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GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE,

For JANUARY, 1800.

Mt. URBAN,

Jan. 1. serve as a memento to revive our NOTHER year is drooping gratitude to that gracious, gone! and, if our Being, who hath, amid the wreck hearts be not devoid of kingdons, nations, and empires, of that gratitude to preferred unsullied the liberty, glo

the Almighty which ry, and religion, of our native land. ※

should ever fill the To prove that this Centuryis unbreast of a mortal, can we suffer parallekd by any of the preceding, the remembrance of the blessings ones, especially as it respects Engo which we, as individuals, and as land; we need but remark, that its a collected people, have received at has to boaft the existence of a New his beneficent hands, to pass with- ton, a Locke, a Johnson, a Hana out due reflection? Whilst we be- del, a Wren, a Chainbers, a Reye hold the other nations of Europe nolds, a Hanway, a Howard, and groaning beneath the merciless many other worthies, who have hands of their conquerors, or la- paid the debt of Nature, as well bouring under the horrors of the as nuinbers who still survive, to devouring sword, whilst bravely purine the fame path, which led encountering an unprincipled and their predecesors to honour and inveterate foe; Britain remains fune. Blended with these, we: tranquil ! blest with all that a more have to enrol, in the annals of this ul holds dear, in an equal ad- Century, a number of patriotic ininiftration of justice and liberty; ftatcimen, intrepid and successful ? Monarch on her throne, beloved warriors, and of learned and pious : by his people; equally faithful to divines, liis Creator, as tenderly alliduouis But the confideration of the la. for the welfare of his meanett fub- bours of these eminent men, exject; Religion reviving under his clusive of the momentous concerns : imiles; the arts and Sciences Alou- in which this nation of ours has ribing ; commerce extending her, been most deeply interefied during wings to the remotest corners of the the period alluded to, would fo. globe ; and a navy triumphant very far exceed the limits of a letthroughout the world!

ter, that (with your leave, Mr. Uses, I conceive, that it is not only the, ban,) it ihall forma series of essays; blessings of the past year, which whose object thall be, to comprise demand our consideration ; but, within a small compass some of as another Century is now about to the most -prominent occurrences cloie upen us, it may bot be un- which have transpired during that profitable to take a retroipect view Japle of time. of the fame; for it has undoubt- Leaving, then, the commence edly been unequalled, not only in ment of these essays to your next the annals of Europe, but of the number, I shall conclude this introa. world; and I should suppose that dullion with a few reflexions on the Precapitulation of fome of the mo- past year. And who of us but has nentous transactions which have leen the superintending providence occurred within that circle of tiine of the Moli, Higb, wonderfully difmay not only be entertaining bugs

Played

played, in respect to himself as an

Mr.URBAN,

Lichfield, yan. 5. individual, and to his countrymen N Vol. LXIX. p. 797, a strange

I a a: a collected body of people,

Britons, the most favoured ped- one of the lines in Dr. Johnson's pie wwer the hearens, may truly imitation of Juneval, adopt the language of the Pfalmift,

“ Hear Lydia's life and Galileo's end."" and tay, “ Happy is the nation that is in our case, bleitrd are the lands

That the enquirer fhould not which have the Lord for their God!”

feel arsyred the name`Lydia must För, as under the Almighty's wings Was it likely that Dr. Johnson, in

be

a press error, is wonderful *. we have been sheltered from the petiilence which walketh in dark- ftancing the miseries which have ness, and from the sickness which

awaited distinguished intellects and destroyeth at noon-day; though learning, thould have introduced our offences have called for judge - pojible that, even doing that, he

any female character? Was it mients we have experienced nothing honld, with the real appellations but mercies at the hands of our God. Though his promise is only, such an extraordinary woman a ro

Galileu and Laud, have given to tliat cyr water thall not fail, and mantic love-name, of the tribe of our bread shall be sure; yet we have enjoyed the good things of correct editions of The Vanity of

the Ceļias and Chloes? In all the this life, if not in affuence, yet in Human Wishes, the lipe stands thus, that degree which was no

neceffry for our situation; and, whilst other

“ Hear Lydiat's life and Galileo's end.” countries have experienced the de- We are diverted with a grave envaftations of defiructive war, we quiry who the gentlewoman was. have peace in our borders, profpe

