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R. 22. Why do you then name three, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost ?
A. Because God hath so revealed himself in his word, that these three distinct persons are the one only and true God, as we also are baptised in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Gbost.
Q. 23. What believest thou when thou sayest, "I believe in God the Father Almighty, maker of heaven and earth ;)"
A. That the eternal Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who of nothing made heaven and earth, and still upholds them by his providence ; is my God and Father, for Christ his Son's sake.
Q. 24. What believest thou when thou sayest, " And in Jesus Christ, his only begotten Son, our Lord "
A. That Jesus Christ is the eternal and only Son of the Father, coessential with God the Father, and the Holy Ghost.
Q. 25. Do you not believe that he also became man?
A. Yes : for he was conceived by the Holy Ghost, and born of the Virgin Mary.
Q 26. Is his Godhead then changed into humanity ?
A. By assuming the human nature into a personal union with his divine.
Q. 28. Did he then bring his human nature from heaven?
A. No. but he took it on him of the Virgin Mary, by the operation of the Holy Ghost, and is thus become like unto us, his brethren, in all things, sin excepted. Heb. ii. 17. and iv. 15.
R. 29. Why is he called Jesus, that is Saviour ?
A. No: for there is none other name under heaven, given among men, whereby we must be saved, than the name of Jesus. Acts iv. 12.
Q. 31. Why is he called Christ, that is anointed ?
A. Because he was anointed with the Holy Ghost, and ordained by God the Father, to be our chief Prophet, our only High Priest, and our eternal King.
Q. 32. What then hath Jesus Christ done to save us ?
A. He has suffered for us, was crucified and died, was buried and de. scended into hell; tirat is, he suffered the torinents of hell, and thus be. came obedient to his Father, that he might deliver us from the temporal and eterual punistinent due to sin.
Q. 33. In which nature hath he suffered this?
A. His Godhead, by its power, hath in such wise strengthened the assumed human vature, that it could hear the burden of God's wrath against sin, and deliver us from it.
Q. 35. Did Christ then remain under the power of death?
A. No: but he rose from the dead the third day, for our justification. Rom iv. 25.
Q. 36. Where is Christ now, as to his human nature ?
A. He is ascended into heaven, and sits at the right hand of God the Father, that is, exalted in the highest glory, far above all creatures. Eph. i. 20. 21.
Q. 37. To what end is he there so highly exalted?'
A. Particularly that he might from thence govern his church, and there he our intercessor with the Father.
Q. 38. Is he not with us then even unto the end of the world, as he hath promised us ? Matt. xxviii. 20.
A. With respect to his Godhead, majesty, grace and spirit, he is never absent from us : but with respect to his human nature, he remains in-heaven, until he shall come again to judge the quick and the dead.
Q. 39. What do you helieve concerning the Holy Ghost?
A. That he is the true and co-eternal God with the Father and Son: and that he being given to me of the Father, through Christ, regenerates me, and leads me into all truth, comforts me, and will abide with me for ever.
Q. 40. What believest thou concerning the Holy Catholic Church?
A. That the Son of God gathers hy his word and Spirit out of the whole human race, those who are chosen to eternal life, to be a church to himself ; of which I believe I am, and always shall remain a living member.
Q. 41. Where doth he gather this church ? A. Where God's word is purely preached, and the holy sacraments administered according to the institution of Christ.
Q. 42. What benefits doth God bestow on his church ?
A. He grants her remission of sins, the resurrection of the flesh, and eternal life.
Q. 43. What doth it proît thee now that thou believest all this?
Q. 45. How is it to be understood that thou art justified by faith only ?
A. Thus : that the perfect satisfaction and righteousness of Christ alone, is imputed to me of God, by which my sios are forgiven me, and I become an heir of everlasting life ; and that I cannot receive that righteousness by any other means than by faith.
Q. 46. Why cannot our good works be our righteousness before God, or some part thereof?
A. Because even our best works in this life are imperfect, and polluted with sins.
Q. 47. Do our good works then merit nothing, which yet God will reward in this, and in a future life?
A. This reward is not of merit, but of grace.
A. By the same word preached, and by the use of the holy sacraInents.
Q. 51. What are the sacraments ?
A. They are holy signs and seals instituted by God, thereby to assure us that he of grace grants us remission of sins, and life eternal, for the sake of that one sacrifice of Christ finished on the cross.
Q. 52. How many sacraments hath Christ instituted in the new tes. tament?
A. Two: holy baptism, and the holy supper.
A. The water with which we are baptised in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.
Q. 54. What doth that signify and seal ?
A. The washing away of sins by the blood and Spirit of Jesus Christ.
Q. 55. Where hath Christ promised and assured us of this?
A. In the institution of baptisın, which is as follows, “Go ye into all the world, and preach the gospel to every creature. He that believeth and is baptised shall be saved; but he that believeth not, shall be damned."
