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LITERATURE, HISTORY, AND POLITICS,
FOR THE YEAR MDCCCI.
Ne quid falsi dicere audeat, ne quid veri non audeat.
PRINTED BY ALEX. CHAPMAN AND CO.
FOR ARCHIBALD CONSTABLE, HIGH STREET ;
Most REMARKABLE EVENTS of the Year 1801.
of the French, and the war in Italy 1. This day the union of the king- was terrpinated. doms of Great Britain and Ireland took .22. Thc Imperial Parliament met for place. His Majesty held a Grand Coun. the first time, pursuant to his Majesty's cil to give the necessary solemnity to proclamation, when the Right Hon. the measure, and to fwear in bis privy Henry Addington was unanimously co council of the united kingdom. The lected Speaker. Park and Tower guns were fired, the 23. A Prench squadron of seven sail bells of the different churches were of the line, two frigates, a lugger, and rung, and the Royal Union Standard some other vessels, with four thoufand displayed on the occasion.
troops on board, under the command Great Seal was at the same time pre- of Admiral Gantheaume, failed from fented, and adopted by his Majesty.
Brest for Egypt. The Emperor Paul of Ruflia, in a
February. paroxysin of insanity, published, at 9. A change of Ministry took place, Petersburgh, a challenge to all the but the whole of the arrangements Princes of Europe to fight with him in were not for some time after fettled. barriers closed up.
Mr Addington succeeded Mr Pitt, as 6. Accounts were received of a gene- First Lord of the Treasury, and Chanral engagement having taken place on cellor of the Exchequer i and Earl St the Danube, on the 18th December, Vincent, Lord Spencer, as First Lord between the French army under Gene- the Admiralty, ral Moreau, and the Austrian army un- Peace between Auftria and France, der the Archduke Charles, which ter- figned at Luneville, by Count Cobentminated in the defeat of the latter ; af- zel and Joseph Bonaparte. ter which proposals of peace were 11. Sir John Mitford elected Spcakmade to Moreau ; and an armistice for er of the House of Commons, in the thirty days was agreed upon; and di- room of Mr Addington. rections were sent by the Emperor to Mr Waddington was brought up to Count Cobentzel, at Luneville, to fign the Court of King's Bench, after have a peace with France.
ing been convicted of forestalling hops, 9. News was received of the French and was sentenced to pay a fine of sool. army of Italy, under General Brune, and be imprisoned three months. having defeated that of Austria under 14. A General Fast and Humiliation General Bellegarde, and that the Au• throughout Scotland pursuant to Royo ftrians lost twenty-four pieces of can. al Proclamation. non and 12,000 men.
18. Mr Pitt opened the Budget in the Four persons, convicted of having House of Commons, Mr Addington conspired against the life of the First not having yet taken his feat as Chan. Conful of France, sentenced to suffer cellor of the Exchequer. Jeath, and a great number ordered to 20. His Majesty was seized with a be transported.
cold and fever, which continued for 13. The Pruffian Ministry declared some time. that they meant to favour the cause of
Marcb. the Northern Confederacy:
2. Advice received at the India. 14. An order of Council issued for House of the capture of the Kent Indiadetaining all Russian, Danish, and man, by a Prench frigate, in the Bay Swedito ships and vessels, in conse- of Bengal, after a severe action of nearquence of those powers having entered ly two hours. into a confederacy against the maritime 8. The British army, under the cominterefts of Great Britain.
mand of Sir Ralph Abercromby, effec15. A fufpension of arms agreed up- ted a landing at Aboukir, drove in the on in Italy between the French Genc- enemy's détachments, and advanced ral Brune, and the Austrian General within a few miles of Alexandria. Bellegarde, by which a number of fort, 10. The French frigate Africaine capreses were surrendered into the hands tured in the Mediterancan by his Ma. VOL. LXIN.
jefy's ship Phæbe, after a smart ac- suddenly. Report stated, that he was Lion.
affufinated by some Officers of State. 11. His Majesty's Physicians declared He was succeeded by Alexander I. his his recovery, and stated that a short fon. time only was neceffary to reftore his 25. A negociation for peace opened usual health and strength.
between England and France. 12. Admiral Sir Hyde Parker and 28. Peace between France and Na. Vice-Admiral Lord Neifon, failed from ples fined at Florence. Yarmouth Roads, with a ficet of seveda 29. A Danish army took poffeffion of técn fail of the line, and a number of Hamburgh. frigates, bomb-vesels, gun brigs, and
April. fire-tips, for the Baltic, to attack the 5:2. A divifion of the Baltic fleet, un. coalesced powers of Denmark; Sweden der the orders of Lord Nelson, attackand Russia.
ed and completely defeated and destroyAn alarming fire broke out in Inver- od the Danish fleet and batteries ftationrefs, which communicated to fome ed before Copenhagen. The loss of barrels of gunpowder, which blew up, the British on this occasion, amounted and did, great damage. Several per- to 943 men, killed and wounded; that fons were killed.
of the Danes. is supposed to have an 13. The British troops ftationed near mounted to upwards of 2000. A cer. Alexandria, in Egypt, attacked by the fation of hoftilities was immediately afgarrison of that place. The action laft. ter agreed to. ed four hours, and ended in the enemy 3. All British property at Hamburgh being repulsed.
fequestrated by the Danes. 16. His Majesty's fhip Invincible, 8. Napper Tandy found guilty of Rear-Admiral Totty, wrecked on a high treafon, at Lifford, in Ireland, ridge of sand, called Hamordsburg, on and sentenced to suffer death; which the Norfolk coast, on her way to join fentence, however, was afterwards the Baltic fleet, and upwards of 400 of commuted to transportation to Botany her crew, besides the Captain and te- Bay. veral of the other officers, unfortunate: 9. A convention signed between EngJy perished.
land and Denmark for 14 weeks, which 17. The whole of the members of was afterwards prolonged. the New Administration, entered upon The Pruffian troops took poffeffion the duties of their refpective' cffices, of Hanover, and the banks of the We. and Lord Hardwicke was appointed fer and the Ems. . Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, in the room " "16. Admiral Parker proceeded into of the Marquis Cornwallis.
the Baltic with his fleet, towards the 18. The garrison of Aboukir, in E. Swedish port of Carlscrona. gypt, surrendered to the British arms. 19. Rosetta, in Egypt, surrendered
20. Peace between Austria and to the British arms, and Damietta tu France formally proclaimed at Paris. those of the Turks.
