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are with England for a peace; and it is even reported, that, thouki its mediation, or its terms, he rejected, it will leud active alliance to the armies of France.
The state of affairs in this remote country re fo varioufly and fo contradiétonly reported, that it is difficult to afcertam the truci. Letters and dispatches from the French army there to the Directory, &c. at Paris, Idely intercepted by one of the English cruizers, have been brought home, and published, by order of government. Thefe uniformly reprefent the fituation of Kicher, and his army, as miferable in the extreme. The late. Paris journals, on the contrary, have inferted official communications from that army, detailing a feries of victories. The repulfe of two Eglifh frigates, belonging to Admiral Blanket's fquadron, in an attack on Coffer, in the red fea; the anihilation of the forces of Mourad Bey in U per Egypt; and the total defeat of 40c5 Turks, landed by Sir Sidney Smith at Damietta (of whom 3000 were killed, and 800 taken prifoners), are among the details fet forth in these com. munications. But, allowing all this to be true, we fees enough, even in their own reports, to convince us, that the French Generaliifimo would feize any fair opportunity of evacuating Egypt, and embarking his forces for old France,
Dec, 21. About 10 in the morning, a fire broke out in the North part of Blyke or Ram-street, Shaftesbury. From the great fcarcity of water, and the wind blowing. fresh into the town, the most ferious confe. quences were for fome time apprehended, but, by the indefatigable and praifeworthy exertions of the inhabitants, it was got under in about three hours, after destroying three dwelling-houses. The whole property was uninfured, and little of the furniture faved, Dec. 21. An inhabitant of Willoughby co, Nottingham, on his return this evening from the county town, came through Widmerpoole (a little village about a mile from Willoughby), about a quarter after feven; and, when he had got a little dittance from that place, being feized with a giddinefs, fell down and rolled about; but can give no farther account than that he thinks he called out aloud; and it was providentially that a man of Willoughby, being in bed, faid to his wife, "there is fomebody in diftrefs;" and proposed to go io fearch; but the wife, being timorous, rejected his propofal, fuggefting that it was fomebody on mischief; but, while the was gone to call another neighbour to accompany bim. (who refuted), he let off by himself, taking a candle and lauthorn; and tirring for the fpot where he had heard the noise (which had ceafed for fome time) be found
a man apparently quite dead. Removing fome hay from an adjacent ftack, he kindled a fire on each fide of the diftreffed object ; and then went for other affittance, carried him home, and by proper means the vital functions were restored; but the extremities are feverely affected; the fingers and toes, to nfe the man's own expreffion, feeling as if they were wooden owes.
Dec. 30. A Danith brig was fome evenings fince driven on thore at Pakefelt, in Suffolk, and shortly went to pieces; the crew ali made the land, excepting the matter, who being milfed by his fou, the gallant youth returned to the wreck, to leck and fave him; and, in the pious attempt, perished. The bodies of both were next day wathed upon the beach.
Plymouth, Dec. 31 The Ethalion fuigate his been wrecked, by friking on a funken rock near the Penmarks, white cruizing in company with the Filgard, of 44 gans, occationed by a dead calm, and the tide fetting itong on the thore, which prevented her having ite-rage-way. officers and crew were all faved by the latter fhip. Very fhortly after they quitted the Ethalion, the parted a mid-fhip, and
Aberdeen, Jan. 5. Major Macpherson, of Lorick, and 4 other gentlemen, shooting wild fowl on the Duke of Gordon's grounds, between Strathspey and Basenob, unfortunately perished in the violent torm of fnow, which did fo much damage by fe and land on Thursday lait. They had retired for fhelter to an old cot-house, ré miles from any town, which was blown down upon them by the fury of the wind. The bodies of Major M. and three others, The fifth were found under the ruins. gentleman was found on the outfide of the cottage.
The Prince of Wales has made a prefent of a Scotch horn, very beautifully mounted in gold, with a Scotch pebble at the top, to the Marquis of Huntley, as a proof of his elteem for the very gallant conduct of that young nobleman in Holland. There is an infcription on the lid in Erfe to the following purport :- The fan of the King, to his friend the fon of the Duke of Gordon.”
