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Here we find ourfelves entered on the reign of his prefent Majefty; whom we pray God to continue to preferve, as he has hitherto done propitioufly and miraculously! The empire of the Pope received a fatal wound on the expulfion of the Jefuits from all the Catholic ftates, where they had exercifed their influence for 200 years. And now, as if claims of independency, civil and religious, were no fooner fet up than altered, we fee the Polifh diffidents fecured in their privileges; and our American colonies, after a long and bloody conteft of eight years, gratified with independence. Literary property was decided. A fpirit of riot, masked under the difguife of fanaticifm, committed in London exceffes unknown fince the reign of Richard II.; and how little they were expected may be judged from the little preparation to refift and check them till they had rifen to an alarming height. During the united war with France and America, British valour fignalized itfelf by fea and land. Pruilia reftored and preferved the Stadtholder; and tranquillity feemed reftored by a general peace; when war broke out, 1788, between Ruffia and the Porte, and a rapid feries of conquefts was made by the former from the latter. When our own country thought itself at perfect amity with all the world, a REVOLUTION as extraordinary as unexpected, pregnant with and productive of every atrocity, and a change of fyftem fatal to Liberty civil and religious, under pretence of preferving both, which has broken down the banners of Faith and Nature, and overturned the foundations of Morality and Juftice, which has fubverted long-established governments, and given in their flead we know not what-fuch a Revolution, the feeds of which had been fown, and its growth nurtured, in Infidel Philofophy-fuch a Revolution broke out in France, pervaded Europe at the point of the bayonet, got footing in Africa; and where or when it may ftop is known only to the Supreme Ruler, who controuls the ocean by a few grains of fand, and employs human means fo fecretly and infenfibly as not to permit them to affume to themselves the merit of their co-operation.
Into the opening Century have entered all thefe horrors. If the rifing generation fuffer a total debafement under their influence, adieu to Names and Characters eminent for virtuous and heroic atchieve ments! Adieu to Honefty, Benevolence, and every found principle; · ill fupplied by affected Philanthropy, which waftes itself in unbounded extenfivenefs, ftifling the natural affections of domeftic relation, breaking the yoke of restraint from every dependent, whether children, fervants or others; falfe Tendernefs difclaiming due feverity; Morality which fits eafy on the thoughtless mind trained to defpife reftriction; Relie gion which annihilates its own objects, and to Faith and Hope fubítitutes Frenzy and Despair!
In this dreadful convulfion Europe loft to England all that a nation whofe naval power is at its zenith could win, the Commerce of the world, and every the moft diftant ifland and comptoir; and that British merchant, who denies his Country her legal claims to a proportion of his income, would deferve to be expatriated to the extremity of the world. At a call the Nation rofe in arms as one man ; Nation of farmers, merchants, men of independent fortunes, and of advantageous occupations, men of fcience, and men of law, and even the minifters of religion, offered their affittance-to fight, to die, for their Country. Affociations, of which thofe in the lait rebellion had been only emblematic, multiplied on every fide. Twice on the fame aufpicious day has the Sovereign of the British Isles reviewed his loyal
fubjects volunteers in his defence; and the Liberty of Great Britainfood the prize of contending ranks in the eyes of all that were dear to her defenders in Hyde-park, as if a fecond Marathon had presented itself. These were the men that were to have defended Britain, while her other foldiers fought for Europe. Countrymen and Fellow-citizens-behold what the clofing Century has exhibited to you. Engrave the spectacle deep in your memories.; revolve it in your minds; incul cate it on your children; tranfmit it to your pofterity; and refolve with your great deliverer in the opening of the Century to "die for your Country in the laft dyke," and to die free;
Cari funt liberi; cari parentes; carior eft patria.
While SYLVANUS URBAN indulges his apprehenfions from the prevailing temper of the times, he fhall ever congratulate himself that his exertions and those of his Correfpondents have inculcated better principles, and encouraged better practices; and that, if the fhocking confequence he forebodes is permitted for wife purposes to follow, he fhall not furvive the ruin of his Country.
The Century juft elapfed has feen rife and fall in Europe the following SOVEREIGNS, and their Iffue.
George III. whom
God long preferve!
Louis, fon of Louis
Frederic IV. 1730.
POPES, 9. Clement XI. 1721. Innocent XIII. 1724. Benedict XIII. 1730. Clement XII. 1740. Benedict XIV. 1758. Clement XIII. 1769.
Pius VI. 1799.
TWELVE TRUE OLD GOLDEN RULES,
For those who like to fare better than they now do, and at the fame time to thrive and grow rich. I. The ready penny always fetches the best bargain. He who buys upon trust, muft not complain if he is cheated. The fhopkeeper fufpects the customer who buys on truft, and thinks that he means to cheat and never to pay; and therefore he takes good care to be before-hand, and charges high accordingly.
