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inhabitant or a native of the fifter instruction. I admire the implicity and kingdom, I know not;- but I force of the language, and the beauty of
the version, where many vulgarisms have was particularly ftruck with a pafsage in his letter, which I merely crept in:o ibe Irifo translation," &c. transcribe to introduce a few re
How far that translation is now marks upon it.
circulated in Ireland, or to whofe “ It was a strange neglect, at the time neglect or oversight the omission to of the Reformation, that the BIBLE and use it is to be attributed, is beft Common Prayer was not tranflated into the known by the Clergy there. Never Irish language, and copiously dispersed in could a fairer opportunity occur ta that country; for, as there was no efta- bring it forward than the present blishment of the Liturgy in Irish in any times afford. I am assured that the church in the kingdom, if any of the post London Society for promoting ignorant peisaniry hy chance went to a Frotestani churchi, not krowing the Eng
Chrittian Knowledge hath exprellith tongue, they could not be much more sed an earnest with that something improved or informed than by hearing the could be done to present the Irish Latin service at mals; and would prefer
people with the Word of God in' the latter, as what they were more accurtomed to. But, perhaps, it is not too late
their native tongue, and give it a Dow to do something of the kind in the general circulation through the Coutry parishes which are at a distance country. A very celebrated Prelate from the towns, Wales was hetter attend- of ours, in a Northern diocesë, ed to than Ireland, at the Reformation, in whose mind is ever employed on these matters; and in several churches of the Principality the service is in the com- furthering the best designs, has sigmon language, i. c. the Wels. I have nifted, I understand, his intention more than once beard tbe established Liturgy of addressing the superior Clergy of of Ireland read ibere in French, but never in Ireland on the subject. And may
Irisho, which, as I just now, observed, to good a purpose ticceed, to rescue it ouglit to be in remote places.”
their poor countrymen from being I know not, Mr. Urban, how
a prey to Popery on the one hand, amply an Irish version of the Holy and to barbarity, from invincible Scriptures hath ever been circula- ignorance, on the other! I doubt ted in Ireland; but of its existence not, that, if an application were all doubt is precluded. From a made from Ireland in some fuch note indeed in your Magazine, respectable channel, it would foon where (LXVIII. p. 1054) a review appear that the London Society is is given of “Butler's Memoirs of as ready to lend its aid in such a Hildefley, Bishop of Sodor and cause, as it most liberally was to enMann," one might be led to be
courage the Manks version under lieve trat the sacred volume had the auspices of the venerabile Hilnot been rendered into the Irish
defley. tongue. The contrary, however, is the fact; and Bp. Bedell's Bible Memoirs is fó interesting on this
The following passage from his prevents to deep a reflection on the head as to demand attention. Speaktheological literature of Ireland. The New Testament also, by 0 : ing of Bishop Willon, than whom
there .could hardly exist a better Donnell, is exprefily noticed in Let
nan, ter LXXV. (written by Gen. Sir J. Adolphus Oughton in 1771, Appen- « for firit suggesting the hint, and to our
“TO HIM,” says the Rev. Philip Moore", dix to Hildeiley, p. 625). And, late worthy Bithop Hilde Ney for indosatiSpeaking of what had been done gebly pursung it
, we owe ine inestimable for the people of Mann, Major blefling of having the Sacred Oracles and Vallancy tells his friend, the inge- our Liturgy in the native language of our nious P. More, of that ifland isle; which, though we had not before, (Letter XCIV. Dec. 1780, Appen. Yet ever since the commencement of the dix, p. 670),
Reformation, our bishops look some care "I have perused the Manks Bible and * Letter XC. addressed to Major ValTeflameut with -great pleasure and much lancey, p. 657.
