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Pret. Aff. Chualas, I was heard.
Neg. Neg. Niar cualas? I was not heard.
Int. Nar cualas? was I heard?
Neg. Ni čluinfear, I shall not be heard.
Neg. Muna gcluinear, &c. if I be not, &c. Pret. Aff
. Da gcluinfid, if I be heard.
Neg. Muna be go gcluinfid, if I be not, &c.
may I be heard.
I not be heard.
may Pret. Bfearr liom go gcluinfid, I wish I had, &c.
Adverbs are used to denote,
feasda, henceforth Anois, now
sior, perpetually arìs, again
annam, seldom arian, riam, ever
Place. acoidče, ever fos, yet
Suas, upwards roime, before
sios, downwards Luntil abos, on this side go nuige,
tall, on the other side M 2
Manner. angar, close to amac, amuig, out, with-Mar, mur, as out
cionas? how ? asteac, astiġ, in, within ni, nać, not
sead, it is so
Adverbial expressions are formed, by prefixing go
to adjectives; as (89)
go mait, well
go beaċt, nicely borb, harsh
go borb, harshly ceart, right
go ceart, rightly cealgė, deceitful go cealgac, deceitfully dòlasac, mournful go dòlasac, mournfully mait, good
Adverbs, formed thus from adjectives, are comipared as the adjectives themselves; as,
From mait, good: Pos. go mait, well; Comp. nios fearr, better; Sup. ro mait, very good, as fearr, best.
From laidir, strong: Pos. go laidir, strongly; Comp. nios laidre, more strongly; Sup. ro laidir, very strongly, as laidre, most strongly.
There are many adverbial expressions, formed by the combination of two or more words; as, (90)
From ag, at. So, this (place, ) ag so, here sin, that (place,) ag sin, there sud, yon (place,) ag sud, yonder ciunas, quietness, ag ciunas, quietly
From ann, in. tall, farther side, an all, over fad, long, an fad, whilst so, this (place,) an so, here noćt, night, anočt, at, or in night
From air, upon.
trat, 1 time,
· an trat, Izohen
cul, back, ar gcul, backwards leit, side, air leit, by turns uaire, hours, ar uaire,
sometimes bit, being, air bit, at all eigin, necessity, air eigin, hardly
From an, the, aon, one.
when tam, S an tam, uair, hour, aon uair, once cead ait, first place, &c. an cead ait, first, &c.
From ca? what? uair, hour, ca huair? when? ait, place, cait? where? e mur, it is as, ca de mur?
how? go de mur?)
From gan, without. fios, knowledge, gan fios, secretly eifeact, effect, gan eifeact, ineffectually
From mar, as,
so, this, mar so, so, as this
From os, above. ceann, head, os ceann, above
ard, high, os ard, loudly, publicly isiol, low, os isiol, softly, privately
From ti, to. go dti, until
I go dti so, hitherto
ADVERBIAL PARTICLES. (91) The following particles are used only in compo
sition. am, deoin, willing, aimdeoin, unwilling an,
trat, time, antrat, untimely do, muinte, taught, domùinte, hard to be
creidte, believed, dièreid'te, incredible ea,
slan, healthful, easlan, sick eas,
- cairdeas, friendship, eascairdeas, en
mity mi, - ciall, sense. miciall, folly neam, claon, partial, neamėlaon, impartial oir, uir,
isioll, low, uirìsioll, very humble an,
mòr, great, anmòr, very great iom, làn, full, iomlán, very full ais, - sealba, possession, aisealba, restitution at, S. - gabail, taking, atgabail, retaking com, equal, trom, weight, comtrom, equal weight in, fit, deanta, done, indeanta, fit to be done so, apt, faicsin, seeing, sofaicsin, fit, or easy to be
The following particles are used with verbs. Do, signs of the
to strike ä, infinitive, a buailead, 3 ag, a, or ga, signs of the present participle, ag, a, or ga, bualad, beating
do, sign of the preter, do buaileas, I struck iar, sign of the preter participle, iar mbualad, hac
ing struck le, signs of the future participle, le bualad, or ar ti, 3 ar ti bualad, about to strike
To these may be added, ina, if; muna, mur, if not; da, if; go, that, &c. but these are more properly classed with conjunctions. (92)
The following is a list of the most usual, and simple prepositions. (93) Ag, at
iar, after air, upon
idir, between ann, in
ionnsuid, unto as, out of
le, leis, with cum, to
mar, like to, as cuige, to
0, ua, from dar, by de, of
re, ris, to deis, after
reir, according to do, to
roime, before fa, upon, to, about
seaca, by, in comparison faoi, or fuid, under, be with neath
over fead, throughout tairis, fud, among
tre, trid, through go, gus, to
um, uime, about (94) Many relations are predicated, by the union of nouns with the foregoing prepositions; as,
From ag, at.
; } in front