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The question of wearing wigs, with the form of an ecclefiaftical tonfure, became a matter of eager controverfy; and the first petit maitre of a clergyman, who was bold enough to appear in a wig, was called le patriarche des ecclefiafliques imperruques. At this time was publifhed the famous book in favour of wigs, under the title of Abfolom, whofe melancholy fate was occafioned by his hair. An antwer, however, foon appeared, with a frontifpiece of a man faved from being drowned by the fortunate feizure of his hair, which ferved to fave him from finking.
filling up a fecond hiatus in Mr. Headley's biographical sketches.
William Hunnis, of whofe poetical talent Mr. H. hath inferted an alliterative fpecimen in his "Select Beauties," was a gentleman of the chapel-royal, and mufic-mafter to the children of the fame, in the reigns of Edward VI, and Elizabeth. Bithop Tanner difcovered from a MS. in Afhm. Muf. that letters patent, dated 1568, admitted him to bear arma gentilitia*.. Wood mentions him as a crony of Thomas Newton, the Latin poet † : and of his perfonal hiftory appears not to have been recorded. From the title, to his verfion of
ayne Pfalmes," in 1550, we' dather that he had been a dependant in the family of Sir Wm. Harberd, knt.
Thefe fubjects have not only er ployed the pen of the fatirift ut the anathema of the divine; Tertullian expreffes himself, in very frong terms, against the fashion of wearing falfe hair, and dying it of va rious colours, which prevailed in his day; and reproached thofe who practifed it, with endeavouring to prove the declaration of the Gofpel untrue, that we cannot make an hair white or black, or cause the leaft addition to our ftature..
For my own part, I am an advocate for hair; and when I fee bifhops or judges in wigs I lament the disfigurement. Let any one go into Guildhall, and look at the two pictures of Sir Matthew Hale, and Lord Camden, which are almost oppofite each other, and they will inftantly perceive how infinitely more venerable is the grey hairs of the former, than the fuperabundant flow of periwig that diftinguithes A NATURALIST.
I really need a Port to your N vol. LXVIII. p. 934, you
of Robert Southwell. I now encofe fimilar notices of another antiquated poot, for the purpofe of
Bibliotheca Brit. Hb p. 422.
s nautical paraphrafe of the
Seven penitential Pfalms," which parfed through feveral editions, was "fet forth under the honourable defence" of Frances, Countefs of Suffext: and his "Hive full of Honey" was dedicated to Robert Dudley, earl of Leicester; whose bounty towards him was more than he could confefs. Prefixed to the latter work is a copy of verfes by Newton, "in commendation of his frendes travayle;" which thus curiously traces our verfifier, and his various productions:
"IN PRYME OF YOUTH, thy pleafaunt Depainted Sonets (weete, [penne Delightfull to the greedy care,
In vouciful humour meste. Thy Enterludes, thy gallaunt Layes,
The Rond letts, and thy Songes, Thy Ngay, and the Hidanves Duter
With that thereto belenges; With other fancics of thy forge, &c.
Defcendinge then, IN RIPER YEARES,
To tutte of further reache; Thy fchooled quill, by deeper ikill,
Did graver matters teache.
IN WINTER OF THINE AGE,
Mr. Warton, in Hift. E. P. III. 180. fays, that Hunnis "much extols this lady » for her attachment to the Gospel." Mr. W. is not accurate. Her virtue, and her courtesy, are extolled: but, "godlie feare, firme faith, and allured hope in the Almightie," are enumerated only among the dedicator's wishes to his patronefs.
§. 6. "Comfortible Dialogs, Humble Sutes, A Lamentation," &c. &c.
Such argument thou chofen haft
For this thy ftyle full fage,
And makes thy frendes to joye thereat,
Which, through thy paine and stayed braine,
The following publications of
"The pfalms of David, tranflated into English metre, by Tho. Sturnhold, Sir Tho. Wyat, and William Hunnis, &c. dedicated to King Edward VI. 4to."
"Certayne F'falmes, chofen out of the Pfalter of David, and drawen forth into English meter, by William Hunnis, fervant to the Right Hon. Syr Wm. Harberd, knt. newly corrected and imprinted". 1550.
"An abridgement,-A brief meditation On certaine of the Pfalmes, in English meter, by William Hunnis." 8vo.
Twelve poems by Hunnis were inferted in the "Paradife of dainty devifes." Edition, 1576; and fix others in the edition of 1577. 4to. 1576—7.
