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sent illustrious Bishop of Salisbury them up to say against their best (Douglas). The reader will find friend ; and of clearing my literary it in the note, and I have no high- reputation, in your life-time, fit, er ambition than that posterity who know the facts, from the cowshould read this letter and Mr. S.'s ardly calumnies of some of my own en my tomb *.

enemies. This poetical freedom Let me finish with endeavouring (poetica licentia) taken with me by to make this egotism, into which Mr. S. gives me, also, an opporI have been unwillingly dragged, tunity I readily embrace, of telling ferviceable to some who read it: present and future times that r as I have always itudied to render

have been for many years, my

dear the pafiages I quote in my Diction- fir, your very fincere friend, ary, useful for other purposes than

HERBERT CROFT. the mere illustration of a word. P. S. Even Junius, I remember,

No ill ever befalls us in life, ei- 'grants, either to Sir W. Draper or ther great or small (I can answer Sir W. Blackstone, that " an infor the former), to which we may jury offered to an individual is innot discover, if we examine fairly teresting to society," and that and carefully, some good attached. “the public will join in the resentMilton's Il Penferofo found, almoft, ment of him who is injured.", as many joys as his L Allegro ; in Since the opportunity is afforded , confequence, too, of a mournful me just as I tinish this, it may be turn of mind : while their immor- of consequence to the public to tal poet owed, perhaps, the second know by what fort of a character Epic Poem in the world (if Southey such a sort of injury has been offollow Homer, with his Ilias elria fered'; and who it is that allumes veratro, I llould say the third) to the right to come forward and his being blind.

dictate to the public, as to present Chatterton fays (p. 160 of my subscription, and, as to a transacbook,) “ I do not like this uncivili- tion with an old woman and her zed Bristolian." Now, I do. I daughter almost twenty-two years thank this six-weeks-author of ago, and when Mr. S. was almost Joan of Arc, for the unprovoked three years old. I fhall quote his injuries he has been, three years, life, in Pullic Characters of 1799 studying to do me : because he has -1800. I do not fpeak unguardafforded me the means of repelling edly, when I say his life; for, what the enemies of Chatterton's though Mr. S. did not let Mrs. N. mother and dritter have worked write her own letters, there is every

* I was honoured with the following letter, when a respectable professional filuation, which I afterwards delined, was offered me by a public hody in Germany; though all that I requested from his Lordship was fome testimony of my character as a gentleman and a clergyman. The book his Lordlip alludes to is my " Letter to the Princess Royal, on the English and German Languages." May all bishops act and speak as libee rally towards literature and may all the servants of literature merit such uncommon kbérality more than I pretend to do! « Dear Sir,

Windsor Caftle, June 131h 1797. Your letter of the 2d found me here, but not till yesterday; and I take the earliest opportunity of exprefling my-wishes, that you may be placed in fo deíjrable a htuation as that of chaplain to &c. the respectable members of which, from what I know of your character, will have every reason in be fatisfied with such a choice.

I thank you for sending me a copy of your late publication on the German laoguage; from the perusel of which I received much entertainment and instruction. In this forall, but very able performance, you liave given abundant proofs of your being fingularly well qualified to execute that great national work, on which you have spent so much of your time, and I fear so much of your money, without meeting with that public encouragement which you had a right to exped, and which, from the specimens you obligingly communicated to me (1788), I think it mort jurtly deserved.

I will give real satisfaction to hear of your Tuccess, being, dear fir, your faithful and obedient servant,

... SARUM.

appearance and probability that he “his father was an unlucky linenwrote his own life, in which the draper” (p. 223, 4)—and that facts and dates are given more mi- “ the spirit of the father rested on nutely than Plutarch would give the fon” (p. 223), ro who writes thern of Homer. As these elegant almoft-extemporaneous Epic Pocms and IMPARTIAL volumes of panti- for bread" (p. 228). focratic biography are continued Mor is this all. To this day" annually; a man, with a mind (moft fingular! posterity will with more wedded to falsehoad than the to know what day in the eighteenth worthy Mr. S.'s, would have a fine century)—" our epic-draper ties opportunity of inventing a life of up his fiockings very tight; even me, and of adding more untruths unwholefomcly" (p. 224)—hence I to the account of me, given in fear, fo many cramped and fickly some fuch biographical work, pub- lines in Joan of Arc-and that lished by Faulder, I think eight or “he is said" (modest again !) “ neten years ago.

