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Carmen, Spanish lugger privateer, Don Sir,
Pbabe, al fea, Feb. 27. Joseph O'Livera, Commander, mounting I have to acquaint you, that on the zift iwo guns, nine-pounders, with small arms, inft. bis Majesty's ship under my comm .nd and a crew consisting of 44 m2, by the captured the French Tip privaleer BelleMaria private thip war, Mr. John garde, of 14 guns, and 140 men, belong, Doyle, Commander.]
ing to St. Maloes; the had heen out 16
d.lys, and had capiuied the thip Chance, Admiralty office, March 11. The fole of London, from Martinico, and the brig lowing is addretled to Lord Bridport. Friends, of Dartmouth, from St. Michaels,
Neriud, Plymouth Sound, Much, 1800. bound to Bristol ; the forinr fince re-cap. My Lord, beg leave to inform you, tured by his Majesty loop K 31.jaroo. that on the 28th ult. when cruizing with
I am, &c.
E BARLOW his Majesty's ships Repulse and Agamem- [This Gazette also contains an account non off the Penmarks, heing considerably of ine capture of the French lusser priva. to leeward of the above thips, I loft figlit teer Matina, carrying 4 3-pounders and of them in the night, and at three A. M. 30 men, hy his M jesty's floop Plover, I saw a light to windward, which I kept Capt. Galway ] company with, surpoing it the Commo. dore's, but it proved a Danish brig. On my Admiralty-office, March 18. The fola ftanding back to the rendezvous on the lowing is a letter from the commander of following night, we discovered five fail, bis Majesty's floop La Suffisante, to Vicefour ships evidently of force, and a schode admiral Palley, hart. ner : the moment I had made the necellary Sir, La Suffisante, at Sea, Mareb 13. preparations for batile, I havled my wind I beg leave to acquaint you, cliat after a for them; on the dawn of day I pisinly chace of three hours from the Ide of Bas, discovered they were of force, and then I this day captured the French catter prilaying-tv: when nearly within gun-thot vateer Josephina, of 4 guns and 20 men, of the largest thip, they dispersed different commanded by John Francis Froment, ways; I continued to chafe; night com- two days from Morlaix ; has taken 00ing on I lost sight, but was fortunate thing.
J. WITTMAS. enough the following morning to see one of them, which, after chafing twelve STATE PAPERS, continued from p. 150. hours, and running, 123 miles, we cap-' Letter from the Minister of Foreign Altured, which proved to be the Vengeance fairs in France to Lord Grenville. privateer, of Bourieux, pierced for 18 Paris, the 24th Nivoje, 8th year fun 14. guns, 12-pounders, but only 16 mounted, My Lord, i lutt no time in laying before and 174 men ; by her we found that the the first Conful of the French Republic the failed on the 26th from the above place, in official Note, under date of the 14th Nicompany with the following fhips, which vose, which you transmitted to me; and I were those we fell-in with; viz. Bellona, am charged to forward the answer, equally 24 guns, 12-pounders, fix 36-pound can. official, which you will find annexed. nonades, and 420 men.---La Vengeance, Receive, my Lord, the assurance of my 18 gues, 12-pounders, and 174 men.-La high confideration. Favourite, 16 guns, 8-pounders, and 120 (Signed) Ch. Mau. TALLEYRAND. men.-- La Huron, 16 g:1$, 6-pounders,
NOTE and 87 men.--La Terrailloure (schooner) The Official Note, under date of the 14 guns, 6-pounders, and 80° men. I 14 Nivosc, the 8th year, addressed hy the have to lament that, from the pufillanimity Minister of his Britannic Majesty, having of the enemy, I had it not in my power to been laid before the first Consul of the destroy the whole, or of trying the zeal of French Republic, he oblerved with furmy officers and young lip's company; but prize that is refted upon an opinion, which have every thing to say in their favoor, for is not exact, refpe&ing the origin and conthe activity and chearfulness they thewed sequences of the present war. Very far on the occasion, and hope fome future day from its being France which provoked it, we fall be more fortunate. On the fol. fhe had, it must be remembered, from the lowing day we re-captured the American commencement of her revolucion, fofhip Perseverance, of Baltimore, with a lemnly proclaimed her love of peace, and cargo valued at 30,000l. The Ven- her disinclination to conquests, her respect geance is two years old, and has been re- for the independance of all governments; peatedly chased bỹ our frigates, but from and it is not to be doubled that, occupied her superior failing escaped ; nor Tould at that time entirely with her own internal we have caught her, had not she carried affairs, he would have avoided taking part away ber jib-boom. F#ed, WATKINS. in those of Europe, and would have re
mained faithful to her declarations. Admiralty-office, March 15. Copy of a But from an oppofite disposition, as letter from Capt. Barlow to Admiral foon as the French Revolution had broken Kingsmill.