Of that first-mentioned author, rity in our lands, and the arm of our

thus oddly be-petticoated, a copiGod for our latting defence! And ous account.may be seen in vol. II. do r.ot there blefiings demand a tri- P: 46, of Wood's Athenæ Oxobute or praise? Hard, indeed, must nienfes. It is there observed, be the beart, that is not imprefied that he not only foiled Christopher with the most lively sensations of Clavius, and the whole college of grautude, when it meditates on mathematicians, but also that Gothese things. And when it con

liah of literature, Scaliger. It is lider's how ihele general mercies farther observed in the fame parahave been increaied, by the par- graph, that the men of letters on ticular favours beltowed on each the Continent worthily ranked iridividual, the obligations to thank- Lydiat with the Lord 'Bacon, of fulness'exceed all comprehension. Verulam, and with Mr. Joseph

Let'us therefore determine, in the Mede; and confidered the neglect ensuing year, tó maniloft a due he met, and the indigence in which sense of the bledlings which we he lived, as the disgrace of his have received in that which is past; country. When, in his old age, by rendering that allegiance to our' the civil wars broke out between Sovereign, and that obedience to Charles I. and the Parliament, the God; which btconic us as Britons perfecutions and personal violence and Christians. In proportion as inflicted upon him by the army of we are faithful to thefe our engage- the latter, for his avowed attachments, we shall enjoy the smiles of ment to a Monarch and Court to pur Maker, and be blessed with the which he owed fo little, completed tranquillity and prosperity which the long series of his calamities. are tier atiendant op a wise, equi- Top well do they illustrate, in the jable, and well-ordered Govern- learned department, that position ment.

T. Mot, F. S. M... which.gives the poem its title ; I beutame blunder has been already corrested in our vol. LXVIII. p. 951; and come curious anecdvies of Lydiat are given, ib. p. 1027. EDIT,

too

too well do they justify its author's Re-perusing this very fine comesclanation :

position of Jolinfon's, and observing * Omak what ills the Scholar's life affail, how, it teems with epithets, from Toil

, Envy, Wall, the Patron, and the Jail which not one could be judiciously See nations, no viy wise, and meanly jutt, fubtracted, I fmile that our critics To buried merit raise the tardy buft!"

should attribute what they term There is an honorary monument feebleness of modern poetry to its reto Lydiat in New College Cloif- dundancy of epithets. If by modern ters, Oxford. The record above poetry they mean that swart of in

mentioned gives a long list of different versifiers, which are the - his publications.

ephemera of every period, the deWe meet with one line in John- ficiency of such writers lies much fon's Vanity of Human Withes, deeper than in their abundance of where, perhaps, the inttance felec- epithets; even in that poverty of ted to exemplify the betraying ten- ideas which obliges them to eke out dency of beauty might have been their measure by feeble adjectives. happier. It is the fecond of the Abridge those adjectives, and the following couplet:

radically meagre composition would Yet Vane can tell what ills from beauty not be improved by that abridge(pring,

ment: but what able critic would And Sedley curs'd the Form ibal pleas'd a King. give to the poetry of his age the

I never could learn who was water-mark of fuch versifiers, rich meant by Sedley, not even from Dr. as it is, and has been through the Johnfon limielf, of whom I en- whole century, in genuine poetic quired, when he was at Lichfield, writing of every species, the draa few months before his death. matic alone excepted ? and even in He replied, “I knew at the time I chat we boast a Sheridan and wrote the poemr; but the history has a Jephfon. now escaped my recollection*?"

