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which were entrusted to him by the caprices of Luxury, or the attempts of late Duc de Chaulnes, who had en- a delusive Glory, and, not unfrequently, gaged him to pursue the particular re. ibose of a moji pameful Immorality." searches he suggested. Not having had (p. 492.) Is not the latter part of it in his power to execute this commis- this observation equally applicable 10 fion, he left the MS. ac Cairo, as it the new Government? and what have might there facilitate the enquiries of been the results of discoveries set on fome other persons, who had lufficient foot by them, if, indeed, they have set leisure and opportunity to follow his on foot any, unless those which they views. He only took copies of the two have pushed by fraud and force as far drawings, which have not yet been as fraud and force were permitted to published, and which make plates g.,! But even in this public-spirited XIX. XX. of this work. The letters design our traveller failed, by the refer to remarks contained in the pa- ulual villainy of the people of the pers with which he was entrufted, and country he was about to penetrate joto, of which he did not think himself juf- of which he had before his eyes cruel tified in taking a copy; consequently, examples in the treacherous murder of an explanation of them will not be ex- a French physician and liis fuite ; on pected in this work. (p.472.) This is which account Conful Mailler broke the paper publihed in the “ Journal de off all communication with Nubia. He Physique, May, 1977, and thence in left Bulac March 21, 1778, amd. in our vol. LI. p. 113 ; by which it ap the character or dress of a Turkish pears that the Duke had been recom. physician, proceeded up the Nile in a mended to apply to Mr. Tott, who was: boat which he had engaged, but went an excellent draughtsman, and carried" 00 farther, than Thebes before the out with him an engineer equally skil. treachery of his interpreter obliged him led in that art; and that Mr. Davifson, to return. What (p. 405) he calls the Duke's fecretary, had ferved Mr. Fwd, children ftrangely mufled-up and Montague in the same capacity. refting on a dolphin, pl. XI. 6, are
"To penetrate into Abýflinia, to'vifit really refting on a wine-vessel in that immense and interesting countries in the plate; and we recollect to have seen a interior of that part of the globe which Tingle figure in the same dress. is the least known; to do honour 10 ** At Od Cairo are to be seen Jo. my nation by an important expedition, seph's granaries, if the name of granawhich an Englishman, aided by all the ries can be given to a large space of ailiftance and by all the means that a ground surrounded by walls 20 fect Government can command, had re- high, and divided into sorts of courts, cently attempted with success ; in Thort, without any roof or covering, in which 10 compensate, by a bold and glorious is deposited the corn brought from Up, enterprize, for the narrow conceptions per Egypt as the fiscal, and wbore it and the niggardly ideas with which the becomes ibe food of a multitude of birds, pid Government of France acompanied and the receptacle of their aung. The millions of this nature, as well as to walls of this inclosure are badly con. increase the hill mere niggardly means ftru&ied; their appearance by no means that it appropriated to their execution, announces an ancient building; and noWda a prije£t ever uppermott in my thing but th: love of the marvellous mind; and I left nothing una'tempted could have attribu'ed their creclion to that could enlure its success. Having the patriarch Joreph.” (p. 502.) at iny disposal only a moderate lum, “Ar Bouleb we mate with one of those and such as would have been barely gales of vind from the Sou:h, which are fufficient to make a journey through so famous, and at the same time to dan, fonie parts of Europe, I followed the gerous, in these countries. pian I had alopted in the other expe. Those who may happen to be then crolditions with which I had been entrült. Sing those immenle i sndy folitudes with ed, and which I was unwilling 10 re- which Egype is bordered! lo repidity linquish ; that is, I made an action, is of no avail; and the most valorous from my own purse, to the allowance armies might be there overwhelired by which I received from the bands of clouds of sand driven impetuously aloog Parfimony, which was then the ordi- by the wind, p-rish by fuffocation, ad nary attendant upon useful enterprizes, die in despair. The atmosphere leemed wbile ibe excess of liberality and profu• as if on fire, and yet was darkeoed by hon covered wild e fala! Iplerdoms ibe whirlwinds of dust. Reaumur's ther