Jan. 7. A few days fince a fish, of a fpecies not commonly met with in this country, called a Barracnra, was taken in a net off the Ram-Head, on the coaft of Cornwall. The Barraqura is a great enemy to pilchards, herrings, &c. whole shoals of which difperfe on his approach.
Jan. 17. At to at night the whole nave of Chelmsford church fell-in with a great crash: fortunately no perfon was paffing by at the time. The rains feeme! to threaten the chaucel, by falling in i. An interiphon in white-ft ne Got uc letrers, wine in-hes long, inlaid in flis and hard mortar, in relievo, on the pu; tue of
the wall of the South aile, just under the battlements, given in Morant, II. p. 7, and in Camden's Britannia, 11. pl.I. fets forth, that this building was erected, by the contributions of the townfmen, as the former, 1474, as the latter, 1480. It was a stately building, with N. and S. ailes to the nave and chancel, and a lofty W. tower, with a large lantern and fhaft, leaded, and a ring of bells. In a N. chapel of the nave was a -parochial library, and on the N. fide of the chancel the burying place of the Mildmay family. The roof of the nave was ornamented with the arms of the feveral beDefactors.
The Bp. of London to the Rev. Dr. Parker,
Rector of St. James's.
magnitude and extent, and fuch as muß afford the trueft fatisfaction to every benèvolent mind. The number of individuals relieved was 40,000, and the number of meals diftributed 750,918; and all this, comparatively speaking, at a very moderate expence. These facts most clearly fhew the great utility of thefe inflitutions, and afford the most powerful arguments forthe further extenfion of them throughout the kingdont. I have, I confefs, long withed to fee them established in the parish of St. James's; and it would be a very high gratification to me, were the example to be followed not only by every parish in the metropolis, but by every parish in this diocefe, wherever the neceffities of the poor require them, and fofficient funds can he provided for supporting them. There is, I obferve with pleasure, a fubfcription already fet on foot by fome, very respectable merchants and gentlemen in the city, for the purpale of affording relief to the industrious poor in the cities of London and Weftminster, the borough of Southwark, and the out-parishes adjoining. This appears to me to be a very judicious and feasonable act of charity, and deferves encouragement and support. One of their objects will, I hope, be to open soup-houses in different parts of the metropolis. But as their funds will probably not enable them to do this in every parith, or to afford relief to all that want it in every district, this will not preclude the neceffity of feparate parochialibfcriptions to co-operate with the general fund, and relieve that large num ber of paupers in each diftinct parish, to which the benefits of that fund cannot poffibly be extended. It may also deferve the confideration of the veftry, or of the committee they appoint, whether it might not be advisable, in the present scarcity of wheat and earness of wheaten bread, to recommend it to the parishioners of all claffes to reduce the consumption of those articles in their own families as much as possible, this being the most effectual way to reduce the price. In the year 1795, when a fimilar foarcity prevailed, resolutions were entered into by the members of both Houses of Parliament, and afterwardstein
Dear Sir, Fudham-haufe, Dec. S. You will, I am fure, on account of the motive which prompts me to trouble you with this letter, excufe my anxiety to know whether any steps have yet been taken in the parish of St. James's, towards affording fome relief to the poor, in the prefent exceffive, dearnefs of bread and coals. thing has heen done, I fubmit it to your confideration, whether a veflry thould not be called to take this important bufnels into confideration, and to appoint a committee to deliberate on the proper measures to he purfued for promoting fo neceflary and charitable a work. One of these measures will probably be a fubfcription to raise a fufficient fund for this purpose, to which I fhall for one moft chearfully contribute. In what way this fund fhall be applied, and what made of relief fhail be adopted, will be a proper fubject for the confideration of the committee. All we have to guard against is, not to augment the evil we with to remedy, by increafing the confumption of fine wheaten flour. In this parish we have already begun a fubscription; and the intention of the veftry is, I understand, to purchase a stock of coals, and provide a public kitchen for making soup, and to fell both to the poor at a very reduced price. This, I must confefs, strikes my mind as the wifeft and most effectual mode of meeting