Imatges de pÓgina

Pret. Aff. Chualas, I was heard.

Neg. Neg. Niar cualas? I was not heard.
Int. Nar cualas? was I heard?

Fut. Aff. Cluinfear, I shall be heard.

Neg. Ni cluinfear, I shall not be heard.
Int. A gcluinfear? shall I be heard ?


Pres. & Fut. Ma čluinear, if I be heard.

Aff. Ma cluintear, S

Neg. Muna gcluinear, &c. if I be not, &c. Pret. Aff. Da gcluinfid, if I be heard.

Neg. Muna be go gcluinfid, if I be not, &c.



Pres. & Fut. Go gcluinear,

I be heard.
Neg. Nar cluinear,

Go gcluintear?
Nar cluintear, may I not be heard.

Pret. Bfearr liom go gcluinfid, I wish I had, &c.


Time; as,

Adverbs are used to denote,

feasda, henceforth Anois, now

sior, perpetually arìs, again

annam, seldom arian, riam, ever

Place. acoidče, ever fos, yet

Suas, upwards roime, before

[ocr errors]

sios, downwards until

abos, on this side go nuige,

tall, on the other side M 2


go dti,

abfad; afar

Manner. angar, close to amac, amuig, out, with-Mar, mur, as out

cionas? how ? asteac, astiġ, in, within ni, nać, not

sead, it is so
ro, very
amlaig, in like manner
iomoro, moreover

Adverbial expressions are formed, by prefixing go

to adjectives; as (89)
Adjectives. Adverbial expressions.

go mait, well

Beact, nice

go beaċt, nicely borb, harsh

go borb, harshly ceart, right

go ceart, rightly cealgė, deceitful go cealgac, deceitfully dòlasac, mournful go dòlasac, mournfully mait, good

Adverbs, formed thus from adjectives, are comipared as the adjectives themselves; as,

From mait, good: Pos. go mait, well; Comp. nios fearr, better; Sup. ro mait, very good, as fearr, best.

From laidir, strong: Pos. go laidir, strongly; Comp. nios laidre, more strongly; Sup. ro laidir, very strongly, as laidre, most strongly.

There are many adverbial expressions, formed by the combination of two or more words; as, (90)

From ag, at. So, this (place, ) ag so, here sin, that (place,) ag sin, there sud, yon (place,) ag sud, yonder ciunas, quietness, ag ciunas, quietly


From ann, in. tall, farther side, an all, over fad, long, an fad, whilst so, this (place,) an so, here noćt, night, anočt, at, or in night

From air, upon

. cul, back, ar gcul, backwards leit, side, air leit, by turns uaire, hours, ar uaire,

ar uairib, 3

sometimes bit, being, air bit, at all eigin, necessity, air eigin, hardly

From an, the, aon, one.

, tam, S an tam, uair, hour, aon uair, once cead ait, first place, &c. an cead ait, first, &c.

From ca? what? uair, hour, ca huair? when? ait, place, cait? where? é mur, it is as, ca de mur??how?

go de mur?)

From gan, without. fios, knowledge, gan fios, secretly eifeact, effect, gan eifeact, ineffectually

trat, 1 time,

· an trat, ?when

From mar, as,

so, this, mar so, so, as this
sin, that, mar sin, thus, as that
ceadna, same, mar an gceadna, likewise

From os, above. ceann, head, os ceann, above


ard, high, os ard, loudly, publicly isiol, low, os isiol, softly, privately

From ti, to. go dti, until

I go dti so, hitherto



[ocr errors]

ADVERBIAL PARTICLES. (91) The following particles are used only in compo

sition. am, deoin, willing, aimdeoin, unwilling an,

trat, time, antrat, untimely do, muinte, taught, domùinte, hard to be


creidte, believed, dièreid'te, incredible ea,

slan, healthful, easlan, sick eas,

- cairdeas, friendship, eascairdeas, en

mity mi, - ciall, sense. miciall, folly neam, claon, partial, neamėlaon, impartial oir, uir,

isioll, low, uirìsioll, very humble an,

mòr, great, anmòr, very great iom, làn, full, iomlán, very full ais, - sealba, possession, aisealba, restitution at, S. - gabail, taking, atgabail, retaking com, equal, trom, weight, comtrom, equal weight in, fit, deanta, done, indeanta, fit to be done so, apt, faicsin, seeing, sofaicsin, fit, or easy to be


The following particles are used with verbs. Do, signs of the

do buailead,

to strike ä, infinitive, a buailead, 3 ag, a, or ga, signs of the present participle, ag, a, or ga, bualad, beating



[ocr errors]

do, sign of the preter, do buaileas, I struck iar, sign of the preter participle, iar mbualad, hac

ing struck le, signs of the future participle, le bualad, or ar ti, 3 ar ti bualad, about to strike

To these may be added, ina, if; muna, mur, if not; da, if; go, that, &c. but these are more properly classed with conjunctions. (92)


os, above

The following is a list of the most usual, and simple prepositions. (93) Ag, at

iar, after air, upon

idir, between ann, in

ionnsuid, unto as, out of

le, leis, with cum, to

mar, like to, as cuige, to

0, ua, from dar, by de, of

re, ris, to deis, after

reir, according to do, to

roime, before fa, upon, to, about

seaca, by, in comparison faoi, or fuid, under, be- with neath

over fead, throughout fud, among

timċioll, about

tre, trid, through go, gus, to

um, uime, about (94) Many relations are predicated, by the union of nouns with the foregoing prepositions; as,

From ag, at.


tairis, for

gan, without

Tùs, beginning


ad tosae

; } in front


« AnteriorContinua »