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The parliament of Scotland be- Confederates, with the loss of ing met in 1703, a seflion the most 10,000 killed and 13,000 made violent possible was commenced, in prisoners, their cannon, camp equiwhich the Duke of Queenibury page, &c. all taken. The consehad to combat with all the jarring quences of this, brilliant victory interests of which it was compoted; were, the rescuing the House of and towards the close of it, when Auftria from ruin, and the subjecthe Earl of Marchmont produced jection of Augsburg, Ulm, Lanthe bill to settle the fuccellion in dau, &c. the House of Hanover, on the men- But the greatest acquisition of tioning of the Princeis Sophia, it this year, indeed of the whole war, burst into a flame, and the most le- was the taking of Gibraltar by Sir rious altercations ensued ; so that George Rooke, who, in one day, the Duke was under the necellity without an army, subdued the fora of proroguing the parliament to tress which, since then, has withthe 12th of October.
stood the united efforts of France. Ireland allo during this time was and Spain during an unparalleled very unquiet; but the Duke of Or- fiege of seven years. mond being appointed lord-lieute- In most of the succeeding camrant was cordially received by the paigns, to 170, the Duke was people in general, and the Com- bleiled with continued successes
S; mons chearfully voted the neceflary won many battles, among which supplies, &c.; though, bcfore the thould be remembered that of Raledion was ended, he incurred milies, wherein the enemy sustaintheir greatest displeasure by sud- ed a compleat defeat; reduced most denly adjourning the parliament of their fortified places in the Newhile come strong measures against therlands; and finished the career the Papists were depending. of his military glory by the taking
I bare been thus particular in of Bouchain, which, though fortinoticing the tranfactions of the first fied by every advantage of nature parliament of Queen Anne, &c. and art, was, by the consummate because they were principally the skill and intrepidity of his Grace, foundation on which the happy obliged to furrender in 20 days luccellion of the Hanover line was from the opening of the trenches, secured; and though there were and the garrison made prisoners of many other momentousoccurrences, war. Though this was the last, it civil and military, which are wor- was certainly one of the boldest enthy of remark, yet the limits to terprizes in which the Duke was which these Eilays thould be con- engaged: for the place was not fined, forbid my particularizing all, only deemed impregnable, but he and my enlarging on any, of them: had to attempt it in the presence of and, therefore, I shall now pais on superior army, commanded by briefly to notice some of the great- Mareschal de Vilars, whose efforts ett events which this pregnant ruign to raise the fiege were rendered inhath favoured us with.
effeemal by the prudence and actiIn the campaign of 1703, the vity of the Duke. Thus for tencamDuke of Marlborough was equally paigns wasthe Duke of Marlborough fuccessful, as the towns of Bonne, iuccessful, perhaps in a greater deHuy, and Limburgh, were taken, gree than any other general crer and the French army obliged to act was who was so actively engaged. on the defensive, and retreated con- He never luttained a defeat, never tinually as he advanced. But in was obliged to raise a fiege; his that of 704 his abilities thone with vigilance and prudence were such, redoubled splendour, particularly that he never was surprized by the at Blenheim, where the French enemy, nor had any of his out-parumy was totally defeated by the ties cut off. Ten times he had re.