the prefent calamity, and alleviating the wants of the poor. The expedient of pub-culated by order of the Privy Council lic foup-houfes has been adopted in feveral parts of the metropolis, as well as in the country; and has every where been attended with the greatest success, more particularly in Spital-fields, where three foup boules have been opened under the direction of a committee and several sub-committees, of which an accurate and circumftantial account may be found in the 39th Report of the fociety inftituted for bettering the condition of the poor. The benefits accruing to the poor from these and other establish ments of the fame nature, in different parts of London and Westminster, in the years 1798 and 1799, were of an astonishing
throughout the kingdom, to reduce in their refpective families (by fome methods there pointed out) the confumption of wheat, by at leaft one-third of the ufual quantity confumed in ordinary time. This meafure was very generally adopted, and produced the most extensive and beneficial effects. What therefore recent experience has hewn to be fo highly useful would probably, if carried into execution in every parish, be attended with fimilar good confequences. The parish of St. James's has long been diftinguished by its zealous exertions in acts of charity, and by its admirable regulations for the management of the poor under its
care, which are become models of imitation for other parishes, and do the higheft credit to the rector, the veftry, and the parochial officers. And it feems to me, that, if in fuch exigencies as the present, fuch establishments as I have ventured to recom. mend were adopted, their system of parochral relief would be complete.
I am, Sir, with much regard, Your faitliful and obedient fervant, B. LONDON. Since this letter was written, public fubfeiptions for foup-heufes have been opened, not only in the parish of St. James's, but in feveral other parishes in London and Westminster, and also another general one at St. Paul's coffee-house.
The Bishop of Hereford to the printer of the Hereford Journal.
Dec. 22, 1799.
"Mr. Walker, "I am directed by an Apostle of Jefus Chrift, to provoke unto love and good works, and I wish to circulate my obedience to this direction, as the most expeditious way at the prefent time, by foliciting, through your paper, the attention of the nobility, gentry, and my reverend brethren the clergy, of this Diocefe, to the wants of their diftreffed neighbours. I mean not to prefcribe on the occafion-God forbid I fhould be fufpected of it! Let every man do as he is difpofed in his heart, remembering that God loveth a cheerful giver. With fuch a memory, he will recollect the encouragement given to Charity, long before our Lord's appearance in human natare, as the fop of David, by whom these words were pronounced in one of his divine pfalms, Bieffed is he who confidereth the poor and needy.' I am, &c. J. HEREFORD."
Wednesday, Dec. 4, 1799. This day. fix waggons, loaded with the treasure taken in the two Spanish frigates, reached the Bank from Plymouth. At 9 o'clock, the waggons arrived at Kenfington, where they were met by a Captain's guard of the Grenadier battalion of the Guards, and the proceflion moved along Piccadilly, St. James's freet, Pall Mall, the Strand, Fleet-ftreet, and Cheapfide as follows:
Military, band of music; A detachment of the guards; A commiffioner of the customs, and a lientenant of the navy, on horfeback; Six waggons with the treasure, drawn each by eight horfes;
Each waggon had flags on it, the English furmounting the Spanith. Sailors rode on, the outside of the waggons.
out in front of the houfe, and drank from out of a gold cup, "Succefs to the British Navy," the band playing, Rule Britanniaz while the honeft tars, who were regaled at the fame time, gave his lordship three cheers. [Twelve or fourteen waggons more are fince come up. The whole of the fpecie taken on board the two fhips, amounts to the vast quantity of forty tons.]
Saturday, Dec. 28.
Four coroners' inquests were held yester. day and this day. The first pronounced a verdict, Died by the vifitation of God, on a man 94 years old, who fuddenly expired in the Marthalfea prifon, leaving his ema, ciated body at the difpefal of his creditors. The fecond held on the body of John Wil liams, a hackney coachman, who, on Tharfday night, in leading his horfes in Elliot's-row, Lambeth, was thrown down by them and killed. Verdict, Accidental death.. The third pronounced a verdict of Lunacy, on examination of the body of Mrs. Ridgard, of Count-freet, who in a par roxylm of mental derangement had terminared her exiftence. And the fourth on Mrs. Abbot, aged 84, wife of a broker in Kingfland-raad. Verdict, Wilful murder by unkncun bands. (See p. 85).