out, almoft all Europe entered into a
league for its destruction. The aggression bas been unable to comprehend, how to was real, long time before it was public; this fundamental principle, upon which internal relftance was excited; its oppo- refts the existence of political societies, the nents were favourably received; their ex- minister of his Majesty could annex infinu. travagant declamations were supported; the ations which tend to an interference in the French nation was infulted to the person of internal affairs of the republic, and which its agents; and England fet particularly this are no less injurious to the Prench nation example by the dismissal of the minister ac. and to its government, than it would be to credited to her. Finally, France was, in England and his Majesty, if a sort of invia fact, attacked in her independence, in her tation were held out in favour of that point honour, and in her safety, long time before publican gwernment of which England the war was declared. Thus it is to the adopted the forms in the middle of the last projects of fubjection, dissolution, and dis- century, or an exhortation to recall to the memberment, which were prepared against throne that family whom their birth had her, and the execution of which was seveo placed there, and whom a revolution comral times attempted and pursued, that France pelled to descend from it. If-at periods not has a right to impute the evils which the far diftant, when the constitucional fyse has suffered, and those which have afflic. tem of the republic presented neither the ted Europe. Such proje&ts, for a long time strength nor the folidity which it contains without example, with refpect to so pow. at present, his Britannic M jesty thought erful a nation, could not fail to bring on himself enzhled to invite a negotiation and the most fatal conseqnences. Affailed on pacific conferences; how is it poffible that all (des, the republic could not but extend he should not be eager to renew negociauniversally the efforts of her defence ; and tions to which the present and reciprocal it is only for the maintenance of her own fituation of affairs promises a rapid proindependence that he has made use of shore gress? On every side the voice of nations means which the postesleri, in her own and of humanity implores the conclufion of strength, and the courage of her citizens. a war, marked already hy such great calaAs long as the saw that her enemies of fi- mities, and the prolongation of which Darely refused to recognize her rights, the threatens Euprope with an universal concounted only upon the energy of her refift- vulsion and irremediable evils. It is, there. ance; bui, as soon as they were obliged to fore, to put a stop to the course of these abandon the bope of invasion, the fought calamities, or, in order that their terrible for means of conciliation, and manifefted consequences may be reproached to those pacific intentions : and, these have not only who thou have provoked them, that always been efficacious; if, in the midst the first consal of the French republic proof the critical circumstances of her internal poses to put an immediate end to hoftilities, fituation, which the revelution and the war by agreeing to a fufpenfion of arms, and have fucceflively brought on, the former naming plenipotentiaries on cach fide, whe depofitaries of the executive authority of houłu repair to Dunkirk, or any dther France have not always frewn as much town as advantageovny situated for the moderation, as the nation itfelf has fewn quickness of the respective communications, conrage; it must, above all, be imputed to and who should apply themselves, without the fatal and persevering animosity with any delay, to effect the re-establithment of which the resources of England have been peace, and a good understanding between lavifhed to accomplish the ruin of France. the French republic and England. The But if the wishes of his Britannic Majeity first conful offers to give the patsports (in conforinity with his affurances) are in which may be necessary for this purpose. wifon with those of the French republic, (S.. ne!) C. M. TALLEYRAND, for the re-eftablifhment of peace, why, Paris, obe 2crb Nivofe (7an. 14.), ioftead of attempting the apology of the 8rb year of the French republick. war, sh uld not allention he rather paid Letter from Lord Grenvills to the Minister to the means of terminaling it? And what
for Foreign attairs at Paris. obitacle can prevent a motual understand. Sir, Downing-freet, Jan. 20, 1800. ing, of which the utility is reciprocal, and I have the bonour to inclose to you the is feit, espec:ally when the fift conful of answer winch his Majesty his directed me the French republic has personally given so to netuin to the official nore, which you many proofs of his eagerness to put an end transmited to me. I have the honour to to tire calamities of war, and of his difpo- be, with high confider:tion, Sir, your most fition to maintain the rigid observance of obedient, hamble servant, GRENVILLE. all treaties concluded? The first conful of
NOT E. the French repumlic could not doubt that The official note transmitted by the mi. his Britannic Majesty recogrized the right difter for Foreign affairs in France, and of nations to choose the form of their go- . received by the underligned on the 18th vernment, since it is from the exercise of 'inftin', has been laid before the King. His this right that he holds bis crown : but he "Majesty cannot forbear expressing the con.
