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“ day of vengeance (n) is in mine his presence saved them : in his
“ heart, and the year of my re- love and in his pity he redeemed 5. “ deemed is come. And I looked, them; and he bare them, and
“ and there was none to (o) help; carried them all the days of old. " and I wondered that there was But they () rebelled, and vexed
none to uphold: thereforemine his holy Spirit : therefore he was “ own arm brought salvation un- turned to be their enemy, and he
“ to me; and my fury, it upheld fought against them. Then he 6. “ me. And I (P) will tread down remembered the days of old,
" the people in mine anger, and Moses and his people, saying, u make them drunk in my fury, “ Where (t) is he that brought
“ and I will bring down their “ them up out of the sea with 7. “ strength to the earth.” I will “ the shepherd of his flock?
inention the loving-kindnesses of " Where is he that put his holy the Lord, and the praises of the “ Spirit within him ? that led Lord, according to all that the “ them by the right hand of MoLord hath bestowed on us, and “ ses with his glorious arm, dithe great goodness toward the viding the water before them, house of Israel, which he hath " to make himself an everlasting bestowed on them according to " name? that led them through his mercies, and according to the “ the deep, as an horse in the
multitudeof his loving-kindnesses. “ wilderness, that they should 8. For he (9) said, “Surely they are
“ not stumble ?" As a beast “ my people, children that will goeth down into the valley, the
“ not lie:” so he was their Sa- Spirit of the Lord caused him to 9. viour. In all their affliction he rest; so didst thou lead thy peo
was afflicted, and the (r) angel of ple, to make thyself a glorious
(n) For “ is,” read “ was,” in both
(0) “ To help," i.e. perhaps no chance of deliverance to my servants by
human means. 0.6. (o). “ Will tread,” &c. The verbs
should be in the past tense. v.8.
(9) “ He said," i.'e, there was a time when he so said ; when he had so great a kindness towards them.
(s) “ The angel of his presence.” A strong expression, to signify the peculiar protection he afforded them; as if an angel of especial rank preserved them. In Matt. xviii
. 9, 10. where our Saviour is speaking of the consideration God has of little children, he assigns as a reason why they should not be despised or lightly esteemed, " that in heaven their angels do always behold the face of my
which is in heaven." So
the angel of the Lord is
(s) “Rebelled," &c. See l’s. Ixxvii. and cvi, an account of many of their rebellions and punishments, and of God's ultimate forbearance ; when, according to Ps. lxxviii. 39. “ many a time turned “ he his wrath away, and would not “ suffer his whole displeasure to arise." (t) “ Where is he," &e.
These, to the end of v. 13. if not of v. 14. are put as the words of Moses and the people ; as their expostulation with God. In Exod. xxxii. 11 to 13. and Numb. xiv. 13 to 19. there is a similar expostulation from Moses, to induce God to spare the people, and it is often stated as a reason for God's forgiveness to the Israelites, or as a ground for imploring it, that his name should not be polluted among the heathen, and that the heathen should not have the power of saying, “ where is now their God.” See Ezek. xx. 9. 14. 22, and Ps. lxxix. 10. and ante 79, Joel ii. 17.
Look down from hea- trodden down thy sanctuary. We 19. ven, and behold from the habi. are thine: thou never barest rule tation of thy holiness and of thy over them; they were not called glory: Where is thy zeal and by thy name. thy strength, the sounding of thy
bowels and of thy mercies toward The Gospel. Mark xiv. I. 16. me? are they restrained ? Doubt- After two days was the feast of
less thou art our Father, though the (y) passover, and of unlea-
Redeemer; thy name is from him to death. But they said, 2. 17. everlasting. O Lord, why hast “ Not on the feast-day, lest there
thou made us to err from thy “ be an uproar of the people.” ways, and hardened our heart And being in Bethany, in the 3from thy fear ? Return for thy house of Simon the leper, as he
servants' sake, the tribes of thine sat at meat, there came a (2) wo18. inheritance. The (x) people of thy man having an alabaster-box of
holiness have possessed it but a ointment of spikenard, very prelittle while : our adversaries have cious; and she brake the box,
(u) For «
". It is
our Redeemer; thy name " is from everlasting," Bp. Lowth reads, “ O deliver us, for thy name's sake.”