Tuesday, Jan. 7, 1800.
The entertainment given on Twelfthday by her Majelty, to the Royal family and nobility, was in the first of elegance and grandear: their Majesties and the Princeflęs dined at Frogmore, and at 8 o'clock the company affembled, and were ushered inro the Colonade, which was very beautifully lighted up; country dances then commenced to favourite Scotch tunes, the enlivening mufic of Meffrs. Gow giving additional spirit to the lovely females who joined in the feftive throng; the reels and strathspeys were led down in fucceffion by Prince William of Orange and the Princefs Augufta, and alfo Lord Amterit and her Royal Highness. The Duke and Dutchess of York, accompanied by Capt. Fitzgerald, left the cornpany foon after fupper; but the reft did not depart till an early hour this morning. The Princefs Elizabeth was manager for the night, and under her direction the visitors were elegantly entertained.
Thursday, Jan. 21.
Between the hours of 10 and 11 at night, aterrible fire broke out in Bramah's manufactory of engines and patent locks, in Eaton-street, Pimlico, which in a thort time deftroyed the whole bading, being made of wood; but much of the stock was faved.
Friday, Jan. 24.
A detachment of the 16th regiment of light' A fire broke out in a lodging-houfe in dragoons closed the proceffion. Gofwell-treet; and an oftler's wife,caryThe hotfes were decorated with ribbons.`ing her two children under her arm, was When the cavalcade reached the Manfion- . obliged to drop them in getting out of the houfe the Lord Mayor, the Lady Mayorefs, window, and they both per shed. Other and the gentlemen of his household, came perions with difficulty escaped. GENT. MAG. January, 1800.
T Leven-grove, co. York, Charlotte Baillie, a fon.
6. At his Lordship's feat, Lee-court, Kent, Lady Sondes, a fon.
8. In Great Cumberland-ftreet, the Countess of Mansfield, a daughter.
15. At Branxton, n East-Lothian, Lady Margaret Maclean, a fon.
At his houfe in Dartmouth-freet, the Lady of Sir James Bland Burges, aftill-born child. 18. At Portfmouth, the wife of Capt. J. B. Savage, of the marines, a fon.
20. At the Earl's feat in Herefordshire, the Countess of Oxford, a fon and heir. 21. The wife of W. Earl Welby, efq. of Carlton-houfe, a daughter.
1799. T Totnes, Devon, Thomas · Λου. 11. Bickerton Asheton Hicks, efq. of the royal navy, to Mifs Maria Champion. 12. Mr. Wood, attorney, of Cambridge, to Mifs Hemington, of Barnwell-place. Duncan Campbell, efq. of Orchard, Scotland, to Mifs Helen Campbell.
At Perth, Rev. Robert Thomas, minifter of Abdie, to Mifs Bennet, of that place.
14. John Blencowe, efq. to Mifs P. Everard, youngest daughter of Edward E. efq. John Brett, efq. of Lincoln's inn, to Mifs Andei fon, of Hollam hill, Tichfield, Hants. At Monniouh, Richard Wallis, jun. efq. of the Trump-house, to Mifs Apperley.
16. Robert Gore, efq. of Cheapfide, to Mife Riches, daughter of Philip R. efq. banker, of Woodbridge, Suffolk.
At Acton, Mr. George Owen, jun. of the Eat India houfe, to Mifs Charlotte Thomfon, eldest daughter of Patrick T. 19. Rev. John Cubitt, of Southrepps, to Mus Jary, of South Walham.
Da. 2: Jefenh Bally, efq. of Bristol, to Mifs Adams, of Spital fquare.
31. At Bath, Sir John Smith, bart. of Sy ́dling houfe, co. Doriet, to Mifs Morland,dau. ofthe late Tho. M. efq. of Court-lodge, Kent.
