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tection here, and therefore let us resort humbly to them; for. there is safety, and rest, and iufficiency of all good things.
Let us remember we call him our Father, and therefore we may cast our care upon him, ;
Let us know and remember that nothing but God can fil us;we are like brokenvefsels that can holdnothing without he fashion us behind and before:we are like fusty vessels that corrupt all chings we receive, without he purify our hearts by Faith: we are leaking vessels that let go all things, without he calce us and make us teight.
We are bottomlesse bagges, wide-mouthed to take in, but unbottomed to retain any thing, except he do give us conteniment to stay our stomaks and to remove from us
1. An inordinate love of that which we have:
3. An inordinate use of all. The punishment will be terror domini,the terrour of the Lord.
Vers. 6. Shall not all these take up a Parable against him, and a
taunting Proverb against him and say: woe to him that increa- . feth that which is not his, how long? and to him thai ladeth himSelf with thick
clay. Shall they Kot rise up suddenly ikat Mall bite thee? and awake
that shall vexe thee? and thou shalt be for booties unto them? 8. Because thou haft
. Spogled many nations, all the remnant of the people hall spool thee, because of mens blood, and for the violence, of the land of the city, and all that dwell therein, 2. The punishment of pride now followech.
Concerning the Words." Hall not all these take up a Parable against them?
By all these be meaneth, all thoie whom the King of Baby. Lon and his Chaldeans have troubled and perfecuted, and all lookers on allo.
By taking up of a Parable, which word is rendered by Apophthegma, a grave and wife speech is here meant, declaring that
the wisdom of men shall check the pride of the Babylonians,
apoßañue: fignifieth Dicterium: a bitter quip dttered in an ænigmática! manner of speech, a secret gird full of salt and sharpnelic, where under fome obscurity of words is secretly couched some galling and cutting cartnefse of meaning.
We must search this speech for two things, for here must be doptéyur, a wise saying, and here must be a taunt and salt taxation in some obscure and ænigmatical speech.
The first is in the fornier words, wherein he denounceth a woe to him chat makes up his heap wich other mens goods, and he cryeth to him, how long? taxing his infàciableneffe. The sharp and sale reproof is in these words, : And to him that ladeth himself with thick cluj,
For first wherein he thinketh to gather an happinesse, he reapeth nothing but woe.
2. Wherein he hopeth for ease and relaxation of his cares, he getteth a burchen, which the word of loading implyech.
3. He is charged that he is author to himself of that burthen: he loadeth himself; as David, he disquieteth kimself.
4. That for which he doth himself so much hurt, bringeth on himself so much danger, it is no better then thick clay.
The gold and silver of the earth is sharply and scornfully mentioned as no better then thick clay. And indeed as it cometh from the melting to the eye, gold seemeth such, even like to a thick and mally clay, it hach no beauty in it to affc&the eye.
And seeing the world prizeth this rich mecall at to high a rate, that the Babylonian doth make no conscience of cutting the Jews throat,& breaking all laws of nations to get their gold, God doth in chis (mart quip shew how the Chaldean shall be cenfüred, and taxed abroad for his scraping, when all that be . hath gotten is but thick clay.
If we go to our principia natura, principles of nature, shall find that God made the carth, and whatsoever after that, either mineral growing within the earth, grasle or pearle, flower , tree or fruit growing on the earth, beaft or bird, fith or fowle , worme or dy living on the earth, or in the water,
and man the lord of all, all are made of earth.
Farth the chiefest material in their building, there fore to A dam, said God, Terra es.
If man the most excellent of creatures in the composition of his body, be but chick clay:
The ftile is high enough to give that title to any, either mineral, or vegetable whatsoever.
7. Shall they not rise up suddainly that shall bite thee ? and awake that all vexe thee? and thou shalt be for booties unto them? Some Interpreters think this verse also a part of that taunting speech which many shall use against Babylon and the Chaldæans, wherein they shall declare that they do look Pride should have a fall.
The manner of speech frequent to the Hebrews by interrogation, Shall they not rise up, &c. hath more weight in it, and implyeth both vehemency in the Commination, and aflurance of the judgment threatned, more then if he had faid, They Sall arise that mall bite thee.
Read Ifay 13. and see the burthen of Babylon, and pafle to che 14.for this v.is but a short abridgment of that full prophecie,
And expoundech chese words of my text, that the Medes kod Persians shall very shortly arise to destroy Alyria, and all the Chaldæans.
