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Here we find ourselves entered on the reign of his present Majesty whom we pray God to continue to preserve, as he has hitherto done propitiously and miraculoutly! The empire of the Pope received a fatal wound on the expulsion of the Jesuits from ail the Catholic states where they had exercised their influence for 200 years. And now, as if claims of independency, civil and religious, were no rooner fet up than altered, we see the Polish dislidents secured in their privileges; and our American colonies, after a long and bloody contest of eight years, gratified with independence. Literary property was decided. A fpirit of riot, masked under the disgui of fanaticism, comnitted in London excelles unknown tince the reign of Richard II. ; and how liwe they were expected iniy be judged from the little preparation to refiit and check them till they had riten to an alarning height. During the united war with France and America, British raiour lignalized itidf by tea and land. Prutlia restored and preserved the Stadtholder; and iran. quillity seemed restored by a general peace; when war broke out, 1788, between Russia and the Porte, and a rapid series of conquefts was made by the former from the latter. When our own country thought itelf at perfect amity with all the world, a REVOLUTION as extraordinary as unexpected, pregnant with and productive of every atrocity, and a change of system fatal to Liberty civil and religious, under pretence of preserving both, which has broken down the banners of Faith and Nature, and overturned the foundations of Morality and Justice, which has fubverted long-established governments, and given in their Read – we know not what – such a Revolution, the seeds of which had beer sown, and its growth nurtured, in Infidel Philofophy-fuch a Revolution broke out in France, pervaded Europe at the point of the bayonet, got footing in Africa ; and where or when it may stop is known only ta the Supreme Ruler, who controuls the ocean by a few grains of sand, and employs human means to secretly and insensibly as not to permit them to assume to themfelves the merit of their co-operation.
Into the opening Century have entered all these horrors. If the rising generation fuffer a total debasement under their influence, adieu to Names and Characters eminent for virtuous and heroic aichievements! Adieu to Honetty, Benevolence, and every found principle;ill supplied by affected Philanthropy, which waftes itself in unbounded extensiveness, filling the natural attections of domestic relation, breaking the yoke of restraint from every dependent, whether children, fervants, or others; false Tenderness disclaiming due leverity; Morality which fits easy on the thoughtless mind trained to defpife restriction; Religion which annibilates its own objects, and to Faith and Hope subiti Lutes Frenzy and Despair !
In this dreadful convulsion Europe loft to England all that a nation whole naval power is at its zenith could win, the Commerce of the world, and every the most distant illand and comptoir ; and that British merchant, who denies his Country her legal claims to a proportion of his income, would deserve to be expatriated to the extremity of the world. At a call the Nation role in arms as one man ; Nation of farmers, merchants, men of independent fortunes, and of advantageous occupations, men of science, and men of law, and even the ministers of religion, offered their aslittance – to fight, to die, fort their Country. Alsociations, of which those in the lait rebellion bade been only emblematic, multiplied on every fide. Twice on the same auspicious day has the Sovereign of the British Illes reviewed his loyal
(v) subjes volunteers in his defence; and the Liberty of Great Britain food the prize of contending ranks in the eyes of all that were dear to her defenders in Hyde-park, as if a fecond Marathon had presented itelf. These were the men that were to have defended Britain, while ber other foldiers fought for Europe. Countrymen and Fellow-citizens — behold what the closing Century has exhibited to you. Engrave the spectacle deep in your memories.; revolve it in your minds; incul. cate it on your children ; transmit it to your potterity; and resolve with your great deliverer in the opening of the Century to “ die for your Country in the last dyke," and to die free;
Curi sunt liberi ; cari parentes ; carior eft patria. While SylvanUS URBAN indulges his apprehenfions from the prevailing temper of the times, lie shall ever congratulate himtelf that his exertious and thole of his Correspondents have inculcated better principles, and encouraged better practices; and that, if the fhocking conlequence he forebodes is permitted for wife purposes to follow, he thall rolsurvive the ruin of his Country.
The Century just elapsed has seen rise and fall in Europe the following .)
SOVEREIGNS, and their Iffue.
Frederic Wm. II. 1797-
-- III. Abdul Ahmet, 1789.
Victor Amadeus II. GERMANY, 8.
1732. Leopold, 1750.
Louis, fon of Louis Cha. Eman'. III. 1759. Jofeph, 1711.
Victor Amadeus III.
Another, 1712. Charles Emanuel IV.
Louis, son of Louis Naples and SICILY, 2.
Don Carlos, 1759.
Czars of MUSCOVY, 8.
Frederic, 1750, and Peter the Great, 1725.
Peter II. 1730.
Anne Iwanowitz, 1740:
Guftavus Adolphus. Eliz. Petraona, 1761.
Clement XI. 1721.
Benedict XIII. 1730,
Benedict XIV. 1758.
Frederic Augustus II, Clement XIII. 1769.
Tius VI. 1799.
TWELVE TRUE OLD GOLDEN RULES, For those wbo like to fare better ban they now do, and at ebe same time to ibrive and grow rich.
1. The ready penny always fetches the best bargain. He who buys upon truft, must not complain if he is cheated. The thopkeeper fufpe&s the customer who buys on trust, and thinks that he means to cheat and never to pay ; and therefore he takes good care to be before-band, and charges high accordingly.
II. The best pennyworth is to be had where most fie together, in the open market ; and bargains are often cheaper in the latter end of the day. When honeft men have done their work, it is better for them to go in market than the alehouse.
