Imatges de pÓgina
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VOLUME I.

AGE xij. 1. 20. "Misit etiam papa Gregorius, Augustino episcopo tunc temporis ab urbe Roma cooperatores ac verbi ministros plures, in quibus erant Mellitus, etc. misit et per eos vasa et indumenta, codices, et ornamenta ecclesiis necessaria." H. Huntingdon. Hist. lib. iij. edit. Savile, p. 184. b.

P. xiij. l. 12. Bede also in his work, "de remediis peccatorum," cap. 1. says: "Nunc ergo, o fratres, qui voluerit sacerdotalem auctoritatem accipere, in primis cogitet propter Deum, et præparet arma ejus, antequam manus episcopi tangat caput, id est, psalterium, lectionarium, antiphonarium, missale, baptisterium, martyrologium, homilias in anni circulo ad prædicationem bonis operibus, et computum cum cyclo, hoc est jus sacerdotum. Postea autem suum pœnitentialem." This work is printed at the end of Augustinus, Epitome juris pontif. whose notes should be consulted; and in Wilkins, tom. 4. p. 751. P. xiv. l. 3. Compare, Wilkins, tom. 1. p. 628; tom. 3. p. 61. Annal. Burton. apud Script. Anglic. tom. 1. p. 318. It was the duty of the archdeacon at his visitation to enquire into this matter: for example, in the year 1291. "Item statuimus, quod archidiaconus, qui secundum apostolum non, quæ sua sunt, quærit, sed quæ Jesu Christi, in sua visitatione provideat,

quod canon missæ emendetur." Wilkins, Tom. 2. p.

179.

P. xlij. l. 28. So another chronicler, either adopting Ralph Higden's statement, or using a common authority, has transcribed the same words. Hen. de Knyghton. Chron. Script. x. tom. 2. p. 2352.

P. xlvij. l. 24. There are also MS. copies of the Sarum Ordinal, in the libraries of the dean and chapter of Salisbury; and of Corpus Christi college, Oxford.

P. xlviij. l. 6. Among the books formerly belonging to the church of the parish of Dartington, in Devonshire, according to an old inventory preserved among the parish books, were "ij py bokes." There were also at the same time there, " iiij nu portas bokys noted. ij old portas bokys notyd. ij Manuelys. a scnč [?] boke. iij masse bokys. ij graylys. iij P'ssesner bokys. ij ymner bokys be noted." "Item j antyfener. an olde legent. ij sawters." The ordinal was sometimes also called in English, an "ordeorly." See Ellis. Orig. letters. 3rd Series, vol. 2. p. 48.

P. liij. 7. 5. With much other silver plate and ornaments said to have been given to the abbey of Glastonbury by king Ina, were, "coopertoria librorum Evangelii de xx libris." Malmesbury de ant. Glaston. Script. Angl. tom. 3. p. 311. About the year 1200, in the time of abbot John, there were made for the church of S. Alban, "duo Textus de argento superaurato; in quorum uno crux cum crucifixo, et Maria Johanne figurantur; alio vero Majestas cum quatuor evangelistis, elegantissimis cælaturis insculpitur." Matt. Paris. Vita S. Alb. abbatum. p. 1043.

P. lvij. l. 18. Of such a kind probably was the famous psalter of S. Kenelm, concerning which Giraldus relates a miracle, said to have occurred in his own

days: by which the sin of a criminous monk was discovered; "qui die crastino ad processionem psalterium prædictum inter reliquias sanctorum ferre præsumens, completa processionis solemnitate reversus in chorum, idem manibus suis firmiter adhærens deponere non prævaluit." Itinerarium. edit. Camden. p. 824.

P. lix. note 9. Compare the rules laid down by archbishop Winchelsey, as regarded chaplains and assistant priests, in the year 1305: "quod debeant interesse cancello matutinis, vesperis, et aliis divinis officiis, horis debitis, induti superpelliciis, de quibus propriis expensis sibi providebunt." Wilkins. Concil. tom. 2. p. 281. cf. tom. 3. p. 214. With regard to the attendance of a clerk, at Divine Service, besides the priests, in even the smallest parishes, this was frequently insisted on: and we find it often specified in the ordinations of vicarages. Cf. Script. x. tom. 2. p. 2098. 2099.

etc.

Among the presentments at the visitation of the archdeacon of Colchester, in 1540, was this. "Notatur per rectorem dictæ ecclesiæ, that there is nother clerke, nor sexten, to go withe him in tyme of visitacion, nor to helpe to say masse, nor to rynge to servyce." Archdeacon Hale. Series of precedents, &c. N°. cccxlviij. compare N°. cccl.