"A Hyve full of Hunnye: contayning the first booke of Mofes, called Genefis. Turned into English metre, by William Hunnis." 4to. 1578.
"Seven fobs of a forrow full foule for finne: comprehending thofe feven pfalmes of the princelte prophet David, commonlie called penitentiall; reduced into meter by William Hunnis: Whereunto are alfo annexed, his Handfull of Honifuckles, the Poor Widow's mite*, a Dialog between Chrift and a Sinner, divers jollie and pithie dities; with a Chriftian confeffion of, and to, the Trinitie," 12mo. 1582, 1585, 1589,
1591, 1597, 1610, 1629.
"Recreations: containing Adam's banifhment, Chrift his cribbe, the Loft Sheepe, and the Complaint of Old Age; by William Hunnis." 12mo. 1583. Yours, &c. Mr. URBAN, Jan. 4. 1800. book intituled, " Walpoli
afcribed to the late lord Orford, originally retailed in the "Monthly Magazine," but now prefaced with a fketch, in which, under the name of friendship, the character of that ingenious nobleman is moft infidioutly and unmercifully traduced; there is an anecdote, containing fuch a grofs anachronifm, as thew's how little credit can be given to any part of the work. Lord O. is made to fay, "that lady Mary Wortley Montague was his playfellow, and that they were children together." Now, lady Mary's daughter, lady Bute, was born as early as March, 1718 t, the year after lord O.; and her fon E. W. Montague was ftill older ‡.
It is fingular, that in the articles of lady Mary, and her eccentric fon, in the New Gen. Biog. Dict. vol. XI. PP. 35, 36. there is not a fingle date.
Lady Mary died 21 Aug. 1762. She was daughter of Evelyn Pierrepoint, duke of Kingfton; and was, probably, not more than ten years younger than her husband, who died 22 Jan. 1761, aged 80; and muft, therefore, have been born as early as 1681.
E. W. Montague, the fon, died in 1776, on his return from Venice to England. The late Mr. Seward has, in the fourth volume of his "Anecdotes," printed three or four letters to fir William Watson, dated 1775, the year before his death.
That lord O. could not have made fuch a mistake, is furely unqueftionble. But how any one acquainted with modern literature could be guilty of fuch a lapfe, is perfectly aftonifhing! Lady Mary Wortley, whofe travels into the Eaft, as early as 1716, are in every body's hands! Lady Mary Wortley, the companion and the fcourge of the parties of Pope and lord treasurer
Na, o fatting bon-mots, &c. ford, who died in 1724, to be the
* Dedicated to "the Queenes Maicities Highness-" + See her XXXIXth Letter.
Lidy Mary, in a letter dated, Vienna, Sept 8, 1716, fpeaks of her child; and in another, dated Adranople, April 1, 1717, giving an account of incculation, the adds, "There is no example of any one that has died in it; and, you may believe, I am well fatisfied of the fafety of this experiment, fince I intend to try it on my dear little "fon." Letter XXXI. § See Johnton's Life of Pope, p. 146, &c. playfellow
1800.] Lord Orford.-Dr.Warton's Pope.-Mr. Harte. 31
play fellow of Horace Walpole!!! Where could be the memory of Mr. P***, (for the fentiments, both political and religious; and a letter, alluding to a firange book, published in 1785, can leave no room to doubt of the editor,) when fuch an anecdote was fuffered to país a fecond time through the prefs? I own, I am not forry for it; becaufe I fhould be very unwilling to think as ill of lord O. as, had I truited to the fidelity of this book, I must have been compelled to think!
Still, fome letters in this publication, of which the authenticity cannot be doubted, diminith my opinion of the noble author's tafte, or his honefty!
Dr. Jofeph Warton, in his late excellent edition of Pope's Works, vol. II. p. 326, in a note to the eclogue of the " Baflet Table," fpeaks highly of lady M. W. Montague. "There were," fays he, "fix TownEclogues; two written by Mr. Pope, and the reft by lady W. Montague, whofe fine genius and abilities are well known, and from whofe hand I am glad to prefent the reader with the following fonnet, preferved by Algarotti, in the feventh volume of his works:
"Thou filver deity of fecret night,
Direct my footsteps through the woodland
Thou confcious witness of unknown delight,
To thee my tender grief confide;
The charms of young Endimion drew, Veil'd in the mantle of concealing night,
fome very curious notices; for which, not only myself, but I dare fay, all lovers of literary biography, feel obliged to R. H. A. g. b. in your vol. LXIX. that at least I may congratulate p. 1019. So myself on having been, as Falstaff fays, men."-The anecdote of Johnfon "the occafion of wit in other is more curious than any to be found in his Biographers regarding his earlier life.-I here take the nity of throwing together a few more notices regading Harte.