ver to have undergone any corporal The said worthy Mr. S. fays punishment” (p. 225). I rejoice, publickly of himself, or some very moft cordially, with our tripple good friend for him (fince I defy wonder, Homer-Moschus-Pindar, any one acquainted with books to on this duplicity of happiness : and, doubt for an intiant of it's all that it may never be interrupted, coming from the very best antho- I conjure him to transfer a little of rity, independently of the pantilo- bis straitlacing from his stockings to cratic style throughout), that" he, his assertions, from his heels to his to this day, is proud of being a re- heart; and, above all, vever to publican, and not without reafon" hazard such attacks as these, upon p. 225, that “ the book that most

any

but clergymen. influenced his judgement was Mr. After all, I could assure Mr. S. Godwin's Political Juttice” (see p. that I despise him, notwithftanding 368, for the life also of that great- his poetry, his life, and his letter, minded germ. p. 369,)--that he much leis than his cool reflection still approves his theory of pantilo- may, perhaps, lead him to imagine. cracy, or having all things in com- I am persuaded that it is not his non:" it.--that “ he can say in- fault, if his rival Chapelain's mif deed but little of his religion" chievous Devil, or even the great (this furely is modeft!); only, Devil, approach nearer to pantilothat though he may have run cratic perfe&tion, Were his powthrough five or fix different beliefs, ers at all equal to what I plainly which he enumerates, he now per- fee of the goodness of his heart, haps does not believe any thing" p. and the artleisness of his head, 220--that he has written one epic should be very far from despiting poem in fix weeks; and is writing fuch a formidable fellow-creature. another, which he will be good One, who is a poet, without thinkenough to keep a little longer un- ing it necessary to be either an ader correction” (p. 227, 8) — that theift or a pantifocrat, sends us,

though now only twenty-fivè finely, ' years of age,” (p. 227),

" he has

" To wonder at a thousand infect-forms, thought proper to denominate him- Whose thape would make them, bad obey self a Lyric Poet" (p. 229): "he bulk and size, and Mr. Lovel, before he was

More hideous foes than fancy can devise ; twenty, assumed the modeft names

With helmet-heads and dragon-scales of Moschus and Bion" (p. 227); The mighty myriads, now SECURELY

[SCORN'D, and he has the doulle claim I men

Would mock the niajesty of men's high tion to rank with Homer and Mil

birth, ton (this, Mrs. N. seems to be du- Despise his bulwarks, and un people earth." Alicity with witnes)--that

Cowper's Retiremeni.

Examince

adorn's,

Examined by a fölar microscope, means of measuring its height 3 I can easily conceive what a hide and the travellers who went before ous foe Mr. Southey might appear; me are not agreed upon that point. and then, too, this “ ainoit-ex- Savary represents it as 114 feet temporaneous Homer might, high, while P. Lucas, who afferts perhaps, seem almost as large as that he measured it carefully, found Blackmore.

it to be only 94. The latter opiSince this Bristol Epic Poet (as nion was universally adopted by the we tay Britiol-ftones in oppofition Europeans at Alexandria. The to diamonds) thought proper to, height of the column was egimated feak my literary death, for the ho- there at from (34 to 95 French feet. nourable reasons alligned by Chat- The pedettal is 15 feet high, the terton in the lines I have prefixed fhaft with the focle 75 feet, and to Mr. S.'s letter; it will be less the capital 10, making in all 95 inhuman on my part, to provide feet. The mean diameter is 7. him with an epitaph, against he According to these proportions, the dies some kind of death--poliquam folid contents of the colomn may desiertuit efle Mæonides. do it, be eftimated at 6000 cubic feet. also, the more readily, as the mo- It is well known that á cubic foot numental infcription may be a me- of red granite weighs 1851b. The morial to others; however foon weight of the column is consethe person in question may be for- quently 1,100,000lb. avoirdupois. gotten. The lines are part of what Hard as is the fubfiance of which C.'s Rowley sent to Ladgate, with the column consists, it has not efthe long on Ælla

caped the corroding tooth of Time. “ Remember Stowe, the Bristol Carmalite,

The iower part of the shaft is very Who, when John Clarking, of not mickle much damaged on the East fide, and lore,

[hg., pieces muy easily be scaled oit from i Did throw his gauntlet-pen with him to the same side of the pedeital. This He tow'd fmall wir, and show'd his is probably the effect of the wind

from the sea. It is said that a H.C. Greek infcription is distinguishable

upon the opposite fide, i.e. to the Mr. URBAN,

April 8.