III. When times are hard, why should we make them harder still? Is it not fnough to he taxed once by government, without being twice toxed by folly, thrice by drunkenness, four tiines by laziness, and so on :-A good man, even in hard times, will do twice as well as a bad man will in the helt of times. Let us all then rise up against ourselves, wilo ihusiax and injure ourselves ; and we fall soon find that the rimes will mend. Let us do good to ourselves at home, and we mall become happy in our own habitations; and learn that it is a true saying, that“ God helps those who help themfelves."
IV. Time is our estate, it is our most valuable property. If we lose it, or waste it, we can never - lever purchase it back again. We ought therefore not to have an idle hour, or throw away an idle penny. While we employ our time and our property (however small that property may be) to the best advantage, we shall find that a fortune may he made in any formation of life ; and that the poor man, who once wanted affilLance himself, may be ome able to atlift and relieve others.
V. Induttry will make a nian a purse, and frugality will him find ftrings for it. Neither the Aurse nor the strings will cost un any thing. He who has it mould only draw the frings as frugality directs; and be will be sure always to find an utelul penny at thebottom of it. The servants of industry are known by their livery; it is always whole and wholesome. Wenners travels very leisurely, and poverty foon overtakes her. Look at the ragged Naves of idleness, and judge which is the best master to serve-Induftry, or Idieness.
VI. Marriage is honourable, and the married state when entered into with prudeace, and continued in with discretion, is of all conditions of life the most happy; but to bring a wife lome, before we have made provision by our industry and frugality for her and our children, or to choose a wife, who has not by attention and æconomy on her pait proved herfelf filio manage a family, is extremely imprudent and improvident. Let, therefore, the young prepare themfelves for the married ftare, by treasuring up all the surplus of their youthful earnings, and they will marry with confidence, and live together in comfort.
VII. Of all idol cry that ever debased any lavage and ignorant nation, the wormip of the gin-bottle is the most disgraceful. The worihiper of the gin-botile becomes unfit for any thing; he foon rots his liver, and ruins himself and family.
VII. He who does not make his family comfortable, will himself never be happy at home ; and he who is not happy at home, will never be happy any where. Charity begins at home : the husband and wife, who can hardly keep themselves and their children, Mould not keep a dog to rob the children of part of their food.
IX. She who roasts or broils her meat, wades a great part of it on the fire. She who boils it, lores a third part of it in the water. But when the good wife stews her meat gently, thickening the liquor with a little meal, ground rice, or pease and vegetables, and making it savoury with fried onions, herbs, and seasoning, me gets thegood of the whole ; her husband and the fare much better, their children thrive and grow hearty and stout, and their money goes twice as far.
* X. When you few or toil your meat, if you leave the vessel uncovered, some of the best part goes off and is wasted in fteam ; and when you make the fire in a wide chimhey, with a large open throat, there is at least twice as much of the heat goes up the chimney as ever comes into the room, to warm the family.
XI. Sinning is a very expensive occcupation. All those who have practised it; they can tell you what it has coit them. The man who attempts to make you laugh at the fear of God, is your worst enemy.' In so doing, lic endeavours to teach you to be also your own bitter and irreconcılable enemy for ever, both in this world and in the
XII. Sin is the greatef of all evils; the salvation of the foul, our best good ; and the Grace of God, our richest treasure. Let the poor mau find his way to the cheapest market on Saturday, to a place of divide worthip on Supday, and, like an honest man, go to his work on Monday. Following these plain directions, he may be twice happy ; bappy bere, and happy hereafter to all eternitya
Bi mingham 2
Meteorolog. Diaries for Dec. 1799, and Jag tacBzjr, Bellam.--Sterne’s Originality defended 32
Parker of Oxford and his very learned Son 7 Rev. T. Moss, the Author of “ The Be: gar” 41
A Character of Dr. Johnson by Bihop Horne ib. Welsh Methodists remarkably loyal Subjects 45
The recent Alterations in Lichfield Cathedral 1;REVIEW OF New PUBLICATIONS
Embellithed with Perspective Views of GARTHMILL House, in MONMOUTHSHIRE ;
and of LILBURN CHURCH, in NORTHAMPTONSHIRE.
Priated by JOHN NICHOLS, at Cicero's Head, Red-Lion Passage, Fleet-street, London
where all Letters to the Editor are desired to be addressed, Pos T-PAID. 1800.
2 Meteorological Diaries for Dec. 1799, and Jan. 1800. Barom: Thermom. Hygrom.
State of Weather in December, 1799. 1: | 2. feet in.
29,801 47 47 14 2.9 gloomy, with a fhower
43 .9 fog A M. clears up®P.M.
41 .9 Right Mower, Tan at intervals
.8 fun at intervals
.O gloonry 94 41
2.9 gloomy 30, 31
38 3.0 gloomy
39 .O gloomy
fun at intervals
651 15 6035 60 30
31 31 32
931 32 30,11 31
0 32 27 3.1 gloomy 1. Gathered a well-blown role; another bud upon the same ftem.-6. The buds of the honeysuckle turgid and green. Gollamer floats.-7. Blades of the snow-drop liave broke ground.-13. A polyönibus in flower,
N. B. The air, in general, ijas been so loft, that the small birds have chirped aloud zheir notes. The ertects of the gale, noticed in last month, have continued to the end of the present month. But the stagnared air bias caused a gloominess and fogginess; and the effect of its want of motion of the atmosphere has nearly caused a famine in the want of bread, the windmills being almost continually at a fand.
The water-mills are nearly in the fame situation, the water being almost exhausted, from unusual drains, and long drought.
J. Holt, Waltom, near Liverpool. METEOROLOGICAL TABLE for January, 1800. Height of Fahrenheit's Thermometer, Height of Fahrenheit's Thermometer. Barom. Weather
Barom. Weather fin. pts, in Jan. 1800.
in. pts. in Jadi, 1800