mometer Anod at 77 degrees. Both are feated, with their legs across, men and animals inhaled nething but round a table with one foot in the scorching vapours, mixed with fine and diape of a large circular tea-board, en burning sand. The plants were parch. which are placed the dishes, without ed up; in short, all animated Nature either table-cloth, plates, knives, or was withered.” (p. 511.) Speaking of forks. They put the right-hand into Carthamus, one of the most productive the dishes, from wich they fuccetfively articles of culture in Egypt, where it help themselves with their fingers, each occup'es whole plains, he says, it according to his particular taite. The " would be an important branch of left hand being defined for ablution is commerce for the new colony.” (p. Unclean, and must not touch their Ş!!.). Mr. S. travelled towards Abyto food. Sometimes they colleet in one finia in the character of a phyfician; dish what they hare taken from each, and, being sent for to the fecond is in order to form a mels worked up into command ar Miniet, who had broken a big ball, which they convey to their his leg three days before, found it had widely extended mouth. The poultry been set by a Copt, who had created and the boiled meats are divided and the case in a manner truly curious. pulled to pieces with the hands and The patient was laid upon the ground, nails. The roaft ineats are served up without either mattres, mat, or carper, in imall biis, cut before they are put but merely on a bed of land. His leg on the spit; and no where is beiter and thigh were extended and fixed be- roast meat eaten than in the countries tween Makes driven into the earth, of Turkey. No conversation is carried which also supplied a small brickan oo at table; as they sit down at it only raised on cach fide in such a mers, thev Jose no time, but swallow that the fractured limb was fonhnet in wing the greatest precipitation. They a piece of malon-work, where Tormen affociated for the sake to remain till the complelisted of the finely, but aniina's collected round cure. In order to promote kies to ima theit god by want and voracity. The tion of the callus of the fracture, the great runs down from each side of doctor had made a sort of cement, or, their mouth. The Romach emits freand the white of eggs, which he every qucot eructations, which they prolong, day applied to the leg.".
and render as noisy as they can. He Ai Sioul our traveller describes a whose hunger is soonest appealed rises number of lepulchral grottoes with first; and it is not confidered as une large human figures and hieroglyphics manneriy to remain alone at table if a in relief. (p. 525.) P. Lucas fuppoied person's appetite is not completely sathem the habitations of the first men tisfied. (p. 548.) after the deluge ; an idea which only Mr. S. could not hear, in Egypt or corresponds with the forın of the habio other parts of the Levant, of the letations in early ages in many parts of proly at:ached to inanimate things, the world; while, on the other hand, houses, or garments. “ These diseales such receptacles of the dead are equally of inanimate thin?s, which lerved only common all over the world.
to form the Jews to habits of cleanli. In the character of the Nubians we nels, have disappeared in the East with discover nothing more favourable than the dirty people for whom they were in other E:hiopians or Negroes. The intended.” (p. 563). Coptic hospicality is curiouni deseri. He saw the same ruins, inscription, bed. " One of the rich Copts of Siour and paintings, ac Ecbm.mm (p. 577), infifted on giving me a dinner. The as Pococke describes at Akmim, p. 77. inhide of his houle was clean and con. dulbarily in improper bands cose venient; every thing in it announced fan'iy leads to be fane abuses, and is easy circumstances; but women w.re carried to obe same exess: in all courto be seen there no more than in the iries cxpoled to its absurdily and its vio. house of a Molinman. The repart lence, ii purjurs the same measures. The was served up with profufion; the desolating system of requisitions, and company drank copiously of excellent particularly of arbitrary arresls, was date brandy, which was handed about exercised in Egypt with a degree of every moment in small glatles of Ve. cunning and oj blind fury which would rice cryftal. In other relpeels the bave disgracia our molt bor-beaded reCopis take their meat in the same man- volu'ionifis, and our molt skilful plurucr as the Turks and Arabs. They derers.” (P 582.)