to see to, by enjoining their clergy to school, and was completed at preach, and to inftruct, and pray with the Christchurch college, in Oxford. people, in their own language. And what Having a propensity to the healing was the confequence? By the blessing of God on these falutary means, the Reforma- art, he directed his studies into the tion made fo rapid a progress ainong us, necessary channel, intending to ex that for many years paft we have not a fio- his residence in his favourite city of gle native, except one old wom in now Oxford. But it not answering his (1795), a Papift, nor any other fedtary expectation, in 1664, he was apWe are all of one heart and one mind, glo- pointed secretary to the British eu. rifying and praising God, in the beauty of voy at the Court of Brandenburgh. holiness, as it confifts in the decency of Soon quitting this situation, he reuniformity and order in the public worship turned to Oxford; where accidenof God. Had the same method been pure tally becoming acquainted with sued in Ireland, the same causes, no doubly Lord Ashley, the foundation of his as they have done in Great Britain and in future happiness and celebrity was the Ine of Mann. The English, the Welth, secured ; for in his lordthíp he and the Scotci clergy, adreffed ebeir peo found a fincere and generous paple in their own respective language: In tron, who not only introduced hiin Ireland, I presume from the effects, it was
to the attention of the noble and not so, but that the native Irith were either not preached to at all
, or were addressed great, but by his interest procured in English, which they did not, could not, for him those situations in life, or would not understand. And thus, as which gave him leisure to pursue the Apostle obferves, they continued, and the studies necellary to the accom. ftill continue, mutually barbarians to each plishinent of the great works he other, vise voóvis, what he elegantly
, calls then had in contemplation. The dexcepany oñs füins, or the common nog oy (1 Cor. xiv. 11,9). Their priests all speak Irith, next-appointment which he held whieh gives them every advantage over the under Government was the secreçlergy of the Eftablished Church, few or taryship of presentations; but this none of whom, 1 fear, give themselves her loit when his patron, now be. much concern about such a qualification.-} have heard something of a scheme propo.
come Lord Shafteibury, was defed by the great Archbishop
Ulher for an prived of the seals. Soon after, he Irish profeffot ship in your university. Had was made secretary to the Board of that taken place, I leave it to your fagacity Trace, and continued in that fituLo conceive, as I can well imagine, the fa- ation till it was diffolved in 1674. lulary effects of so wise a measure.”
Returning to his fiudentship at Yours, &c.
Christchurch, in 1675 he took his
degree of batchelor in medicine, RETROSPECT OF THE EIGHTEENTH and, on account of ill health, shortCENTURY.-ESSAY V.
ly after visited Montpelier and soine URING the reign of Anne, other places on the Continent. On
the nation had to deplore thic the disgrace of Lord Shaficibury, setting of two bright luminaries, 'in 1679, haring lately returned to Yr. Locke and Sir John Holt, knt. England, he retired to Holland, to Two more estimable characters per- avoid the vengeance of the Court; haps Britain never was bleiled with which, during his absence, depriat any one period, and whose ex- ved him of his studentihip. From cellencies live, and will live, in the this time he remained in exile till grateful remembrance of every lo- the arrival of the Prince of Orange; ver of honesty, jurisprudence, and and from the proceedings of Goliterature.
vernment it was certainly most pruJohn Locke was born at Wring- dent for him 10 to do; for, though ton, near Briftol, in 1632. His fa- a pardon was offered him, and ther was an attorney; and had a which he treated with that concommand in the parliament army tempt it defcrved, yet, upon the during the civil war. His educa- invasion of the Duke of Monmouth, sation commenced at Westminster 'they still doubted of his fincerity,
and formally requested his appre- From his earliest life he was rehension through their'envoy at the marked to be particularly attentive Hague; but he eluded their vigi- to the subjects under his contidelance, and continued in safety. ration; and, having made congi.
During his exile, he entered in- derable progress in his education, to the closest intimacy with Le his thoughts appeared to be directClerc, Limborch, and other mem- ed principally to the sources whence bers of a literary society at Amiter- he drew those ineftimable works, dam; and while abroad he compo- which have as much pleated as they fed his principal work, the Eilay have protited mankind. He poton Human Understanding ; a work setled a certain urbanity of man. which will never be forgotten while ners, and an ingenious turn of time 1hall lait, and which will en- mind, which rendered him not dear his memory to every lover of only amusing but deeply instrucliterature, and give a permanence tive. And though his powers were to the English language not tur- formed for the cloielt investigation passed by any of the labours of our of the most abstruse speculations, most favourite authors.