Every epithet which gives neither By the answer it appears, that life, nor strength, nor grace, nor no great notoriety attaches to that appropriation to its noun, will be fecond instance of the dangers of rejected by an author of judgement, loveliness. It appears to me that while all' that possess any one of Madam le Valiere's destiny would those properties he will accept ; have formed a more judicious illuf- and recollecting how liberally they tration; since it is well known that are found in the works of Homer, the expiated her criminal compli- Virgil, Spenser, Shakspeare, Milance with the wishes of Louis XIV. ton, Dryden, Pope, Gray, Mafon, by devoting herself to the rigours Collins, Chatterton, and Samuel of the Carmelite monastery, while Johnson, contemn the charge of her youth was yet in its flower; exuberance. ANNA SEWARD. that, when informed of the death of her son by the King, the faid, “I

Mr. URBAN, Chill-olme, Roxburghwill not moun his death, whose

'fhire, Nov. 20, 1799.

AVING had a wen of the Instead therefore of Sedley's more obfcure fate, the verse had been of less fize and long standing, upon the doubtful allalion had it run thus, side of my face, immediately before And Yaliere mourn'd

, the form that and below my right ear, I was inpleaş'd a King."

formed by different people that, if This is the most remarkable instance we have met with of the failure of Dr. fot.nson's memory. It is strange, indeed, that the lovely Muse of Lichfield mould not herself have remembered, that Catharine, only child of Sir Charles Sedley, though not very handsome, had unfortunately captivated King James II; who created her Baroaces of Parlington, and Condiers of Dorchester. Edit.

Birth I have wept a thousand times," H Atentomatous kind, of large T

I would apply falt and water to it, fray the expences of publication, I thould get rid of it. In August appears, however, to be a matter of 1793, I put i quantity of salt and contiderable doubt: because, on the watapi ito a fucepan, and boiled it one hand, Noreis are not regarded $Ac; with which I bathed as objects of to much importance te whole furface frequently white as inost seriously belougs to them; it' continued warm, as also after it and, on the other, it is notorious böcarie cuit, fo often as 10 or 12 that with right-earnet Novel-readers. tilmes daily; always fliring up the {very rank fool goes down.” K. filt deposited at the bottom of the bion, and incorporating it again NI. URBAN,

Jan. 14. with the water, before I applied it. THE Asiatics have a saying, that On the inth day froin the first ap

it is not good to jest with plication, white shaving, I observed God;" and it was enjoined by Plaa fmall dif harge; which adding to another heathen authors, that by a le prefure, the whole con- the Kame of God be not used lighttents were foon eniptied, without ly, rafluy, irreverently, or without the finallcti pain, and without blood. weighty and fufficient cause. Un

Being intormed of some others der the Mosaic law (which the who had been benefited in like Foiinder of Christianity came not nånner from the fame application, to veflroy, but to fulfil) a solemn orand knowing myself of fome late dinance was delivered to all geneinftances under my own immediate rations, that “ the Name of the direction, I feel it a duty ihus to Lord their God Thould not be tamake it public, being convinced it ken in vain.” It appears, notwithcan produce no bad effe

. Et, and every standing thus, that we cherish less porton fiating it in their power to veneration for what was command-“ make the trial. At the same tine, ed to be held iacred, than did the I beg leare to caution that no one Oriental or the Pagan philofophers; should be difheartened from the or, how could we fit in crowds to Jength of time it may be neceifary hear the Name of the Most to continue the appication; as, in Highest profaned in our public 10:ne cafes, it has required 3 or 4' aliemblies? We cannot (to ule the montis, though in the last only 30 late expresion of a British critic,) days; but it all, without pain or wecannot evince a stronger lympinconveniences of any kind, or any tom of a want of habitual and due previous notice of the dischargé, reverence for the Deity," than by till it actually took place,

this quieicent endurance of what Williás CHISHOLME., we know, nay, of what we feel to

be wrong. For I am persuaded,, Mr. URBAN, fan. 12. that numbers who mingle in the O

NE of your correspondents, audience of our Theatres, for the

in a recent Vumber, has ex- purpose of harmless recreation, are prened a willi tliat a Review exift- louched with secret compunction, ed, in which the merits and de- when they hear that ballowed Name, merits of thote publications which at which angels tremble while they rank under the name of Nov.ls were utter, fainiljarly put into the mouths, particalarly examined. Give me of our mimic heroes and heroines,

In the age of Elizabeth, this gross luch a publication has been for some, impropriety was loudly censured by time projected, and will make its contemporary writers; and, in the appearance this month. Whether reign of Janies, a prohibitory ftacriticism on this subject will be pa- tute was enacted, which inrposed tronized to an extent which may proper penalties on all who thould give it any influence, or even- de protuinely uic the Name of God in

any

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an. 24.

