Imatges de pàgina


Plural 1 Da mbionn, da mbiainn, if 1 Da mbiodhmaois, da mbiadh I were, or had been

sinn, if we were, or had been 2 Da mbiadhfa, if thou, &c. 2 Da mbiadh sibh, if ye, &c. 3 Da mbiadh, if he had been 3 Da mbidis, da mbiadh siad,

if they were, &c. Preter and Consuetudinal. Negative. Singular

Plural 1 Muna be go raibh me, if I 1 Muna be go raibh sinn, if had not been

we had not been 2 Muna be go raibh tu, if 2 Muna be go raibh sibh, if thou had not been


had not been 3 Muna be go raibh se, if he 3 Muna be go raibh siad, if had not been

they had not been Future Tense. Affirmative. Singular

Plural 1 Ma bhiam, if I shall be 1 Ma bhiomaoid, ma bhionn 2 Ma bhionn tu, if thou shalt be sinn, If we shall be 3 Ma bhionn se, if he shall be 23 Ma bhionn siad, if they, &c.

2 Ma bhionn sibh, if ye, &c. Future. Negative. Singular

Plural « Muna mbeidh me, if I shall 1 Muna mbeidh sinn, if we not be

shall not be 2 Muna mbeidh tu, if thou, &c. 2 Muna mbeidh sibh, if ye,&c. Muna mbeidh se, if he, &c. 3 Muna mbeidh siad, if they

shall not be. (50)

may we be


Plural i Go raibh me, may I be 1 Go raibhmid, go raibh sinn, 2 Go raiblı tu, mayest thou be % Go raibh se, muy he be

2 Go raibh sibh, may ye be

3 Go raibh siad, may they be Optative. Negative. Singular

Plural { , I

1 Nar raibh míd, nar raibh 2 3 Nar raibh se, may he not be 2 Nar raibh sibh, may ye not be

3 Narraibh siad, may they not be

Nar raibhitu, mayeséthou, &c. S sinn; may we not be


I wish I were, &c. is expressed, budh mhaith liom

go raibh me, or bfearr liom go raibh me. (51)



The potential is formed by the auxiliary impersonal, Present Preter

Future as, or is, it is ba, it was bud, it shall or will be or by tiġim, I come, used impersonally; or by caitlid, must. To some one of these is joined such a word as, feidir, possible; còir, right; eigin, necessity, &c. followed by the pronoun which should have been nominative to the verb, and by the verb itself in the infinitive moqd; as,

Is eigin dam a beit, I must be; is feidir liom a beït, I may be; ba còir dam a beit, I should have been; ni tig liom a beit, I cannot be; caïtsid me a beit, I must be. (52)


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Conjugation of Buail, strike. (53)




Buailimid, let us strike 2 Buail, strike thou U

2 Buailighe, strike ye 3 Buailidh se, let him strike 3 Buailidis, buailidh siad, let

them strike The imperative negative strike not thou, &c. is formed by prefixing na to each person; as, na buail, &c.

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Present Tense. Affirmative.

, I

1 , we 2 Buailin buariketa eu, thou 2 Buailiani su bile striberike , buailidh tu

sibh, strikest 3 Buailidh se, he strikes

3 Buailidh siad, they strike r



The present negative I do not strike, &c. is formed by prefixing ni to each person; as, ni bhuailim, &c.

The present interrogative do I strike? &c. is formed by prefixing a or an to each person; as, a mbuailim? &c.

Present, with the relative a, who; anti, who; noć, which; go de? what? ca huair? when? go

? ' de mur? how? having a, who, which, expressed or understood.

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Plural 1 Go de buaileas, me?? [1 as sinn a buaileas, we what do I strike?

do strike 2 is tu a buaileas, it is 2 go

2 de buaileas sib? thou that strikest

what do ye strike? 3 cia buailean se? whom 3 ca huair a buaileas does he strike?

siad? when do they strike? (54)

Preter. Affirmative.


Plural i Do bhuaileas, bhuail me, I 1 Do bhuaileamar, bhuail sinn, struck

que struck 2 Do bhuailis, bhuail tu, thou 2 Do bhuaileabhar, bhuail struckest

sibh, ye struck 3 Do bhuail, bhuail se, he 3 Do bhuaileadar, bhuail siad, struck

they struck, (55) The preter negative is formed by prefixing niar to each person; as, niar buaileas, I did not strike.

The preter interrogative is formed by prefixing nar to each person; as, nar buail me? did I strike (56)

Consuetudinal. Affirmative.

Plural i Buailim, I usually strike 1 Buailean sinn,we usually, &c. 2 Buailean tu, thou usually, &c. 2 Buailean sibh, ye usually, &c. 3 Buailean se, he usually, &c. Il 3 Buailean siad, they, &c.

H 2


The consuetudinal negative and interrogative are formed as in the present; ni buailean tu, thou dost not usually strike; a nibuailean se? does he usually strike?

Future. Affirmative.

Plural i Buailfead, I shall orzuill strike 1 Buailfimid, we will strike , Buailte tu, thou wilt strike 2 Buailte sibh, ye will strike 3 Buailfe se, he will strike 3 Buailfe siad, they will strike


Plural i Buailid, buaile me, I shall- i Buailimid, buaile sinn, we or will strike

shall strike 2 Buailir, buaile tu, thou shalt 2 Buailidh sibh, ye

shall strike strike

3 Buailidh siad, they shall strike 3 Buailidh, buaile se, he shall (57)


The future negative and interrogative are formed as the affirmative; as, ni buailid, I shall not strike; a mbuailir? wilt thou strike.

The future, with the relatives a, anti, or noch; or the interrogatives go de? ca huair? go de mur? &c. (58) Singular

Plural 1 Go de buailfeas me? 1 as sinn a buailfeas, we

what shall I strike? shall strike 2 is tu a buailfeas, it is 2go de buailfeas sib? thou shalt strike

what shall ye strike? 3 an te a buailfeas, the 3 cia buailfeas 'siad? person

whom shall they strike?

a that shall, &c13


Present Tense and Future. Affirmative.

. Singular 1 Ma buailim, if I strike, &c.-as the present indicative, having ma, if, prefixed.


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