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THE GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE,

For JU NE, 1800.

Mr. URBAN,

June cation. I answer, that I have ex* OFFER to the con- amined the reali ns which he has

troversialiits on the given for this rouueft, have resubje& of Troy town, peruíed with the utmott attention

and its real existence, the letter to which he ujets, and, ***** tode. In the ena parlage from Arif- not teeing any grounds for making

a lingle title of alteration eich.r in virons of Italy, called Calabria, the exprellion or the argument, I near Metapontum, there is a tein- cannot comply with his wishes. ple of Minerva the Hellenian, « On the contrary, I ain the more where it is said the wood-work of fully convinced, that what I have the Trojan horfe is preferved, written in the abovementioned letwhich was constructed by Epeus, ter ought to induce the Bithop of and to which he gave his name.” Lincolo, and others of his opinion, See Aristotle on wonderful Rela- to correct their mistaken notions of tions, p. 709, folio ed. 1590, Lug. the first chapter of John's Gospel, duni.

S. VY. and the second chapter of Paul's

Epistle to the Philippians. Mr.URBAN,Inner Temple, Juneri. Your nameless wriier does not I

WAS not informed, till the act fairly either by himself or by

greater part of last month had your readers. He finds it extraelapied, that some remarks had ordinary, that I do not give my inbeen made in your Magazine on a terpretation of the first chapter of late publication of mine, intituled, John's Gospel; not comidering, “ Animadverfions on the Elements that I do not protero in my work to of Christian Theology by the Right interpret every pallage of Scripture, Reverend George Pretyman, D.D. but to animadvert on the theology F. R. S. Lord Bishop of Lincoln, of the Bishop of Lincoln, which I in a Series of Letters addreiied to have thewn, by leveral inftances, his Lordfhip, by William Frend.' to be at variance both with the

I had not an opportunity of tee- Scriptures and the Articles of the ing the Magazine till the month Church of England. He would had nearly expired; but I am not infinuate, that I had in some partisorry that my antwer has been on cular manner left this chapter to this account delayed, as I can now itrelf, on account of the supposed reply upon ample confideration to difîculti-s contained in it; whereas the requet mide to me by your I fee 110 difficulti-s at all in it on nameleis writer. He desires nie the subject of the fupremacy of God to new-model, or amend, the 16th the Father over all beings, and letter in the abovementioned public have given plain reafons for this conpanied with torrents of rain, and tometimes hail of very large dimenfioos. N. B. This day and the day before extremely fuliry.--10. Gooiberries for the first time this season in the Liverpool marke'.-1. Blue-bo:cle Ay appears; acacia foliates.---12. Laylock forvers.--14. The gad-flv aliseks cattle.--16. Narc llus flowers.-17. A violene tempelt of wind and rain froin the N. W. N. B The wind his backed from the Eaft.

-18. Leaves, and even branches of trees, strew the ground with the tempelt of yesterday.-20. Laburnum ftowers. --24. Lichen @sweis --29. Walnut foliates.

Fall of rain this month 4.10 iacheb. Evaporation 4.4 inches.
Waltong near Liverpool
!

J. Hout.

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500 Mr. Frend's Vindication of bis Animadversions. (June, opinion, which your nameless wri- beginning;" for I take them in ter has chosen to omit. I shall take their plain sense; and I say, that the liberty of supplying this defect, all perfons quibble, who give to by transcribing a few lines on the these plain words the fantastical first chapter of John's Gospel, which meaning of, from all eternity. The precede his quotation.

question then hinges on this point: « This chapter is considered as the crux

do the words, “ in the beginning," bæreticorums: and the moment iz perfon ul- mean a time at a limited distance lows, as I do, the first verfe to contain a from the present time, or do they truth, the retort is inftan!ly made, How can you then dery that John looked upon lets writer, and many hereticks of

not? I say they do; your nameJesus as the Supreine Being? For a very antient and modern days, say they plain reason, I reply; because john does not say that Jesus is the Supreme Being; do noi, I do not approve of the and, if he meant to convey that notion to levity with which your nameless us, I have no doubt that he would have ex

writer and others speak of the lanpressed it clearly. Burides, he has told us wiris what viev bis hook was written: words which he employs have with

guage used by the Evangelist. The namely, that we fioul relieve Jesus to he the Christ, the Son of God, and from me the weight of inspiration ; and that ielier Tould pofless life in his name. I do not deny that they were unBu I [here follow the words quited by der the guidance of inspiration. the nameless writer) will noitiouble your But, be that quesùion as it may, boldthip with my explanation of the chiap the Evangelift has used the words Its; 1 chapter ishich makes the distinction completely helveen the Supreme Be in the beginning:” and, if he ing and sur Siriour; and I thall c»ntent liad intended to convey the idea of, mylelf with a remark or two on your from all eternity, he would have. lordshi.'s mode freasoning."

