Imatges de pàgina

it is justly considered by the sacred writers. With a view to exclude this kind of worship, God is likewise said to be invisible, Heb. xi. 27, and to « dwell in light which no man can approach unto, co whom no man hath seen, nor can see.” 1 Tim. vi. 16.

The works of creation are in a peculiar manner ascribed to the one true God, and especially the creation of the heavenly bodies, which were the first objects of idolatrous worship in the Gentile world. The first book of Moses begins with reciting all the visible parts of the universe, as the work and appointment of God, Gen. i. 1. " In " the beginning God created the heaven, and the 66 earth.” Ver. 16. “And God made two great « lights, the greater light to rule the day; and the « Jeffer light to rule the night: he made the stars 66 also.” The case with which all these magnificent works were produced is most happily expressed by representing them as the immediate effect of a simple command, Gen. i. 3. “ And God said, " Let there be light: and there was light.” In the same manner also the Psalmist expresses it, Pf. xxxiii. 6. &c. " By the word of the Lord were " the heavens made, and all the host of them by " the breath of his mouth. He spake, and it was « done; he commanded, and it stood fast." · The vain pretences of the heathen gods are exposed on this very account, viz. their not having inade the world. Jer. x. 10. &c. " The Lord " is the true God, and an everlasting king. The “ gods that have not made the heavens, and the « earth, even they shall perish from the earth, “ and from under these heavens. He hath made “ the earth by his power, he hath established the 66 world by his wisdom, and hath stretched out the so heavens by his discretion.”


When the people of Lyftra would have paid divine honours to Barnabas and Paul, suppofing the former of them to have been Jupiter, and the latter Mercury; Paul, with peculiar propriety, says to them, Acts xiv. 15, “ Sirs, why do ye " these things? We also are men of like passions 6 with you, and preach unto you that ye should 66 turn from these vanities, unto the living God, « who made the heaven and earth, and the sea, « and all things that are therein." For neither the people of Lystra, nor any of the idolatrous Greeks or Romans, had the least idea of even Jupiter, the chief of their gods, having been at all concerned in the creation of the heavens or the earth. To the same purpose, also, the apostle Paul addresses himself to the people of Athens, Acts xvii. 24. &c. " God that made the world, « and all things therein, seeing that he is lord of “ heaven and earth, dwelleth not in temples made 66 with hands, neither is worshipped with men's s hands, as though he needed any thing; seeing

6 he giveth to all life, and breath, and all things; " and hath made of one blood all nations of men, “ for to dwell on all the face of the earth; and " hath determined the times before appointed, and “ the bounds of their habitation.” All this excellent doctrine would be quite new to his Athenian audience, who had never been used to ascribe such extraordinary powers to any of the gods which were the objects of their worship.

The absolute property which the only true God has in the works of which he is the author, is often finely expressed in the books of scripture. Abraham, addressing himself to the supreme being, calls him “ the most high God, the poffeffor of heaven “ and earth," Gen. xiv. 22. David, in his last speech, delivered in the presence of all the congregation of Israel, addressing himself to God, says, i Chron. xxix. 10, &c. " Blessed be thou, Lord 66 God of Israel, our Father, for ever and ever. 66 Thine, O Lord, is the greatness, and the “ power, and the glory, and the victory, and the 66 majesty : for all that is in the heaven and in the 66 earth, is thine. Thine is the kingdom, o " Lord, and thou art exalted, as head over all.” Pf. xxiv. 1. &c. “ The earth is the Lord's, and or the fulness thercof, the world, and they that « dwell therein ; for he hath founded it upon the " seas, and established it upon the floods. Pl.xcv. 3. ^ The Lord is a great God, and a great king

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« above all gods. In his hands are the deep places " of the earth, the strength of the hills is his also. " The sea is his, and he made it; and his hands “ formed the dry land. O come, let us worship, 6 and bow down, let us kneel before the Lord our “ Maker; for he is our God, and we are the peo“ ple of his pasture, and the sheep of his hand.” Moses also was careful to impress the Ifraelites with this important truth, as well as with the belief of the unity, and creating power of God, Deut. 8. 14. “ Behold, the heaven, and the heaven of “ heavens is the Lord's thy God, the earth also, " with all that therein is.”

The absolute sovereignty of God is also strongly expressed by Paul, 1 Cor. iii. 21., “ Let no man “ glory in men, for all things are your's, and ye « are Christ's, and Christ is God's.” Also, i Cor. xv. 24. " Then cometh the end, when he Mall « have delivered up the kingdom to God, even the • Father, when he shall have put down all rule, " and all authority, and power; for he must reign « till he hath put all enemies under his feet. But “ when he faith all things are put under him, it is “ manifest that he is excepted who did put all " things under him. And when all things fhall “ be subdued under him, then fall the Son also « himself be subject unto him that put all things “ under him, that God may be all in all.

The The one true God is also represented, in the scriptures, as the sole preserver, and constant uphold. er of all things. Upon the occasion of the folemn fast, and prayer, which was observed by the Jews upon their return from the Babylonilh captivity, they say, Neh. ix. 5. &c. “Blessed be thy glo. 6 rious name, which is exalted above all blessing os and praise. Thou, even thou art Lord alone, " thou hast made heaven, the heaven of heavens, 6 with all their hoft, the earth, and all things that 66 are therein, the sea, and all that is therein, and 6 thou preservest them all, and the host of heaven « worship thee.” David expresses the same sentiment more fully, Pl. cxix. 9o. - Thou hast established " the earth, and it abideth. They continue this 6 day, according to thine ordinances, for all are " thy servants.”

The divine sovereignty, with respect to the abfolute disposal of all things, is a necessary consequence of his sole property in them; and this also is frequently and strongly expressed in the scriptures, Pf. ciii, 19. “ The Lord hath prepared his " throne in the heavens, and his kingdom ruleth 6 over all.” Perhaps the fullest and most explicit acknowledgment of this kind, is that which was made by Nebuchadnezzar, after his humiliation, Dan. iv. J. 35. 37. 6 Nebuchadnezzar the king, 6 unto all people, nations, and languages that « dwell in all the earth, peace be multiplied unto

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