of Guftavus Adelphus, that all Harte, having faid, in his "Hiftory good campaigns, if rightly and thoroughly confidered, are nothing lefs than one continued feries of judicious caufes, and fortunate effects," adds the following curious
"I remember, in my youth, to have heard the great Earl of Peterborow make a very lively comparison upon the occafion;
fitting at table) always fixes first on the lalt rhyme of his couplet, and the general
Pope,' faid he, (for Mr. Pope was then
tinued he) a good commander, at the very caft, of the fecond line: and thus, (condawning of a campaign, fhould prefigure to himself, by what action he proposes to conclude it; for the laft ftroke always reck ns for fomething in the year ensuing*."
Harte's name occurs continually in Dr. Jofeph Warton's late truly excellent edition + of Pope's Works. He feems, therefore, to have been a great favourite of that learned critic.
Dr. Warton fays, "there are many admirable paffages in Harte's Effay on Human Reafon; which was much praifed on its firft publication, and is faid to have been corrected by Pope ‡.”
Harte concludes his "Guftavus
With all thy greatness, and thy coldness Adolphus" with the following words:
"And thus, with more labour than one can expect thanks, I have at length fuifhed the life of Guftavus: a prince, compared, in the feveral diftinguishing perhaps, with whom few heroes may he
* Guftavus Adolphus, Second Edition, 8vo. 1767, Vol. I. p. 304,
It is to be egretted, that there is no proper index to this edition.-But Harte's name occurs (inter alios) in the following places :-Vol. I. p. xi. lv. 39, 143, 240, 193. Vol. 1. p. 19. 11. Vol. IV. P. 43.
Pope's Works, Vol. IV. p. 43.
of his people, and a fincere Chriftian. And had it pleafed God, to have made a lefs in firm ftate of health my portion, I might have been tempted, in a fecond work, (making ufe of a manner lefs circumftantial and diffufed, than matters of biography ufually require) to have carried on the History of Germany down to the conclufion of the Peace of Munfter; the most important, as well as most decifive, æra, that is to be found in the annals of Europe! But, the greatness of the undertaking, partly difmayed me; not to mention the expence and difficulty of confulting in perfon the archives and libraries of various countries! * Yet, numbers, it is certain, are to be found amongst my countrymen, who in every refpect, are infinitely better qualified for fuch an undertaking, than I
can pretend to: and, indeed, it would be no inconfiderable fatisfaction to me, to fee our nation derive its knowledge of affairs on the continent from any hiftorians, except the French; whofe method, it must be acknowledged, is well conceived; and their ftile ufually fuch as hardly allows the reader to be inattentive; but the writers themselves are negligent and romantic, infincere and partial." Yours, &c.
Jan. 7. OW frivoloufly metaphorical is the objection of Mr. Beltham to the corruption of human nature, that our Saviour be ing born of a woman, and taking upon him our nature, mut have been involved in it! Does he forget the exprefs affertion of Scripture, that "God made him fin for us, who knew no fin, that we might be the rightcoufnefs of God in him," 2 Cor. xv. 21. "He was tempted like as we are, yet without fin," Heb. iv. 15. "He did no fin, neither was guile found in his mouth," 1 Pet. ii. 22. So that he was the only human being, or being that affumed human natare without affuming its taint. How this was brought about is equally impenetrable with his af
fumption of that nature, "taking the man unto God +." So clearly do Scripture facts, and the declarations of them, outweigh the cavils of human reafoning. Yours, &c. THEOLOGICUs.
N many paffages produced by
Dr. Ferriar, of Manchefter, to prove the plagiarifm of Sterne, I am ftill inclined to view him as an original writer. And when I confider the unrivalled vein of humour, and the dazzling blaze of genius, fo confpicuous in all his works, I muft confider his fate as an author to be very hard. Is it not a reproach to this nation, that no monument has been erected to him in Weftainfter Abbey? The man whofe writings have been fojuftly and univerfally admired was indebted to two obfcure individuals, for a common tomb to cover his remains. Add to this inftance of national gratitude, the avidity with which the feeble attempt of the above-mentioned medical gentleman, to tear the laurels from the brow of this celebrated writer, was read by the publiek. How preca
rions literary fame! And how painful the confideration to the man of genius, that, after his remains lie mouldering in the duft, fome fuch daftardly attempt may be made to blaft his reputation; and, if poffi- · ble, confign his name to oblivion !