(x) Bp. Lowth thinks there is a mistake in the text, and reads, “ not only that our enemies have taken
possession of Mount Sion, and trod“ den down thy sanctuary, but what is worse,
thou hast cast us off, we are “ no longer thy people."
(3) “ The passover.” This was the. first of the three great feasts, at which esery male was to appear before the Lord at the place which he should choose. See Deutr. xvi. I. 16. Jews, therefore, from all parts of the earth, would be at Jerusalem at the time of our Saviour's apprehension and crucifixion. It is remarkable too, that it was at the second of these feasts, the feast of weeks, that the gift of tongues, the power of speaking languages they had never learned, was conferred upon the apostles, The same persons, therefore, who had witnessed the crucifixion, would be witnesses of the miracle, the gift of tongues, and would naturally carry an account of both events to the countries from which they came. The passover was instituted to commemorate the preservation of their first-born, when all the first-born of the Egyptians were destroyed; and the feast of unleavened bread, which accompanied
it, was to commemorate their deliverance from the land of Egypt. At the institution of the passover, each family was directed to take a male lamb, without blemish, and to kill, dress, and eat it ; and they were to take of the blood, and strike it on the side posts and the upper door posts of their houses, and God promised, that " when he passed through To the land, to destroy the first-born of “ the Egyptians, he would pass over 66 the houses of the children of Israel." See Exod. xii.
to 28. One of the directions as to the lamb was, that they " should not break a bone thereof." See Exod. xii. 46.—Numb. ix. 12. The paschal lamb is considered a type of our Saviour ; he was crucified at the time prescribed for killing the paschal lamb, and as the blood of the paschal lamb protected the Israelites from temporal death, so does the blood of Christ protect all real Christians from death eternal. The paschal lamb was to be killed on the fourteenth day of the first month, in the evening. Exod. xii. 2.6. -Numb. ix, 1.3.-Levit. xxiii. 5, 6.
" A woman.” According to v.3. John xii. 3. this was Mary, the sister of Lazarus, and she might have been induced to incur this
expence, out of
gratitude for his having raised Lazarus from the dead.
and poured it on his head. And his disciples said unto him, 4. there were (a) some that had in- " Where wilt thou that we go
dignation within themselves, and “ and prepare, that thou mayest
said, “Why was this waste of “ eat the passover?” And he 5.
< the ointment made ? for it sendeth forth two of his disciples, “ might have been sold for more and saith unto them, (6)“ Go " than three hundred pence, and ye into the city, and there “ have been given to the poor.”
« shall meet you a man bearing And they murmured against her. a pitcher of water: follow him. 6. And Jesus said, “ Let her alone; “ And wheresoever he shall
go “ why trouble ye her ? she hath " in, say ye to the good man of
« wrought a good work on me. “ the house, The Master saith, 7
“ Where is the guest-chamber, “ always, and whensoever ye will o where I shall eat the passover
ye may do them good: but me “ with my disciples ? And he
ye have not always. She hath “ will shew you a large upper " done what she could : she is room furnished and prepared :
“ come aforehand to anoint my “ there make ready for us.” 9. “ body to the burying. Verily | And his disciples went forth, and I
“ I say unto you, Wheresoever came into the city, and found as “ this gospel shall be preached he had said unto them; and they “ throughout the whole world, made ready the (c) passover. And “ this also that she hath done in the evening he cometh with « shall be spoken of for a me- the twelve. And as they sat and 6 morial of her.” And Judas did eat, Jesus said, “ Verily I say Iscariot, one of the twelve, went “ unto you, One of you which unto the chief priests, to betray
“ eateth with me shall (d) betray 11. him unto them. And when they me. And they began to be!