Many of the coloffal figures carved dinary years, favoured by circumli saces, about the temples at Dendera, and just the land laid down in corn gives a prodescribed by Pecocke (p. 87), are deli- duce of 50 for one. At Negriade I Deated and engraved. (p. 592.) What was even assured that, fx or forea our traveller lays of the fleur-de-lis bee years previous to my arrival, a cultiva. ing found in a single infance on a scep. tor had reaped 150 times the feed love. ure among thele figures, and therefore Bit this observation, fuppofing it to be not the arms of France, but borrowed corre&t, applying only to a solitary and by th: Egyorians from the S; rians and particular fact, cannot be iocluded in Bazylonians, their neighlwurs, who bore the general estimate. For fome of the that fymbol, is mere revoluciona, y de inliabitants had bien complaining of the clameuon; that kind of fceptre being scanrinels of the crops; revertheless, put into the hands o! Divid, k np of during these rery year which hay Ifrael, io a Greek MS. of the king's considered as times of dearth, the land Jibrary, only in compliance with the had produced 20 for one. Such a fercostume of the 10th cntury, the time tility, which had no n'ed f exaggera when the picture was diawn, as Mont- tion to appear attonilling, is stili iuf. faucon obferves in his defcription of it. ceptible of increase. Ignorant and lazi,
P. 604, he determines the wolf the Egyptian cultivator kn:w not low (avxo;), worshipped at Lycopolis, to be to derive the greatest advantage from the modern jackall.
the most fruitfui fuil; and ine proce's The hippopotamus and the hear are of watering, which vegetation requires both extindt in Egypt. (p. 6c9.) in so warm a climate, was negleed,
During the night evere tel fome or in great measure forgotien." (p. thocks of an earthquake at Nezriade 618.) " This incomparable fertility and at Tabte ; a..d at the latter place is still more brilliant in the South han there was, at the fame time, seen a in the North of Egip:.” (p. 619) sacreor, which, from the description I The mode of rowing the feed thinly, Teceived of it, had loine relemblance to and the stalks arranged in the rills at a a rainbow. It was not lo large, but it distance from each other, are rendered was observed to be of the same shape more productive. There are no weeds; and colours. The atmofphere was ob. but there are focks of birds, and fcured by thick vapours, and the dust swarms of winged inletts, bugs, aad feattered by the wind.” (p. 693.)
fieas " There is not a inore fukiog Could this be a lunar iainbow? cxample of a compete change in the
Redolescence is oddly applied to fig. character of nations than that which pily recovery from old age, and resto. has taken place among the Egyprians; yation to a liate of youth. (p. 612.) Havery, and its inevitable atteodent, " There is certainly no country in
stupidity, have taken the place of power the world where the soil is to produc. and greatgess. Supăriliius ignorance rive as in Egypt. Huwerer, when, as bas succeeded to the love of the sci. forse ancient and inodera authors have ences, and to the exercise of the ar's, arti med, its proviuce in wheat is carried while perfect civilizacion has alifappeare 10 100, 200, and even as far as 300 for ed, and is supplied by brutality and One, 11 is extrem is beyond the com- 1.av.gene's of manners." (p. 6:3.)
average. On the other hand, The men of Thebis are list cre tule who have allerted that a me fure uncivilized than tho'e of Lower Esp, of comfown in the earth produced any and are in every relpect more oulou. 2013-fold. have ttaper far thort of the (%. 624.) 11 uth. Oo his subject 1 cuiledled and “ Tine Arabs have a pecu iar mode con pared ihe most accurate intorna- o: cure for ventreal complaints bi dig. tion; and the retult Wis, that, ene ging a hole in the land, and bury.
Els with ano:her, a crop of coin yields thanhelves to the neck, without die from 25 10 30 for one ; and it is insa ing, and exposed to the molt inttale porttit tu obicole, that ii is not here h-at, during the whole day. la la INICANT 10 count the nuinties of grains evening only they take a lile nountacon:ained in an ear priduced to a ment. I have been affured that theyre. single teet, but that I am ieaking of turned to these scorching feuations is the entire harvest of the inal of corn 20 or 30 days in fucceffi in " (p. 629) that it ito rifb:sin itgiren diferit ; to
Upon the dry and almolt barica Edut each in: a'ure town sie'is a crop of plains of Upper Egypt comnion'y grung from 25 10 30 .aiures. le tarter the true Acacia, Irom the lein and
branches of which is procured the gum burying them in the land for a moment, Arabic.” (p. 636.)