It is probable that, in the nineteenth century, Sterne will receive that tribute of refpect to his memory, which has hitherto been denied him in the eighteenth. CRITO.
*He adds in a note, "The author hath by him, already finished, the Hiftory of the Thirty Years War, from the breaking out of the troubles in Bohemia, in 1618, till the death of Guftavus, 1632; fo that only fixteen years remain to be compleated."-What is become of this? Who had Harte's papers?
This is adopted by the Church in the Communion fervice; the preface for Chriftmas-day Rating, that Chrift" was made very man after the fubftance of the Virgin Mary his mother, and that without fpet of fin, to make us clean from all fin."
ter, from Burton's "Anatomy of Melancholy," I have been inclined to the re-perufal of an old author, from whom I receive increased amufement at every repetition. There appears to me aftriking analogy, in fome paffages of Dr. Johnfon's works, to fome I have obferved in "The Anatomy of Melancholy." I do not mean to charge our great moralift with plagiarism; it will frequently happen, that two authors will have the fame thought when writing upon the fame fubject; but I only wish to afk, Mr. Urban, if you think the following extracts might not have been originally fuggefted by "Burton's Anatomy?" From the praife Dr. Johnfon has bestowed upon Burton, it is evident he was no ftranger to "The Anatomy of Melancholy." "If we confider the prefent ftate of the world, it will be found, that all confidence is loft among mankind. It is impoffible to fee the long fcrolls in which every contract is included, with all their appendages of feals and atteftations, without wondering at the depravity of thofe beings, who must be restrained from violation of promife by fuch formal and public evidences, and precluded from equivocatión by fuch punctilious minuteness." Rambler, No. 131. "Our firefathers had wont, Pauculis cruculis aureis, to make all affurances, conveyances; and, fuch was the candour and integrity of fucceeding ages, that a deed to
convey a whole manor was contained in fometwenty lines, or thereabouts. But now to many kins of parchment will fearce ferve turn, there be fo many words, fach Tautological repetitions of all particulars."
Democritus to the Reader, p. 5. In his beautiful paper on the inadequacy of crimes to punishments, though attributed to Sir Thomas More, Dr. Johnfon fpeaks the opinion of Burton, in "His own Utopia."
"This terror (death) fhould be reserved as the laft effort of authority. If only Murder were punished with death, very few rubbers would ftain their hands in blood. To equal robbery with murder, is to reduce murder to robbery." No. 114.
*Adultery (fays Burton, wifely,) thall be punished with death; but not theft, ex cept it be fome more grievous offence, or notorions offenders." Burton, p. 60.
* Burton's Anatomy, ed. 1621. GENT. MAS. January, 1800.
"Once more, Democritus, arife on earth, With chearful wisdom and instructive mirth; See motley life in modern trappings dreft, How would't thou shake at Britain's moAnd feed with varied fools th' eternal jeft. difh tribe, &c."
Johnfon's Vanity of Human Wishes. "If Democritus were alive now, he' would fee ftrange alterations; a new company of counterfeit vifards, affes, butterhe now to travel, or could get leave of flies, monsters, giddy-heads, &c. Were Pluto to come fee fashions, and visit our cities; fure, I think, he would fplit the rim of his belly with laughing."
Democritus to Reader, p. 27% In these paffages, both Johnfon and Burton are imitators of Juvenal.
Among the number of learned men who contribute to your cele brated Magazine, there may be fome who poffefs the first edition of Burton, printed, according to Dr. Ferriar, in the year 1617*: if they will have the goodness to communicate it through the medium of your publication, he will very much oblige,
Yours, &c. O. G,
THE PURSUITS OF ARCHITECTU
fult a few prints that thew the ftate of this Palace in the fixteenth and seventeenth centuries. The oldest of these is a plan of London in Elizabeth's reign; where, examining that part laid down for Weftminfter, we find the mafs of buildings conftituting the Palace much as they have appeared in our times. In the open space before the hall, now called New Palaceyard, was a conduit; before it to the North, a large tower, and at the Western extremity of the yard, to the right and left, were gateways. On the river fide are to be made out thofe erections which occupy the Eaft fide of the yard; the cloi fters and buildings belonging to St. Stephen's chapel, the buildings now called the Court of Requests,
*We fhould also thank O. G. for a fight of the edition of 1611. EDIT,