ceived ceived, the, thanks of both Houses of the new parliament, which afof Parliament; and, arrived at the sembled on the 18th of November, zenith of military glory, his name to the conclusion of the treaty for was echoed throughout the land peace at Utrecht, which was signwith all that enthusiasm of praise ed April 11, 1713, the Tories conwhich characterizes the British na- tinued to gain ground; for in Seption in the behalf of its heroes. tember, 17'0, the Whig ministry But, when the Tory interest had was disgraced, this parliament was gained the afcendancy in the cabi- dissolved, and a new one being net and the parliament, he, that met on the 25th of November, it had almost been idolized by the was found that the Tory intereft lovers of their country, was, in a had obtained the complete afcenmoment, dashed fron the pinnacle dancy; so that all the measures of fame into the abysses of con- which had been adopted or executempt, derision, and ohlaquy. How ted by the Whigs was condemned fleeting is worldly honour! and how as difhonourable to the nation, deunstable all things here below! ftructive to her prosperity, and de
After the mott vicient opposition vild folely for the aggrandizement in the parliaments of England and or advantage of the heads of that Scotland, particularly in that of the party. The people joining heartily latter, the Union of the two king- in these clamours, the peace was doms was accompliihed in 1707. accelerated, that an end might be And probably no mcaigre of equal pit to a war, which, though atimportance was ever before carried tended with unparalleled fuccefles, by the determined perseverance of was now considered by many as ina Court in direct contrariety to the supportable, and that they only opinion, not only of the majority, were the true iriends of their counbut nearly of the whole, of any na. try who ítrove to bring it to a speedy tion. But, great as the prejudices termination. T. MOT, F.S.M. of the people then were against the
(To be continued.) measure, time hath manifetted that it was deviled in wisdom, and that Mr. URBAN, Croydon, Fel. 2j. its accomplishment hath been con.. THE following circumstance, ducive to the prosperity and traa- which appears to my igaoquillity of the united kingdoms. rance a fort of vegetable phænomo
During this period, i. e. from non, may, to those of your readers 1703 to 1707, not only the nation who have been more conversant in was agitated with violent parties, botanical studies and pursuits, apbut the Houses of Parliament were pear to be a fact very easily acalso in a continual ferment from counted for. Such as it is, I Mall them. Though they cheerfully detal it for the public infornsation. voled the supplies, and were loyal In the autunin of the year 1798, in their addrettes to her Majeliy, being employed in making an alyet every other measure introduced teration in my thrubbery and pleaby either party was firenuoully op- fire-grounds, I received from the posed by the other. But towards nurseryman in my neighbourhood, the close of the tellion of 1797 the among several other plants, thre. Tories began to gain Itrength, par- specimens of what he called Craticularly among the people at large; tagus (qu. Crategis, Oxyacantha, and, in 1708, Mrs. Martham la- American double-blotlomed ving supplınted the Dutchess of thorn. They were all planted in Marlborough in the Queen's friend- nearly a fimilar aspect and fituahip, her Majesty more fully coun- tion, on an elevated spot rather tenanced their measures, and on inclined to the North, but fenced April 15 the parlianent was dif- by a large row of elmis from the lefolved. Froin the commencement verity of the weather. The tirit of
the orit fituation of the three A which I made to you forne
these plants, which had the most the.ed when I returned in Octosheltered situation of the three, ber, recovering its vegetable life, had its foliage at the accustomed and even re-animating its dry time in the spring of laft year, and flowers, in consequence of repeated exhibited a few of the flowers. The watering. I know not if this is a second was lefs promising, and was matter of general occurrence. only saved alive by constant and Yours, &c.
W. E. R. upremitting care, and deluges of water. The third plant, which
Little Bowden, was placed in a deeper foil, and in
March 11. . ,
the never exhibited any symptoms of
I vegetable life throughout the whole months ago, I have transmitted a of 1799 ; not a single flower, not a few more Sonnets, which you will single leaf made its appearance, intert as opportunity offers; and and the bush itself appeared to be allow me to take the same opportotally dead, the bark exhibiting tunity of thanking you for the fanone of that lively and thining ap-vourable attention which you have pearance which generally accom- frequently bettowed upon my pubpanies the rise of the lap, and pre- Jications. cedes the budding leaf. About I know not whether you will Christmas lait, I ordered my gar- think the following observations dener to throw the dead tree away, worthy your notice. I have often and re-place it with a new plant; thought, while reading the Vanity when, to my altoniihment, he of Human Wishes, that “the letThewed me that it had actually be- ter'd Sage' was rather unfortunate gun to bud, and that the foliage in chuling Lady Dorchester to ilwould in all probability ensue. luftrate the evils attendant upon What he predided came to pass beanty. In general estination, about the latter end of January ;
" the form which pleas'd a king the thorn had then buds just ready pottciled little of that fafcinating to burit from their envelopement; quality which a vain mother geneand this process of Nature has nei- rally begs for her daughter; nor ther been defcated, nor even check have I ever heard any anecdotes of ed, by the severe weather of the her reperitance, or even of her relalt fix weeks. After remaining in gret. On the contrary, Lord Ora state of torpor and inaction for ford defcribes her as looking back fifteen months, the thrub is at this on her early criminality with a letime in the luxuriance of vegeta- vity which dcierves no foster name tion, its leaf not quite so large as thin thancicis effrontery. We might have been the cate in the are, however, toll, that Sir Charles usual time of its appearance, but Sedley was to incenied at her leits form exactly detined.
