general Crassau. written with a diamond on a drinking-glass. *

We hear from Bern of the first instant, N. S. The bieroglyphic of the diamond is to show that there is not a province in France, from ner, that her value is imaginary; and that ofy whence the conrt is not apprehensive of rethe glass to acquaint her, that her condition ceiving accounts of public emotions, occasioned is frail, and depends on the hand which holds by the want of corn. The general diet of the ber. This wise design admonishes her, neither thirteen cantons is assembled at Baden, but to over-sate or depreciate her charms; as well have not yet entered upou business, so that considering and applying, that it is perfectly the affair of Tockenburgh is yet at a stand. according to the humour and taste of the com- Letters from the Hague, dated the eleventh pany, whether the toast is eaten, or left as an instant, N. S. advise, that monsieur Rouille offal.

having acquainted the ministers of the allies, The foremost of the whole rank of coasts, that his master had refused to ratify the preand the most indisputed in their present em

liminaries of a treaty adjusted with monsieur pire, are Mrs Gatty and Mrs. Frontlet : the Torcy, set out for Paris on Sunday morning. first an agreeable, the second an awful beauty. The same day the foreign ministers met a These ladies are perfect friends, out of a know- committee of the states-general, where monledge, that their perfections are too different sieur Van Hessen opened the business upon to stand in competition. He that likes Gatty which they were assembled, and in a very warm can have no relish for so solemp a creature as discourse, laid before them the conduct of Froutlet; and an admirer of Frontlet will call France in the late negotiations, representing Gatty a maypole girl. Gatty for ever smiles the abject manner in which she had laid open upon you ; and Frontlet disdains to see you her own distresses, that reduced her to a comsmile. Gatty's love is a shining quick flame; pliance with the demands of all the allies, and Frontlet's, a síow wasting fire. Gatty likes her meanness in receding from those points to

— which monsieur Torcy had consented. The • It was the fashion of the time, to inscribe verses thas alliance severally expressed their resentment

respective ministers of each potentate of the to the reigning beanties. Several of these sprightly productions,' on the toasting.glasses of the Kit-cat Club,' by the of the faithless behaviour of the Freuch, and Lords Halifax, Wharton, Lansilorine, and Carbary, by gave each other mutual assurances of the conMr. Maynwaring, and other puerizal inembers of that ingenizas society, may be seen in Nichols's • Select Collec stancy and resolution of their principals, to bon of Miscellany l'oems,' vol v. pp. 103. 178 476. proceed with the utmost vigour against the

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common enemy. His grace the duke of Marl- examine into the causes which precipitate mer borough set out from the Hague on the ninth into so fatal a fully. And as it has been pro of the afternoon, and lay that nigbt at Rot-posed to treat of subjects of gallantry in the terdam, from whence, at four the next morn- article from hence, and no one point in nature ing, he proceeded towards Antwerp, with a de- is more proper to be considered by the comsign to reach Ghent the next day. All the pany who frequent this place than that of duels, troops in the Low Countries are in motion it is worth our consideration to examine into towards the general rendezvous between the this chimerical groundless humour, and to lay Scheld and the Lis; the whole army will be every other thought aside, until we have stripformed on the twelfth instant; and it is said, ped it of all its false pretences to credit and that on the fourteenth, they will advance to reputation amongst men. wards the enemy's country. In the mean time But I must confess, when I consider what I the marshal de Villars has assembled the French am going about, and run over in my imaginaforces between Lens, La Bassee, and Douay. tion all the endless crowd of men of bonour

Yesterday morning sir John Norris, with the who will be offended at such a discourse ; I am squadron under bis command, sailed from the undertaking, methinks, a work worthy an inDowns for Holland.

vulnerable hero in romance, rather than a pri

vate gentleman with a single rapier: but as I From my own Apartment, June 3. am pretty well acquainted by great opportuniI have the honour of the following letter ties with the nature of man, and know of a frim a gentleman whom I receive into my fa- truth that all men fight against their will, the mily, and order the heralds at arms to enroll danger vanishes, and resolution rises upon this him accordingly.