1800. Jan. 1. Robert Jennings, eiq. of Hull, to Mifs Elizabeth Bourne, eldest daughter of the Rev. John B. of Spital, near Cirenterteld, co. Derby.
At Eaton, co. Cambridge, Rev. Mr. Crofle, fellow of Pembrroke-hall, Cambridge, and vicar of Amwell, to Mifs Judith Fithe, fecond daughof the Rev. Mr. F. vicar of Linton.
2. Rev R. Moore, third fon of the Abp. of Canterbury, to Mifs Bell, dau. of the late Matth. Brefq. of Wolfington, co. Northumb. 6. At Faversham, Hon. Rich. King, to Mifs Rofs, eldest dau. of the late W. R. efq. of Standwick, in Roffihire.
13. Capt. W. Foote, of the royal navy, to Mifs Hill, of Upminster.
14. Rev. Arthur Annefly, of Chilcompton, Somerfet, to Mifs Tyndale, of Reading.
19. Rev. R. Breakfpear, late of Queen's cell. Ox. to Mifs Baughan, of Gr. Rollwright.
Sept. 7. A
T Montreuil, near Versailles, Louis-Guillaume Lemonniet, M. D. member of the National Institute; formerly (and for more than 30 years) profeffor of botany in the Jardin du Roy, where he fucceeded the celebrated Bernard de Juffieu; and afterwards (on the death of M. de Lafone) first phyfician to Louis XVI. King of France. He was born at Paris in 1717, and had an elder brother, Peter L. a diftinguished attronomer, who died fome months before him. Their fa
ther, Peter L. was profeffor of natural philofophy in the College d'Harcourt, and member of the Academy of Sciences. Louis-Guillaume L. was the author of fe veral papers in the Memoires of that learned body, of which he was elected a member in 1743. The articles Aimant and Aiguille Aimantée, in the Encyclopedie, were written by him.
Oct..... On his paffage from the Weft Indies, Charles Street, efq. late of Bath.
Dec. 6. At Upfoll, near Thirsk, co. York, aged 66, Gilbert Bonner, a North Briton. In the early part of his life, he was clerk to a late eminent attorney of the city of York, in whose service he had faved a fum of money, which might have rendered his old age comfortable. He had the misfortune to lofe the whole of that fum of money, by placing it in the hands of a person who soon afterwards failed. This lofs deeply affected him, and unfortunately for a time induced him to have recourfe to that falfe friend which caufes a temporary forgetfulness. He afterwards commenced schoolmaster at a fmall endowed fchool, in the village of Kirby Knowle, in which fituation he continued near 30 years, until the time of his death. He was particularly attached to children, and had the art of gaining their affection, and advancing them in their learning, without having recourse to correction; a capital writing-mafter, a most able arithmetician, an humble, madeft, unaffuming, inoffenfive, and truly honest man; ever ready to affift any per fon to the utmost of his power, that requested his affiftance. He died fincerely lamented, for it may be fafely faid that he had not one enemy; and, as his perquisites were small, he had nothing to leave to his friends (though he was indebted to no one) but the grateful remembrance of his skilful instructions given to them and their children. His funeral was attended by a large concourse of people from the neighbouring villages, who were deeply and fincerely affected upon the occafion.