duction, that be became a prime Am I to expect a fecund foliage mover of the Revalution.
« The in 1800, ihis being an arrear of king,” said the indignaut father, 1799, or am I to conclude that my “ has made my daughter a coun American thorn is a baliard ilip tels, but I will make his daughter from Glastonbury! Seriously, I a queen.” Might not Dr. Johnson with for information on the sub- refer to this sarcasm in the line, ject; the facts are precisely as I “ And Sedley cors'd the form that pleas'd have stated them.
a kilig," I remember, when I was an un- and not to Lady Dorchester's feelder graduate at Cambridge, a double ings? intending to contraft the rage wallflower, which I left in my ot offended honour in Sir Charles rooms in July ip full blotlom, and with the inconsiderate folicitude of which was perfectly dry and win those parents who will for their
children the dangerous gift of ters, taylors, and machinists, whd, beauty. I am aware that the in-' with adamantine chains, bave troduction of Lady Vane's history, bound them in a senseless charm to and the want of a masculine or fe- give eternal applause to whatever minine derivative, would render moonstruck ideas they may pals this construction of the sense ob- off as the antient costume of this scure; but the verse fo little corre- country. sponds with what is generally known' My assaults have hitherto been diof Lady Dorcheiter's history, that rected to drive out the moths and inI am inclined to think it the right Tects that infest the various embelone. I agree with Miss Seward, lishments of the scenic hemisphere, that the name of the lovely and pe- and to clear the mists that envelope nitent Valiere would have attorded its most dazzling beauties ; but a more happy illustration.
now a nobler conilict calls me forth Perhaps, after all, it is only my to arms. Shakspeare, thy immorlimited information which is to be tal works, the praise of erery centured; and I shall feel obliged tongue, have too long been dilto any of your correspondents who graced and infulted by a kind of
communicate any anecdotes habitual captivity in the dark and which may tend to elucidate John- dull cells of those hitberto all-powfon, and to place the characterof this erful tyrants who reign over the recelebrated belle esprit in a more etti- gions of scenes, dreries, and decomable point of view. JANE WEST, rations! I now am armed, indeed,
For some of Mrs. Weit's Sunnels, to victory or death (to rise into nolee our Poetry of this mouth.
tice, or to fiuk into contempt!)
Shakipeare, thy glorious fun fickCRITIQUE IV. ens in fad obicurity! Then let Of the Iin propriety of Theatrical thy refulgent beains enervate my
Representations, as far as they arms, invulnerate my mind, and relute to the Scenery, Dreffes, animate my 10ul, to dispel those anit Decorations, when brought fantastic clouds which disguise, and forward as illufirative of the thew in false colours, all the naAntient Hifiory of this Country: tive majesty of thy historic scenes, (Continued from LXIX p. 938) inimitable, and which can never LAVING stepped forward be- die!