which melts their fat (p. 702.) “Semíem, or Icíame, has a great re- The conclusion of the whole is to femilance to the digi alis; is much panegyrize the happy consequences to Cultivaret in Egypt, and in several dir. be expefted in Egypt from the courage tiets in she Levant; anii is begun to and attirity of the French, who wouid be stopagated in lay; an ituves very have formed a peaceful settlement there, well in French Guiana, a neglected and if the opposition of their enemies had deprecitied colonv, bur from which not prevented it by war, rendered iar France night derive great advantage more bloudy and disaffrous by the new and wealth.” (p. 639)
setriers. “The climate is far from ba. On the ruins of Thebes our traveling unhealthy. With a little precauler is very contined. “He could only tion a perion might there hope to ac. haflily admire these important remains tain a great age, to be exempt froin of antiquity, including a few frage every complaint, did not the disorder of ments of the ftatue of Memnon, the the eyes appear, in a great measure, «ngreater part of which he had no oppor. avoidable in that country.” (p. 699.) tunity of Iceing but at a distance" (p. Travels in Greece by the same author 611), and found it expedient to return seem promised, p. 58. back hince; and at Luxer he bas The translator of this edition of drawo such a colonnade as no other these cravels (notwith landing his juft traveller bas.
and Ipirited animadversion on ehat by " The goats of the Saïd are very Dr. Hunter, which, belides the Prelively and active, and also very noily, face, occupv 20 pages under the title being incessantly repeating their bleate of Hilaria Huneriana, which certainly ings, the lound of which may be ap ly proclaim the greatest incompetency oa cumpared to the cries of a child ” (p. the Delor's part, wirneis M. Brydone, 636) Dind this suggest the flory of box tor befijs, befides oiher infances Píam miticus causing children to be of absolute nonlente) is not himself entaught by goats; in consequence of tirely free from the introduction of lewhich education they could only arti. veral French phrases; and, in p. 683, culate buccos, perhaps a bleat?
where he is oppoting wbeat to barley, Soonini bas made the prodigious he probably renders ble by corn inttead discovery that the Egyptians and Jews of wheat. P.61,"embayed in that great abitined from the Acth of the hug on bight which our charis indicate by the account of its being to subject to the name of the Arabian gult." Agrofticel. meafes, which, under a burning sky, p. 63, must be fought in a botanical mighe easily degenerate into leprosy; Dictionary. Capital is a new word and the gross fuperftition of the Jews for a cover; “ covered with a capital, has retained an averhon in coid ci- pierced with holes, in the hape of a mates, where the hog is among the perfuming pan.” (p. 159.) Colours number of animals most useful for the are expressed in the French term, as fulienance of man (p. 660).--" The gridelin and rufous, p. 200, when ic Jews, a na:ion which has contriv.d 10 Thould seem greyish and reddips were preserve its character and cultoms English words coinpetent to convey in all the countries through which is is the same idea. latem per aiure, p. 202; dipersed." (p. 70.)
Roadstead, p 224; the owner re-auAc 135 or 140 leagues from Cairo red me, p. 249 ; acquire a prodigious be discontinued his route to the South. faze, p, 260. Thele are a few ot inaay ward (p. 649.) He proceeded no far- inore inlaces in which we notice too er than Thebes; and, after fome dir- close an adherence to the French lanagreeable delays and adventures, l'each. guage ; from whence we have to regret eu Roletra.
The trantplantation of coo many words Ile defcribes the flight of the polican into a la guage already rich and Ricong " as unicaciy; that is, it lapsiis wings enough to expreís che laine ideas. cixbt or trn somes in fucccílion, then Eg pe terms to be an exhausted sub. pilles itfear in the air, and again flops ja ater the travels of Pucicke and 1:5 w.ogs, Cuen lluing this alternate mo. Nureen Buth went to the cataracts of to dung the course of its flight.” (p. the Nile, which is fariher than any fuc643-) Does not the wild guvíe dy in cee, ing traveller. The times and cir. file iade manner?
cuinitauiss were less favour abie to Son. Beccafigues are easily plucked after nini, wiw had different vicws from both. “The most extraordinary journey on vettiges of Hebrew and Greek in the a camel across the desarts that ever I Persian linguage, &c.