13. At Wanstead, Effex, in his 64th year, of a gradual decay, the Rev. Tho mas Lyttleton. He was for 13 years corate of that parish; during the whole of which time he discharged the duties of his
ftation in fo affectionate and confcientious a manner, that he endeared not only himfelf, but the facred character he bore, to all who knew him. In the early part of his life, he accepted two livings in Barbadas, which he refigned, from the anxiety he experienced at being fo far removed from his connexions; and, returning to England, obtained the curacy of Limehoufe. At that place, he was the principal means of founding a charity fchool; and during his refidence there and afterwards at Wanstead, he devoted all the time he could fpare from his parochial duties to the truly Chriftian office of diffufing Chriftian knowledge; to accomplish which end, he became a very active member of the Society for promoting Chriftian Knowledge; he was, also, treasurer and principal promoter of Dr. Bray's charity for eftablishing parochial libraries, and for fpreading the Christian religion among the Negroes in our Weft India fettlements. Zealously devoted to thofe noble occupa tions, and in all fincerity exercifing every domestic and every focial virtue, he died, lamented by the rich who revered, and by the poor who loved, him. He was buried Friday the 20th; and his funeral was attended, not only by many refpectable gentlemen of the neighbourhood, but by the fchool from Limehouse; who, all unfolicited, paid this last mark of respect to the memory of a man, whom they confidered as an ornament to his profeffion. His remains were depofited in the family Fault of the Rev. Dr. Glaffe, rector of Wanftead; who requested he thus might thew his esteem for him, whofe upright conduct he had fo long admired. The character of this good man is perhaps fufficiently detailed in the above short account of his life; but it may be fome fatisfaction to confum it, by the testimony that was borne him publicly from the pulpit, the Sunday after his interment. The facrednets of the place, where the panegyric was delivered, precludes the idea of Battery. He who spoke it knew it to be true; and be spoke it, that he might animate the living with the love of virtue, not with the idle defire of gracing the unconfcious afhes of the dead with unavailing praife."Yes," faid the preacher, "I may fafely affert, that the rich and the poor, the aged and the young, the learned and the unlearned, have loft a friend, an inftructer, a guardian, and a parent; all! all in one good man: for there was no ank, no age, no condon in life, to which he did not extend his benevolence: the unlearned and the young, he taught with a patience which furmounted every difficulty: the poor and the aged, he relieved with a liberality, which would have furpaffed his means, had he not circum(cribed his own wants to adminifter to
theirs: as for the rich, them he ever affifted with his prayers. Be not furprized, my brethren, if I am so particular in defcribing his virtues; I well know, that, were it poffible he could be confcious of the praifes that are bestowed,' his diffident and unaffuming spirit would be hurt at the diftinction; but he is now beyond the reach of human praife, or of human cenfure; therefore, for the fake of thofe that are left, this tribute must be paid, that they may be encouraged to emu late his virtues; and I dwell on them the more willingly, because it was ever his nature to conceal the very good he practifed. Poffeffed of an integrity, a zeal, a piety, that would have adorned the highest ftations in the Church, his Blessed Mafter chofe rather, that he should fill the humbleft; to teach us, that dignity and wealth are not always neceffary to make his fervants honoured; and, that there is no fituation which a zealous and a willing heart cannot improve to the honour of his God. From this lowly fituation, therefore, be spread the bleffings of Chriftian truth farther than many in the most exalted have been ever able to diffufe them. Inftead of circumfcribing his la bours to the narrow limits of his parish, he devoted every hour he could fpare to the propagating Chriftian knowledge a mong the poor of every defcription; it mattered not how diftant they were removed, they were fellow Chriftians, and that was alone fufficient to endear them to him. But, though thus a large field was opened, it was not fo large as his benevolence, that ever fought for fresh objects on which to employ itfelf; and thinking, that not only his fellow Chriftians, but ait his fellow creatures, were entitled to his love, he was one of the few, who láboured zealously to fpread the Gospel among those, who, alas! in thefe enlightened days, walk yet in darkness; thole for lorn beings, upon whom the Sun of Righteoufuefs hath not yet arisen. Such was the minifter whom you have loft, my brethren; one, who may boast this pecuhar praife, that he taught Chrifbanity beautifully by his life; his good actions were his eloquence; his piery, his tem perance; his charity, were his bett difcourfes; with thefe, he taught you moit feelingly when living; with the memory of thefe he ftill inftructs you, though dead. If there be yet any other truth lie may be faid to teach you, it is namely this, that to the righteous Death hath no ting: for, in the last moments of his fe, no doubts, no terrors, crowded on his mind to difturb his peace, or to shake his faith on his faviour, Chrit; but, yielding up his foul without a struggle into the lands of his Redeemer, like the first bleffed martyr, he maybe truly faid to have fallen