1800.]
Profaneness of the Stage.---The learned Parkers.

7
any play. Now, I infiit, that any the. Majesty of Heaven is in-
mention of that Name, in any dra- fulted; retürmation linecones hig
matic performance, iuti come with- necelary, to pretrve listen to
in the meaning of this fiatute, and the influence of puble room
conftitute profanation froin “ taking That indifference which punktu
that Mame in vain."

from familiarity with whatever cier At the close of the last century, mands our reverential awę, is to be the acute and learned Collier ex- most deprecated: and, if our Thraerted his literary erforts in fiem- tres tranfgress thote bounds of proming the profaneness of the itege; ral decornm which our nationale and he exerted them fuccesfully, ligion prescribes, they call for judithough the wits were all against dicial interference from ile onarbim. Dryden pleaded guilty to the dians of the public wcal. That 1)charge. Congreve and Virbrugh ble and upright Judye wlio prefidius attempted answers, says Dr. John over our juriiprulence, with in fon; but at last Comedy grew much adrant.ge to the nation and more modeft, and Collier lised to lionour to himself, cannot long itsee the reward of his labe!ır. “From fer any offence to pass without rethis period," adds the last excellent prehention, which is committed coreditor of Dodsley's Old Plays, “ may

tra bones no es. MEMORATON. be dated the introduction of that more retined talie, which hath done

Mr. URDAN, fo much credit to the British The- VAS Vr. Parker, whole atre."

original letter occius in That “ refined taste" is, I fear, vol. LXIX. p. 458-9, the son of again in danger of a revolution. the famous Samuel Parker, Lithop The profanation above complained of Oxford, whole history is given of carries my recolledion back to at large by his contemporary A. the “ Chapter of Accidents," in Wood, in Athen. Oxon.i.311-8zor 1780. Since then, the evil hath The last work published by the rapidly increased. Our ears are learned son wasintituled Bibliotheca violated by it in the popular drama Biblicz,” and “printed at the Thesof “ Pizarro;" in “ The Red-Cross tre Oxford, " in five quarto volumes; Knights; "in“ Manageinant;" ard, the firt of which appe.tred, in iva probably, in many other pieces with parts, in 1720 ; and the fifth in which I am únacquainted. The 1735, with "An Account of the periphrases of Heaven, Providence, other writings of the author, toge&c. are no longer employed with ther with iome Particulars of his the same decorous propriety as for- Life,”, drawn up by Dr. Thomas merly; bat the facred Name of Haywood, of Si. Joini's Cullere; that *** High and HOLY ONE who to whom were attributed most of the inhabiteth Eterility” is uttered with- differtations in the work, which is out any rhetorieal apology. Let it defcribed by him as being a New not be urged in a Chriftian country, Comment upon the Five Books of by those who call themielves" la- Mofes, extracted from the antient Fers of the drama," that. sueh im- Fathers, and the most famous critics piety contributes to heighten the both antient and moderii, with OccaItage effect. Let it not be offered fionalAnnotations or Dillertationis upin thameless extenuation, that a few onpartisular difficulties, as theywere formal individuals, like myself, are very often called for.", Dr. Haythe only people who feel difguilt on wood and Mr. Samuel Parker are thefe occasions. God is not to be bothnoticed in the “ Short Account" mocked: man must itot trifle with of Francis Lee; M. D. prctixed to his Maker: and, if only a few in- his two octavo volumes of "Differa dividuals Pozid. feel repugnant when tations," &c. Lond. 1752. Mr.

Parker

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