Imatges de pÓgina

Preter. Negative. Singular 1 Bfearr liom nach mbuailfid me, I wish I had

not been struck.

Every part of the passive voice may likewise be formed, by joining the preter participle passive, to the auxiliary bi; as, ta me buailte, I am struck; bhi me buailte, I was struck, &c.

To express continuance, the present participle having ng or ga with a possessive pronoun prefixed, is joined to the verbs bi; as, ta me ga mo bualad, I am in striking; bi me ga mo bualad, I was in striking.


VERBS. (64)

Conjugation of Coduil, sleep.





I Codlamoid, bimid nar gcod2 Codail, bi do chodladh, sleep ladh, let us sleep thori

2 Codlaighe, bigidhe or bidh 3 Codlaidh se, bi se na chod sibh bhur gcodladh, sleep ye ladh, let him sleep

3 Codlaidh siad, biodh siad na

gcodladh, let'them sleep. (85) Imperative Negative, na codail, or, na bi do coullad, &c. sleep not thout, &c.


Negative. A chodladh, to sleep

an a chodladh, not to sleep



A chodladh, sleeping

Preter Iar gcodladh, having slept

Future Ar ti chodladh about to sleep


Present Tense. Affirmative.

Plural i Codlaim, ta me mo chod i Codlamoid, tamoid nar gcod. ladh, I sleep

ladh, we sleep 2 Codlain tu, ta tu do chod 2 Codlain sibh, ta sibh bhur ladh, thou sleepest..

gcodladh, ye sleep 3 Codlain se, ta se na chod

3 Codlain siad, ta siad na gcodladh, ta si na codladb, he or

- ladh, they sleep she sleeps

Present Negative, Ni codlaim, viel me mo codlad, I do not sleep, I am not asleep.

Present Interrogative, A gcodlaim? bfuil me codlad? do I sleep? am I asleep? (66)

Preter Tense. Affirmative.

Plural 1 Chodail me, bhi me mochod i Chodail sinn, bhi sinn nar

ladh, I slept, or I was asleep gcodladh, we, &c. 2 Chodail tu, bhi tu do chod-2 Chodail sibh, bhí sibh bhur ladh, thou, &c.

gcodladh, ye, &c. 3 Chodail se, bhi se na chod 3 Chodail siad, bhi siad na ladh, he, &c.

gcodladh, they, &c. Preter Negative, Niar çodail me, ni raibh mo mo codlad, I did not leep, &c.

Preter Interrogatire, Nar cocail me? an raib me mo codlad? did I sleep? &c.

Future Tense. Affirmative.

Plural I Coideolam, beidh me 1 Coideola sinn, beidh sinn nar chodladh, I will sleep

gcodladh, we will sleep 2 Coideula tu, beidh tu do 2 Cvideola 'sibh, beidh sibh chodladh, thou wilt sleep

bhur geodiadh, ye will sleep 3 Coideola se, beidh se 3 Coideola siad, beidh siad na chodladh, he will sleep

gcodladh, they will sleep


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Future Negative, Ni coidealfad, or ni coideola me, or ni biam mo codlad, I will not sleep. (67)

Future Interrogative, An gcoideola? or an mbeid me mo codlad? shall I sleep?


Present Tense. Affirmative.



Plural 1 Ma ta me mo chodladh, if. 1 Ma tamoid nar gcodladh, if · I be asleep

we be asleep 2 Ma ta tu do chodladh, if 2 Ma ta sibh bhur gcodladh, thou be asleep

if ye be asleep 3 Ma ta se na chodladh, if he 3 Ma ta siad na gcodladh, if be asleep

they be asleep Present Negative, Muna bfuil me mo codlad, if I be not asleep.

Preter Tense. Affirmative.

Singular 1 Da mbiainn mo codlad, &c. if I had been asleep,


Preter Negative, Muna be go raib me mo codlad, if I had not been asleep.

Future Tense. Affirmative.


Plural i Ma bhiam mo chodladh, 1 Ma bhionn sinn þar gcodI shall be asleep

Jadh, if we shall be asleep 2 Ma bhionn tu do chodladh, 2 Ma bhionn sibh bhur gcodif thou shall be asleep

ladh, if ye shall be asleep 3 Ma bhionn se na chodladh, 3 Ma bhionn siad na gcodladh, if he shall be asleep

if they shall be asleep Future Negative, Muna mbeid me mo codlad, if I shall not be asleep.



Present and Future Tenses. Affirmative.


Plural I Go raibh me mo chodladh, 1 Go raibh sinn nar gcodladh, may I sleep

may we sleep 2 Go raibh tu do chodladh, 2 Go raibh sibh bhur gcodmayest thou sleep

ladh, may ye sleep 3 Go raibh se na chodladh, 3 Go raibh siad na gcodladh, may he sleep

may they sleep Present and Future Negative. Nar raib me mo codlad, may I not sleep.

Preter Affirmative. Bfearr liom go raib me mo codlad, I wish I had been asieep.

Preter Negative. Bfearr liom nać raib me mo codlad, I wish I had not been asleep. (68)






Every regular Verb has six principal parts, in the active voice, from which all the moods, and tenses are formed: viz. (69)

1. The imperative; as, buail, strike; crom, bend.

2. The infinitive, usually formed by adding ad, to the imperative, if the last vowel is broad; ead, if small; as, do buailead, or do bualad, to strike; do cromad, to bend. (70)

3. The present, formed by adding im, or am, to the imperative; as, buailim, I strike; cromam, I bend.

4. The preter, formed by adding as, is, or eas, to the imperative; as, do buaileas, I struck; do eromas, I bent.

5. The future, formed by adding ad, ead, or id; fad, fead, or fid, to the imperative; as, buailfead, I will strike; cromfad, I will bend. (71)

6 The consuetudinal, subjunctive, formed by adding fann, fuinn, or finn, to the imperative; as, da mbuailfinn, had I struck; da gcromfuinn, had I bent. (72)


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