yet he could unbend himielf with On the accomplishment of the the greatett facility and propriety, Revolution his interest was great, and cuter into the freedom and viand his abilities such as would have vacity of the moti polite circles. insured him the appointment to But this appeared to arise mon some of the most honourable, if not offoma desire to conform to what is most lucrative, fituations; but, as confidered as an evidence of good his modesty, was to be equallef only Avroegitig han from natural incliby his learning, he was content Whalipn, he mott particularly with being appointed a commir- three when the conversation took a sioner of appeals. In 1695, he was serious and contemplative turn; made a commiflioner of trade and then Kas manifest the knowledge plantations; but this office he filled which he had accumulated by infor the short space of five years tente ftudy, and fomewhat of the only; for the afthmatic complaint, extent of that capacity which was to which he had been subject near- fo amply stored with the requisites ly through life, now rapidly gain- neceitary to form the accomplifbed. ing on him, he took up his perma- scholar, and which did afterwards nent abode at Oates, in Effex, the furnith the world with some of its feat of Sir Francis Matham, where most invaluable treasures. for some years he had been most His works, which are various, kindly and generoully entertained prove that he was calculated to by its hotpitable proprietor. Con- thine either as a politician, a poletinuing gradually tò decline till Oc- mic, or a divine.' In each of theta tober, 1704, on the 28th of that characters bis labours were such as month be with the greatest calm- would bare intured him general ness and resignation delivered up respect and renown; but his Etlay his foul into the hands of his mer- on Human Understanding alone ciful and beneficent Creator. would have entitled him to one of
Though the character of this the first niches in the Temple of great and good man deserves the Fame, and contequently enrolled pen of the most able biographer, nis name among the first of the and has had far greater justice done British worthies ; for therein the to it than either my limits or abi+ reasoning faculty is not only directlitics will allow; yet it would be ed into the right channel, but its unpardonable, having thus far nu- boundaries are most accurately deticed the man, not to attempt to fined, and thereby we are taught pourtray fome of the excellencies of how to separate truth from error, his mind and heart,
and how to fubftantiate every argu.
menti n the defence of the former, where he made such progress as whether natural or revealed. soon to attain a degree of public
Though he had condescended to fanétion and relpe&t. Being made investigate thoroughly the moft recorder of London, March 5, winmon, and, as thet are gene- 1685-6 (the office at that time bezarly considered, the most trifling ing under the appointment of the concerns of life, and reduced even Court), hie manifefted the greatest there to fyftem and order; yet patriotism, and was knighted ; but the clote of his life manifested, that his strennous opposition to the aboall his fpeciations on the works of lition of the teit, and the dispensing Nature and Art tended chiefly to power of the king, deprived him of the enriching of bis mind with the his fitưation, but obtained him the soft comprehenfive knowledge of, applause and interest of the people drepelt veneration for, and tice- at large. reft devotion to, the great Author At the commencement of the of all things. Sceing his end ap- convention parliament he was choproaching, he relinquithed all other fen a member, and appointed a maportunits, and, contining himself to uger on the part of the Commons; The Revealed Will of bis God, he and, throughout the whole of the found in the Scriptures that strong important bugnefs, manifefied the coirfolation and hope which they molt consumniate knowledge of the are to admirably calculated to con- laws of his country, and the tenvey to the mind of every sincere dereft folicitude for the rights of enquirer afier eifential truth. the people, equally respecting the
Thus died the nian, who, if there just prerogative of the Crown, and had been any deceit or fubterfuge guarding and securing the libertiss in Christianity, had been the most of the subject ; in a word, laying likely of all others to have disco- the foundation for the glorious Convered it; and whofe honetty was stitution which we now enjoy. fuch, that not the íanction of 6000 On May 4, 1689, he was apyears, nor the opinions of the pointed lord chief justice of the vhole world, vould have deterred King's Bench, and sworn of the bin from giving it its proper expo- privy council to King William and fare. But, seeing he died in the Queen Mary; and, throughout faith, let the witlings and pimy in- the long period of 21 years, filled ridels of the day miltrust their im- that honourable ftation with the becile speculations, and, adverting greatest credit to bimself and beneto the pure channels of real infor- fit to the nation. Strongly attached mation, may they be constrained to to the liberty of the subje&, he suflay ahde their philofophy, “falsely fered it in no instance to be infrinfo called," and be enabled to fol., ged on under his jurisdi&tion; and low him as lie followed Christ! So' though this inflexible justice exthall they find with him, that the posed him to the displeasure of both end of the righteous man “is peace houses of parliament, in the case of and assurance for ever!"