The same judgement is threatned by the Prophet Jeremiah, cap. so.cap.51.
A Nacion coming out of the North, to make their land desaJate; For Media is a city north from Babylox, whence Cyrus came against it.
And for the manner of the taking of Babylon, it is here fet down to be sudden.They shall rise up suddenly that shall bite thee.
Herodotus reports that upon one of their great Holy-days, Chro. 3 5 when all the city were in their dancing and disports,
Ex inopinato eis Persa aftiterunt, on a sudden the Perfians came upon them, they came into the city, and cook a part of it, when the other part súng out their fong, and danced on, and knew not that the enemy had surprized them.
So they were biteen, and vexed, and taken, and the mighty and glorious great city of Babylon, was made a booty and prey to the Persians.
The greatnesse and riches of this city of Babylon, is by Herodo. tus thus expreft.
The whole dominion of the Chaldæans being laid and assesfed to maincain the Kings wars for defence of his state, for the twelve moneths in the year, the charge of four moneths was imposed on Babylon, and all the rest of Asia bore the charge of the 8 months so that one third of the imposition lay upon Babylon,
Vers. 8. Because thou haft spoiled many nations. The first Monarchy that we read of in holy Scripture is that of the Assyrians,began by Ninus, of whom Niniveb cook name, and by Nimrod, whom histories call Belus, and after him fucceeded by Semiramis his wife,
This Monarchy grew by continual wars and violations of their neighbours, to an exceeding height and Arength.
So that the cxaltation of that Monarchy was the ruine of ma., ny nations in power, and their subjection to the Allyrians, and chis Monarchy lasted as some write, an. 1300.
Saint Augustine de Civ, dei lib. 16. cap. 17. speaking of this Monarchy, saith, In Allyria prevaluerat dominatus impie Civitatis; bujus caput erat illa Babylon: He calleth it nomen aptiffi. mum. Confusio, Confusion,
Actively; for it confounded all the parts of Asia, bringing. them under one Regiment, and it came it self after co a shameful confusion.
This vi&orious grassation of the Affyrians over.running all like to a deluge of waters,did so swell them with the pride above reproved, and here threatned, that the Prophet Isaiah doth call this Monarchy Lucifer.
How art thou fallen from Heaven o Lucifer Son of the morning.
As in the judgement of the anciene learned fathers, alluding
Co the fall of the Angels that kept not their first estate. Gen, 10.2 Nimrod their founder, is called A migbey bunter before the.
Lord, That is, a mighty tyrant and a great oppreffour of men.
The blood of men was not precious; the Land, the City, and the Inbabitantsall bent to spoil and to violence. Therefore it is said, The remnant of the People shall
spoil thee. There was not such an universal subjection to the Moparchy of the Allyrians, but that there were a remnant left to come upon them and to overcome them.
These as hath been said, were the Medes and Persians, whom Ila. 13 3. God calleth his fanctified ones, his mighty ones for his anger;
Because he hath called them, and fet them apart from others, to be Ministers of his vengeance for the deftruäion of this proud nation.
For he will make inquisition for blood; and they that have fmitten With the (word shall now perish by the word,
De verbis hactenus. In these words, which are the Declaration of Gods just judg. ment against the Chaldæans, before we proceed to the full handling of them,
We must first take notice of the just proces of God against this pride of the Chaldæans. For it pleaseth God to give us here an account of his provocation, and he giveth in evidence against chem, that their pridc went not alone, buc was accompanied with many sins. : 1. Their gripple covetoufnelle in seeking to increase their own heap; and covetousnesse is a sinne that God abhorreth: St. Paxldoch call it the root of all evil.
2. Their violent invasion of the goods of others by injury, op: preffion and extortion; for he increaseth that which is not his. Not to be content with our own is ungodlines: but to spoil and rob others, and to be our own Carvers to take what we can get, isiwrong to our brethren : covetoufnes corrupteth our felves, but oppreffion doch violate our neighbour, of whom the law giveth such charge, ama proximum si' teipsum.
3. Their folly, for what is this great stock which they have gathered, and what is the rich heap chat they have caught? it is but thick clay; and what have they done with all their labour and travel, but made a burdea thereof for themselves?
4. Their cruelty is charged upon them, which is exprest in supa dry circumstances of amplification, as
1. In the extremity of it,no lelle then spoiling, which comprehendeth all kinds of hard measure that can be offered.
2. In the extent of it, which is amplified by two circum-