Q. 56. Are infants also to be baptised ?
A. Yes: for they as well as the adult are comprehended in the covenant of God, and in his church.
Q. 57. Which is the outward sign in the Lord's supper ?
A. The broken bread that we eat, and the poured out wine which we drink, in remembrance of the sufferings and death of Christ.
Q. 58. What is thereby signified and sealed ?
A. That Christ with bis crucified body, and shed blood, feeds and nourishes our souls to everlasting life.
Q. 59. Where hath Christ promised such things to us?
A. In the institution of the Lord's supper, which is thus expressed, by Paul, 1 Cor. xi. 23, 24, 25, 26. “For I have received of the Lord, that which also I delivered unto you, that the Lord Jesus the same night in which he was betrayed, took bread; and when he had given thanks, he brake it, and said, take, eat; this is my body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of me. After the same manner also he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, this cup is the new testament in my blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me. For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do shew the Lord's death till he come.”
Q. 60. Is the bread changed into the body of Christ, and the wine into his blood ?
A. No: no more than the water in baptism is changed into the blood of Christ.
Q. 61. After what manner must you examine yourself before you come to the Lord's supper?
A. 1. I must examine whether I abhor myself for my sins, and humble myself before God on account of them. 2. Whether I believe and trust that all my sins are forgiven me for Christ's sake. 3. Whether I also have a sincere resolution henceforward, to walk in all good works.
Q. 62. May tliose be admitted to the Lord's supper, who teach false doctrines, or lead offensive lives?
A. No: lest the covenant of God be profaned, and his wrath kindled against the whole church.
Q. 63. How must we then deal with such persons ?'
A. According to the appointment given us by Christ, Mat. xviii. 15, 16, 17.
" If thy brother shall trespass against thee, go and tell him his fault between thee and bim alone : if he shall hear thee, thou hast gained thy brother : but if he will not hear thee, then take with thee one or two more, that in the mouth of two or three witnesses every word may be established : and if he shall neglect to hear them, tell it unto the church : but if he neglect to hear the church, let him be unto thee as an heathen man, and a publican."
THE THIRD PART.
OF THE GRATITUDE WE OWE TO GOD FOR REDEMPTION. Q. 64. Since we are saved merely of grace through Christ, why must we then yet do good works?
A. Not to merit keaven thereby (which Christ hath done) but because this is commanded me of God.
Q. 65. What purpose then do your good works answer ?
A. That I should thereby testify my thankfulness to God for all his benefits, and that he may be glorified by me; and that also I inay be assured of the sincerity of my faith by good works, as the fruits thereof, and that my neighbours may be edified thereby and gained to Christ.
Q. 64. Shall they also be saved who do no good works?
A. No: for the scripture saith, that neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor whoremongers, nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, unr revilers, nor robbers, nor such like, shall inherit the kingdom of God, I Cor. vi. O, and 10, unless they turn to the Lord.
Q. 67. Wherein doth the conversion of man consist ?
A. In a bearty repentance and avoiding of sin, and in an earnest desire after, and doing of all good works.
Q. 68. What are good works?
A. Only those which proceed from a true faith, are done according to the law of God, and to his glory, and not those which are founded on human institutions, or on our own imaginations.
Q. 69. Can they who are converted to God, perfectly keep the law?
A. Not at all: but even the most holy men, as long as they are in this life, have only a small beginning of this obedience; yet so, that they with a sincere resolution begin to live not only according to some, but according to all the commandments of God, as they also consta tly pray to God that they may daily increase therein.
Q. 70. To whom must we pray for this ?
A. Not to any creature, but to God alone, who can help us, and will hear us for Jesus Christ's sake.
Q. 71. In whose name must we pray to God?
A. Only in the name of Christ, John xvi. 23, and not in the name of any saints.
Q. 72. What must we pray to God for?
A. For all things necessary for soul and body, which Christ our Lord has comprised in that prayer he himself has taught us.
Q. 73. What are the words of that prayer?
A. Our Father which art in heaven, hallowed be thy name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done in earth, as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread, and forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors : and lead us not into temptation ; but deliver us from evil: For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever.
Q. 74. What do you desire of God in this prayer?
A. 1. That all things which tend to the glory of God, may be promoted ; and that whatsoever is repugnant thereto, or contrary to his will, may be prevented. 2. That he may provide me with all things necessary for the body, and as to my soul, preserve me from all evil, which might in any wise be detrimental to my salvation. Amen.
(When those persons who are inclined to become members of the church, thoroughly know and confess these fundamental truths; they are then to be asked whether they have any doubt in any point concerning the doctrine; to the end that they may be satisfied : and in case any of them should answer in the affirmative, endeavours must be used to convince them, out of the scriptures; and if they are all satisfied, they must be asked, whether they propose, by the grace of God, to persevere in this doctrine, and to forsake the world, and to lead a new,
christian life. Lastly, they are to be asked, whether they will submit themselves to the christian discipline.
Which being done, they are to be exhorted to peace, love and concord with all men, and to reconciliation if there is any variance subsisting between them and their neighbours.]