used the expresive terms from the It is by no means necessary that Hebrew idiom by which that idea, I ten!! interpret this chapter; or unknown to heathen writers, is rather tuch an interpreration was conveyed. foreign to the main end of my

On the pleasure that I seem to work; fir, my readers might have have felt in alluding to the Sophs beer verted from the exam.ina- schools at Cambridge, I have no tio: of he bishop's errors; and, in- obicction that it should be imputed Head or exercising their own judge- to me; for, who is there, of the ment on the chapter itself, might abilities and talents which your haye watted their time, it may be, nimeless writer is pleased to attriupon my own errors. The first bute to me, that does not dwell point is, to thew pericns, that with pleasure on the early years they are wrong; the sccond, to spent in the groyes of Academus ? put them on the right read. The Bithop Pretyman and mytelf patied firit poirt I have done ; the second with similar labour and similar hoI fhall not fail in my attempt to do nours through those schools; and to the utmost of my power, when I I wish him and every student at fee a difpofition in persons to re- Cambridge to exercise their judgeturn te the righi road. I gave, in ment as fairly on sacred as we did the periods preceding your writer's in thole Schools on prophane truth; quctatica, fufficient reaton for my to put out of fight all the honours, opin, n, that the chapter in quel riches, and dignities, of the Church, tion contained no proof that Jesus when they examine the word of is the Supreme Being: and I pro- God; to remember the aweful acceeded to the bilhips inode of count they must give, if they subreasoning because on that mode fcribe to human opinions, and do depends the opinion which he is not believe them agreeable to Holy supposed to have embraced.. I do Writ; and to think the Bible not see that I quibble at all on worthy of as much Itudy and atthe meaning of the words In the tention at least as the principles of

YOUR

Sir Isaac Newton, a question in fi- then cannot possibly be twisted into your nance, or a bill of Inclosure. lordship's meaning: the distinction is I make no other remarks on the clearly kept up between the being whe

confers, and the man who receives, how expreslion of your nameless writer,

nour." « individuality of substance," than

Having thus taken notice of the that it appears to me to be stark nonsense, ferving, like many other objections made by your nameless - metaphysical hard words, to con

writer, I Thail observe only, that I found the understanding. But, as

am happy to find that he can spend

time on different parts of my work; it is now on the road to oblivion with its brethren Abracadabra,

and I do allure him that, if he proDarii, Baralipton, &c. &c. it would duces any more objections, I will be to waste the time of your rea

examine them with the utmost imders to fay a word more on fo ri- partiality in my power, and will diculous a fubject.

not be backward to defend my own Your naine leis writer, who pro- opirions, as long as they appcar to fetles to “know some little Greek,” me to be righi, or to adopt his, if is not pleased with my assertion,

he gives me reason to believe that that our translators have erred in

they are founded on truth, rendering the patlage, Philip. ii. 6,

WILLIAM FREND. ► thought it not robbery to be equal with God;" yet I continue to

Mr. URBAN, Vorsley, June 7. be of the same opinion; and do not

OUR correspondent Q. Q. think it worth while to introduce

(p. 435) will find my plan of any parade of learning on the lub- theStatistical History of Gloucesject. He wishes for my explana

terthire" laid down in my Proposals tion of the passage; that is, he

at the booksellers; and that it is wishes to be diverted from the only to be printed in the manner of main argument, and, instead of

Elegant Extracts.” In the proadopting the Apostle's reafoning, perty part I thall, as far as my abi. to quibble about the meaning of a

lity and the encouragement I reGreek word. I thall not indulge

ceive enables me to do, follow the him in such a design; but defire great standard work, Sir W. Dughim, and all others, who adopt the

dale's Warwickihire, i. e. give all

the MS. and record I can procure vulgar erroneous translation, to at. tend to the inference made by the at the Britith Museum, Tower, &c.

in addition to Sir R. Atkyns's deApoftle, as I have stated it, and

fcent of the manor. His accuracy which your nameless writer has chosen to omit.