Lord Banbury, &c. yet the greateft The oiher excellent character authority could not shake his intewhich we have now to pourtray is grity, as his noble determination thai of Sir John Holt, who was wis" that he should know nothing born at Thanie, in Oxfordíhire, in but the discharge of his duty." 1642, and was fun of Sir Thomas In 1700, on the resignation of Holt, recorder of Abingdon. After Lord Chancellor Somers, he moit a proper continuance at the gram- modestly refused the great feal, mar-icbool at that place, he was though earnestly solicited by his entered at Oriol college, Oxford, Majesty to accept it; and with the which he left at the age of 17, to greatest diligence and unfhaken tiprotecute lis fludios at Gray's inn, delity filled the office of lord chief
justice till March 5, 1709-10, when warm, but not hasty; and, though his useful life was terminated by a the witty Fuller has accused him lingering illness, which he bore of using his fcholars too harshly, with Christian fortitude and resig- we may willingly make some ellownation, in the 68th year of his age. ance when we find he was educa
Though the juvenile days of the ted under the same master with lord chief justice appear to have Ascham, Dr. Nicholas Udall, whuis been marked with a considerable severity he perhaps imbibed *. degree of levity, not to say indir- While thus descanting on the cretion, yet no sooner was he call. private character of Mulcatter, I ed into active life than he manifeft- think it not to his dilpraise to mened all that folidity and circumspec- tion, that, like Ascham, he was tion which became his situation. fond of archery, a science once of In him was truly conspicuous “the national concern. And, though in upright judge:" unappalled by the Henry VIII's reign its revival was frowns of authority, or the con- for the last time properly enforced tempt of the vulgar, he knew no by the legislature, it was much enbias but the laws of the land, the couraged during that of Elizabeth. dietates of his conscience, and the From the Positions we learn that, will of his God. Pofleffing him- in 1581, a society of archers exista felf a due sense of liberty, the ed, who termed themselves Prince ftricteft honesty, fidelity, and loy. Arthur's knights. In explanation alty, he not only cherished thefe of their title it may be neceslary to virtues in others, but ever defended observe, that Arthur, elder brother them with the most unshaken per- to Henry VIII. was particularly severance and determination.So fond of this exercise, 'intomuch, that on the whole of his conduct that his name became the proverwe may say, that the Bench was bial appellation of an expert bownever filled by a judge who admi- mari. Of this (hitherto unnoticed) nistered the laws of the country society Mulcafter u a member, as with more fidelity to his lovereign, will lufficiently appear in the folmore to the happiness of the sub- lowing extract. jed, or with more honour to himlelf, than Lord Chief Justice Holt.
(Position), p. 101) - Archery “do I
like best ger er ally of any round Mirring T. MOT, F. S. M. wishout the dores, upon the cases before (To be continued.)
alleadgrd; which if I did noi, that worthy P. 316, col. 1, 1. so, for Marfram read man, our late learned comtriem un maister Masam.
Alkam, would be halt angric with me, Ibid. col. 2, l. 15, for was read were.
though lie were of a milde disposition, who, boih for trayning the archier tu huis
buw, and the scholler to his hoke, hatla BIOGRAPHICAL ANECDOTES
Thewed himselfe a cunning archer, -n1 á RICHARD MULCASTER.
skilful maifter. (Continued from p. 421.) "In the middest of so many earn it F Mulcaster, though emi. matters ! may be allowed to entermingle nent for his learning, we find
one which hath a relice of mirili; fur, in no memorials by his contempo
prayfing of arcberie as a principali exercise
to the preseruing of health, how can I hut raries ; what, therefore, was his praise them who professe it thuonghis, and character in private life cannot now maintaine it oonly, the friendly and franke be recovered. His temper was fellowship of Prince Artliyi's knighies in
* Dr. Nicholas Udall was of Corpus Chrifti college, Oxford, and beçame master of Eton school ahout 1534. Bale 1tyled him “elegantiffimus oma um literarum magiiter, et earum feliciffimus interpres." His scholar, Nicholas Tuller, has left the world a trus character of his leverity in the following lines :
“Fiom Paul's I went, to Econ fenc · For fault but fmall, or none at all,
Tume, pour laj."