subject. For this reason, I shall talk very

freely on a custom which all men wish ex MR. BICKERSTAFF,

ploded, though no man bas courage enough * Though you have excluded me the bonour to resist it. of your family, yet I have ventured to corres. But there is one unintelligible word, which I pond with the same great persons as yourself, fear will extremely perplex my dissertation, and have wrote this post to the king of France; and I confess to you I fud very hard to explaint, though I am in a manner unknown in his which is the term satisfaction.' An bonest country, and have not been seen there these country gentleman had the misfortune to fall many months :

into company with two or three modern niet

of honour, where he bappened to be very ill To Lewis Le Grand.

treated; and one of the company, being con*Thongh in your country I'm unknown,

scious of his offence, sends a note to him in the Yet, sir, I most advise you: of late so poor and mean you're grown,

morning, and tells him, he was ready to give him That all the world despise you.

satisfaction. 'This is fine doing,' says the plain Here vermin eat your majesty,

fellow; 'last night he sent me away cursedly There meagre subjects stand upsed : What sorer signs of poverty,

out of humour, and this morning he fancies it Than many lice and little bread >

would be a satisfaction to be run through the Then, sir, the present ininute choose,

body.' Our armics are advanced :

As the matter at present stands, it is not to Those terns you at the Hague refuse,

do handsome actions denominates a man of At Paris won't be granted.

honour; it is enough if he clares to defend ill Consider this, and Dunkirk raze, And Anna's title own;

ones. Thus you often see a common sharper Send one pretender out to graze,

in competition with a gentleman of the first Aud call the other home.

rank; though all mankind is convinced, that *Your bumble servant,

a fighting gamester is only a pick pocket with *BREAD TIIE STAFF OF LIFE.' the courage of a highwayman. One cannot

with any patience reflect on the unaccountable

jumble of persons and things in this town and No. 25.] Tuesday, June 7, 1709.

nation, which occasions very frequently, that

brave man falls by a hand below that of a com). Quicqaid agont homines- nostri est farrago libelli. Juv. Sat. 1. 85, +6.

mon hangman, and yet his executioner escapes

the clutches of the hangman for doing it. Whate'er men do, or say, or think, or dream, Our motley paper seizer for its theme.

shall therefore hereafter consider, how the

bravest nren in other ages and nations bave White's Chocolate-house, June 6.

behaved themselves upon such incidents as we A letter from a young lady, written in the decide by combat; and show, from their prac. most passionate terms, wherein she laments tice, that this resentment neither has its founthe misfortune of a gentleman, her lover, who uation from true reason or solid fame; but is was lately wounded in a duel, has turned my an imposture, made of cowardice, falsehood, and thoughts to that subject, and inclined me to want of understanding. For this work, a good

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history of quarrels would be very edifying to the exorbitant bills which came from Oxford every public, and I apply myself to the town for par. quarter.' 'Make the rogue bite upon the bridle,' ticulars and circumstances within their know said I ; ‘pay none of his bills, it will but enledge, which may serve to embellish the disser- courage him to further trespasses.' He looked lation with proper cuts. Most of the quarrels plaguy sour at me. His son soon after sent up 'bave ever known, have proceeded from some a paper of verses, forsooth, in print on the last valiant coxcomb's persisting in the wrong, to public occasion; upon which, he is convinced wefend some prevailing fully, and preserve him the boy has parts, and a lad of spirit is not to self from the ingenuousness ofowning a mistake. be too much cramped in his maintenance, lest