II. The best pennyworth is to be had where most fit together, in the open market s and bargains are often cheaper in the latter end of the day. When honeft men have done their work, it is better for them to go to market than the alehouse.
III. When times are hard, why fhould we make them harder till? Is it not Enough to be taxed once by government, without being twice taxed by folly, thrice by drunkennefs, four times by laziness, and fo on:-A good man, even in hard times, will do twice as well as a bad man will in the heft of times. Let us all then rife up against ourfelves, who thus tax and injure ourselves; and we fhall foon find that the times will mend. Let us do good to ourselves at home, and we shall become happy in our own habitations; and learn that it is a true faying, that " God helps thofe who help themTelves."
IV. Time is our estate, it is our most valuable property. If we lofe it, or waste it, we can never never purchase it back again. We ought therefore not to have an idle hour, or throw away an idle penny. While we employ our time and our property (however fall that property may be) to the best advantage, we shall find that a fortune may be made in any fituation of life; and that the poor man, who once wanted affiftance himself, may become able to affift and relieve others.
V. Indufry will make a man a purfe, and frugality will him find strings for it. Neither the purfe nor the ftrings will coft hin any thing. He who has it fhould only draw the frings as frugality directs; and he will be fure always to find an ufeful penny at the bottom of it. The fervants of industry are known by their livery; it is always whole and wholefome. Idlenefs travels very leifurely, and poverty foon overtakes her. Look at the ragged flaves of idlenes, and judge which is the best master to ferve-Induftry, or Idlenefs.
VI. Marriage is honourable; and the married ftate when entered into with prudeace, and continued in with difcretion, is of all conditions of life the moft happy; but to bring a wife kome, before we have made provifion by our induftry and frugality for her and our children, or to choose a wife, who has not by attention and œconomy on her part proved herfelf fit to manage a family, is extremely imprudent and improvident. Let, therefore, the young prepare themfelves for the married ftate, by treafuring up all the furplus of their youthful earnings, and they will marry with confidence, and live together in comfort.
VII. Of all idolatry that ever debafed any favage and ignorant nation, the worship of the gin-bottle is the most difgraceful. The worshiper of the gin-bottle becomes unfit for any thing; he foon rots his liver, and ruins himself and family.
VII. He who does not make his family comfortable, will himself never be happy at home; and he who is not happy at home, will never be happy any where.-Charity begins at home: the husband and wife, who can hardly keep themfelves and their children, fhould not keep a dog to rob the children of part of their food.
IX. She who roafts or broils her meat, waftes a great part of it on the fire. She who boils it, lofes a third part of it in the water. But when the good wife ftews her meat gently, thickening the liquor with a little meal, ground rice, or pease and vegetables, and making it favoury with fried onions, herbs, and feafoning, he gets thegood of the whole; her husband and she fare much better, their children thrive and grow hearty and fout, and their money goes twice as far.
'X. When you flew or boil your meat, if you leave the veffel uncovered, fome of the beft part goes off and is wafted in fteam; and when you make the fire in a wide chimhey, with a large open throat, there is at least twice as much of the heat goes up the chimney as ever comes into the room, to warm the family. XI. Sinning is a very expenfive occcupation.-Afk thofe who have practifed it; they can tell you what it has coit them. The man who attempts to make you laugh at the fear of God, is your worst enemy. In fo doing, he endeavours to teach you to be also your own bitter and irreconcilable enemy for ever, both in this world and in the
XII. Sin is the greatest of all evils; the falvation of the foul, our best good; and the Grace of God, our richeft treafure. Let the poor man find his way to the cheapest market on Saturday, to a place of divine worship on Sunday, and, like an honest man, go to his work on Monday. Following thefe plain directions, he may be twice happy; happy here, and happy hereafter to all eternity.
1. Gathered a well-blown rofe; another bud upon the fame ftem.-6. The buds of the honeyfuckle turgid and green. Goffamer floats.-7. Blades of the fnow-drop have broke ground.-13. A polyanthus in flower.
N. B. The air, in general, has been fo foft, that the fmall birds have chirped aloud their notes. The effects of the gale, noticed in laft month, have continued to the end of the prefent month. But the ftagnated air has caufed a gloominefs and fogginefs; and the effect of its want of motion of the atmosphere has nearly caufed a famine in the want of bread, the wind mills being almoft continually at a ftand. The water-mills are nearly in the fame fituation, the water being almoft exhaufted, from unufual drains, and long drought. J. HOLT, Walton, near Liverpool.
METEOROLOGICAL TABLE for January, 1800.
Height of Fahrenheit's Thermometer.
in. pts. in Jan. 1800%
42 29,25 mall rain
14 39 43 49 ,26 cloudy
33 28 203 foow
42 39 35 fair
34 41 45 ,78 clondy
32 ,83 fair
79, formy at ni.