Imatges de pÓgina

3. The use of the increase may be always ascertained, by considering the emphatical pronoun in the sentence; as, is laidre mo capallsa no do capallsa, my horse is stronger than yours.

4. Hence, when a question is asked, the personal pronoun, in the answer, always receives the increase; as, cia rinne so? nisi, no tusa, who did this, I, or you. (122.)


The use of the increase promiscuously exemplified.
Da račfasa liom aniu,

iu, If you would go with me racfuinnse leatsa aina to-day, I would go with rac,

you to-morrow. Is deise ar dtirne no bur Our country is hunddtirse,

somer than your coun

try. Is iomda la bi d'atairse Many a day were your is m’atairse air an iul, father and my father

together. Ca bfuil bur dtiarna Where is your young ogsa?

lord? An è so do hata ursa? Is this your new hat? Ta an maor ar ti bur The officer is about to

gceangailse a gcarcair, bind you in prison. Do Čuadarsan uile a They all went into coungcomairle,

cil. Se so a cota mòrsan, This is his great coat. Is cosmuil an teadać sin That cloth is like yours.

le d'eadacsa, An raib sise air a tir? IVas she in the country? Chuaid sise agus mise She and I went to the cum na foraise,

forest. Nil se agam, arsa mise, I have it not, said I. Aćt a dubairt seisean go But he said that he saw

bfaca se agam air mai it with me in the din è,

morning. An abraimse breug?

Do I tell a lie?

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Dairis si damsa" gur She told me that she sgriob si cuige,

wrote to him. Ca huair a cuireas tu When will you send word sgeula cucasan?

to them? Nar cuir siadsan sgeula Did they send word to

čugadsa? Dean sin ar a sonsa, Do that for her sake. Dheanuinn ni ar bït air I would do any thing for a sonsan,

his sake. Is md mo tiġse no a' My house is larger than tiġsean,

kis. Is leisean ata me caint, It is to him I am talkagus ni leatsa,

ing, and not to you. Thug sise dosan arise, She gave it to him again. Do ģeall tu damsa è, You promised it to me. A dtiobarfa cuid de sin Would you give part of darsa?

that to me? Beidmid rompasan a ma We shall be before them rać,

to-morrow. Niar tug tu aon ubal You did not give one apduinne,

ple to us,



1. A verb agrees with its nominative, in nunber and person; as, do sgriob se, he wrote; tangadar na daoine, the men came.

2. Two or more nouns singular, joined together, will have a verb singular; as, tainic misi agus tusa, } I and you came; ta m'a tair is mo matair tinn, my

father and mother are sick.

3. The

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3. The nominative usually follows the verb; as, tainic an fear, the man came: sometimes 'with a branch of the sentence intervening; as, tainic, air an mball, fear an tiġe asteac, the man of the house, immediately, came in.

4. The relative and interrogative pronouns always come before the verbs with which they agree; as, an te a tig go minic, the man who comes often; cia feadas seasam? who can stand? (123.)

5. When the personal termination of the verbi is used, the pronoun is omitted; as, rinneamar, er rinne sinn an ni so, we did this thing. (124.)

* The pronoun is generally used with the second, and third persons, except in answering a question; as, sgrioban tu go ceart, you write well: an sgriobam


ceart? do I write well? sgriobair, you do.


# The

pronoun is never used with the first and second persons singular of the subjunctive consueludinal; as, da dtigfea liomsa, had you conse witk me; da mbuailfinn an fear, had I struck the man.

6. The infinitive has its agent in the accusative, expressed or understood, before it; as, is mait dibse me a fuireaċd, it is good for you that I remain.

7. The active participle has its agent expressed in the dative, when the same person is agent to the following verb; as, iar na faicsin an tiġ, tainic se asteac, he, having seen the house, came in; ar mbeit duinn ar ndaoine oga, bi sinn a gcuideact acèile, when we were young, we kept company to. gether; ag gcluinsin sin don tseanduine, gab'se tairis air an taob eile, the oid man, hearing this, passed by on the other side. (126.)

8. The present participle, with the verb biz is always used when the continuance of a thing is expressed; as, ta me ag leagad mo leabar, I am reading my book. (127.)

9.. The



9. The consuetudinal tense is used when a habit, or custom, is expressed; as, ca mbionn tu gać la, where are you every day? (128)

10. The future participle' passive often follows nouns, or adjectives, to denote the object that is to be affected; as, greanmar le faicsin, pleasant to be seen; ta arbar le bualad, there is corn to be threshed; ta na ba't le na bleagan, the cou's are to be milked. (199.)

GOVERNMENT. 11. Verbs transitive require their objects, in the accusative, after their agents; as, do buail me fear, I struck a man.

The relative, and interrogative pronouns come before the verbs that govern them; as, an te a buail me, the man whom I struck; go de ġlacas tu? what will


take? 12. Verbs signifying advantage or disadvantage require also the object of the benefit, or injury, in the dative; as, d'uṁlalğ se doib, he obeyed them; do hinsiad dan, it was told to me; do tug me lea, bar duit, I gave a book to you.

13. Verbs of comparing, and taking away, require the ablative of the object of comparison, or torad, I compare you to a tree without fruit, do bainead uata è, it was taken from them.

14. The infinitive, and participles active, require the genitive; as, ta me dul do ceannac brata, am going to buy malt; bi se ag iarraid a mna, 'he was looking for his wife; iar mbinálad an dorais, having struck the door ar ti deabani urnaiste, about to make prayer.---See Governpent of Nouns, rule 12, p. 96. * If the object be a masculine noun, it is aspi


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rated; as, ta me ag gearrad crainn, I am cutting a tree. (130.)

15. One verb governs another in the infinitive; as, cuaid se do foğlam a leigein, he went to learn his lesson. (131.) The concord and government of verbs promis

cuously exemplified. Tabair mo leine dam, Give me my shirt. Gad' ċuige nać gcatan Why do you not

tu do stocaiġe duba? your black stockings? Ni an cos fritir an bròg The strait shoe makes the cumaing,

foot sore. Nać bfaca tu riam è? Did you never see it? Na taob tu fein le daoi. Do not trust yourself nib leana,

with imprudent people. Comnaigean sesean a He dwells in a large mbruiğin mòir,

house. Bhfuil tu ar ti mo bua. Are you about to strike

lad? Tabạir aire don deaġ- Attend to the lady.

bean, Ta bean a tige ag tiaġa The housewife is warmdige,

ing a drink. Bhi bean a tiġe ar ti The housewife was about deoc a tiagad,

to warm a drink. Ta fear a tige ag dul a The man of the house is codlad,

going to sleep. Ta se sgriobad a čleačela, He is writing his erer

cise. Ta nie aga foğlaim anois, I am learning it now, Ce go gcainfea me, Though you should dis

piaise me. Thaisbein me do an litin I shewed him the letter

sgriob tu cugam, that you wrote to me. A mbearfea mise leat?

Would you bring me with

you? Ca raib tu ane?

Where were you yestére day?


me ?

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