P. lxxix. l. 28. "Forma testamenti." I would insert here the form as it was appointed to be used by curates, when sent for, for that purpose, by their parishioners.

"Forma testamenti. In nomine Domini. Amen. Universis præsentes literas inspecturis. Curatus parochialis de-salutem in Domino. Notum facimus quod in nostra præsentia ac testium infra scriptorum ad hoc specialiter vocatorum et rogatorum propter hoc personaliter constitutus honestus vir Petrus .N.

clericus parochianus noster, jacens in lecto ægritudinis, infirmus corpore, sanus tamen mente: Attendens et considerans quod vita hominis est brevis super terram; et quod nihil est certius morte, nihil vero incertius ejus hora; cupiens providere saluti animæ suæ, et ad gaudia felicitatis æternæ pervenire: testamentum suum ac suam ejus ultimam voluntatem fecit, et disposuit, in modum et formam sequentem. In primis enim animam suam recommendavit altissimo Deo, creatori suo, dum de corpore exierit, et beatæ Mariæ virgini, totique curiæ cœlesti. Corpus vero suum terræ vermibus, volens illud inhumari in cœmeterio vel ecclesia de dicto Deinde voluit et ordinavit omnia sua debita solvi: forefacta et male acquisita per eum si quæ sint reddi et restitui locis et personis quibus fuerit faciendum. Item dictus testator de bonis a Deo sibi collatis ob remedium animæ suæ legavit fabricæ vel luminariæ prædictæ ecclesiæ. v. sol. t. Item curato totidem. Item vicario. xij. d. t. Item clerico. vj. d. t. Item fabricæ ecclesiæ beatæ Mariæ. ij. sol. vj. d. t. Item eleemosynæ ejusdem ecclesiæ. xij. d. t. Item hospitalibus. N. cuilibet. vj. d. t. Item conventui fratrum prædicatorum. xij. d. t. Item legavit filiolis, cuilibet xv. d. t. Item confratriæ .N. xij. d. t. Et ad præmissa omnia et singula tenenda dictus testator nominavit executores suos Petrum N. ejus patrem, et Nicolaum N. ejus fratrem. Quibus executoribus pro præmissis omnibus et singulis adimplendis dictus testator obligavit omnia bona sua quæcunque et ubicunque, revocando omnia alia testamenta si quæ sint alias per eum facta. Volens hoc suum robur obtinere firmitatis melioribus, via, modo, et forma, quibus valere potest et debet. In cujus rei testimonium signum meum manuale ego N. præfatus curatus una cum sigillo

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prælibatæ parochialis ecclesiæ de -huic præsenti testamento. Acta fuerunt in domo dicti testatoris, Anno Domini die vero N. mensis N. præsentibus Johanne N. Jacobo N. et pluribus aliis testibus ad hoc rogatis et vocatis." Manuale Sar. edit. 4to. 1543. fol. clxvj.

I extract from the English councils a few canons bearing upon this matter. First of a council at Durham, in the year 1220: “Præcipimus quod laicis frequenter inhibeatur, ne testamenta sua faciant sine præsentia sacerdotis, sicut diligunt, ut eorum ultimæ voluntates adimpleantur. Sacerdotibus similiter inhibemus, ne testamentum suum per manum ordinent laicalem." Wilkins, tom. 1. Wilkins, tom. 1. p. 583. The synod of Exeter, in 1287, has a long constitution directed to this point, to which I must refer the reader, quoting only its conclusion: "In fine autem cujuslibet testamenti hanc clausulam adjici volumus generalem: Cætera omnia bona mea, sive in rebus, sive in manibus fuerint debitorum, in hoc testamento non expressa, volo, ut pro animæ meæ salute per manus executorum meorum in pios usus distribuantur; et quod creditoribus meis per manus eorundem similiter sit satisfactum." Ibid. tom. 2. p. 157. Again, shortly after, the 31st canon of a synod of the diocese of Sodor: "Præcipimus et statuimus, quod quilibet languens in extremis agoniis, cum testamentum condere voluerit, vocet capellanum ecclesiæ, et clericum; et ipsis præsentibus, duobus vel tribus viris adhibitis bonis et fide dignis, testamentum suum ore suo ordinet; etc." Ibid. p. 179. Compare also the monition of archbishop Bouchier, in 1455; tom. 3. p. 575, and Lyndwood, lib. iii. tit. 13. de testamentis. The Pupilla Oculi has also a chapter on the same subject. Pars. ix. cap. viij.

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