GENT. MAG. Marck, 1802
cern with which he observes in that note, are points which can be known only from that the unprovoked ggressions of France, that test to which his Majesty has already the sole cause and origin of the war, are referred them the result of experience, fyftematically defended by her present and the evidence of facts. With that fin. rulers, under the same injurious pretences cerity and plainness which his anxiety for by which they were orig nal y altempted the re-establishment of peace indispensably to be disgaried. His Majesty will not enter required, his Majefty has pointed out to into the refuation of allegations now uni- France the sureit and speedieft means for verfally exploded, and (in so far as they re- the attainment of that great object. But speet bis Majesty's conduct) not only in he has declared, in terms equally explicit, themselves ulterly groundless, but contra. and with the same fincerity, that he enterticted, both by the internal evidence of the tains no desire to prescribe to a foreign na. transactions, to which they relate, and alio tion the form of its government ; that he by the express tehimony (given at the looks only to the security of his own dotime) of the government of France itself. minions, and of Europe ; and that, whenWith respect to the object of the note, his ever that essential ohject can, in his judge. Majesty can only refer to the answer which
ment, be, in any manner whatever, fuffihe has already given. He has explained, ciently provided for, he will exgerly conwithout reserve, the obftacles which, in cert with his allies the means of immediate his judgment, preclude, at the present mo- and joint negotiation, for the re-establishament, all hope of advantage from negotia. ment of general iranquillity. To there detion. All the inducements to treat, which clarations his Majesty fteadily adheres; and are relied upon in the French official nole; it is only on the grounds thus fared, that the perfoual disposicions which are said to his regard to the safety of his subjects will prevail for the conclusion of peace, and for fuffer him to renounce that fyftem of vigothe future observance of treaties; the power rous defence, to which, under the favour of ensuring the effect of those disposicious, of Piovidence, his kingdom owe the secu. fuppofing them to exift; and the fubidity rity of those bleflings which they now enof the system newly established, after so joy. (Signes)
GRENVILLE. rapid a succession of revolutions--all these Doruning-Areet, Yan. 20, 1800.
MONTHLY RETROSPECTS FOREIGN AFFAIRS, March, 1800.
not be included. In the interior of France, THE chief consul has at length officially the chief consul, at the same time that he notified to the French nation the rejection, is making the neceffary calls to military by the belligerent powers, of his late over- Service, is also giving back to the people tures for pe.ice, and the consequent neces- thote gaieties of life which Frenchmen so fity of renewing the horrois of war; which peculiarly love, but of which the severity he alıributes to the avarice and obftinacy of of republican rigour had deprived them England. The legislature, between whom ever since the commencement of the revoand the consulate a perfect unison of lenti: lution. Malked balls, and other festivities, ment appears to exist, has decreed the ne. have re-appeared at Paris; the term Citie cessary pecuniary and military supplies for Zenness bas been abolished, by order of BoTenewing the contest; and Bonaparte has naparie, and the more respectful Madame declared his intention of heading an army restored to its ancient honours; and, in seof reserve, to consist of 60,000 men, and veral departments, the fairs, &c. held unwho are to ie affemhled at Dijon on the der the old regime, have been resumed. 3th of April. As to the general question THE BANKS OF THE RHINE of peace or war, the information bitheito are again crowded with hoftile troops ready received from the German, as well as the on both sides for action; but not a blow apo French papers, leaves us as far as ever from pears to have been ftruck. any degree of certainty; for their ftite.
ITALY, menis confitt alternately of warlike prepa. however, has exhibited symptoms of rerations and pacific meflages. That Buna- newed warfare. The Auftrians have begun parte bas exerted all his efforts to detach to besiege the fort of Gavi, as preliminary The Court of Vienna from the confederacy, to the commencement of operations against will not admit of the le. It doubt ; and some Genoa, which will be attacked by the lmaccounts pretend to give the leading princ perialists on one side, and by the British ciples of the peace that has been offered by feet on the other.- The French General the chief consul to the Emperor, viz. lo Massena writes, that he has chastised the withdraw the Republican forces from Jla- insurgents of Foutana - Buona, and difodged ly; to guarantee the antient constitution of the Austrians from Settri. The latter, those Staies; and to make the Rhine the however, is a very inconsiderable post. boundary of France. It is understood,
MALTA. however, that the Emperor will not accede The combined English and Ruffian forces to any treaty in which Great Britain shall are understood iQ have commenced the
formal fiege of Valette, the principal town vinces, the other, as soon as he is desired, of this idland.