Westward, when the sun shines S your correspondent D. H. upon it; but, though I examined

p. 17, has brought to- it with the greatett attention, I was gether all the accounts of the pillar unable to discover any thing of the called Pompey's at Alexandria, and kind. The ground on which the the different measures asiigned to column stands having funk, a part the whole or the parts, you may of the plinth which supports it is not be displeased at seeing what left expoied to view. It is a block M. Sonnini has said of it.

of cnly fix feet fquare, on the “Without the South gate of the centre of which relis a pedestal of wall of the Arabs stands one of the much larger dimentions than itfelf. most astonishing monuments that This proves the exact perpendicuAntiquity has bequeathed to us. larity of the whole ere&tion. It is The largest column that ever ex- also of granite, but of a different ilted lifts its head aloft, proud of kind from that of the column. The not having yielded to the tooth of people of the country had built time, nor to the more terrible and round the plinth with the intent of more sudden attacks of fuperfti- fupporting the pedestal. This matious ignorance. It is of the finest fonry, which was perfectly useleis, and hardest granite, and is compo- as coupored of stones of different fed of three pieces, out of which kinds, among which were fome the capital, the Mafi, and the pe- from the ruins of an antient editice, doftal, are hewn. I bad not the and carved with beautiful hierd

glvphics,

venom more."

lyphics. While some were seek- more or less vague, exist concerning to prevent the fall of tbe no- ing the time and motives of the nument, others, who, as I was erection of the Alexandrian cotold, were Bedouins, were endea- lumn. The name of Pompey's pilvouring to throw it down, in hopes lar, by which it is generally known, of finding a treasure under the indicates the origin most commonly foundation. They employed tie ascribed to it. It was Cælar, lay a&tion of gunpowder; but fortu- the vulgar, who erected it, in or. nately they were entirely ignorant der to perpetuate the remembrance. of the art of mining, and the ex- of the victory he obtained over plotion dettroyed only à part of the Pompey in the famous battle of masonry placed to no purpose un- Pharsalia. Supported by the testider the pedestal. P. Lucas relates mony of an Arabian writer, Sarary that, in 1714, a mountebank, ha- atlerts that it was a monument of ving ascended to the capital with a the gratitude of the Alexandrians facility that surprized every body, towards Alexander Severus, the ailerted that there was a hollow in Roman emperor; while others at. its upper part. Within these few tribute the elevation of the column years were obtained more pofitive to Ptolomy Euergetes, king of Einformation. Some English failors gypt. Mr. Montague, celebrated contrived to get upon the top of for his extenfive knowledge and his the pillar by means of a paper kite, adventures, has formed, during his which enabled them to affix to it a long stay in the East, a new opirope ladder. Like the man of vion upon the same subject. He whom P. Lucas speaks, they found maintained that the pillar was the a large circular hollow on the top work of Adrian, another Roman of the capital, and also a hole at emperor who travelled in Egypt; each corner. It is certain then that but of this he had no proof. Wilhthe capital served as a base to fome ing, nevertheless, to accredit his statue, the remains of which ap- opinion, he was obliged to make use pear to be irrecoverably lost. Seve- of a little artifice in order to pirral friends of M. Roboli, who was suade others of what he had already once interpreter of the French na-. persuaded himself. I have the fact tion at Alexandria, told me they from a witness of undoubted credit. had discovered near the colunin The learned Englishman made one tome pieces of a ftatue, which, to of his fervants infirt a small medal jedye from its fragments, must have of the Emperor Adrian in a certain been of prodigions fize; and that place letu'een the ground on which he had them to the house occupied the column stands and its pedrsial. by the French; but, not havings He then repaired to the spot with a been able, in spite of all his re- large party; and, after a pretended searches, to find the remainder, he feurch with the blade of a knife, had them thrown into the fea near Taked out the medal, which he the abovementioned house. They Mhewed as an incontestalle proof of were shewn to me; but I found it the truth of his discovery. He made imposible to make out what they it public in his own country, where were, because they are almoft eni- it did not meet with a great deal of tirely buried in the sand. I was credit; nor could it oltain much farther told, that the fragments of from those who were acquainted the itatue were of the tinett por- with the pillar'. In the time of phyry. Nothing but conjectures, Adrian, indeed, the Greeks bad