'21. The British Army in Egypt, at- 25. The British Aleet returned to Cotacked by the principal part of the penhagen roads from the Baltic, the French forces under the immediate or- Courts of Petersburgh and Stockholm deis of General Menou, before Alex- having agreed to settle the exilting difandria. The conteft lasted for several ficulties ty treaty. Lord St Helens was hours, and ended in tlie enemy's being in confequence sent to Petersburgh, as completely repulled, with the loss of British Plenipotentiary. about 3000 men; that of the British,
May. in killed, wounded, and prisoners, a. I. A French force landed on the ille inoubted to 1500. The brave General of Elba, near Leghorn, but met with Sir Ralph Abercromby, who command. a moft fpirited refirtance. ed the British arniy in perfon, was 8. Advice received that General wounded on this occasion, and died a Touissaint L'Ouverture had poffefled few days after, universally lamented himself of the Spanish part of the island by the army and his country. He was of St Domingo. fucceeded in the chief command by 9. Rhamanie, in E-ypt, captured by General Hutchinson.
the combined British and Turkish The Emperor Paul of Russia died
troops, the greater part of the enemy 24. His Majesty's fhip Swiftsure, of having previously evacuated the place. 74 guns, captured in the Mediteranean 11.
Official advices received of the by Admiral Ganthựaume's squadron, capture of the Swedish isands of St which was on its return to France from Martin and St Bartholomew, and the the African coast, where Gantheaune Danish isands of St Thomas and St ineffectually attempted to land a body. Croix, in the West Indies, by the Brie of troops to reinforce the French army tish forces under the orders of General in Egypt. Trigge and Admiral Duckworth.
25. The Marquis Cornwallis and 14. General Hutchinson captured a Lord Nelson, appointed to command valuable convoy between Rhamanie the military and naval forces along the and Alexandria, destined for the latter Eastern coast. garrison
27. A convention concluded between The foundation stone of the new wet the Commanders of the British and dock at Leith laid by Robert Dundas, Turkish troops in Egypt, and the Esq. of Melville, Depuiy Grand Maf- French Goneral Belliard ; by which the ter of Scotland.
latter agreed to evacuate, with his army, 16. The Turkish army, command. the city ot Grand Cairo. ed by the Grand Vizier, attacked near
Fuly. Belbies, in Egypt, by the French troops 2. The Parliament was prorogued by from Cairo. After a fevere action, the commiffion. enemy were repulsed with considerable 6. A squadron, under the command lofs.
I of Rear-Admiral Sir James Saumarez, 18. The House of Commons voted: confifting of seven ships of the line, ata fubGdy of three hundred thousand tacked in Algeziras Bay, a French pounds to the Court of Lisbon, to e- squadron of three thips of the line, and nabie ber Most Faithful Majesty to re- a large frigate, protected by the formiIf the invalion of the Spanish army. dable batteries in the bay. The attack,
A vote of thanks paffed both Houses was made in the true British style ; but of Parliament, to all the officers and the Haombal, of 74 guns, going inside troops engaged in the expedition to of the enemy's fhips, unfortunately Egypt. At the same time a monument grounded, and being immoveable, the was ordered to be erected to the me- was of neceflity, but not until after mory of the late General Sir Ralph the moft, gallant defence, abandoned Abercromby, and his Majesty bestown to the enemy. Captain Perris and the ed the title of Baroness Abercromby of remaining part of the crew surrenderAboukir on his Lady, with a penfion of ed themselves prisoners of war. 2000l. per annum.
8. The French squadron in Algeziras 23. Hamburgh evacuated by the Dan. Bay, reinforced by five Spanish line of ish troops, under the command of battle ihips, two of them of 112 guns, Prince Charles of Heffe.
a French thip of 74 guns, and three Fune.
frigates, and an incredible number of 3. Earl St Vincent informed the Lord gun-boats and other vefsels. Mayor of London, by letter, that the 10. The Pruffian troops evacuated (mbargo had been taken off all British the Imperial city of Bremen. vefsels in the ports of Ruffia.
12. The combined French and Span6. An Order of Council issued for ish force, amounting in all to 1o sail of taking off the embargo on all Ruffian the line', put to sea from Algeziras and Danish vessels in the ports of Great Bay. Sir James Saumarez, lying with Britain.
his squadron at Gibraltar, whither he A treaty of peace between Spain and had gone to repair the damages fuftainPortugal figned at Badajos, by which ed in the battle of the 6th, immediatethe latter agreed to cede to Spain the ly put to lea after them with five ships province of Olivenza, and the ports of of the line, determined to oppose theia Portugal were agreed to be fhui againit pafiage to Cadiz, whither thicy feemed the trade of England.
bound. At P. M. the Superb, the 17. A convention figned at Peters- van ship of the British squadron, openburgb, by Lord St Helen's and the ed her fire upon the enemy-the Cæfar Ruffian Minister, by which all differe. Sir James's Bag fhip, closely following, ences between Great Britain and Ruf- was about to open upon a three deckha were amicably adjusted.
er of the enemy, which was perceived.