fore the publick as the Managers, no doubt, relying on champion to defend the honour of the intrintic merit of Shakspeare's our antient history against the the- bittoric plays, think his divine wriatrical despoilers of its fuir truth tings of fútficient force to bear and honour; having thrice thrown them out when they perform them down the gauntlet in vain; having before the publick; or else, why thrice founded defiance to this do we see them exhibited without motley crew; I thall conclude my the finalleit attention either to our shield has flathed conviction, and antieot cofiume, or a decent exmy lance struck terror to these penditure to render them respectausurpers of Antiquity's jutt rights; ble to audiences familiarized to a therefore I shall advance with con- continual display of rich and magscious integrity and laudable bold- 'miticent fpectacks, under the titles nels, inspired by the uprightnets of serious operas, ballet dances, of my cause, again to attack their and pantomimes ? Indeed, dramatic strong-holds, which have need not wonder that Shakspeare's so long held in “ durance vile” the plays are so feldom acted, when eyes, ears, and understandings, of their “getting-up" ttands fo near the frequenters of our theatres, the brink of contempt and ridicule. blinded, stumed, and perverted, We may enquire, Why are they by their auxiliary forces, the pain- neglected in this way? Are they
not productions that have suited the but for the disarranging his bisto, taste of all, fram, the date of their ric incidents; where, not content first appearance to the present day? with such perversion of our Bard's Why then thould they - not be works, but they every where prebrought ont in all the elegance and sumptuoully seek to improve, or, grandeur that the stage in its ya- to speak more truly, to aisimulate rious departments can bettow, and particular parts to modern times, conformable to the ftrictest nian- and to modern understandings. Of ners of former ages, which, it may his plays, thus “ cut up," none be presumed, from the superb. re
has shared so ill a fate as the ong mains of antient buildings before before us, and which we shall point every one's eye, were replete with out as we proceed in our critique, each refined and dignified embel- that is, with regard to those objects lishment of life that human genius connected with our present detiga. could devile ? Thus classically A& I. fcene I. called by the al shewn to a people, naturally par- terer of this play, C. Cibber, "ą tial to the ulages of their own garden in the Tower." No such country, Shakipeare's hiftoric plays Icene is mentioned by Shakspeare; would becomea captivating fource of nor do I believe a rural view of information and inttruction to the this kind was, ever seen within its patriot, the historian, and the artist. walis. The painter still goes farHere, 'as in a mirror, thould we ther, and has made his picture thew see the shades of our great forefa- a fiouer-garden. The dreffes of hers pass before our wondering the characters which here make right, awfully grand, and patheti- their appearance are in the usual cally interesting. These reflections half-and-half mode, made
froin are too obvious to be refuted; and the portraits of Charles I's reign, we are to lament at the pursuits of and from unrestrained fancy. RiManagers, who profusely waste a chard's habit, indeed, thews a faint fund of abilities and money on al- hint, at the costume of his day; husve trifles, catching the story of but how modernized! A fancy the day, which, from the lack of cap and feather, with a milliner's sterling merit, either in the plot or white-ribband role, lewed thereon; the writing, loon sink into indifie: [In Lumley cattle, between Durrence and oblivion.
ham and Newcastle, is a fine halfFeeling for the majesty of Anti- length portrait, in the drets of Riquity, and withing to behold the 'chard's time, of a noble personage, tide of theatrical performances, whio has in his cap a rose, not the when illuftrating old times, turn reiemblance of a lempítrels effort, into its rightful course, where, but a faithful copy of beautiful naImoothly gliding in that pure ture.] A deep ruff, of that make, stream whose magic waters reflect- not known until the reign of James I. ing its most jest costume, is the main From the neck depends a ribband spring which actuates me in the with the George: this decoration present attempt to give a critique never seen in paintings till about on the scenes, dretles, and deco- the fashions of the abovementioned rations, of the play of Richard III. monarch's court. On bis legs and which I saw performed at Drury- feet, white silk stockings, white lane theatre at the beginning of the ihoes, and red roses. These latter present season.
ornaments unknown before ElizaThe gross and absurd violations beth's or James I's modes of dress made in many of the plays of Shak- prevailed ; at any rate, they should speare are highly reprehensible, have been white ones to have acand deserve the most levere cen- corded with the party-badge in his lure, not alone for the wanton in- cap. As for the humps on his novations made in his writings, back and right thin, Shakipearç