Imatges de pÓgina

In this manner decline, an tsúil, the eye

an tseaćtmain, the week an tsron, the note an tseilg, the hunt an tsigeog, the fairy an seafac, the heifer (21)




The nominative and accusative are always alike; as are also the dative and ablative.

First Declension,

Most adjectives ending in consonants, having broad vowels in the termination, have a small inflexion in the genitive masculine; a small increase in the genitive feminine; and a broad increase in the nominative plural.

ard, high.

Mas. Fem.

Mas. Fenn,
Nom. & Acc. ard, ard Nom. & Acc. arda
aird, airde Gen.

Dat. & Abl. ard, aird Dat. & Abl. arda
aird, ard

arda In this manner decline, dab, black

bán, chite görm, blue

mór, great bog, soft

lán, full


caol, narron.

Mas. Fem.

Mas. Fen.
Nom. Ac. caol, caol, Nom. Ac. caola
Gen. caoil, caoile Gen. caol
Dat. Abl. caol, caoil Dat. Abl. caola

caoil, caol Voc. caola

In this manner decline Maol, bald

ruad, red daor, dear

trean, strong saor, cheap

geur, sharp claon, leaning

fíor, gen. mas. fir, fem. fuar, cold

fire, true nuad, new

críon, gen. masc. crin, luat, quick

fem. críne, withered
fallan, sound.

Mas. Fem.

Mas. Fem.
N. Ac. fallan, fallan N. Ac. fallana
Gen. fallain, fallaine Gen. fallan
D. Ab, fallan,

fallain D. Ab. fallana Voc. fallain, fallain, fallan Voc. fallana

In this manner decline cotrom, even

neartmur, powerful ağrur, lucky

ceanann, speckled atlam, quick

dileas, gen. masc. dilis, anbfann, feeble

fem. dilise, proper bacac, lame

cartanac, friendly docrac, difficult martanac, perpetual socrac, easy

briotac, stammering eadmur, jealous

Second Declension. Adjectives ending in consonants, having a small Laurel in the termination, increase small in the peritive feminine and nominative plural. (22)


arsaiġ, ancient.

Mas. Fem.

Mas. Fem.
N. Ac. V. arsais, arsaig. N. Ac. V. arsaige
Gen. arsais, arsaiġe Gen.

arsaig Dat. Abl. arsaig, arsaig Dat. Abl. arsaig

. In this manner decline tapuid, smart

cruaid, hard leanbuid, childish

mín, mild tais, tender

sáim, pleasant Some adjectives of this declension are contracted in the genitive singular; as, aoibinn, delightful, gen. aoibne, for aoibine aluinn, beautifuil, gen. aille or aillne, for aluinne.

Third declension.

Adjectives ending in amuil, have a broad increase in the genitive singular and nom. plural.

geanamuil, lovely.

Mas. Tem.

Mas. Fem. N. Ac. V. geanamuil

N. Ac. V. geanamla Gen. geanamla

Gen. geanamuil Dat. Abl. geanamuil

Dat. Abl. geanamuil In this manner decline, eagsamuil, various

beanamuil, womanly fearamuil, manly barramuil, stately

Some monosyllabic adjectives, having a broad vowel in the termination, increase broad in the genitive feminine, and nominative plural.

F 2


corr, uneven.

Mas. Fem.

Mas. Fem. N. Acc. V. corr, corr, corr

N. Acc. V. corra Gen. corr, corra Gen.

corr Dat. Abl. corr, corr Dat. Abl.

corr In this manner decline, prab, quick grod, sudden

fras, fluent breag, fine

ceart, just

cas, curled

Fourth declension. Adjectives ending in vowels are alike in all cases, genders, and numbers.

aosda, aged.

Mas. Fem.

Mas. Fem. N. Ac. V. aosda

N. Ac. V. aosda Gen. aosda

Gen. aosda Dat. Abl. aosda

Dat. Abl. aosda


Adjectives beginning with mutable consonants (except d or t following a noun ending in n,) are aspirated in the nominative and accusative, sing. feininine; genitive, masculiné; dative, vocative and ablative, both genders; and in the vocative, plural. (23)

an fear geal, the fair man. Singular

Plural Non. an fear geal Nom, na fir geala Gen, an 'fir gil Gen. na bfear geal Dat. don fear geal Dat. dona fearaib geala Acc. an fear geal Acc. na fir geala Voc. a 'fir gil

Voc. a feara geala Abl. leis an fear geal Abl. leis na fearaib geala


an bean

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an bean geal, the fair woman. Singular.

Plural. Nom. an bean ġeal- Nom. na mna geala Gen. na mna gile Gen. na mban ġeal Dat. don mnaoi gil Dat. dona mnaib geala Acc. an bean geal Acc. na mna geala Voc. a bean seal

Voc. a na geala
Abl. leis an mnaoi gil Abl. leis na mpaib geala

In tiris manner decline,

Fem. an la fuar, the cold day an maidin fuar, the cold

' an crann mor, the great morning tree

an čloc mor, the great

stone Other adjectives undergo no change in their initials, when connected with nouns.

COMPARISON. The comparative degree is formed by putting nios, more, before the genitive feminine of the positive; as, geal, white; nios gile, whiter. (24)

The superlative is formed by putting ro, very, before the nominative; or, as, most, before, the genitive feminine of the positive; as, ro ġeal, very white; as gile, whitest. (25)

IRREGULAR COMPARISON. Positive Comparative Superlative. mait, good nias fearr, ro maït, as fearr olc, bad nios measa,

ro olc, as measa mor, great nios mo,

ro mor, as mò beag, little

nios luga, ro beag, as luga

nios faide, 'fada, long

nios sia,

ro fada, as sia nios gaire,

ro ġar, as neasa

Sro usa, ro urus, urus, easily nios usa,

as usa, (26)

gar, near


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