all the people I have heard give an

opinion of the matter obitinately “ Fortunately, there is no need for all maintain, in spite of what has been tliis parade of learning: for Paul bimself said in British Topography*, Willis's fets it out of the question at once, by the inference which he has drawn from the Abbeyst, and the advice of Mr. high character of Chrilt contralled with Blore (a good judge in these mathis humility. Whatever was the form, ters), which was, to follow Sir R. whatever was the opinion of Jesus, he act. through all his references, and cored well; he received the due reward for red his errors. This I will do, his meritorious services. On this account; however, belides what I have enthe Apostle tells us, God hath appointed ibat all men thould submit to the authority gaged above, if I have encourageof Chrift, should confess Christ to be meut sufficient to enable me to Lord, to the glory of God the Father. The fpare ny time. · Wherever, in the Apoftle does not say, that all men should course of the survey, I find an obconfess Jesus to be God equal to God the Father. No such thought entered into his ject, which I cannot explain, I mind : and he makes ine fame din in&tion thall have a copy taken by drawing' here as in another place, 'To us there is one God, even the Fsher, and one Lord

* Gloucestershire. f In WinchelJefus Chrift, our Saviour. The paslugecombe, and Lel. Coll. VI. 165, 6, ed. 1774.

Α.

ii. 19.

or otherwise, as necessary, and of God was to be made, and was transmit it to the firft Antiquarian actually made in this world, may althorities for folution : but I am not be available to other worlds al Telling the skin before I have caught so? In the natural world we reaio: the bear, and therefore hafien to by'experiment and induction': al Subscribe myself,

matter upon which we can make Yours, &c. T. D. Fosbrooke. trial poifeiles gravity; therefore,

we infer universally that all matter Mr. URBAN, Alay 20. poffeiles it. Why should we nu

Correfpondent (p. 331) is argue in the same way in the intei

furprized" with a remark deitual and moral worid ? In all the of Dr. Glasie, who, he says, 1peaks dispensations of Providence which ' with contempt of the notion of “a we know, witdom and goodness,

plurality of worlds," in his Leđures justice and truth, are united; thereon the lefivals. The author of fore they are united in all other that work is not infallible, elle he worlds which we do not know.' Bus would not have mra. Herod, whose to suffer our ignorance to overturn death is related Acts xii. 23, the our knowledge, to doubt of, or ditsame Herod who died fuil 40 years believe, the redemption of this before, namely, the murderer of world, because we do not know the infants at Bethlehem, whose the case of other worlds, is juit death is recorded in the fame chap- as preposterous as it would be to te: which relates his cruelty, wait. deny that matter gravitates upon

As to the notion itself of a the earth because we are not sure plurality of worivis, it is truly atto- that it does gravitate beyond the nishing that any well-informed and reach of mortal keń. When we confiderato person ihould conceive it can account for the principle of “to inilitate' at all “ againt the gravity ; or when, in numberleis "doctrine of redemption,” much other inftan,es, at present inexplilefs to involve it in difficulties al- cable, we perfe&tly understand that together insuperable," vol. LXVIII. 'world in which we dwell, then we p. 10;6. I'Lrd Orford (LXIX. may more warrantably inveftigate 050) was made an infidei vy this th: incomprehensible parts of other hypothetis, be was, as others have fyfterns. Our days are made by conimonly been, a very willing in- the fin; but there was a day bea fidel. The evidence of a plurality fore the fun exifted ; the effect be. of worlds is merely prolable and fore the caule. Tell me how that prefumpsive; of the truth of Chril- day was made otherwise than by tianity we have positive pronf, the will and word of God; explara lironger than we have for any other the physical cause and manner of bittorical fact in the world. It is it; and I will tell you whether, contrary to reason for the weaker ad how, the inhabitants of Jupiter evidence to overturn the stronger, or of Saturn, witer than some who a planfille conjcclure to outweigh would be thought wife on earth, psive proof. But, after all, where have heard of, and believe in, Him is the inconhliency of the two pro- who is the Saviour of all men, but partitions? If there are numberleis cipecially of those that beliere. worlds belides cur own, who ihali Yours, &c. prove to us that the inhabitants have fallen from the rectitude in Mr. URBAN,

June 6. which they were creata? Or, if HARACTER is a mot fa. failen, that they have not fallen in crcd thing, yet how wanrividually, as the angels did, and tonly it is fported with! Would may be left, like thein, to the con- to God that, among all the bills Kouences of their guilt? Or that bringing into the House, one could the sacrifice, which in the wisdom be pued for the defence of cha