Such are the heard of was performed by a Bedouin, outlines of this future work, which, if who was frequently pointed out to me Mr. O. can judge by the materials al. at Cairo. In five days he travelled ready collected, will form two quarto thence to Mecca, which is more than voluines each, containing at least 400 500 leagues, a journey in which the plates, befides maps and views, piares caravan of, the pilgrims employs up of infcriprions, medals, and gems, enwards of 30." (p: 3:5.)
graved aiphabers of antient characters,
and specimens of writing,' fac. fimiles 10. Epitome of the antient History of Perfia, from miniatures in MSS. &c. "1
extracted and translated from tbe Jehan fhall not here enumerate the Greek and Ara, a Persian MS. By William Ouse- Latin works which I have examined ley, Esq.
and collated; but I must acknowledge THIS indefatigable Orientalist, my frequent obligations to the autho. whole labours we have so frequently rity of ihe Hebrew Scriptures-obliga. had opportunities of mentioning with tions indeed more frequent than those due praise, here deals out, from his who have only skimmed the surface of treasury of Oriental MSS, an epitome Oriental literature, or plucked its of Perlian anoals, in the original lan- flowers without gathering the fruits. I guage of a native historian, being the
was myself surprized to find the moft first chapter of th= second le&tion of the antient and authentic of the Perfian Tarikh Jahan Ara, containing the his. historians prove, unconsciously, no de. tory of the Persian kings before Mo. fpicable commentators on the Bible. Of hammedanism, as the herald to an- these historians, many allude to aod denounce a much larger and more inte. scribe, as till visible in their days, varesting work, the antient annals of rious ftupendous and interesting moruIran, under the title of “Illustrations
ments of antiquity, uneoriced by Euof Persian History and Antiquities; or, peans. To ascertain whether they exist An Attempt to reconcile che antient
at present, and to satisfy some doubts History and Chronology of Perfia (ace on the subject of those already described cording to the Date and Tradisions pre. by travellers, I have resolved to visi! served in MSS. of that Country) with Perfia (if Providence continues to bless the Hebrew, Greek, and Latin Re
me with lite and health) whenever some cords.” This work will comprise, 1. necessary domestic arrangements, and an introductory essay on the Atudy of the works on which I am now emPerhan history, antiquities, and ro. ployed, shall have been completed." mance ; 2. a descriptive catalogue. of
In p. 27, n. he promises to offer to the MSS. which have furnished mate. the publick, in a Hipory of Alexander, rials for it; 3. thac fe&tion of the Lob all the Eatern craditions, compared al Torwarikb which contains the an- with those of the Greek and Latin tient history of Perfia, from Cainmuras writers. to Yezdijerd, given in the original Persian, with an English translation on
11. A Discourse delivered to tbe Military Afthe opposite pages ; 4. the illustrations,
sociation for tbe Town and Diftrict of &c. in which are colleéted, from all the
Shaftesbury, on Monday, December 3, MSS. before-mentioned, the various 3798, and published at the Request of the traditions and anecdotes of each king's Major and ebe Officers of the respective reign, collated with those preserved in Corps. By the Rev. W. L. Bowles. the Old Testament, and in the Greek AN excelient defence of that spirit and Latin writers, with chronological, of rehstance to the infuriate foe, wliore general, and philological oblervations, “defperare attempts, and its mournful &c. ; 5. an appendix, confiling of fe. conscquences, were prevented by the veral miscellaneous articles, chronolo. firmness and resolution of the country, gical tables, extracts from rare and an- displayed in armed affociations. Even rient MSS. remarks on the antiquities those most adverle to measures of hofii. of Persepolis, cxamination of Zend and lity in ih: cominencement, joined in Pehlavi MSS. fuacral rites, fire wor- the general enthufalm, and all EngThip, Manichean and Mazdakian he land, from the Southern to the Northrelies, archery and horsemanfbip of the ern Ocean, resounded with one burit of Perlians, mulick, paiacing, sculpture, loyalty and patriotism." (pp. 5. 6.)