heard it, they were glad, and pro- sorrowful, and to say unto him mised to give him money.
one by one, “Is it I?” and ano. 2 he sought how he might conve- ther said, “ Is it 1 ?” And he an12. niently betray him. And the swered and said unto them, “ It
first day of unleavened bread, " is one of the twelve, that dipwhen they killed the passover, “ peth with me in the dish. The
(a) “ Some.” According to John
(6) “ Go," &c. These instances of foreknowledge would naturally tend to confirm in the apostles the belief that God was with him. How could he foresee, but through the power of God, that they would meet a man, bearing a pitcher of water, or that the master of the house should furnish them with a guest-chamber, and that it should be an upper room, and prepared ; and yet within a very few hours they were so disconcerted and alarmed by his appre.
hension, that they all forsook him and Aed.
(c) “ The passover.” See post 109. note on Luke xxii, 14.
(d) “ Shall betray me." This was another strong instance of fore.knowledge. Peter, who is supposed to have overlooked St. Mark's gospel, must have heard it, and so must St. Matthew and St. John, who have also recorded it. Matt. xxvi. 21.-John xiii. 21. And the recollection of these instances after the resurrection would have a tendency to strengthen their faith, had it required any additional support,
u Son of man indeed goeth, as it " I say unto you, I will drink no u is written of him : but woe to more of the fruit of the vine, " that man by whom the Son of “ until that day that I drink it " man is betrayed! good were it “ new in the kingdom of God.” “ for that man if he had never And when they had sung an 26. 2. “ been born.” And as they did hymn, they went out into the eat, Jesus took bread, and blessed, mount of Olives.
And Jesus 27. and brake it, and gave to them, saith unto them, “ All ye shall
and said, “Take (e), eat; this is “ be (b) offended because of me 37. “ my body.” And he took the “ this night: for it is (i) written,
cup; and when he had given “ I will smite the shepherd, and
thanks, he gave it to them : and 's the sheep shall be scattered. - they all drank of it. And he said “ But after that I (k) am risen, 28.
unto them, “ This is my blood “ I will go before you into (1) Ga
“ of the new (f) testament, which “ lilee." But(m) Peter said un- 29. 13.
“ is shed for (g) many. Verily to him, “ Although all shall be
Zach riž. 7.
832. () "Take," &c. This was perhaps as it intimates that that event should be
substituted for the paschal form at the followed by the destruction of great feast of the passover, which was,
" This part of the land, and that those who " is the bread affliction, which our should
escape should be those only who “ fathers did eat in Egypt," &c. could bear the strictest trials, the being
brought through the fire, and being re2.24. ) Testament," i. e. covenant. fined as silver is refined ; &c. our Sa1.14. (8)." For many." He does not say
viour might wish at this time to bring indiscriminately for all mankind, but for this prophecy under their consideration. many, that is, the real Christians, the (k) “ After I am risen," &c. This v. 28. pure in heart, &c. So post, Matt. xx. imports that he was to rise ; and though 28.
a ransom for many." St. Matthew they might not exactly understand at the adds here, “ for the remission of sins." time what he meant (See ante 77, note Matt. xxvi. 28.
on Luke xviii. 34.) they could not fail 5.7%. (b) “ Offended,” i.e. fall off from of bringing the saying to their recollecne, desert me.
tion, and understanding its full force after *2;. :) " Written," &c. The passage is the resurrection. “ Awake, O sword, against (?) “ Into Galilee."