carried

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I With all Mc, M.'s eccentricity, it does not appear very probable that he would intrust the conduct of this juggle to his fervant, or indeed that he needed to have committed the artifice to any hands but his own. For, after all, what does the artifice amount Bi The ascertajaing by a madal the erection of this pillar to a certain year of a certada

emperor,

carried into Egypt the true princi- more careful hand, and are of a. ples of beautiful architecture, and more elegant form, than that of elegance in all the arts. Of this a Alexandria. I do not mean that judgement may be formed by the the latter is not a fine one; but its' re:nains of the city which the em- principal merit confifts in its being' peror built, in the upper part of of prodigious dimensions, and truly ihat country, in honour of Anti- attonishing on account of its enor-,, nous, a young man famous in an- mous mass. The same reason tient history on account of his ex- which makes it unlikely that the quisite beauty, and generous at- column should be of the time of tachment towards a Roman whofi Adriani removes it still further from merit has been too highly er- that of the Emperor Severus. Abultolled?. The columns which still fedat, who is quoted by Savary, only exist at Antinoe are hewn with a fays, that Alexandria polleffis a

famous emperor, whose coin was wrought into its foundation ; a practice, we believe, not in : use in Antiquity, however frequent in laying the foundations of almost every modera building.

We have, to be sure, heard of waggery practised on some learned Societies in our own country; but can we suppose the long beard of Wortley concealed lo much mira chief when he communicated this discovery to the Royal Society, which they inserted without hesitation in their Transactions, No. CCCCXXXVIII. Distance is a defence, against detection; and the farther Jamie Bruce went up the Nile, the more improbabia lities lie reported, however Sonnini vindicates his veracity.

But Mr. s. blonders so much in the outset of his story, and in the emperor to whom Mr. M pretended to ascribe it, fubitituting Adrian for Vefpafian, that he destroys his own accuracy and credibility. If Vespasian intended any thing by this stupendous co.. lumn, it must be to perpetuate the niemory of his visit to Alexandria, where he pretended to work miracles; and to him was applied the prediction of universal empire, which the Jews ascribe to the Mellich. Were Buonaparte less atheistical, he might, with the transfer of this pillar to Pompey, transfer the same title of dominion.

? It is not easy to determine the meaning of this sentence, unless it alludes to the death of Antinous in the Nile, as devoted for the emperor, that by his death the other might ohtain long life, or put to death hy him to devine by bis entrails. In either case, generous a!tachment of Antinous is mistaken for that of the emperor. But this is an ealy gless of modern refinement.

3 If this pillar has anything to do with Pompey or Adrian,'why should we not fuppose it a monument erected by the latter to the former when he repaired his tomb; for, though that was at Pelunum, he might add this memorial at Alexandria? This, however, is uncertain. Lord Sandwich says, the common notion is, that "it was trected by Julius Cæfar, upon his arrival in Egypt, as a memorial of his victory over, Pompey; but of this there is no mention in any antient author.” Sandys bas the same 61ation. Voy. p. 434; which, after all, may have arisen from the name lovdos still on the infcription. Bp. Pococke says, “near it are fume fragments of granite pillars, 4 ft. diameter ; and it appears from many old traditions that there has been rome magnificent building on whose area this pullar was erected, and which fome Arabian historians call Julius Cæsar's palace.”

If we can depend upon Dr. Pococke's fidelity in copying the inscription on the West face of this pillar, and we never heard it impeached, we thail tind in the copy taken by Mr. Hughes, who was perhaps not so cooversant in such matters, sufficient conformity to convince us, that a very different n me from any hitherto mentioned occurs on it, that of Voconius, whoever he be. OcOnior, Pococke; Tonior, Hughes. But the whole is in too evanescent a itate to build any hypothesis on.

* The paffage of A hulfeda, as erandlated by Michaelis, in his edition of his Description of Egypt, Goeting. 1976, p. 17, runs tbus : “ Alexandria is situated on !he shore of the Mediterranean fea, and has the famous Pharos, and the pillar of Severus, whose height is about 43 cubits.” His note on the latter part is as follows (p. 94): “ This is the pillar called Pompey's, drawn and engraved by Pococke and Norder, and all who visit Alexandria. Some say it cannot be Pompey's, because not mentioned by Strabo and other writers of the time of Cæsar and Augustus, who describe Alexandria accurately. Others ascribe it to Titus Vespahan or Adrian. The more regard is, therefore, due to Abulfeda, who says, inat in the igti century it retained the name of Severus, Nor is it improbabis that Severos, who was here, and conferred great favour on this

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