Mall employ his good offics to put a Atop to NAPLES
hoftilities. In case these representations seems to be perfectly relieved from insure should he unsuccessful, troops shall be fur. rection; for, the return of the King to his nished in the proportion which follows : capital is announced by some of the papers His Swedish Majesty, when called upon, as being to take place early in next month. Thall send 8000 foot, and 2000 troopers, EGYPT
or dragouns; fix thips of the line of toor The Turks have been successful against 70 gu's, and two frigates of 30 guns each : the French in this country, and have re- and his Majesty the Emperor of all the Ruf. captured El Arsch, after a very severe con- fias fall furnith to his ally 12,000 fout, flict. Letters from Constantinople allo and 4000 troopers, or diagoons, nine ships tuate, that, when the Grand Vizier had ad. of the line of 60 or 70 guns, and three fri. vanced within three days' march of Cairo, gates of 30 guns each.–4. 'If the succours he received overtures from General Kleber, ftipulated for by the present treaty shall be requiring permiflion to evacua'e Egypt with found insufficient for the defence of either all his army, and to return to France. Dis of the contracting parties who shall be at. patches more recently received itare, that tacked, the other thill affint him with a the Turks have granted the French three greater nimber of troops and vefleis, if his months for this purpose; and that Sır Sid. own fi'uation will allow him. (This allia ney Smith had engaged, that the squadron ance Gall last during the space of 8 years.) under his immediate command should not With interpose any obstacle to their departure.
PORTUGAL A degree of uncertainty, however, hangs also, the Emperor of Ruttia has concluded about the particulars of this convention, a treaty of defensive alliance, nearly nimi. though the fact itself does not appear to lar to the foregoing in its leading iriuciples; be at all doubtful.
and the French papers Itrongly state indiRUSSIA.
cations of a rupture between the Courts of The accounts in the foreign journals, on St. Petersburg and of which we founded the statement in our last
BERLIN. Retrospect, of the Russians having been Certain it is, that military forces from again ordered to proceed to the Rbive, both these powers are afsemhling in the viwere, as it now appears, entirely false; cinity of Polish Pruslia; but the object of but the Petersburg, Gazette informs us, their movements time only can bring to that, although the Russian troops have re- light. parated from the Austrians, they will nevertheless be employed against France ; if The following curious article is extracted nor on the banks of the Rhine, yet cer- from the French journal the Gazette de tainly on the shores of the ocean, or else. France ; and it is particularly entitled to where. Accordingly, we find that 45,000 the attention of our readers, from the troops are assembled at Riga and Revel, respectable name of the Abbé Sicard, the ready for embarkation as soon as the season preceptor of the deaf and Jumb, which fhall open. One of the causes of misun. appears subscribed to the far it I iler. derfanding between the Rusian and Aura
Paris, Feb. 216 trian Courts is said to have originated at You are undoub'edly not yet acquainted the siege of Ancona, in which although with the extraordinary experiment which the Ruffians affifted with a considerable is publicly dilplayed in No. 40, in the steeet body of land and sea forces, the Ruffian of the priests of St. Germaine l'Auxerrois, commander was not consulied when the ca- since you have not made any mention of it pitulation was made. A treaty of alliance in your journal, in which you are careful has been concluded between the Emperor co insert every thing which can interest, Paul and the King of
not only politicians, but also those who SWEDEN,
cultivate the sciences, learning, and the of wbich the articles are very numerous; arts. I think that I Ihall conform to your but the following are the most important: wishes by recounting what I have seen,
1. The two contracting parties recipro-' aad in detailing the sentiments which Í cally guarantee all their territories, pro- bave felt on this occasion. In a small chamvinces, and posseflions in Europe.--2. There ber of this house, in the third Rory, and shall be the most intimate correspondence within a grated circumference, is seen a between his Majesty the King of Sweden, cheit of white glass, suspended to the ciel and his Majesty the Emperor of all the Rula ing by four little chains, which keep it fias; and they fhall give immediate warn. perfectly feparated from every other b dy. ing of the evils tbey see impending on the This cheft is transparent, and penetrable dominions of each other, and Thail use all to the eye in its whole extent. To one of their endeavours to avert or repair them.