Our Saviour v.28. ay shepherd, and against the man that accordingly appeared to them there after " is my fellow, saith the Lord of Hosts: his resurrection. Saint Matthew says, "seite the shepherd, and the sheep shall the eleven went “ into Galilee, into a be scattered : and I will turn my “ mountain where Jesus had appointed upon
the little ones : and it shall “ them; and when they saw him” (which come to pass, that in all the land, || implies that they did see him) “ they " saith the Lord, two parts thereof worshipped him; but some doubted;' " shall be cut off and die; but the third Matt. xxviii. 16, 17. and St. John gives part shall be left therein : and I will a detailed account of his shewing him. bring the third part through the fire, self to seven of the disciples at the sea of " and will refine them as silver is re- Tiberias, which is in Galilee. John xxi. fined, and will try them as gold is tried : (m) “ Peter." Though Mark was v. 29.
they shall call on my name, and I will peculiarly Peter's friend, and though " hear them; I will say it is my people, Peter is supposed to have overlooked this
and they shall say, 'the Lord' is my gospel, this instance of Peter's cowarGod." This is an important pro
dice is fully detailed : the apostles never phecy, not only as it purports that the shrunk from acknowledging their own Messiah, that God's shepherd,” the failings
. This timidity of St. Peter beman who was his fellow,” should be fore the crucifixion, and his subsequent smitten, and his followers scattered, but intrepidity, and the conduct of the other
30. " offended, yet will not l.” And 66 tation. The spirit truly is Jesus saith unto him, “ Verily 1 “ ready, but the flesh is weak.”
say unto thee, That this day, And again he went away, and “ even in this night, before the prayed, and spake the same 66 cock crow twice, thou shalt words. And when he returned, deny me thrice.”
But he he found them asleep again : for spake the more vehemently, “ If their eyes were heavy: neither
I should die with thee, I will wist they what to answer him.
“ not deny thee in any wise.” And he cometh the third time, 32. Likewise also said they all. And and saith unto them, “ (n) Sleep
they came to a place which was on now, and take your rest : named Gethsemane: and he saith “ it is enough, the hour is come:
to his disciples,,“ Sit ye here, behold, the Son of man is be. 33 “ while I shall pray.” And he trayed into the hands of sin. taketh with him Peter and James
Rise up, let us go; 4 and John, and began to be sore “ lo, he that betrayeth me is
amazed, and to be very heavy ; at hand.” And immediately, 4. 34. and saith unto them, “
while he yet spake, cometh Ju“ is exceeding sorrowful unto das, one of the twelve, and with
“ death : tarry ye here, and him a great multitude with swords 35. 56 watch.” And he went for
and staves, from the chief priests ward a little, and fell on the and the scribes and the elders. ground, and prayed that, if it And he that betrayed him had 4
were possible, the hour might given them a token, saying, 36. pass from him. And he said, " Whomsoever I shall kiss, that
“ Abba, Father, all things are “same is he: take him, and lead “ possible unto thee; take away “ him away safely.” And as 45 “ this cup from me: neverthe- soon as he was come, he goeth
« less not what I will, but what straightway to him, and saith, 37.
" thou wilt." And he cometh, - Master, master;" and kissed and findeth them sleeping, and him.
And they laid their hands 46 saith unto Peter, “Simon, sleep- on him, and took him. And 47 " est thou ? couldest not thou one () of them that stood by “ watch one hour? watch ye and drew a sword, and smote a ser
ye enter into temp- vant of the high priest, and cut
apostles, who, according to v. 50. for. sook him and fled, and yet, after his crucifixion, gave up their whole lives to the preaching his gospel and asserting 'his pretensions, in defiance of the severest persecutions, may be reconciled upon this supposition, that they had afterwards a certain knowledge that he had risen from the dead, that he had ascended into heaven, and had conferred on them the gift of the Holy Ghost. Is there any other ground upon which these contrarieties in their condu&t can be explained ? See Maltby, 137. 145.
(n) For“ sleep on now," the reading 6.4 should perhaps be, interrogatively, “Do
ye still sleep,” &c. even now, when the son of man is on the point of being betrayed ?
(0) “ One of them,” viz. Peter. See v.4 John xviii. x.
St. John alone names Peter as the person who did this, and the reason may be this, that all the gospels but St. John's were published in Peter's life-time, and it might have exposed him unnecessarily to persecution, had they named him. Peter perhaps expected that our Saviour would now