By this means it is called 'giving a man sa he take ill courses. Neither father nor son can tisfaction,' to urge your offence against him ever since endure the sight of me. with your sword; which puts me in mind of These sort of people ask opinions only out Peter's order to the keeper, in 'The Tale of a of the fullness of their beart on the subject of Tub: if you neglect to do all this, damn you their perplexity, and not from a desire of inforand your generation for ever: and so we bidmation, you heartily farewell. If the contradiction in There is nothing so easy as to find out wbiel the very terms of one of our challenges were opinion the man in doubt bas a mind to; as well explained and turneul iuto downright therefore the sure way is, to tell him that is English, would it not run after this manner ? certainly to be chosen. Then you are to be

very clear and positive ; leave no handle for SIR,

scruple. “Bless me! sir, there is no room for 'Your extraordinary behaviour last night, a question! This rivets you into bis heart; and the liberty you were pleased to take with for you at once applaud his wisdom, and gratify me, makes me this morning give you this, to his inclination. However, I had too much tell you, because you are an ill-bred puppy, I bowels to be insincere to a man who came yes. will meet you in Hyde-park an hour hence; terday to know of me, with which of two emiand because you want both breeding and hunent men in the city he should place bis son ? manity, I desire you would come with a pistol | their names are Paulo and Avaro. This gave in your hand, on horseback, and endeavour to me much debate with myself, because not only shoot me through the head, to teach you more the fortune of the youth, but his virtue also demanners. If you fail of doing me this pleasure, pendeth upon this choice. The men are equally I shall say, you are a rascal, on every post in wealthy; but they difter in the use and applicatown: and so, sir, if you will not injure metion of their riches, which you immediately sec more, I shall never forgive what you have done upon entering their doors. already. Pray, sir, do not fail of getting every The babitation of Paulo has at once the air thing ready; and you will infinitely oblige, sir, of a nobleman and a merchant. You see the your most obedient humble servant, &c.' servants act with affection to their master, and

satisfaction in themselves: the master meets you From my own Apartment, June 6.

with an open countenance, full of benevolence Among the many employments I am neces. and integrity: your business is despatched with sarily put upon by my friends, that of giving that confidence and welcome which always acadvice is the most unwelcome to me; and, in company honest minds: his table is the image of deed I am forced to use a little art in the man- plenty and generosity, supported by justice and per; for some people will ask counsel of you, frugality. After we had dined here, our affair when they have already acted wbat they tell was to visit Avaro : out comes an aukward felyou is still under deliberation. I har almost low, with a careful countenance; 'Sir, woulil lost a very good friend the other day, who came you speak with my master? may I crave your to know 'bow I liked his design to marry such name?' After the first preamble, he leads is a lady?' I answered, “By no means; and I must into a noble solitude, a great house that seemed be positive against it, for very solid reasons, uninhabited; but from the end of the spacious which are not proper to be communicated.' hall moves towards us Avaro, with a suspicious 'Not proper to be comniunicated !' said he, with aspect, as if he had believed us thieves; and, a grave air, ‘I will know the bottom of this.' as for my part, I approached him as if I knew I saw bim moved, and knew from thence he him a cut-purse. We fell into discourse of his was already determined; therefore evaded it noble dwelling, aud the great estate all the by saying, “To tell you the truth, dear Frank, world knew be bad to enjoy in it: and I, to of all the women living I would have her my- plague bim, began to commend Paulo's way of felf.' 'Isaac,' said he 'thou art too late, for living. 'Paulo,' answered Avaro, “is a very We bave been both one these two months.' good man; but we, who bave smaller estates,