R. C.

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raéter!--Give me leave to ask, in pounding spiritual things to spiritual men. what manner could an action be What confirms me more in this fupporton brought for defaining the dead, is, I find the LXXIl interpreters, in Gio. xli. wien it can be proved, as it can, that

13, making use of our pivssy in this fenice :

But only mention this hy the bye. the defamation is as falle as God is

• Believing it woild be a pleasure to , true? The lawyer will pollibly tell your e large] aftstion to the glorious me, I must prove damages. Con- cale of vur holy Redeemer tu know of, hot damages be proved for injuring any thing which has a crudency to pothe peace and health of a family, the fears of learning, the Univerfi ies; ? by saying things that are fille of

can com muncale to you a print d plan of their depaited friend; by adding to education 2014 discipline winch a principal, their affliction, by taking away all of a (laeely efectc.) college in Oxon las the consolation they had, the good for med for the good govern.ent of his 5name of their relation ; particnlariy chuy. They were printed by him in the when the report is even an injury His Majesty's charter for the incorporation, to the remaining part of the family? of his tail into a college; a dare nuw, exI am stating no fiction, but facts cepring what relates to servidors, the stunde that I feel, and which I have not ing rules and ftatuies oi his Sociery. There been made acquainted with till the are at prelent evo roblem-n and two geile

tlemen commoners under his care, whe, poison is spread in such a manner

he writes mc nord, conforin equally with that it is not in my power to extract the rest io the rules of the house, if you it. And, could I do it, to have evcil please lo acquaint me how I may faiels had the fufpicion of wrong conduct covey knete statutes to you, I waddlebeing hinted at on some occations, fe you would return theni' when you

have opportunity. is ever confidered by feeling minds

“ Dr. Newton, that is the priocipal's as a disgrace. An aniwer will oblige, name, is a prion of frict integrity, and Yours, &c.

VERITAS. Withaker firinners of mind in the mult of

dificulties and trials. Mr. Urban, Shrewsbury, Ápr.26. heen, and, I queitim not, will be, mek

the better for the example of inis wife 59F you chuse to preserve the in

vernor of you!!! closed letters of Sir John Tho

“ In hopes of being farmored with a line roid to Dr. Doddridge in your Ma- from you, I ourdain, Sir, yo ir vnligid gazine, they are much at your fer- fervant,

John THROIL,." vice. Tho. STEDMAN. 2. " Re". Sir,

Konfirpion (2.89i pils,

June 30, 1743 << Dear Sir,

Kanfingeon Gratiel-pits, "I hope the rules : ni it?tutes of Herte

april 26, 1743 ford college, UXO!, have reached you he. I give my hearty thanks for your fore this line. Woen you have finished friendly present of your three letters to th3 the perufal of them, I would defi! yo: author of "Christianity not founilej vez would be pleased to return then directed Argument;" a libel from the beginning for me, to be left at the Rev. M. Brouglio to the end, abounding with virulent bira ton's, the fecond scor on the right-11.14', foonery, on a subject the most awful and in Bartisti's Buildings, Holbourn. Thie tremendous in nature! He is a moit in. reason of my defiring a selurn of thele tahappy comment on the Apostle's words, futes is occasi ined by Dr. Newton's rejeit that the animal, the natural or sensual to me, that they may not be transcried, man, cannot receive divine things; they and he forth-coming on demand, Wien are foolishness unto him. God may, per- the truly worthy Doctor has liad fortler adventure, give even this grinning adver- experience of them, I. helieve he incend's sary of the truth tlie gift of repentance. If 19 make them public, with such aller andenis his rebel heart ihould ac length be change, as lie shall think proper, with the couleur Is Saul also among the prophets" miglic of the Crown. wiin joy be uttered by all who see or liear “ Have you seen an ocłevo volume, pubof such a marvellous conversion.

lished last ye.ir, with this litle, “ Plurali. “ Your zeal for the honour of our Sa. ties indefenfille?" The author's upright. viour is highly commendable. God grant mess and courage, zeal aud judgement, this instance of it may be attended with fine throughout the book. I cannot help many good effects! I have often thonghe valuing the reverend aufl'or, who, thugh that the passage, i Cor. ii: 13, wycupce?!x195 he chose to be anonymous, was quickly πνευματικα συγκρινονες might literally, and discovered. His name is Dr. Newluft, agreeably to the context, be rendered 'ex- prir.cipal of Hertford college, Oxford.

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