- its extremities is adapted an opaque tube o 3. If it should happen that one of the par- , horn, by wbich a voice is heard, which ties thould be attacked in his Enropean pro- appears io be that of a young girl, who replies diftinctly to every question put to her., glass, nor that the anfwers could come The impression of breathing, and the heat from without it, because the tube, which of the air of respiration impregnated with serves as a conductor for the questions and the odour of liquors which the has taken, replies, communicates only with the chett are also perceived. I thought at first that into which the words are conveyed, and this voice was that of a ventriloquist, and from which they recurn; and becaufe the that it was the voice of him who the wed cheft does not communicate with any thing the curiosity. But on the morrow my af. but the chains which sospend it to the walls tonishment was extreme, when this pre- and cieling. tended ventriloquif went out of the cham. 3. If it be said that magnetical or electriber with another, and when I put new cal virtues are introduced for some purpose quertions with a voice so low, that I was in the operation; we would alk, how it not heard hy any of the other spect tors, to happens hy any of tbefe virtues that the find that the replies were perfectly jutt, Young Invisible sees and names, withous and well articulated. The breathing was ever being deceived, the object which is the same. What can be the cause of a held in the hollow of the hand, fuch as a phænomenon so astonishing? Where is piece of filver, a warch, &c. the surface of the person who replies to the questions put which is held up to the orifice of the tube to him? What are the means of commu. in such a manner, that these objects cannot nication with this opaque, I would almost be perceived from any other point. Say magical tube of horn, since the chest After being unable to find the explanain which the one end of this horn is placed tion of this phænomenon in any of these is perfectly separated from every other bo- means by which, in other cases, the most dy; fince the tube itself is perfectly iso- marvellous effects are produced in physics, lated, at least as far as relates to the end we concluded, that perhaps there was in which might be supposed to be the com- the chest a really invihble girl, a dwarf much municating medium between the perfon smaller than that of the King of Poland *. who asks, and the person who makes the If this is the fact, it must be only from 12 Teplies: This is the secret of the inventor to 15 inches in length, and about 5 or 6 of this wonderful machine, which appears in thickness; this being all the space of the to me well worthy of exciting public curi. chest which cannot be seen, it being behind ofity, and which will not fail to give occa- the communicating tube. The questions sion for the researches of those who with which we put to the Invisible, and the reto comprehend and to explain every thing. plies which it made, were as follow : What
SICARD." age are you?-14 years of age. Where We were not, in reality, informed of were you born? ---Ac Marseilles : (the has the phenomenon of which Citizen Sicard an accent absolutely provincial.) What is here speaks. It was sufficient that it had your oamed-Françoise. . Are you pretty? excited his attention to excite our curiosity. -No. Are you good i-Yes, though We went a few days ago to the present re- sometimes ill-natured. What is your poSidence of this young Invisible. We will Gtion in this cheft:-I am reclining. Do not attest the trub of the details given by all the questions which are put to you not Citizen Sicard. The testimony of no other disgust you _Never ; but I am sometimes person is necessary to make them believed. very much wearied. Let me feel your We will not undertake to explain what he breath. (The lovisible immediately made has declared himself unable to explain. We it trongly felt.) I feel your breath very will only join our admiration to his, and well; but Citizen Sicard observes, that he we Thall give an account of the negative also felt the smell of liquors, which I do and positive ideas which what we saw and not perceive. That, perhaps, was owing bcard produced upon us,
to my having taken liquor that day in the 1. We thought, as Sícard says that he morning : to-day I breakfasted on coffee. did, at first that the perfectly diftinct How is it that you see every thing that is founds which we heard proceeded from a presented to you ; that you hear everything ventriloquist, who, it is pretended, can that is said to you, and that no person can give to his words the direction which he discover you . That is the secret of those pleases. We intreated, as Sicard had done, to whom I belong, &c. I went away, the person who presuded in the house to persisting in saying, that, though I could leave the place where we were ; and we not pretend to have discovered the folution Spoke so low to the Invisible, that it was al.' of the mystery, I wonld rather believe it to cogerber impossible that any other perfon than is dould hear what we faid, erpecially * This dwarf diel at Nanci, June 9, 1764 as we were perfectly fure that we were not A wooden shoe served it a long time for a Dear any conductor of the voice hesides the cradle. At six years old it was as inches horn, which ended within ile cheat of glass, hig'i, and at 16, 29. History speaks of a which is perfectly isolated.
dwarf, who, at 30 years of age, was naly 2. We could not believe that the ques. 18 inches highs it belonged to Queen Here cons which we put could be heard out of rietta, of France, wife of Charles I.