I learned this caution hy a gentleman's con- must cut our coat according to our cloth.' sulting me formerly about his son. He railed 'Nay,' says I, “every man knows his own cirat his damned extravagance, and told me, cumstances best; you are in the right, if you a very little time he would beggar bim hy that I have not wherewithal.' He looked very soul, for it is, you must know, the utmost vanity of defend their country against a victorious and exa mean-spirited rich man to be contradicted asperated enemy. Monsieur Rouille bad passed when he calls himself poor. But I resolved to through Brussels without visiting either the vex bim, by consenting to all he said; the main duke of Marlborough or prince Eugene, who design of which was, that he would have us were both there at that time. The States have find ont, he was one of the wealthiest men in met, and publicly declared their satisfaction in London, and lived like a beggar. We left bim, the conduct of their deputies during the whole and took a turn on the Exchange. My friend treaty. Letters from France say, that the was ravished with Avaro : 'this,' said he, “is court is resolved to put all to the issue of the certainly a sure man.' I contradicted him with ensuing campaign. In the mean time, they much warınth, and summed up their different have ordered the preliminary treaty to be pubcharacters as well as I could. “This Paulo,'lished, with observations upon each article, in said I, “grows wealthy by being a common order to quiet the minds of the people, and good; Avaro, by being a general evil: Paulo persuade them that it has not been in the has the art, Avaru the crast of trade. When power of the king to procure a peace, but to Paulo gains, all men he deals with are the bet- the diminution of bis majesty's glory, and the ter: whenever Avaru profits, another certainly hazard of his dominions. His grace the duke loses. In a word, Paulo is a citizen, and Avaro of Marlborough and prince Eugene arrived at a cit.' I convinced my friend, and carried the Ghent on Wednesday last, where, at an assemyoung gentleman the next day to Paulo, where bly of all the general officers, it was thought be will learn the way both to gain and enjoy a proper, by reason of the great rains which have good fortune. And though I cannot say I have, lately fallen, to defer forming a camp, or bringby keeping him from Avaro, saved him from ing the troops together; but, as soon as the the gallows, I have prevented his deserving it weather would permit, to march upon

the every day he lives : for with Paulo he will be enemy with all expedition. an honest man, without being so for fear of the law; as with Avaro he would have been a villain within the protection of it

No. 26.] Thursday, June 9, 1709.

Quicquid agunt homines--
St. James's Coffee-house, June 6.

nostri est farago libelli. Juv. Sat. i. 85, 86. We hear from Vienna of the first instant, Whate'er men do, or siy, or think, or dream, that baron Imhoff, who attended her Catholic

Onr niotley paper scizes for its theme. majesty with the character of envoy from the

From my own Apartment, June 8. duke of Wolfembuttel, was returned thither. That minister brought an account, that major and approbatiou; and I hereby order Mr. Kid

I have read the following letter with delight general Stanhope, with the troops which embarked at Naples, was returned to Barcelona. ney at St. James's, and sir Thomas at White's, We hear from Berlin, by advices of the eighth (who are my clerks for enrolling all men in instant, that his Prussian majesty had received their different classes, before they presume to au account from his minister at Dresden, that drink tea or chocolate in those places,) to take the king of Denmark desired to meet his ma

care that the persons within the descriptions in jesty al Magdeburg. The king of Prussia has the letter be admitted and excluded, according sent for answer, that his present indisposition

to my friend's remonstrance. will not admit of so great a journey ; but has

"SIR,

June 6, 1709. sint the king a very pressing invitation to come w Berlin or Potsdam. These advices say, tbat / Your paper of Saturday has raised up in the minister of the king of Sweden has produced me a noble emulation to be recorded in the a letter from his master to the king of Poland, / foremost rank of worthies therein mentioned; dated .from Botiz iu the thirtieth of March, if any regard be had to merit or industry, I (). S. wherein he acquaints him, that he has may hope to succeed in the promotion, for I been successful against the Muscovites in all have omitted no tvil or expense to be a profithe actions which have happened since his cient; and if my friends do not flatter, they march into their country. Great numbers have assure me, I have not lost my time since I revolted to the Swedes since general Mazeppa came to town.

To enumerate but a few parwent over to that side ; and as many as have ticulars; there is hardly a coachman I meet done so have taken solemn oaths to adhere to with, but desires to be excused taking me, bethe interests of bis Swedish majesty.

cause he has had me before. I have comAdvices from the Hague of the fourteenth pounded two or three rapes; and let out to instant, N.'S. say, that all things tended to a bire as many bastards to beggars. I never saw vigorous and active campaign; the allies having above the first act of a play :* and as to my strong resentments against the late behaviour of the court of France; and the French using

* At that time, it seems as if the money was returned to all possible endeavours to animate their men to such as withdrew at the end of the first act,

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