Imatges de pàgina

c. 73 if they were, &c.


Da mbionn, da mbiainn, if 1 Da mbiodhmaois, da mbiadh
I were, or had been

sinn, if we were, or had been 2 Da mbiadhfa, if thou, &c. 2 Da mbiadh sibh, if ye, &c. 3 Da mbiadh, if he had been

siad, Preter and Consuetudinal. Negative. . Singular

Plural 1 Muna be go raibh me, if I 1 Muna be go raibh sind, if had not been

we had not been 2 Muna be

raibh tu, if

2 Muna be go raibh sibh, if thou had not been

ye had not been 3 Muna be go raibh se, if he 3 Muna be go raibh siad, if had not been

they had not been Future Tense. Affirmative. Singular

Plural 1 Ma bhiam, if I shall be 1 Ma bhiomaoid, ma bhionn ? Ma bhionn tu, if thou shalt be sinn, If we shall be 3 Ma bhionn se, if he shall be 2 Ma bhionn sibh, if ye, &c.

3 Ma bhionn siad, if they, &c. Future. Negative. Singular

Plural \ Muna mbeidh me, if I shall I Muna mbeidh sinn, if we not be

shall not be 2 Muna mbeidh tu, if thou, &c. 2 Muna mbeidh sibh, if ye, &c. Muna mbeidh se, if he, &c. 3 Muna mbeidh siad, if they

shall not be. (50)

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may we be

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Plural 1 Go raibh me, may I be 1 Go raibhmid, go raibh sinn, 2 Go raibhi tu, mayest thou be % Go raibh se, may he be

2 Go raibh sibh, may ye be

3 Go raibh siad, may they be Optative. Negative. Singular

Plural | Nar raibh me, may I not be 1 Nar raibh míd, nar raibh 2 Nar raibh tu, mayest thou, &c. sinnmay we not be 3 Nar raibh se, may he not be 2 Nar raibh sibh, may ye not be

3 Narraibh siad, may they not be

Preter. I wish I were, &c. is expressed, budh mhaith liom

go raibh me, or bfearr liom go raibh me. .(51)


The potential is formed by the auxiliary impersonal, Present Preter

Future as, or is, it is ba, it was bud, it shall or will be or by tiġim, I come, used impersonally; or by caitlid, must. To some one of these is joined such a word as, feidir, possible; còir, right; eigin, necessity, &c. followed by the pronoun which should have been nominative to the verb, and by the verb itself in the infinitive mood; as,

Is eigin dan a beit, I must be; is feidir liomi a beit, I may be; ba ċdir daṁ a beit, I should have been; ni tig liom a beit, I cannot be; caitsid me a beit, I must be. (52)





Conjugation of Buail, strike. (53)




1 Buailimid, let us strike 2 Buail, strike thou U

2 Buailighe, strike ye 3 Buailidh se, let him strike 3 Buailidis, buailidh siad, let

them strike The imperative negative strike not thou, &c. is formed by prefixing na to each person; as, na buail, &c.

SV them strike

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Present Tense. Affirmative.


Buailimid, we strike 2 Buailir, buailidha, tu, thou S2 Buailianosible


strike strikest

3 Buailidh siad, they strike 3 Buailidh se, he strikes


The present negative I do not strike, &c. is formed by prefixing ni to each person; as, ni bhuailim, &c.

The present interrogative do I strike? &c. is formed by prefixing a or an to each person; as, a mbuailim? &c.

Present, with the relative a, who; anti, who; noc, which; go de? what? ca huair? when? go de mur? how ? having a, who, which, expressed or understood,

Singular 1 Go de buaileas me?

what do I strike? 2 is tu a buaileas, it is

thou that strikest 3 cia buailean se? whom

does he strike?

Plural 1 as sinn a buaileas, we

do strike 2 go de buaileas sib? what do


strike? 3 ca huair a buaileas

siad? when do they strike? (54)

Preter. Affirmative.


Plural i Do bhuaileas, bhuail me, I Do bhuaileamar, bhuail sinn, struck

que struck 2 Do bhuailis, bhuail tu, thou 2 Do bhuaileabhar, bhuail struckest

sibh, ye struck 3 Do bhuail, bhuail se, he 3 Do bhuaileadar, bhuail siad, struck

they struck, (55) The preter negative is formed by prefixing niar to each person; as, niar buaileas, I did not strike.

The preter interrogative is formed by prefixing nar to each person; as, nar buail me? did I strike? (56)

Consuetudinal. Affirmative.

Plural i Buailim, I usually strike


1 Buailean sinn, we usually, &c. 2 Buailean tu, thou usually, &c. 2 Buailean sibh, ye usually, &c. 3 Buailean se, he usually, &c. 3 Buailean siad, thcy, &c.

H 2


The consuetudinal negative and interrogative are formed as in the present; ni buailean tu, thou dost not usually strike; a nibuailean se? does he usually strike?

Future. Affirmative.

Plural i Buailfead, I shall or will strike 1 Buailfimid, we will strike , Buailte tu, thou wilt strike 2 Buailte sibh, ye will strike 3 Buailfe se, he will strike (3 Buailfe siad, they will strike


Plural i Buailid, buaile me,

I shall 1 Buailiinid, buaile sinn, we or will strike

shall strike 2 Buailir, buaile tu, thou shalt 2 Buailidh sibh, ye shall strike strike

3 Buailidh siad, they shall strike 3 Buailidh, buaile so, he shall (57) strike

The future negative and interrogative are formed as the affirmative; as, ni buailid, I shall not strike; a mbuailir? wilt thou strike.

The future, with the relatives a, anti, or noch; or the interrogatives go de? ca huair? go de mur? &c. (58) Singular

Plural 1 Go de buailfeas me? 1 as sinn a buailfeas, we

what shall I strike? shall strike 2 is tu a buailfeas, it is 2go de buailfeas sib? thou shalt strike

what shall


strike? 3 an te a buailfeas, the 3 cia' buailfeas siad ? a that shall, &c13

whom shall they strike?

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Present Tense and Future. Affirmative.

Singular 1 Ma buailim, if I strike, &c.--as the present indicative, having ma, if, prefixed.


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